Birgitt Wiese

Birgitt Wiese
Hannover Medical School | MHH · Center for Information Management

Diplom

About

415
Publications
72,129
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11,364
Citations
Citations since 2017
147 Research Items
6461 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200

Publications

Publications (415)
Article
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Background: Vitamins A, D and E and beta-carotene may have a protective function for cognitive health, due to their antioxidant capacities. Methods: We analyzed data from 1334 non-demented participants (mean age 84 years) from the AgeCoDe study, a prospective multicenter-cohort of elderly general-practitioner patients in Germany, of whom n = 250...
Article
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Introduction Several lifestyle factors promote protection against Alzheimer's disease (AD) throughout a person's lifespan. Although such protective effects have been described for occupational cognitive requirements (OCR) in midlife, it is currently unknown whether they are conveyed by brain maintenance (BM), brain reserve (BR), or cognitive reserv...
Article
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Background: General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the provision of primary palliative care (PC). The identification of patients who might benefit from PC and the timely initiation of patient-centred PC measures at the end of life are essential, yet challenging. Although different tools exist to support these key tasks, a structured approac...
Poster
Hintergrund: Chronische nicht-tumorbedingte Schmerzen (CNTS) sind eine häufige Erkrankung mit weltweit hoher Prävalenz. Zur Behandlung kommen u.a. Opioide zum Einsatz, deren Pro-Kopf-Verbrauch in Deutschland weltweit mit am höchsten ist. Studien zufolge liegt dabei insbesondere bei gleichzeitigem Bestehen von CNTS und psychischen Faktoren ein erheb...
Article
Introduction: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) and depressive symptoms (DS) frequently co-occur prior to dementia. However, the temporal sequence of their emergence and their combined prognostic value for cognitive decline and dementia is unclear. Methods: Temporal relationships of SCD, DS and memory decline were examined by latent difference...
Article
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This study aims to describe social network and social participation and to assess associations with depressive symptoms in older persons with increased risk for dementia in Germany. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study in primary care patients (aged 60–77) as part of a multicenter cluster-randomized controlled trial (AgeWell.de). We p...
Article
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Purpose Higher Fit fOR The Aged (FORTA) scores have been shown to be negatively associated with adverse clinical outcomes in older hospitalized patients. This has not been evaluated in other health care settings. The aim of this study was to examine the association of the FORTA score with relevant outcomes in the prospective AgeCoDe–AgeQualiDe coho...
Article
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Aim The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of and the gender differences in the use of professional home care in Germany. Methods We used harmonized data from three large cohort studies from Germany (“Healthy Aging: Gender-specific trajectories into the latest life”; AgeDifferent.de Platform). Data were available for 5,393 older in...
Preprint
Background General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the provision of primary palliative care (PC). The identification of patients who might benefit from PC and the timely initiation of patient-centred measures at the end of life are essential, yet challenging. Although different tools exist to support these key tasks, a structured approach is...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the longitudinal impact of depressive symptoms on utilization of healthcare in terms of GP visits as well as specialist visits and hospital admission in late life among community-dwelling individuals. Methods Longitudinal data (baseline and follow-up) were derived from the German multicentre, pros...
Article
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Background: Demographic trends show an increasing number of elderly people and thus a growing need for palliative care (PC). Such care is increasingly being provided by long-term care (LTC) facilities. The present study aimed at exploring PC indicators of residents at LTC facilities belonging to a non-profit provider in Lower Saxony, Germany, in o...
Article
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Purpose Social isolation is considered a risk factor for dementia. However, less is known about social isolation and dementia with respect to competing risk of death, particularly in the oldest-old, who are at highest risk for social isolation, dementia and mortality. Therefore, we aimed to examine these associations in a sample of oldest-old indiv...
Article
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Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal within-association between social support and health-related quality of life among the oldest old. Methods Longitudinal data (follow-up waves 7 to 9) were used from the multicenter prospective cohort study “Needs, health service use, costs and health-related quality of life in a large s...
Article
Objective Somatoform disorders and functional somatic syndromes (FSS) with symptoms that are not sufficiently explained by physical or technical examination are among the most challenging underlying causes. Many different somatoform disorders and FSS have overlapping symptoms, often with pain as the most prevalent one, leading to a high burden of d...
Article
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Background General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in the provision of end-of-life care (EoLC). The present study aimed at comparing the quality of GPs’ EoLC before and after an intervention involving a clinical decision aid and a public campaign. Methods The study was part of the larger interventional study ‘Optimal care at the end of lif...
