Bob Lingard

Bob Lingard
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Education

PhD

About

268
Publications
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12,608
Citations

Publications

Publications (268)
Chapter
Full-text available
Our chapter focuses on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD’s) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) for Schools, an instrument designed to assess individual school performance in reading, mathematics, and science against the national (and subnational) schooling systems measured by the main PISA test. Suc...
Article
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This paper is one of two that bring together a range of education scholars to consider how education might be for democracy in a time of complex challenges facing twenty-first century societies. In this paper, scholars from Australia, Japan and the United Kingdom consider how sites of formal and informal education can respond to multiple unfolding...
Chapter
Schooling systems are steered by policy, which might be seen as the ‘authoritative allocation of values’. Each aspect of that definition has been challenged by the various processes of neoliberal globalisation.
Article
As the third-largest export industry, international education occupies an important place in the Australian economy and society. Employing Bacchi's "What is the Problem Represented to be" (WPR) approach, this paper critically analyses four key policies pertaining to international students in Australia since the 1990s. Drawing upon theorising of the...
Preprint
In recent times, an increasing number of international students have chosen to study in China. While some research has investigated various issues related to this student population, for example, motivation and cross-cultural learning and adjustment experiences, few studies have investigated how international students experience learning in Chinese...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter documents emergent developments in the datafication and digitalization of education, as well as their implications for education policy and the work of systems, schools and teachers. These developments are based on enhanced computational capacities, with much of the work of schooling systems, schools and teachers now datafied and digit...
Article
This paper provides an account of the topological and its description of contemporary culture and use as a research methodology, a topological lens, generally, and in education research specifically. Some commentary is proffered on the relationships between the topological and the topographical, between relations and locations. A critical account i...
Article
Free access! https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/YQUJR4GYDQMC53RETHJ7/full?target=10.1080/02680939.2022.2037721 ......................The paper explores the policy logics of privatisation through service provision for students with English as an Additional language or dialect (EAL/D) in the state education system of Queensland, Australia. In the con...
Article
This article examines how local, social and cultural knowledges were disrupted by global flows of human and non-human things in an international private Middle Eastern school. The study examined how the interplay of local and globally transient knowledges recursively influenced the sociomaterial actions of teachers in classroom learning. Critical e...
Book
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https://www.bloomsbury.com/us/series/new-directions-in-comparative-and-international-education/ ***************************************************************************************** This book reveals how a globally travelling teacher education reform with US roots (i.e., Teach For All/Teach For America) touched down in Bangladesh apparently i...
Article
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This article describes the use of a Learning Commission to experiment with conceptualising and implementing richer modes of educational accountability. A Learning Commission is a form for collaborative thinking that brings different kinds of knowledge and expertise to bear in relation to a common matter of concern: the role of schools in relation t...
Article
This paper analyses Twitter microblogs over a 3-day period, during the release of the results of PISA 2015 on 6 December 2016 by the OECD. We document a methodological approach to investigating the social mediatisation of policy and its inclusive potential for enabling the participation of multiple voices. We draw on two data sets from the 3-day pe...
Article
In this editorial, the authors situate the opt-out movement in the broader context of resistance to the global educational reform movement and its specific playing out in the USA in relation to the opt-out movement. The editors review the 11 articles and commentary and discuss the contributions of the collection as a whole to the literature. They n...
Article
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Over the last five years, approximately 50% of the students in Nassau and Suffolk counties on Long Island and 20% across New York State have opted out of the yearly standardized tests for third through eighth grade. This article focuses on two grassroots organizations, New York State Allies for Public Education (NYSAPE) and Long Island Opt Out (LIO...
Article
In 2011, the Taiwanese Ministry of Education issued a policy on the internationalisation of schooling. The policy assumes that being ‘international’ has become necessary in order to maintain economic competitiveness in a globalising world. It was published in two languages: Mandarin, the official language in Taiwan, and English, presupposed as a li...
Article
This paper argues that more focus on the temporal is needed in critical policy sociology in education. In so asserting, the paper extends the concept of ‘historically informed’ as included in the foundational definition of policy sociology in education proffered by Jenny Ozga. There are four foci to this extension to encompass the temporal, taken t...
