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- Ecology of Succulent Karoo: The vegetation of the arid and semi-arid winter rainfall region of the southern Namib Desert and the Succulent Karroo in southern Africa is particularly characterized by the high biodiversity of succulents. These succulent plants own various functional traits allowing them to survive long periods of drought; in most of these succulents, Crassulacean acid metabolisms (CAM) had evolved An early case study in the winter rainfall region of southern Africa showed that approx. 35% of the species and up to 70% of the total vegetation performed the CAM pathway. - Ecology of Fynbos - Ecology of Namib desert
Innovative forest MAnagEment STrategies for a Resilient biOeconomy under climate change and disturbances (I-MAESTRO) Project Innovative forest MAnagEment STrategies for a Resilient biOeconomy under climate change and disturbances (I-MAESTRO) is supported under the umbrella of ForestValue ERA-NET Cofund by the National Science Centre, Poland and French Ministry of Agriculture, Agrifood, and Forestry; French Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation, German Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) via Agency for Renewable Resources (FNR), Slovenian Ministry of Education, Science and Sport (MIZS). ForestValue has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N° 773324. The main aim of our project is to improve the scientific basis for developing management strategies that increase the resilience of the bioeconomy to future natural disturbances and climate change, while also maintaining a high level of wood production, carbon storage, and habitat quality for biodiversity. To reach this aim, the project will deliver on the following objectives: - review knowledge on forest disturbances and forest resilience to synthesize and improve evidence on resistance to disturbances and recovery processes; - develop an updated disturbance database (Schelhaas et al. 2003) to produce forest disturbance scenarios over Europe; - simulate the impacts of disturbances, management and climate change scenarios on wood production, carbon storage, and biodiversity conservation (resilience, provisioning) at different scales (stand, landscape and the European regional level); - improve biodiversity assessment in forest dynamics models by defining biodiversity linker functions at the landscape scale that integrate disturbance effects; - assess the influence of structural complexity on ecosystem services and the value of complexity-based management strategies.