Blaine A. Price

Blaine A. Price
The Open University (UK) · School of Computing & Communications

About

136
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Background: The global population is aging, leading to shifts in health care needs. In addition to developing technology to support physical health, there is an increasing recognition of the need to consider how technology can support emotional health. This raises the question of how to design devices that older adults can interact with to log the...
Article
Full-text available
It is imperative for all stakeholders that digital forensics investigations produce reliable results to ensure the field delivers a positive contribution to the pursuit of justice across the globe. Some aspects of these investigations are inevitably contingent on trust, however this is not always explicitly considered or critically evaluated. Erron...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is worsening loneliness for many older people through the challenges it poses in engaging with their social worlds. Digital technology has been offered as a potential aid, however, many popular digital tools have not been designed to address the needs of older adults during times of limited contact. We propose that the Social...
Preprint
Full-text available
Between 6-13% of older people report chronic loneliness, and at the start of the declaration of COVID-19 as a pandemic, concern was expressed about the impact of socially isolating viral containment measures on this population of people who are simultaneously medically vulnerable to the virus. Despite these alarms, there is little known about how l...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is increasing older people's existing challenges in engaging with their physical and social worlds, and is thereby likely to worsen their loneliness. Digital technology has been offered as a potential aid for social connectedness during social distancing/isolation. However, many popular digital communication tools have not bee...
Article
Full-text available
Eyewitnesses to crimes sometimes search for a culprit on social media before viewing a police lineup, but it is not known whether this affects subsequent lineup identification accuracy. The present online study was conducted to address this. Two hundred and eighty-five participants viewed a mock crime video, and after a 15–20 min delay either (i) v...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic is increasing older people's existing challenges in engaging with their physical and social worlds, and is thereby likely to worsen their loneliness. Digital technology has been offered as a potential aid for social connectedness during social distancing/isolation. However, many popular digital communication tools have not bee...
Article
Perceptions of police trustworthiness are linked to citizens’ willingness to cooperate with police. Trust can be fostered by introducing accountability mechanisms, or by increasing a shared police/citizen identity, both which can be achieved digitally. Digital mechanisms can also be designed to safeguard, engage, reassure, inform, and empower diver...
Article
The emergence of ubiquitous computing (UbiComp) environments has increased the risk of undesired access to individuals’ physical space or their information, anytime and anywhere, raising potentially serious privacy concerns. Individuals lack awareness and control of the vulnerabilities in everyday contexts and need support and care in regulating di...
Preprint
Full-text available
Following a series of high profile miscarriages of justice in the UK linked to questionable expert evidence, the post of the Forensic Science Regulator was created in 2008. The main objective of this role is to improve the standard of practitioner competences and forensic procedures. One of the key strategies deployed to achieve this is the push to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Huntington disease (HD) is an inherited genetic disorder that results in the death of brain cells. HD symptoms generally start with subtle changes in mood and mental abilities; they then degenerate progressively, ensuing a general lack of coordination and an unsteady gait, ultimately resulting in death. There is currently no cure for H...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Community policing faces a combination of new challenges and opportunities due to both citizens and police adopting new digital technologies. However, there is limited scholarly work providing evidence for how technologies assist citizens' interactions with the police. This paper reports preliminary findings from interviews with 13 participants, bo...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Physical activity trackers such as the Fitbit can allow clinicians to monitor the recovery of their patients following surgery. An important issue when analysing activity tracker data is to determine patients’ daily compliance with wearing their assigned device, following selection of an appropriate criterion to determine a valid day of...
Article
Full-text available
Background Physical activity trackers such as the Fitbit can allow clinicians to monitor the recovery of their patients following surgery. An important issue when analyzing activity tracker data is to determine patients’ daily compliance with wearing their assigned device, using an appropriate criterion to determine a valid day of wear. However, it...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Animals can be negatively affected by wearable tracking devices, even those marketed as 'animal friendly' and increasingly used with companion animals, such as cats. To understand the wearer experience of cats fitted with popular GPS trackers, we measured the behavior of 13 feline participants while they were wearing the devices during a field stud...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Movement analysis in a clinical setting is frequently restricted to observational methods to inform clinical decision making, which has limited accuracy. Fixed-site, optical, expensive movement analysis laboratories provide gold standard kinematic measurements; however, they are rarely accessed for routine clinical use. Wearable inertia...
Preprint
Full-text available
Perceptions of police trustworthiness are linked to citizens' willingness to cooperate with police. Trust can be fostered by introducing accountability mechanisms, or by increasing a shared police/citizen identity, both which can be achieved digitally. Digital mechanisms can also be designed to safeguard, engage, reassure, inform, and empower diver...
Preprint
Full-text available
Given concerns about mental health during periods of Covid-19 lockdown, it important to understand how engagement with online Covid-19 related material can affect mood. In the UK and Ireland, online community support initiatives (OCSIs) have emerged to help people manage their lives. Yet, little is known about how people engaged with these or wheth...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Huntington’s Disease (HD) is an inherited genetic disorder that results in the death of brain cells. HD symptoms generally start with subtle changes in mood and mental abilities and degenerate progressively, ensuing a general lack of coordination and an unsteady gait, ultimately resulting in death. There is currently no cure for HD. Walk...
