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Birol A. Yeşilada

Birol A. Yeşilada
Portland State University & TransResearch Consortium · Mark O. Hatfield School of Government

PhD

About

56
Publications
13,381
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419
Citations
Citations since 2017
6 Research Items
184 Citations
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Introduction
Working on: (1) the next wave (7th) of the World Values Survey in Cyprus; (2) Applying Power Transition Analysis to the study of EU's future and integration in Europe; (3) Rise of political Islam and counter revolution in Turkey.
Additional affiliations
September 1998 - March 2016
Portland State University
Position
  • Professor (Full) & Contemporary Turkish Studies Endowed Chair

Publications

Publications (56)
Book
Full-text available
Today, the European Union faces challenges that not only threaten internal cohesion but also its position in the global system. This book is about the future of the EU in the light of global power transition taking place in the 21st Century and demonstrates how its future rests on a delicate balance between policy challenge, member states’ interest...
Article
Full-text available
This paper tests the arguments of social theorists about the changing spirit of capitalism in countries with different levels of economic development using the recent World Values Survey (WVS). Max Weber claimed that the Protestant Ethic was the spirit of capitalism for salvation and improved economic development in Europe. During the last 40 years...
Chapter
Full-text available
Studies of religiosity and political preferences in Turkey deserve particular attention given the dramatic rise since 2002 of the Justice and Development Party (AKP) under the leadership of Tayyip Erdogan since 2002. Not only has the AKP managed to replace traditional secular political parties of the center-right as the first choice of traditional/...
Data
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Research
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The future of the European Union (EU) rests on a delicate balance of policy challenges. On the one hand, recent financial crisis exposed EU’s failure to match economic and monetary union (EMU) with necessary integration along political union. Once more, it became crystal clear that monetary union cannot be sustained without a serious political unio...
Research
Full-text available
The future of the European Union (EU) rests on a delicate balance of policy challenges. On the one hand, recent financial crisis exposed EU’s failure to match economic and monetary union (EMU) with necessary integration along political union. Once more, it became crystal clear that monetary union cannot be sustained without a serious political unio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The future of the European Union (EU) rests on a delicate balance of policy challenges. On the one hand, recent financial crisis exposed EU’s failure to match economic and monetary union (EMU) with necessary integration along political union. Once more, it became crystal clear that monetary union cannot be sustained without a serious political unio...
Article
Full-text available
Turkish politics is complex and, at times, comes close to being bizarre. When the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi [AKP]) came to power it embarked on ambitious economic and political reforms that at last promised to bring embedded democracy to Turkey. Yet, since 2007, most of the initial reforms have regressed, deepening s...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the regional power transitions for Turkey. The authors utilize both the Power Transitions Theory and the Human Development Theory to foresee Turkey's future regional relations. The findings indicate that Turkey's relations with the EU, Russia and Iran will be quite challenging. According to the forecasting, the probability of co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Has xenophobia increased in countries that have traditional liberal values? If one pays attention to media reports, it certainly sounds like it has – even in Sweden. This paper extends our ruminations on political attitudes toward immigrants in select states with putative liberal political cultures that we initially presented in our earlier paper,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The future of the European Union (EU) rests on a delicate balance of policy challenges. On the one hand, recent financial crisis exposed EU’s failure to match economic and monetary union (EMU) with necessary integration along political union. Once more, it became crystal clear that monetary union cannot be sustained without a serious political unio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paper presented at the 2015 Conference of the European Union Studies Association in Boston, March 5-8. This paper applies power transition theory to EU's future as a global power. It assesses economic and political/strategic capabilities of the EU vis-à-vis other global contenders as Transatlantic Alliance is challenged by rising powers in the east...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In the context of modernization and development, a complex adaptive systems framework can help address the coupling of macro social constraint and opportunity with individual agency. Combining system dynamics and agent based modeling, we formalize a simulation approach of the Human Development (HD) perspective to explore the interactive eff...
Article
Full-text available
Today, financial crisis once again threatens the unity among member states and future of the European Union. The magnitude of the problem is so grave that observers and analysts have concluded a big decision must be made regarding fiscal union (thus political union) to save EMU. “Is this really the end of the road for Eurozone?” Using Power Transit...
Book
Full-text available
The possibility of Turkey's accession to the European Union has been problematic. Initially, the EU's pursuit of regional economic integration and enlargement of membership, at the exclusion of Turkey, strained relations between the two. It was not until 1999, and under pressure from the US, that Turkey was considered as a potential candidate for m...
Article
Full-text available
