Björn Hassler

Björn Hassler
Södertörn University | sh · Department of Natural Science, Technology and Environmental Studies

Professor in Environmental Science Vice Dean

About

39
Publications
11,139
Reads
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481
Citations
Citations since 2016
12 Research Items
340 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Additional affiliations
January 2001 - June 2015
Södertörn University
Position
  • Senior Researcher
January 2001 - present
Södertörn University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Despite the challenges of decarbonisation faced by the shipping sector, this topic has rarely been addressed in sustainability transitions studies. This paper questions common views of established firms as agents resisting change and broadens discussions on the role of incumbents and strategic reorientation. Using the dynamic capabilities approach,...
Article
Full-text available
The role of tools and approaches is currently much debated in maritime spatial planning (MSP). Past evaluation has mainly concentrated on decision support tools and the tangible outputs these can provide for MSP, but little attention has so far been been given to the soft or indirect benefits tool use can have in MSP. This paper assesses the potent...
Article
Full-text available
The EU MSP Directive is an example of a so-called new generation directive, which gives Member States room for adaptation to national contexts. The main objective in this article is to identify and analyse potential obstacles to effective and efficient planning caused by the diversity among national MSP frameworks that the Directive's broad regulat...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops an integration framework to analyse MSP practices across several Baltic Sea Region cases studies as well as cases studies from Australia (Great Barrier Reef) and the US (Rhode Island). While integration has been universally adopted as a policy principle to strive for, there is confusion about what it means, how to do it and wh...
Article
This article develops an integration framework to analyse MSP practices across several Baltic Sea Region cases studies as well as cases studies from Australia (Great Barrier Reef) and the US (Rhode Island). While integration has been universally adopted as a policy principle to strive for, there is confusion about what it means, how to do it and wh...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing attention given to marine spatial planning and the widely acknowledged need for transnational policy coordination, regional coherence has not yet improved a great deal in the Baltic Sea region. Therefore, the main objectives in this article are: (a) to map existing governance structures at all levels that influence how domest...
Article
While scholars have showed a long-standing interest for how to design effective environmental treaties and other international agreements, less interest has been paid to implementation phases of these agreements. This article takes the Eutrophication Segment in the Baltic Sea Action Plan as an example of a regional effort to reduce nutrient leakage...
Article
While scholars have showed a long-standing interest for how to design effective environmental treaties and other international agreements, less interest has been paid to implementation phases of these agreements. This article takes the Eutrophication Segment in the Baltic Sea Action Plan as an example of a regional effort to reduce nutrient leakage...
Chapter
This chapter analyses the governance structures linked to the marine environment of the Baltic Sea. The purpose is to assess whether current developments of the governance structures have a potential to take into account requirements of an Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM). We use the concept of refl exive governance to understand key componen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite most tankers being more technically safe than in the past, the increasing volume of transportation probably outweighs most, if not all, technical safety gains. Two major types of threats to the Baltic Sea environment caused by oil pollution are discussed in this chapter: accidental and intentional spills. It is shown that individual countri...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Towards an integrated framework for analyzing trans-boundary environmental problems in marine settings Abstract The literature on governance of socio-ecological systems has been growing fast during the last one or two decades. However, sound theoretical underpinnings to these systems have not been sufficiently articulated and tied to existing theor...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, European marine governance seems to be undergoing significant changes. From having been based largely on scientific expert knowledge, restricted risk assessments and governmental regulation, we are now witnessing a management turn towards holistic perspectives, the inclusion of stakeholders, adaptive governance, and co-production of know...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents the results of a web survey distributed to stakeholders in the Baltic Sea marine sector regarding environmental communication on air pollution from shipping. The survey was carried out in the spring and summer of 2012. Drawing on the literature on risk communication and environmental governance, the main focus was placed on so-...
Chapter
Full-text available
This report presents the results of a web survey distributed to stakeholders in the Baltic Sea marine sector regarding environmental communication on air pollution from shipping. The survey was carried out in the spring and summer of 2012. Drawing on the literature on risk communication and environmental governance, the main focus was placed on so-...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, European marine governance seems to be undergoing significant changes. From having been based largely on scientific expert knowledge, restricted risk assessments and governmental regulation, we are now witnessing a management turn towards holistic perspectives, the inclusion of stakeholders, adaptive governance, and coproduction of knowl...