Article
Introduction Only a few studies have investigated incidence and risk factors of depression in the highest age groups. This study aims to determine incidence rates as well as risk factors of incident depressive symptoms in latest life, adjusting for the competing event of mortality. Methods Data of a prospective, longitudinal, multi-centered cohort...
Article
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(1) The rising proportion of older adults in the population represents a challenge for the healthcare system. Women and men age differently. This study aims to examine gender-specific characteristics of health in old age from male and female perspectives. (2) Two focus groups were formed in this qualitative study of older (70+) women (n = 10) and m...
Article
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Objective Since there is a lack of longitudinal studies in this area, our aim was to identify the determinants of persistent frequent attendance in primary care among the oldest old in Germany.Methods Longitudinal data (follow-up wave 7–9) were taken from the multicenter prospective cohort “Study on needs, health service use, costs, and health-rela...
Article
Objectives For patients with geriatric frailty, reducing inappropriate medication is an important goal to improve patient safety in primary care. GP-side barriers include knowledge gaps, legal concerns, and lack of communication between the actors involved. The aim was to develop a multi-faceted intervention to facilitate deprescribing and shared p...
Article
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Background Distress and burnout are common in physicians. Both may already arise during medical training and persist throughout residency. An analysis of needs is necessary in order to develop target group specific curricular concepts at medical faculties. Aim of this study was to assess the perceived stress of medical students, to explore study-re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: General practitioners (GPs) play a crucial role in the provision of end-of-life care (EoLC). The present study aimed at comparing the quality of GPs’ EoLC before and after an intervention involving a clinical decision aid and a public campaign. Methods: The study was part of the larger interventional study ‘Optimal care at the end of li...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Bis zu 90% der Menschen am Lebensende benötigen eine Palliativversorgung. Die Mehrheit davon kann im Rahmen der allgemeinen ambulanten Palliativversorgung (AAPV) durch Hausärzt*innen betreut werden. Frühere Studien haben gezeigt, dass ambulante Palliativleistungen hinter dem geschätzten Bedarf zurückbleiben und insgesam...
Article
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Objectives Growing evidence suggests a protective effect of high mental demands at work on cognitive function in later life. However, evidence on corresponding associations in older adults at increased risk for dementia is currently lacking. This study investigates the association between mental demands at work and cognitive functioning in the popu...
Article
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Research on anxiety in oldest-old individuals is scarce. Specifically, incidence studies based on large community samples are lacking. The objective of this study is to assess age- and gender-specific incidence rates in a large sample of oldest-old individuals and to identify potential risk factors. The study included data from N = 702 adults aged...
Article
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The heterogeneity in the operationalisation of successful ageing (SA) hinders a straightforward examination of SA associations and correlates, and in turn, the identification of potentially modifiable predictors of SA. It is unclear which SA associations and correlates influence all facets of the SA construct, and whether psychosocial reserve model...
Article
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Background The elderly population deals with multimorbidity (three chronic conditions) and increasinged drug use with age. A comprehensive characterisation of the medication – including prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs – of elderly patients in primary care is still insufficient. Objectives This study aims to characterise the medicatio...
Article
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Background The objective of this study was to investigate inter- and intraobserver reliability of the morphological Mutch classification for greater tuberosity (GT) fragments in consecutive proximal humerus fractures (PHF) regardless of the number of parts according to the Codman classification system for three different imaging modalities (plain r...
Article
Introduction: Due to the strong association between old age and the need for long-term care, the number of individuals in need for care is projected to increase noticeably. The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of institutionalization among the oldest old longitudinally. Methods: Longitudinal data (follow-up [FU] wave 7-9) were g...
Article
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Background It is almost unknown whether the driving status is associated with HRQOL among individuals in highest age.AimsBased on a multicenter prospective cohort study, the objective of this study was to examine whether the driving status is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the oldest old in Germany.Methods Cross-sectio...
Article
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Background: The safety of drug use by nursing-home residents can be impaired by polypharmacy, potentially inappropriate medications (PIM), and neuroleptics, as well as by a lack of adequate interprofessional coordination in the nursing home. The goal of the HIOPP-3- iTBX Trial was to improve drug safety in nursing-home residents, including a reduc...
Article
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Background Patients in Germany are free to seek care from any office-based physician and can always ask for multiple opinions on a diagnosis or treatment. The high density of physicians and the freedom to choose among them without referrals have led to a need for better coordination between the multiple health professionals treating any given patie...