Article
This article provides a critical sociological examination of how Hong Kong youth’s relationship towards Chinese identity and China is nego- tiated vis-a-vis schooling, language policy, and the broader Hong Kong postcolonial condition, and how this mediates these students’ aspira- tional imaginations regarding possibilities of studying and working...
Article
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This article contributes new insights to research on the socio-spatial dynamics of policy production by synthesizing the concepts of “policy assemblage” and “scalecraft”. By conceptualizing scale as socially-crafted rather than pre-existing (a priori), we argue that assemblage and scalecraft provide generative means for examining how scale is imagi...
Article
This paper traces the complexities, contingencies and tensions involved in the creation of a new, ‘scientific’ assessment in what we call Prefecture A in Japan. We start with a thick, granular description of the complicated and ongoing narrative of a new policy emergence. This descriptive account serves as a precursor to our application of an Actor...
Article
The introduction of new assessment policy can reverberate throughout all levels of schooling. This paper presents an in-depth investigation into one school’s response in the Junior years of secondary education to the introduction of a new Senior years’ assessment system. The investigation focuses on the educational context of a high-performing scho...
Article
The academisation of schooling in Northern England is an example of a new mode of educational governance that promises greater autonomy for schools and school leaders. A common claim regarding the benefits of academisation is that it will improve student outcomes by delivering greater autonomy for Headteachers. In this paper, six Headteachers from...
Article
This paper focuses on the perspectives of minority/racialized students in urban high schools. It is based on findings of interviews with 85 students in six secondary schools in Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, and in Melbourne, Australia, during 2016–2019. While there has been increasing attention to closing the racial achievement gap and some minori...
Article
This paper draws on Bourdieu's theorising (particularly habitus and field) to think about position‐making of teachers in respect of the early enactment of the Australian Curriculum. Position‐making, a concept developed from the analysis proffered, can be contrasted with the more common practice of position‐taking endemic in a relatively stable fiel...
Chapter
Full-text available
Analysing psycho-biographical data collected through a research interview with the founder of Teach For Bangladesh (TFB), this chapter explores the idea of ‘social enterprise’ in the way it is experienced, understood and most importantly embodied by the Founder. Biographical and experiential episodes of diasporic life shaped the Founder’s aspiratio...
Article
This paper focuses on the complex, entangled relationships between research and policy and suggests this is a very important topic in the contemporary era of so-called, ‘evidence-based’ or ‘research-based’ policy in education. The paper argues that we can only ever have ‘evidence-informed’ and ‘research-informed’ policy because all policy is an adm...
Article
Led by an Australian team who witnessed the proliferation of local and global private companies, foundations and semi-government services seeking to ‘partner’ with schools, this special issue seeks to unpack global patterns in the ‘outsourcing’ of curricula. More specifically, using the ‘problems’ of obesity and mental health, the project aims to u...
Article
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This article illustrates how the British Council Bangladesh (BCB) made use of panel discussions and commissioned research as policy vehicles to persuade the government of Bangladesh of the value of social enterprises for public service delivery, including in education. Drawing upon Appadurai's notion of 'imagined worlds' in relation to influential...
Article
Transnational articulation programmes are one way China is attempting to advance its higher education (HE) system. We report a study of twelve Chinese students’ experiences in two China-Australia 2 + 2 articulation programmes. In our analysis of semi-structured interviews, we use Bourdieu’s concepts of field and habitus to understand the impact on...
Article
This paper on the political sociology of school choice policies has been written as a supplement to the essays in the 2020 Politics of Education Association Yearbook and locates them in cognate literatures. In addition, the papers are situated against the changing political and global contexts of such policies, as global pressures, discourses, and...
Article
Full-text available
This article documents the methodological thinking that underpined a sociological study of Teach for Bangladesh ( TFB ), a globally mobile yet locally embedded education policy situated in a developing world context. In order to reassess education policy vis-à-vis spatialities–power, relationships–resources, culture– change and imaginations–flows o...
Chapter
Over the last two decades, parents and community members in New York have increasingly resisted the neoliberal corporate reform agenda in schooling, including rejecting high-stakes testing. The parent-led opt-out movement in New York State has successfully opted around 20% of eligible students out of the Common Core state standardized tests over th...
Chapter
Neoliberalism is having a detrimental impact on wider social and ethical goals in the field of education. Using an international range of contexts, this book provides practical examples that demonstrate how neoliberalism can be challenged and changed at the local, national and transnational level.