Conference Paper
The global population is ageing, leading to shifts in health- care needs. Home healthcare monitoring systems currently focus on physical health, but there is an increasing recogni- tion that psychological wellbeing also needs support. This raises the question of how to design devices that older adults can interact with to log their feelings. We des...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Movement analysis in the clinical setting is frequently restricted to observational methods to inform clinical decision making, which has limited accuracy. Fixed-site optical expensive movement analysis laboratories provide ‘gold-standard’ kinematic measurements, however they are rarely accessed for routine clinical use. Wearable inertia...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Stress echocardiography (SE) is a well-established diagnostic tool in assessing patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Cardiovascular risk factors are used in the assessment of the probability of CAD. The link between the outcome of SE and patients’ variables including cardiovascular risk factors, current medication and a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Stress echocardiography is a well-established diagnostic tool for suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). Cardiovascular risk factors are used in the assessment of the probability of CAD. The link between the outcome of stress echocardiography and patients' variables including risk factors, current medication, and anthropometric varia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a Wearer-Centered Framework (WCF) developed to support designing for good wearability in animal biotelemetry. Firstly, we describe the framework and the systematic process followed to develop it. Then, we report on how the WCF was evaluated with three teams of designers, who used it collaboratively to design a cat-centered track...
Article
Full-text available
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are increasingly expected to operate in spaces populated by humans while avoiding injury to people or damaging property. However, incidents and accidents can, and increasingly do, happen. Traditional investigations of aircraft incidents require on-board flight data recorders (FDRs); however, these physica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present an approach to designing wearer-centered biotelemetry for non-human (and human) animal wearers. Drawing from fundamental values and principles of user-centered design, we describe a wearer-centered framework to heuristically establish design requirements, which was used during a series of workshops to perform a requirements...
Article
Full-text available
Internet of Things (IoT) applications typically collect and analyse personal data that can be used to derive sensitive information about individuals. However, thus far, privacy concerns have not been explicitly considered in software engineering processes when designing IoT applications. With the advent of behaviour driven security mechanisms, fail...
Article
Full-text available
The world is facing an ageing population phenomenon, coupled with health and social problems, which affect older people’s ability to live independently. This situation challenges the viability of health and social services. Smart home technology can play a significant role in easing the pressure on caregivers, as well as reduce the financial costs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The relationship between grid carbon intensity and household renewable energy consumption on domestic user behaviour is complicated. Furthermore, two recent developments, domestic battery storage and low cost monitoring devices, have enabled householders to understand the interplay between solar generation, battery storage and demand shifting (such...
Chapter
Full-text available
The logging of personal data has been shown to offer many benefits for those wanting to, for example, get fitter, get stronger or get to know themselves better. In this chapter, we concentrate on the privacy values attributed to Quantified-Self (QS) data. Using evidence taken from research interviews, this chapter reviews privacy in relation to per...
Poster
Full-text available
Personalised physiotherapy using wearables.
Poster
For people with neurological conditions such as stroke and brain injury, gait rehabilitation can lead to a significantly more independent lifestyle. Existing gait rehabilitation studies with stroke survivors using rhythmic haptic cueing via wearable devices have demonstrated improvements in temporal symmetry, increase in stride length and walking s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many people with long-term neurological and neurodegenerative conditions such as stroke, brain injury, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease suffer from an impaired walking gait pattern. Gait improvement can lead to better fluidity in walking, improved health outcomes, greater independence, and enhanced quality of life. Existing lab-based studi...
Research
Full-text available
Stroke is one of the leading causes for long-term adult disabilities. More than half of all stroke survivors depend on others for everyday activities after they are discharged from hospital. One of the conditions a stroke survivor may experience is hemiparetic gait. Typical characteristics of hemiparetic gait are: reduced speed, increased step vari...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Monitoring patients' pain is a critical issue for clinical caregivers, particularly among staff responsible for providing analgesic relief. However, collecting regularly scheduled pain readings from patients can be difficult and time-consuming for clinicians. In this paper we present Painpad, a tangible device that was developed to allow patients t...
Research
Full-text available
Many people with long-term neurological and neurodegenerative conditions such as stroke, brain injury, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease suffer from an impaired walking gait pattern. Gait improvement can lead to better fluidity in walking, improved health outcomes, greater independence, and enhanced quality of life. Existing lab-based studi...
Poster
For people with neurological conditions such as stroke and brain injury, gait rehabilitation can lead to a significantly more independent lifestyle. Existing gait rehabilitation studies with stroke survivors using rhythmic haptic cueing via wearable devices have demonstrated improvements in temporal symmetry, increase in stride length and walking s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Type 1 diabetes is a potentially life-threatening chronic condition that requires frequent interactions with diverse data to inform treatment decisions. While mobile technologies such as blood glucose meters have long been an essential part of this process, designing interfaces that explicitly support decision-making remains challenging. Dual-proce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For those with chronic conditions, such as Type 1 diabetes, smartphone apps offer the promise of an affordable, convenient , and personalized disease management tool. However , despite significant academic research and commercial development in this area, diabetes apps still show low adoption rates and underwhelming clinical outcomes. Through user-...