Article
Background Dementia is a major economic challenge for societies worldwide. One approach of cost-of-illness studies focuses on the excess costs of people with dementia compared to costs in people without dementia. Yet, excess costs of dementia have rarely been examined. Objective To contribute to the existing evidence on excess costs of dementia by...
Article
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Objectives Our study aimed to assess the frequency of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use (according to three PIM lists) and to examine the association between PIM use and cognitive function among participants in the MultiCare cohort. Design MultiCare is conducted as a longitudinal, multicentre, observational cohort study. Setting The...
Article
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Objectives Autonomy (defined as self-governance; not equivalent to independence) is relevant to well-being and psychological functioning. However, there is a lack of research on individuals aged >85 years and their perception of autonomy when receiving informal care. This study aims to answer the question if and how the receipt of informal care is...
Article
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This study aimed to examine the association of alcohol and tobacco use with severity of depression in older age. Analyses were performed on a pooled data set (n = 3,724) from two German old-age cohort studies (LEILA 75+, 6 follow-ups and AgeCoDe/AgeQualiDe, 9 follow-ups). Depressive symptoms were assessed via two screening scales for depression (CE...
Article
Full-text available
Widowhood is common in old age, can be accompanied by serious health consequences and is often linked to substantial changes in social network. Little is known about the impact of social isolation on the development of depressive symptoms over time taking widowhood into account. We provide results from the follow-up 5 to follow-up 9 from the longit...
Article
Objective: Longitudinal studies investigating the link between social support and functional decline are limited among the oldest old. Thus, the aim of this study was to examine whether changes in social support are associated with functional decline among the oldest old longitudinally using panel regression models. Methods: Longitudinal data fr...
Article
Objectives: Depressive symptoms and chronic pain are common among patients with multimorbidity creating a complex medical condition for both the patient and the general practitioner. Perceived social support may function as a protective measure. To examine the impact of perceived social support as a potential moderator between depressive symptoms...
Article
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Objectives There is a lack of studies identifying the correlates of institutionalization specifically among the oldest old. Therefore, our aim was to fill this gap in knowledge. Methods Cross‐sectional data (Follow up (FU) wave 9; n=633 observations in the analytical sample) were used from the multicenter prospective cohort study “Needs, health se...
Article
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Background: Sensory impairments have been associated with dementia in older adults. However, the contribution of different impairments and how they interact in the development of dementia is not clear. We examined independent and interaction effects of hearing and visual impairment on incident dementia. Design: Multi-centric population-based prosp...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The aims of our study were to examine the anticholinergic drug use and to assess the association between anticholinergic burden and cognitive function in the multimorbid elderly patients of the MultiCare cohort. Setting MultiCare was conducted as a longitudinal cohort study in primary care, located in eight different study centres in Ge...
Article
Purpose : To investigate the association between health-related quality of life and ego integrity among the oldest old. Materials and methods : Cross-sectional data were taken from follow-up wave 9 of the multicenter prospective cohort study “Needs, health service use, costs and health-related quality of life in a large sample of oldest-old primar...
Article
Introduction: There is a lack of studies examining the link between perceived autonomy and frailty among the oldest old. Therefore, our objective was to fill this gap. Methods: Data were used from the multicenter prospective cohort study "Needs, health service use, costs and health-related quality of life in a large sample of oldest-old primary...
Article
Background : The proportion of older adults is increasing due to demographic changes. Depression belongs to the most common mental disorders in late life. The loss of an emotionally significant person is a risk factor for the development of depression. The aim of this study is to analyze the association between depression and grief burden resulting...
Article
Full-text available
Background Increasingly more very old people are active drivers. Sensory, motor and cognitive limitations or medication can increase safety risks. Timely attention to driving safety in the patient-doctor relationship can promote patient-centred solutions. Aim Do general practitioners (GPs) know which patients drive a car? Is fitness to drive addre...
Article
Ketamine and its (S)-enantiomer show distinct psychological effects that are investigated in psychiatric research. Its antidepressant activity may depend on the extent and quality of these psychological effects which may greatly differ between the enantiomers. Previous data indicate that the (S)-ketamine isomer is a more potent anesthetic than (R)-...
