Biswajit Mondal

Biswajit Mondal
Physical Research Laboratory | PRL · Astronomy and Astrophysics Division

Master of Science

About

16
Publications
1,385
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56
Citations

Publications

Publications (16)
Preprint
Full-text available
The abundances of low First Ionisation Potential (FIP) elements are three to four times higher (FIP bias) in the closed loop active corona than in the photosphere, known as the FIP effect. Observations suggest that the abundances vary in different coronal structures. Here, we use the soft X-ray spectroscopic measurements from the Solar X-ray Monito...
Article
Full-text available
We have reviewed the first year of observations of the Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) on board Chandrayaan-2 and the available multiwavelength observations to complement the XSM data, focusing on the Solar Dynamics Observatory AIA and Hinode XRT and EIS observations. XSM has provided disk-integrated solar spectra in the 1–15 keV energy range, observing...
Preprint
Full-text available
We have reviewed the first year of observations of the Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) onboard Chandrayaan-2, and the available multi-wavelength observations to complement the XSM data, focusing on Solar Dynamics Observatory AIA and Hinode XRT, EIS observations. XSM has provided disk-integrated solar spectra in the 1--15 keV energy range, observing a lar...
Poster
Full-text available
We have derived a simple empirical relation between GOES XRS 16 flux and flare temperature using Chandrayaan-2 XSM. This enables us to get an estimate of the flare temperature for A- and sub-A class flares from GOES 16 long flux channel.
Preprint
Full-text available
The Solar X-ray Spectrometer (XSM) payload onboard Chandrayaan-2 provides disk-integrated solar spectra in the 1-15 keV energy range with an energy resolution of 180 eV (at 5.9 keV) and a cadence of 1~second. During the period from September 2019 to May 2020, covering the minimum of Solar Cycle 24, it observed nine B-class flares ranging from B1.3...
Article
Elements with low first ionization potential (FIP) are known to be 3–4 times more abundant in active region loops of the solar corona than in the photosphere. There have been observations suggesting that this observed “FIP bias” may be different in other parts of the solar corona and such observations are thus important in understanding the underly...
Article
Full-text available
Solar flares, with energies ranging over several orders of magnitude, result from impulsive release of energy due to magnetic reconnection in the corona. Barring a handful, almost all microflares observed in X-rays are associated with the solar active regions. Here we present, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of a large sample of quiet-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Elements with low First Ionization Potential (FIP) are known to be three to four times more abundant in active region loops of the solar corona than in the photosphere. There have been observations suggesting that this observed "FIP bias" may be different in other parts of the solar corona and such observations are thus important in understanding t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Solar flares, with energies ranging over several orders of magnitude, result from impulsive release of energy due to magnetic reconnection in the corona. Barring a handful, almost all microflares observed in X-rays are associated with the solar active regions. Here we present, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis of a large sample of quiet...
Article
Full-text available
Chandrayaan-2, the second Indian mission to the Moon, carries a spectrometer called the Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) to perform soft X-ray spectral measurements of the Sun while a companion payload, CLASS, measures the fluorescence emission from the Moon. Together these two payloads will provide quantitative estimates of elemental abundances on the lu...
Article
Multilayer X-ray mirrors consist of a coating of a large number of alternate layers of high Z and low Z materials with a typical thickness of 10 – 100 Å , on a suitable substrate. Such coatings play an important role in enhancing the reflectivity of X-ray mirrors by allowing reflections at angles much larger than the critical angle of X-ray reflect...
Preprint
Full-text available
Multilayer X-ray mirrors consist of a coating of a large number of alternate layers of high Z and low Z materials with a typical thickness of 10-100 Angstrom, on a suitable substrate. Such coatings play an important role in enhancing the reflectivity of X-ray mirrors by allowing reflections at angles much larger than the critical angle of X-ray ref...
Article
Full-text available
The Solar X-ray Monitor (abbreviated as XSM) on board India’s Chandrayaan-2 mission is designed to carry out broadband spectroscopy of the Sun from lunar orbit. It observes the Sun as a star and measures the spectrum every second in the soft X-ray band of 1 – 15 keV with an energy resolution better than 180 eV at 5.9 keV. The primary objective of t...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Solar X-ray Monitor (abbreviated as XSM) on board India's Chandrayaan-2 mission is designed to carry out broadband spectroscopy of the Sun from lunar orbit. It observes the Sun as a star and measures the spectrum every second in the soft X-ray band of 1 - 15 keV with an energy resolution better than 180 eV at 5.9 keV. The primary objective of t...
Preprint
Chandrayaan-2, the second Indian mission to the Moon, carries a spectrometer called the Solar X-ray Monitor (XSM) to perform soft X-ray spectral measurements of the Sun while a companion payload measures the fluorescence emission from the Moon. Together these two payloads will provide quantitative estimates of elemental abundances on the lunar surf...

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