Birte Englich
In memory of

Birte Englich
University of Cologne | UOC · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

28
Publications
21,910
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1,315
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
April 2006 - present
University of Cologne
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
Indecisiveness, the subjective inability to make satisfying decisions, is an individual difference trait that may impede effective actions. Mechanisms underlying indecisiveness are largely unknown. In four studies, we tested the prediction that indicators of evaluation difficulty were associated with indecisiveness in simple evaluations. Across stu...
Article
In many legal systems, preliminary proceedings and the prosecutor’s charging decision predict the outcome of the trial, as reflected in high conviction rates. This charging decision is mostly based on the final police report, which is primarily aimed to substantiate the given suspicion and may lead to a preponderance of incriminating evidence. We i...
Article
Full-text available
Why does social class affect Quality of Life? We simultaneously investigated two novel possible explanations: Because a high social class is associated with increased control over resources (i.e., power) or because a high social class is associated with higher respect and esteem in the eyes of others (i.e., status). To test these explanations, we c...
Article
Full-text available
In the current psychological debate, low replicability of psychological findings is a central topic. While the discussion about the replication crisis has a huge impact on psychological research, we know less about how it impacts public trust in psychology. In this article, we examine whether low replicability damages public trust and how this dama...
Article
Findings on metal research show an action-oriented, socially competent and less stressed community, opposing the assumption that metal reduces well-being and induces depression. Our study aimed to investigate the stress-reducing effects of metal for its fans and if this is influencing power experience. The idea is based on findings that indicate po...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the current psychological debate, low replicability of psychological findings is a central topic. While the discussion about the replication crisis has a huge impact on psychological research, we know less about how it impacts public trust in psychology. In this paper, we examine whether low replicability damages public trust and how this damage...
Article
Full-text available
Fair and well justified judicial decisions require that judges evaluate and interpret all relevant facts. However, heuristics and other shortcuts are used here as well. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that experts may be subject to the same decision biases as laypeople. Therefore, we investigated whether and to what extent judicial experts a...
Article
Studies on anchoring effects indicate that judgments can be biased by previous comparisons to high- or low-anchor values. Anchoring effects have been demonstrated in many domains and they have been found both for relevant anchors that provide partially valid information concerning the assessed target as well as for irrelevant anchors that clearly d...
Article
Power makes people think, feel, and behave in ways that help them to maintain and increase power. Thus far, the mechanisms underlying power’s beneficial effects on goal pursuit have been investigated predominantly on a cognitive level. The present research tested whether power influences goal pursuit in an even more fundamental way, namely by impro...
Article
Recent research has shown that social power systematically influences information processing in many ways, and can be induced simply via powerful gestures or postures. The current studies investigated the impact of embodied power on confirmatory information processing after decision making. Based upon previous social power research, we hypothesized...
Article
Full-text available
Anchoring effects, the assimilation of numerical estimates to previously considered standards, are highly robust. Two studies examined whether mood and expertise jointly moderate the magnitude of anchoring. Previous research has demonstrated that happy mood induces judges to process information in a less thorough manner than sad mood, which means t...
Article
Full-text available
Im Rahmen von Strafverfahren wird verhandelt, begutachtet, befragt, überzeugt, gelogen und entschieden. Verlauf und Ausgang des Verfahrens haben unmittelbare Bedeutung für die von den beteiligten Parteien empfundene Verfahrensgerechtigkeit. All dies sind Themen der Psychologie des Strafverfahrens: Wahrnehmung, Eindrucksbildung, Persuasion, Glaubwür...
Article
The present research examines whether anchoring effects—the assimilation of a numeric estimate towards a previously considered standard—depend on judges' available knowledge in the target domain. Based on previous research, I distinguish two types of anchoring effects. Standard anchoring is obtained if judges are explicitly asked to compare the anc...
Article
This article presents an integrative review of recent research on anchoring effects in the courtroom as one example for the strong impact of representation norms on sentencing decisions. Anchoring effects – the assimilation of numerical judgments to a given standard – have been demonstrated in many judgmental domains. Even sentencing decisions are...
Article
Full-text available
Judicial sentencing decisions should be guided by facts, not by chance. The present research however demonstrates that the sentencing decisions of experienced legal professionals are influenced by irrelevant sentencing demands even if they are blatantly determined at random. Participating legal experts anchored their sentencing decisions on a given...
Article
Full-text available
In the legal systems of most western countries, defense attorneys present their sentencing recommendation after the prosecution has presented its sentencing demands. This procedural sequence for criminal cases is intended to balance the impact of both parties on the judge's final decision. Especially the positioning of the defense's plea at the end...
Article
Judgmental anchoring—the assimilation of a numeric estimate towards a previously considered standard—is an exceptionally ubiquitous effect that influences human judgment in a variety of domains and paradigms. Three studies examined whether anchoring effects even occur, if anchor values are presented subliminally, outside of judges’ awareness. Studi...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Ausgehend von bisherigen Befunden zu Ankereffekten in der richterlichen Urteilsbildung sowie dem Modell selektiver Zuganglichkeit untersucht die vorliegende Studie, inwieweit auch parteiische Zwischenrufe im Gerichtssaal einen Einfluss auf strafrechtliche Entscheidungen haben konnen. In einem 2 × 2-faktoriellen Experiment lasen 177...
Article
Suppose you are the judge in a legal case of rape. The prosecutor and the defender have given their final speeches and you have just closed the court for a lunch break. The next session will start right after lunch, so that you have roughly an hour to make up your mind about the sentence. All the information that is necessary to make this important...
Article
This study examines the psychological consequences of the introduction of the Euro. People who are not used to the new currency experience higher levels of uncertainty when processing Euro prices and may consequently be more susceptible to biasing influences. We demonstrate that in Winter 2001 – immediately before the introduction of the Euro – Ger...
Article
Research on juridical decision making has demonstrated that largely disparate sentences are often given for identical crimes. This may be the case because judges' sentencing decisions are influenced by a recommended or demanded sentence. Building on research on judgmental anchoring (Tversky & Kahneman, 1974), the present investigation examines whet...
Article
The present research examines whether anchoring effects—the assimilation of a numeric estimate towards a previously considered standard—depend on judges' available knowledge in the target domain. Based on previous research, I distinguish two types of anchoring effects. Standard anchoring is obtained if judges are explicitly asked to compare the anc...
Article
The attribution of guilt and expectations of future behavior in the defendant are central questions discussed during penal proceedings. Strategies for communicating such attributions include specific grammatical choices. The Linguistic Category Model allows for predictions regarding the role-specific choice of wordings in closing speeches and their...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Ausgehend von bisherigen Befunden zu Ankereffekten in der richterlichen Urteilsbildung sowie dem Modell selektiver Zugänglichkeit untersucht die vorliegende Studie, inwieweit auch parteiische Zwischenrufe im Gerichtssaal einen Einfluss auf strafrechtliche Entscheidungen haben können. In einem 2 × 2-faktoriellen Experiment lasen 177...