Article
Background: Only little evidence is available on disorientation, one of the most challenging symptoms of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of disorientation in older age in association with the level of cognitive status, personal characteristics, and life events. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Targeting dementia prevention, first trials addressing multiple modifiable risk factors showed promising results in at-risk populations. In Germany, AgeWell.de is the first large-scale initiative investigating the effectiveness of a multi-component lifestyle intervention against cognitive decline. We aimed to investigate the recruitment process and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate the inter-rater reliability of Barbary macaques compared with an expert group of surgeons for the choice of treatment and predicted outcome of proximal humerus fractures. Design Uncontrolled, blinded, comparative behavioural analysis. Setting Germany and United States. Participants 10 blinded experts in the field of orth...
Article
Full-text available
Background The provision and quality of end-of-life care (EoLC) in Germany is inconsistent. Therefore, an evaluation of current EoLC based on quality indicators is needed. This study aims to evaluate EoLC in Germany on the basis of quality indicators pertaining to curative overtreatment, palliative undertreatment and delayed palliative care (PC). R...
Article
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To assess whether MR diffusion imaging may be applied for non-invasive detection of renal changes correlating with clinical diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients after lung transplantation (lutx).Fifty-four patients (mean age 49.6, range 26-64 years) after lutx were enrolled in a prospective clinical study and underwent functional MR i...
Article
Full-text available
Background There are very few studies examining the determinants of frequent attendance in primary care among the oldest old.AimsThe purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of frequent attendance among individuals aged 85 years or older.Methods Cross-sectional data stem from the multicenter prospective cohort “Study on needs, hea...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeTo describe health status and health state utilities measured by the EQ-5D-3L in a population-based sample of individuals aged 85 + in Germany, and to analyze associations with basic socio-demographic variables.Methods Cross-sectional data from follow-up wave 7 (n = 761) of the German AgeCoDe Study were used. The EQ-5D-3L questionnaire was u...
Poster
Only little evidence is available on disorientation, one of the most challenging symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD). Aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of disorientation in association with the level of cognitive functioning, personal characteristics, and specific life events. Three population‐based longit...
Article
Based on the share of the population aged 65 years and older, Germany is among the world's oldest countries. Therefore, dementia prevention is a very important public health target. AgeWell.de is the first large‐scale multi‐component lifestyle intervention trial against cognitive decline in Germany. It has been designed with a specific focus on a p...
Article
Objective: There is a lack of studies disentangling whether changes in frailty are associated with subsequent changes in depressive symptoms or vice versa among the oldest old. Consequently, we aimed to disentangle this link. Design: Three waves [follow-up (FU) wave 7 to FU wave 9; n = 423 individuals in the analytical sample] were used from the m...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in the provision of general outpatient palliative care (AAPV) for the majority of patients at the end of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of End-of-Life Care (EoLC) from a GPs’ perspective using the German version of the General Practice End of Life Care Index (GP-EoLC-I)...
Article
Introduction Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is a risk condition for dementia, including dementia of Alzheimer type (DAT). Methods We report sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) for conversion to all‐cause dementia, and DAT in different SCD types (decline in memory, assocated worries, longitudinal consite...
Article
Full-text available
The pharmaceutical industry shows an emerging interest in formulas that contain live and beneficial microorganisms, also known as probiotics or pharmabiotics, which in many cases, are host-specific. The resistance to higher temperature is an essential feature of these microorganisms when working on the design of products for vaginal formula. In ord...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Previous studies have observed protective effects of high mental demands at work on cognitive functioning and dementia risk. However, it is unclear what types of demands drive this effect and whether this effect is subject to a person's genetic risk. We investigated to what extent eight different types of mental demands at work together...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die cluster-randomisierte multizentrische Interventionsstudie „HIOPP-3 iTBX - Angemessene und sichere Medikation für Pflegeheimbewohner/innen mit Hilfe einer interprofessionellen Toolbox“ hat die Verbesserung der Arzneimitteltherapiesicherheit bei Pflegeheimbewohner/-innen, insbesondere die Reduktion von Neuroleptika un...
Article
Introduction: There is a lack of studies investigating the link between time-varying factors associated with changes in frailty scores in very old age longitudinally. This is important because the level of frailty is associated with subsequent morbidity and mortality. Objective: To examine time-dependent predictors of frailty among the oldest ol...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hospitalization is a key driver of health care costs. Thus far, there are only a few longitudinal studies investigating whether changes in explanatory variables lead to hospitalization. Moreover, these longitudinal studies did not focus on individuals in highest age. Aim The purpose of the current study was to examine the correlates of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a widespread phenomenon, especially affecting older individuals. We will analyze in how far MCI affects different facets of quality of life (QOL). Methods: We used a sample of 903 participants (110 with MCI) from the fifth follow-up of the German Study on Ageing, Cognition, and Dementia in Primary Care...