Chapter
Hundreds of diabetes self-management apps are available for smart phones, typically using a diary or logging methodology. This paper investigates how well such approaches help participants to make sense of collected data. We found that, while such systems typically support data and trend review, they are ill suited to helping users understand compl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodological approach used to assess the wearability of biotelemetry devices in animals. A detailed protocol to gather quantitative and qualitative ethological observations was adapted and tested in an experimental study of 13 cat participants wearing two different GPS devices. The aim was twofold: firstly, to ascertain the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The recent proliferation of self-tracking technologies has allowed individuals to generate significant quantities of data about their lifestyle. These data can be used to support health interventions and monitor outcomes. However, these data are often stored and processed by vendors who have commercial motivations, and thus, they may n...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The recent proliferation of self-tracking technologies has allowed individuals to generate significant quantities of data about their lifestyle. These data can be used to support health interventions and monitor outcomes. However, these data are often stored and processed by vendors who have commercial motivations, and thus, they may not...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Some online social networks (OSNs) allow users to define friendship-groups as reusable shortcuts for sharing information with multiple contacts. Posting exclusively to a friendship-group gives some privacy control, while supporting communication with (and within) this group. However, recipients of such posts may want to reuse content for their own...
Article
Low cost digital cameras in smartphones and wearable devices make it easy for people to automatically capture and share images as a visual lifelog. Having been inspired by a US campus based study that explored individual privacy behaviours of visual lifeloggers, we conducted a similar study on a UK campus, however we also focussed on the privacy be...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Internet of Things (IoT) applications typically collect and analyse personal data that can be used to derive sensitive information about individuals. However, thus far, privacy concerns have not been explicitly considered in software engineering processes when designing IoT applications. In this paper, we explore how a Privacy-by-Design (PbD) frame...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research presents a preliminary study conducted on a cat fitted with biotelemetry devices. The aim was to explore the feline's wearability experience of bearing off-the-shelf products. The cat's reactions to the device presence were recorded and findings suggest the need for a design approach centred on the wearer. A wearer-centred framework t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) systems are designed and developed either as standalone applications from the ground-up or with the help of IoT middleware platforms. They are designed to support different kinds of scenarios, such as smart homes and smart cities. Thus far, privacy concerns have not been explicitly considered by IoT applications and mid...
Conference Paper
In this paper we address the gap that exists between designer and implementor when prototyping lighting schemes of an Internet-connected light bulb. We achieve this by implementing a simple domain specific language (DSL) which helps abstract the underlying light bulb API which by design is overloaded with functionality resulting in unnecessary comp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The energy drivers use to charge their Electric Vehicles (EVs) comes from various sources. Of those, some are renewable green energy sources such as solar photovoltaic systems (SolarPV) and home storage battery whilst some are called brown sources such as gas turbine, coal and oil. To analyse the behaviour of EV drivers as to how they use household...
Conference Paper
Police investigations involving digital evidence tend to focus on forensic examination of storage units on personal electronic devices (laptops, smartphones, etc). However, a number of factors are making digital forensic tools increasingly ineffective: (i) storage capacities of electronic devices have increased, and so has the amount of personal in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hundreds of diabetes self-management apps are available for smart phones, typically using a diary or logging methodology. This paper investigates how well such approaches help participants to make sense of collected data. We found that, while such systems typically support data and trend review, they are ill suited to helping users understand compl...
Presentation
Privacy violations in online social networks (OSNs) often arise as a result of users sharing information with unintended audiences. One reason for this is that although OSN capabilities for creating and managing social groups can make it easier to be selective about recipients of a given post, they do not provide enough guidance to the users to mak...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Privacy violations in online social networks (OSNs) often arise as a result of users sharing information with unintended audiences. One reason for this is that, although OSN capabilities for creating and managing social groups can make it easier to be selective about recipients of a given post, they do not provide enough guidance to the users to ma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the age of ubiquitous computing increasing amounts of personal data are being logged and shared, making privacy management a challenging task that must be integrated into our daily lives. In this paper, we explore the metaphors of 'privacy itch' for warnings and 'privacy scratch' for control of privacy preferences through real time, on-body, hap...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Electric vehicles are an increasingly attractive option for households to reduce carbon emissions, especially when they are powered by renewable energy. In this paper we report the results of an 18-month field trial investigating the desirability and feasibility of powering electric vehicles (EVs) with domestic solar electricity. Based on extensive...
Conference Paper
Owning or leasing an electric vehicle (EV) is becoming more common in developed countries. While home charging is the most common choice, workplace charging and its provision by employers has become an important option. For many, it is essential to cope with the limited range of most EVs. Home and work are the two places where vehicles are parked f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We looked at the real-world behavior of people with diabetes who had used a diabetes apps, in order to learn more about the effects of these products in their lives. Participants were interviewed about their views and experiences on diabetes and non-diabetes related apps. We found the majority of participants were no longer using apps as part of th...
Article
Full-text available
Time will tell if smartwatches will find their niche.