Birgit Vogel-Heuser

Birgit Vogel-Heuser
Technische Universität München | TUM · Department for Mechatronics

Prof. Dr.-Ing.

About

609
Publications
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5,999
Citations

Publications

Publications (609)
Article
Full-text available
The distributed blocking flowshop scheduling problem (DBFSP) with new job insertions is studied. Rescheduling all remaining jobs after a dynamic event like a new job insertion is unreasonable to an actual distributed blocking flowshop production process. A deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm is proposed to optimise the job selection model,...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
The 8th International Summer School on Industrial Agents: Autonomous Control in Logistics, Production and Energy Applications will be organized by the Helmut Schmidt University / University of the Federal Armed Forces, Institute for Automation Technology in Hamburg. The summer school will take place from 11th to 15th July 2022. It brings together l...
Article
Due to the increase in Artificial Intelligence in the production systems domain, Industry 4.0 (I4.0) experts must collaborate with autonomous systems. Industrial AI raises several concerns about existing standards, which provide guidelines and design patterns. One way to realize I4.0 systems are Industrial Agents (IAs) due to their inherent autonom...
Chapter
Due to customer-specific requirements that often change on short notice and vary tremendously, machine and plant manufacturers have to refactor their design processes and control software, especially for operator interfaces. Operator skills are crucial to operating complex systems, especially in case of a readjustment for new products or in case of...
Article
In the era of Industry 4.0, advances in production engineering are driven by modern machines and equipment, whose evolution depends primarily on software nowadays. These machines are combined in automated Production Systems (aPS), whose software is characterized by high complexity, long lifetimes, and strong coupling of mechatronic disciplines. The...
Article
Full-text available
Digitalization in the metal forming industry needs to be improved to achieve the goals set by Industrie 4.0. Distributed-Ledger-Technology (DLT) has been identified as a promising foundation for tackling the underlying problem of consistent information exchange. DLT-based solutions have already been developed, but none explicitly covers the roll fo...
Article
Full-text available
Cyber-physical systems (CPS) offer great potential for the digital transformation of industrial value creation in the context of Industry 4.0. They unify and integrate several technological approaches, including big data analysis and artificial intelligence, enhancing real-time monitoring and control of manufacturing processes. An extensive knowled...
Article
Das Handhaben von Steuerungscode stellt einen erheblichen Kostenfaktor in Engineering-Projekten dar. Steuerungscodeprojekte sind häufig sehr komplexe und große Projekte, die teils aus hunderttausenden Verknüpfungen und Querverweisen bestehen. Der Entwurf von SPS-Software sollte daher zum Ziel haben, Aktivitäten wie Inbetriebnahme oder Wartung/ Erwe...
Article
Mass customization and small lot sizes have increased the demand for flexible software engineered Intralogistics Systems. To deal with these demands, not only is the effort of diverse engineering disciplines called for but also error-proneness must be reduced. Hence, a modular architecture, which enables changes in the plant design with minimized e...
Article
Functions of automated Production Systems (aPS) can be realized by control software (SW), whose high quality and short development time are, therefore, vital. To achieve both, SW should be modular and, thereby, reusable. Static code analysis can help improve the modularization of existing software, e. g., by automatically analyzing control and info...
Article
automated Production Systems (aPS) are highly complex, mechatronic systems that usually have to operate reliably for many decades. Standardization and reuse of control software modules is a core prerequisite to achieve the required system quality in increasingly shorter development cycles. However, industrial case studies in aPS show that many aPS...
Article
Controller design and their software implementations are usually done in isolated design spaces using respective COTS design tools. However, this separation of concerns can lead to long debugging and integration phases. This is because assumptions made about the implementation platform during the design phase—e.g., related to timing—might not hold...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematical word problem solving is influenced by various characteristics of the task and the person solving it. Yet, previous research has rarely related these characteristics to holistically answer which word problem requires which set of individual cognitive skills. In the present study, we conducted a secondary data analysis on a dataset of N...
Article
Full-text available
Interdisciplinary engineering of cyber physical production systems (CPPS) are often subject to delay, cost overrun and quality problems or may even fail due to the lack of efficient information exchange between multiple interdisciplinary teams working in complex networks within and across companies. We propose a direct integration of multiteam and...
Chapter
Inhalt Vorwort . . . . . . .1 Fertigungsautomation – Digitaler Zwilling: Vom Konzept zur Anwendung Anwendungsfälle und Ansatz zur Erstellung des Digitalen Zwillings aus Sicht eines Komponentenherstellers . . . . . . 5 Interaktion zwischen Steuerungen auf der Basis von OPC UA FX und deren Konfiguration durch Verwaltungsschalen . . . . . . . . . . 19...
Chapter
Inhalt Vorwort . . . . . . .1 Fertigungsautomation – Digitaler Zwilling: Vom Konzept zur Anwendung Anwendungsfälle und Ansatz zur Erstellung des Digitalen Zwillings aus Sicht eines Komponentenherstellers . . . . . . 5 Interaktion zwischen Steuerungen auf der Basis von OPC UA FX und deren Konfiguration durch Verwaltungsschalen . . . . . . . . . . 19...