Chapter
This chapter provides a comparative analysis of print and social media representations of Australia’s changing performance on the OECD’s triennial Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), focusing on the 2016 dissemination of the 2015 results. After identifying media logics of practice, we draw on concepts of mediatisation to analyse pr...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on a largely hidden dimension of the privatization and commercialization of public schooling systems, namely the role of edu-businesses in relation to the creation of data infrastructures that are indispensable to the structuring of government schooling systems today. Large, private ed-tech companies are an important element of...
Article
Full-text available
Juxtaposed with the emerging body of literature about datafication in schooling, this paper examines the increasing encroachment of data into the Japanese education system, in particular, the use of data associated with standardised academic assessments for governance purposes. In so doing, we use the Japanese ‘case’ to expose the possible limits o...
Article
Full-text available
Set against globalization and as an expression of it, transnational higher education (TNHE) has become an important part of the Chinese educational higher education (HE) system. Research has widely investigated macro topics, for example, policy and developmental history of Chinese HE. However, limited studies have explored Chinese students' learnin...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, education policy reforms are increasingly aimed at attending to excellence in education. This is mainly expressed as attempts at raising educational standards generally, but also of identifying intellectual elites and making special provisions for them. Denmark, which is otherwise considered an exponent of an equality-oriented tradition i...
Article
The research explores Hong Kong students’ dispositions towards higher education and employment in relation to understandings of their schooling experiences in English Medium of Instruction (EMI) schools in Hong Kong. The research draws upon Bourdieu’s theory of practice, Appadurai’s notion of the ‘capacity to aspire’, and Taylor’s concept of ‘socia...
Article
This paper examines the impact of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in two national policy contexts: Canada and Australia. Drawing on theories of globalisation and affect, the paper explores ‘catalyst data’ and its effects in these contexts to show how affective respons...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine how Teach for Bangladesh (TfB) has utilised Facebook since 2012 in its effort to extend its policy influence and message to young Bangladeshi graduates and local population. We reveal this as an example of how Facebook has become a powerful new platform for policy mediatisation. This is also a developing world-example of a...
Article
ᅟThis Garth Boomer Memorial Lecture contextualises in the broadest sense the creation of the Australian curriculum. As such, this sociological account will argue that the national curriculum is both a response to and articulation of globalisation, set against the intricate complexities of Australian educational federalism. The analysis will demonst...
Chapter
This chapter deals with the multiple scales, spaces and places of contemporary education policy reforms. The focus is on new non-state policy actors, namely, international organizations such as the OECD, and edu-businesses such as Pearson. The first case of the OECD’s PISA demonstrates the lack of policy learning in relation to international data a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores teachers’ and school leaders’ perceptions of commercialisation in Australian public schools, reporting on findings from an open-ended survey question from an exploratory study that sought to investigate teacher and school leader perceptions and experiences of commercialisation. Commercialisation, for the purposes of this paper,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a critical policy analysis and network ethnography of Teach for Bangladesh (TfB). We demonstrate that TfB is a localised version of a global teacher education policy – Teach for All/America (TfAll/A). Santos, Boaventura De Sousa [2002. The Processes of Globalisation. Translated by Sheena Caldmell. Eurozine: Revista Crítica de Ci...
Chapter
Full-text available
This article surveys developments in educational accountabilities over the last three decades. In this time, accountability in schools and schooling systems across Anglo- American nations has undergone considerable change, including a move away from bureaucratic approaches that endorsed teacher professionalism. Educational accountabilities have evo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper accepts that the OECD’s PISA has become influential in policy terms globally, but analyses the ways that the main PISA and PISA for Schools tests are positioned differently in Australia and the USA because of contrasting educational federalisms in the two nations. Our argument is that while PISA is undoubtedly influential, its effects ar...
Article
Full-text available
The argument of this paper is that new methodologies associated with the emerging field of ‘policy mobilities’ can be applied, and are in fact required, to examine and research the networked and relational, or ‘topological’, nature of globalised education policy, which cuts across the new spaces of policymaking and new modes of global educational g...
Article
Full-text available
This article is both an editorial introduction for this special issue and a distinctive contribution in its own right. The article seeks to extend a dynamic and multiple conception of time to the sociology of education to think beyond the clock time associated with modernity and industrialisation. This need is illustrated through an account and cri...