Abdollahian, Mark A. et al. (2012) Dynamics of Cultural Change: The Human Development Perspective. International Studies Quarterly, doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2478.2012.00736.x © 2012 International Studies Association The relationship between economic development, cultural change, and political liberalization is often explored through the lens of classic...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from the World Values Surveys, this study examines changing values in Turkey and shows that rising religiosity and intolerance can be traced back to 1995 and have become more visible during the AKP's rule. Moreover, Turks are found to be the most religious of all the societies compared in the study. Findings suggest that Turkish voters a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the authors' recent extension of Ronald Inglehart's World Values Survey (WVS) m Cyprus. Whereas the WVS is in its fifth wave of study (Inglehart et al, 1981, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2006-2007), Cyprus is included for the first time. Currently, the WVS comprises 99 countries around the world and is designed to enable...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the authors' recent extension of Ronald Inglehart's World Values Survey (WVS) in Cyprus Whereas the WVS is in its fifth wave of study (Inglehart ct al., 1981, 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2006-2007), Cyprus included for the first t11lle Currently, the WVS comprises 96 counties around the world and is designed to enable t...
Article
Full-text available
The authors explore some of the social values and religiosity of the separated Turkish and Greek speaking communities in Cyprus in light of the European Union's objectives of unifying the island, and promoting the social value of tolerance. They find that the two communities are more similar to each other in religiosity than they are to most other...
Article
Full-text available
Turkish Cypriots represent some of the most secular Muslims in the world. While they consider themselves as part of the Hanefi school of Sunni Islam and hold strong belief in God, most do not follow a lifestyle that reflects the characteristics of their ethnic compatriots in Turkey. Turkish Cypriots do not seem to be influenced by organized religio...
Article
Full-text available
This working paper examines changing value systems in the new European Union with a special focus on religiosity and tolerance. We found that few of the new E.U. members brought particularly intense religiosity into the Union. However, two that did, Poland and Romania, and the accession state Turkey, are all fairly large states. Post-materialist va...
Article
This essay analyzes the regional and global implications of different enlargement formulations of the European Union (EU) during the first half of the twenty-first century by (1) assessing the consequences of expanded EU membership with varying enlargement scenarios regarding global power distributions, (2) considering the implications of a drift b...
Article
Full-text available
this report was supported by RAND using its own funds. RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND is a registered trademark. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. Copyright 2003 RAND All rights reserved. No part of this...
Article
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This paper provides a forecast of the likely consequences of ongoing US military activity in Afghanistan, and assesses the implications of a change in the current US policy toward that nation. We use a game theoretic, bounded rationality model, called the Expected Utility model, to analyze the stability of the political and economic systems in Afgh...
Article
Full-text available
As a candidate for membership, Turkey has attained recognition from its European neighbors that it belongs in the European club of states - a status sought by Turkish and Ottoman governments for almost 150 years. However, unlike in the case of other candidate countries, accession talks would not begin until Turkey completes a series of economic and...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution examines the Virtue Party (FP) and attempts to answer two questions: what seems to explain the relative success of Islamist political parties in Turkey, and to what extent have religiously-oriented parties become system-oriented and thus contributed to the consolidation of democracy in Turkey? The analysis covers the history of th...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides a game theoretic analysis of how the candidacy of Cyprus for European Union (EU) membership presents an important challenge for both the Union's eastern enlargement plans and current international efforts aimed at resolving the Cyprus problem. The conclusions indicate that the Cypriot conflict has entered a very delicate perio...
Article
SAIS Review 19.1 (1999) 144-161 In recent years, two developments have challenged Turkey's national and cultural identity -- a growing Islamist movement at home and the European Union's (EU) orientation toward Turkey. While the Turkish government and the military continue to pursue a pro-NATO foreign policy orientation, an increasing number of Turk...
Article
Full-text available
Following a 1980 coup, Turkey adopted a new constitution that instituted a distinctive form of state corporatism. Leaders of the coup also sought to replace the old political parties with new ones. This article analyzes political developments in Turkey since 1980. The author employs two models of interest representation, corporatism and pluralism,...
Article
Since the beginning of liberal pluralist politics in 1950, Turkey has experienced three military coups in 1960, 1971, and 1980. Of these military incursions the ones in 1960 and 1980 were the most serious in scope. Each time the armed forces remained in power for a short time, 1960–1961 and 1980–1983, and completely revised the existing constitutio...
Article
Very seldom are political variables included in economic growth models. This study attempts to uncover the nature of the relationships between political and economic variables which is essential to the formulation of aggregate economic-political development models. A statistical study of the data obtained for a class of developing countries was con...
Article
Full-text available
Combining a system dynamic and agent based modeling approach, we formalize a simulation framework of the Human Development (HD) perspective. First, we build on Abdollahian et al. (2012) system dynamic asymmetric, coupled nonlinear differential equations that capture the core logic of HD theory, empirically validated from World Values Survey (WVS) d...
Article
Full-text available
[From the introduction]. The decision of the European Union (EU) to start formal accession talks with Turkey in October 2005 marked a historic point in relations between the parties. As a candidate for membership, Turkey attained recognition from its European neighbors that it belongs in the European club of states – a status sought by Turkish and...
Article
This study analyzes two aspects of elite politics in Turkey between 1960 and 1983. At one level, it looks at how economic and political development policies varied as ruling elite coalitions changed. These policy changes are further examined to explain how they affected the breakdown of democracy in 1980. At another level, the study evaluates wheth...
Article
Thesis (M.A.)--San Francisco State University. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 180-185).

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