Chapter
In a turbulent environment with changing conditions and requirements and the advance of Industry 4.0, transformability is an important aspect for material flow systems along their entire product life cycle. It must be considered already in early development phases and plays a key role in the operation of a system up to eventual retrofits. Therefore...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The dependability characteristic of the control software of manufacturing systems is highlighted more than before, going through repeated changes to cope with various and varying requirements. Formal methods are researched to be applied to automation system engineering to obtain a more effective and efficient quality assurance. One of the...
Article
Full-text available
To cope with individualization and the high costs of downtimes, modern production systems should be flexible, adaptable, and resilient. Multi-Agent Systems are suitable to address these requirements by decentralizing production systems. However, the agent paradigm is still not widely applied. One of the key reasons is that the agents’ knowledge bas...
Article
Beim Entwickeln von Materialflusssystemen werden verschiedene Modelle genutzt. Wegen fehlender automatischer Synchronisation können sich die Eigenschaften des gleichen Elements in einzelnen Modellen widersprechen. Um dieses als Inkonsistenz bezeichnete Problem zu untersuchen, ist die Kenntnis der durchgeführten Abläufe und auftretenden Fehler in de...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Word problems are considered mathematical tasks in which relevant information is presented as text rather than in mathematical notion (Verschaffel et al., 2010). They require learners to integrate domain-specific mathematical, as well as domain-general linguistic and visuo-spatial abilities, varying with item characteristics (Boonen e...
Article
Modern production systems can benefit greatly from integrated and up-to-date digital representations. Their applications range from consistency checks during the design phase to smart manufacturing to maintenance support. Such digital twins not only require data, information and knowledge as inputs but can also be considered integrated models thems...
Article
Full-text available
The Cyber-Physical Production System (CPPS) is a concept derived from software (cyber) and hardware (physical) applications and is based on global information exchange between such systems. The CPPS is known as a trend of Industry 4.0 (I4.0) focusing on flexibility regarding new products and adaptability to new requirements. This paper focuses on t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Automated production systems (aPS) are highly customized systems that consist of hardware and software. Such aPS are controlled by a programmable logic controller (PLC), often in accordance with the IEC 61131-3 standard that divides system implementation into so-called program organization units (POUs) as the smallest software unit and is comprised...
Article
Automated production systems (aPS) are highly customized systems that consist of hardware and software. Such aPS are controlled by a programmable logic controller (PLC), often in accordance with the IEC 61131-3 standard that divides system implementation into so-called program organization units (POUs) as the smallest software unit and is comprised...
Conference Paper
The training of Deep Reinforcement Learning algorithms on robotic devices is challenging due to their large number of actuators and limited number of feasible action sequences. This paper addresses this challenge by extending and transferring existing approaches for waypoint-based exploration with Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning to the domain o...
Article
Emerging industrial digitization metaphors such as Cyber-physical Systems and Digital Twins increasingly advocate the use of distributed and autonomous modular solutions. This paper proposes a visual notation for modelling the timing properties of such modular industrial systems. The proposed work builds upon an existing notation that enables the a...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
t is our pleasure to invite you to participate in the 7th International Summer School on Industrial Agents: Embedded Intelligence within the Edge and Fog Computing, organized by UNINOVA - Center of Technology and Systems (CTS), which will take place online, on 21-25th of June 2021. The Summer School is technically co-sponsored by RICS - Robotics an...
Article
Zusammenfassung Es wird eine Methode für die Generierung von Spezifikationsmodellen für den modellbasierten Test von mechatronischen Systemen vorgestellt. Diese wird mit Methoden der Testgenerierung sowie -priorisierung verknüpft, um priorisierte Testfälle zu erzeugen, die für den Test mechatronischer Systeme auf Komponenten- oder Systemebene einge...
Article
Full-text available
The so-called ‘Industrie 4.0′ provides high potential for data-driven methods in automated production systems. However, sensor and actuator data gathered during normal operation of the system is often limited to a narrow range of single, specific operating points. This limitation also restricts the significance of condition-based maintenance models...
Article
Machine learning and artificial intelligence provide methods and algorithms to take advantage of sensor and actuator data in automated production systems. Product quality monitoring is one of the promising applications available for data-driven modeling, particularly in cases where the quality parameters cannot be measured with reasonable effort. T...
Article
The quality of teaching in mechanical engineering greatly depends on the practical application of the fundamental theory taught. During COVID-19, limited access to in-class lectures, practical courses with demonstrator plants, and active student participation forced us, an institute of a mechanical engineering faculty in the German higher education...