Article
This paper empirically documents media portrayals of Australia’s performance on the Program for the International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000–2014. We analyse newspaper articles from two national and eight metropolitan newspapers. This analysis demonstrates increased media coverage of PISA over the period in question. Our research data were ana...
Article
Set against the backdrop of the education work of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the changing place of Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) within it, the paper analyzes the OECD's rationale for PISA. It involves an account of the media strategies, the OECD's education, and skills that the direc...
Article
Current debates about test-based accountability policies revolve around questions of how to ensure that all students have access to high quality schools and teachers. Whether and how we can meet this goal depend, in part, on the nature of the arguments that policy proponents and opponents mobilize in these debates. This article examines these argum...
Book
Full-text available
This book is the first book to explore assessment issues and opportunities occurring due to the real world of human, cultural, historical, and societal influences upon assessment practices, policies, and statistical modeling. With chapters written by experts in the field, the book engages with numerous forms of assessment: from classroom-level form...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter deals with the globalization of the Anglo-American approach to educational accountability that first emerged in the early 1980s. This top-down, test-based mode of accountability developed in the USA in incremental ways from the time of President Reagan’s influential and critical report on schooling, A Nation at Risk (1983), which argue...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the education work of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). A brief history of the OECD is provided. We then focus on the enhanced importance of education within the Organisation, emphasizing the success of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). This growing influence of PISA si...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the OECD’s new PISA-based Test for Schools (“PISA for Schools”) program. PISA for Schools is part of the expanding education work of the OECD, building upon main PISA to enable school-to-schooling system comparisons. We examine the development of PISA for Schools, the nature of the instrument, and some initial effects of its i...
Article
As part of a policy assemblage, the National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) is representative of a new mode of governance for Australia's schooling systems, indicative of international trends in educational accountability based on testing. The policy assumption was that the introduction of a national performance measurement sys...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a case study of the Centre for Independent Studies (CIS) in Australia with a focus on its education policy work, specifically the report, School funding on a budget (SFoB). CIS is a conservative right wing advocacy think tank, established in 1976 in the aftermath of the Whitlam government’s policy activism, framed by classical l...
Article
This paper provides a critical policy analysis of The Learning Curve (TLC) (2012), an initiative developed by the multinational edu-business, Pearson, in conjunction with the Economist Intelligence Unit. TLC exemplifies the commercialising of comparison and the efforts of edu-businesses to strategically position themselves in education policy proce...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
The study explores the shapers and impacts of privatisation in the area of English education for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) and identifies ways to enhance the quality of education without compromising equity. Many governments, including Hong Kong, have recently adopted a new line of privatisation through educational reforms, allowing for third parties’ participation in curriculum delivery in public schools funded by public monies, i.e., New Education Privatisation (NEP) in Burch’s (2009) definition. In addition to general privatisation trends, within-country NEP and its cross-national development at the government/supranational level have rightly attracted scholarly attention. However, the conditions which enable its infiltration into individual schools in the complex nexus of global/local relations has not received due attention, particularly for ESOL. ESOL requires special attention as equity issues can be heightened in it, English being crucial, but not readily accessible, social capital to enhance life chances for marginal groups of students, and is an attractive area for NEP. Furthermore, previous research has aptly provided criticism of NEP-induced changes in teacher professionalism (e.g., fragmentation of the teaching force) and educational quality and equity; however, there is little discussion of how schools and teachers should be prepared for NEP. The study aims to: 1. Identify ideas and material and structural conditions at the supra-governmental, national and local levels that enable and shape the trajectories and strategies of NEP in each national case and in individual schools, specifically in ESOL; 2. Investigate the impact of NEP in contemporary public schooling and on teachers’ practices, and their professionalism, particularly in ESOL; 3. Investigate ways to ensure the quality and equity of ESOL provision under NEP; and 4. Extend the theorisation of NEP in ESOL by investigating its appropriate use in public school systems to ensure quality education for all. For more information about the study, please contact Dr. Choi Taehee at the email: choith@eduhk.hk or at the phone (852) 2948 8763.
Archived project
This study aims to firstly ascertain the ideas and structural conditions that enable privatisations of various kinds in schooling in Australia, Greece and Hong Kong, and to explore the impacts of the cases of privatisation