Article
Full-text available
The article takes as its point of departure the apparently contradictory findings in recent research about accident rates in shipping and IMO implementation records. It is argued here that although IMO conventions have probably greatly improved shipping safety, they cannot credibly be held to be the chief cause of reduced accident rates as claimed...
Article
Full-text available
Marine governance of oil transportation is complex. Due to difficulties in effectively monitoring procedures on vessels en voyage, incentives to save costs by not following established regulations on issues such as cleaning of tanks, crew size, and safe navigation may be substantial. The issue of problem structure is placed in focus, that is, to wh...
Article
Despite significant efforts to improve environmental safety in marine oil transportation, the risk of a major accident with devastating oil spills has most likely increased. Building on the regime analytical approach where it is assumed that international collaboration may benefit participating countries, it is argued that bilateral and sub-regiona...
Article
Marine oil transportation in the Baltic Sea has increased significantly during the past decade. This may pose a significant threat to the environment, partly due to the increased risk of accidents and partly because of deliberate flushing of oil tanks at sea and other diffuse emissions. The problem is examined from a Swedish point of view, emphasiz...
Chapter
There has been a rather extraordinary political consensus in Sweden around the existence and design of the environmental support to the Baltic States. To show the high degree of concordance, the government policy in this issue-area will be described, as well as how the other political parties of the parliament have interpreted this policy. As the c...
Chapter
In this chapter, a theoretical framework for the analysis of Swedish environmental support to the Baltic States is presented. First, it will be shown that transnational cooperation has been perceived as necessary by the riparian states’ governments in order to rehabilitate the environmental status of the Baltic Sea. This perception seems to imply t...
Chapter
In the previous chapter, a fairly comprehensive treatment of the evolution of the Swedish environmental aid to the Baltic States was presented. The primary reason for the quite detailed description was the importance of showing that the unitary actor assumption is reasonable. For the purpose of this study, the need for a detailed description of the...
Chapter
In this chapter the historical background to the Swedish assistance policy vis-à-vis the Baltic States in the 1991–1996 period is presented. This background primarily serves as a basis for the formulation of Swedish preferences in this issue-area, and thus lays the ground for the motivation of the assumed utility function used in the model. As it i...
Chapter
The primary question to answer in this study has been whether the Swedish environmental support could have been seen as primarily driven by self-interest. In this final chapter, the model outlined in Chapter two is validated against empirical data on the Swedish project portfolio. The relation between the model and the more qualitative empirical ma...
Chapter
In this chapter, the primary ambition is to describe the administration and content of the Swedish support. This is relevant for the validity of the model, since these issues constitute the most important link between the interests of the key decision-makers and the implementation of the chosen strategy vis-à-vis the Baltic States. The main purpose...
Chapter
The Second World War shaped the modern study of international relations in several important ways. The destruction and evil demonstrated by the war convinced most scholars that the idealistic approach was not in accordance with reality. Realism was essential in order to find a more accurate description of the interaction between sovereign states in...
Article
Foreign assistance is often characterized by a mix of altruistic and self-interested considerations of the donor country. Swedish environmental support to the Baltic States during the 1991-96 period was designed primarily to promote Swedish interests. Based on a classification of the different supported issue-areas according to collective good cont...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
1) RISKGOV aims at improving our understanding of the structures and processes that shape the governance of environmental risks in the Baltic Sea and determine the conditions and opportunities that could improve governance for sustainable development. (descriptive/analytical aim). This analysis will focus on three interrelated key areas for the governance of environmental risks in the Baltic Sea: a) Governance structures (policy context, regulatory frameworks, forms for decision-making, participation, etc). b) Governance processes: Interactions between risk assessment and risk management. c) Governance processes: Stakeholder communication. 2) Based on the theoretical and empirical knowledge gained from these tasks, RISKGOV will suggest a normative framework for improving environmental risk governance in the Baltic Sea. (normative/constructive aim). These aims will be achieved by integrating social and natural science approaches on strategically[1] selected major environmental risks relating to the key goals of the newly adopted HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (HELCOM 2007), thereby creating opportunities for an increased understanding of how effective and legitimate governance structures are related to various types of environmental risks, assessment and perceptions of these risks by key stakeholders, scientific experts, and public authorities. The proposed research will also help key policy actors to better understand institutional mechanisms, communication and incentive structures.