Article
Liquid leakage from pipelines is a critical issue in large-scale process plants. Damage in pipelines affects the normal operation of the plant and increases maintenance costs. Furthermore, it causes unsafe and hazardous situations for operators. Therefore, the detection and localization of leakages is a crucial task for maintenance and condition mo...
Article
Fault-tolerant control policies that automatically restart PLC-based aPS during fault recovery can increase system availability. This paper provides a proof-of-concept that such policies can be synthesized with DRL. The authors specifically focus on systems with multiple end-effectors that are actuated in only one or two axes, commonly used for ass...
Preprint
Full-text available
Complexity of products, volatility in global markets, and the increasingly rapid pace of innovations may make it difficult to know how to approach challenging situations in mechatronic design and production. Technical Debt (TD) is a metaphor that describes the practical bargain of exchanging short-term benefits for long-term negative consequences....
Article
Creating reliable and robust quality control systems that identify process errors while having a low number of false rejects is a considerable challenge in the automated manufacturing industry. Especially in the pharmaceutical industry, where a product's quality has to be ensured at all costs, a large amount of false rejects is acceptable to guaran...
Preprint
Full-text available
The amount of software in automated production systems, including its development effort, is continuously increasing to currently up to 35-50% of the development personnel. Consequently, success factors for achieving modularity and complexity management of control software are of high economic interest. Scientific solutions are manifold but often n...
Article
Full-text available
Intelligent algorithms and learning are the basis for evolving smart cyber-physical production systems (CPPSs) and Industrie 4.0. A smart image detection algorithm shall be added to reduce downtime due to the extended operation of glass bottles in a yogurt producing plant. To support the engineers in doing so, a comprehensive domain-specific langua...
Article
Full-text available
Data collection from distributed automated production systems is one of the main prerequisites to leverage information gain from data analysis in the context of Industrie 4.0, e.g., for the optimization of product quality. However, the realization of data collection architectures is associated with immense implementation efforts due to the heteroge...
Article
Smart manufacturing is targeted as the next generation of manufacturing by many national and international strategic development. The increasingly rich production data, the integration and extensive application of information technology, and the intelligent data processing and system modeling methods have collectively enabled smart manufacturing. B...
Article
Automated production systems (aPS) have a long lifetime, which requires significant maintenance cost. During the commissioning phase of aPS, which often occurs at customer sites, the on-site engineers are always under high pressure because the customers would like to start the production at the earliest. There, some compromises, so-called technical...
Article
Relocating manufacturing plants is a phenomenon nowadays due to increasing changes in markets, materials, and labour cost. Under business pressure, while transferring the manufacturing systems, some technical compromises might be taken to start the production as soon as possible. A technical shortcut can provide a short-term benefit but may introdu...
Article
In a world that is subject to trends such as customization, production systems have to become increasingly flexible. The agent paradigm seems like a promising approach to create intelligent production systems with the required flexibility. So far, the creation of agent-based systems has been a challenge for engineers though. This is due to the addi...
Chapter
Moderne Produktionssysteme besitzen eine zunehmend komplexe Struktur und ein wachsend komplexes Verhalten. Insbesondere müssen sie möglichst flexibel an sich ändernde Bedingungen der Anlagennutzung anpassbar sein [1]. Dabei sollen sie sich je nach Anwendungsgebiet flexibel an sich ändernde Produktsortimente und Ausbringungsmengen, genutzte Produkti...
Article
Full-text available
Liquid leakage from pipelines is a critical issue in large-scale chemical process plants since it can affect the normal operation of the plant and pose unsafe and hazardous situations. Therefore, leakage detection in the early stages can prevent serious damage. Developing a vision-based inspection system by means of IR imaging can be a promising ap...
Article
While modern production systems are becoming increasingly technologically advanced, the presence of human operators remains fundamental in industrial workplaces. To complement and enhance the capabilities of human workers, approaches based on adaptive automation have been introduced. They consist of adapting the behavior of the system according to...
Chapter
In today’s practice, the engineering lifecycle of the manufacturing systems is getting shorter due to frequent requirement changes. Since the manufacturing systems are required to have both – higher availability from a productivity viewpoint and reliability from a safety viewpoint. To check and meet these requirements, quality assurance, typified b...
Article
A trend, accompanying the change of automation systems and their architectures, is the virtualization of software components. Virtualization strengthens platform-independent development and the provision of secure and isolated applications. Virtualization introduces well-defined interfaces to strengthen modularity, which facilitates the scalability...