Birgit Sauer

Birgit Sauer
University of Vienna | UniWien · Institut für Politikwissenschaft

About

187
Publications
16,313
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1,020
Citations
Citations since 2016
97 Research Items
795 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150

Publications

Publications (187)
Article
Full-text available
This article sheds light on the waiting period experienced by asylum-seeking children in Austria. We argue that this period can be defined as a ‘phase of liminality’ in which ‘precarity’ of asylum seekers is produced. The article analyses how children experience institutional settings that produce precarity in relation to their well-being. The aim...
Article
Full-text available
In the aftermath of the ‘summer of migration’ of 2015, right-wing populist discourses became increasingly commonplace. This article by Thiele, Sauer and Penz investigates the resurgence of nativist and anti-migration attitudes in Austria by focusing on parliamentary debates between 2015 and 2019 concerned with migration, asylum policies and integra...
Article
Full-text available
The Austrian Parliament has passed three laws since 2018 that prohibit wearing Muslim body-coverings in public. This departure from a formerly tolerant approach is an outcome of ongoing anti-Muslim campaigns by the radical-right populist Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). The party has been mobilising since the mid-1980s through the creation of two an...
Article
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Existing research shows that right-wing populist imaginaries and discourses on “bogus asylum seekers” mobilise feelings of fear and panic and serve to legitimise increasingly restrictive asylum policies in Europe. In light of this ongoing development, this paper addresses a more intrinsic and structural aspect of asylum, which requires balancing th...
Article
Full-text available
This article offers a collectively developed analysis of the Covid-19 crisis as it relates to contemporary cultures of rejection, i.e. the socio-cultural conditions in which authoritarian and right-wing populist politics thrive, in Europe. We explore how the pandemic and its management reinforces, transforms and/or overrides existing antagonisms an...
Chapter
Stefanie Mayer, Edma Ajanovic and Birgit Sauer explore how research from a gender perspective enriches our understanding of the contemporary far-right. They argue that the notions of right-wing extremism and right-wing populism can be used as analytical lenses that put attention on different levels of analyses, i.e. on the ideological level and the...
Chapter
While research in right-wing populism has recently been blossoming, a systematic study of the intersection of right-wing populism and gender is still missing, even though gender issues are ubiquitous in discourses of the radical right ranging from »ethnosexism« against immigrants, to »anti-genderism.« This volume shows that the intersectionality of...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines how school staff in two Austrian cities negotiates the intersecting structures of inequal- ity in which ‘migrant’ pupils are positioned in the context of Austrian education and integration policies. For our analysis, we choose an intersectional approach and conducted in-depth interviews and seven focus groups with school staff...
Article
Der Wandel der staatlichen Arbeitsmarktverwaltung in Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz impliziert zum einen die Aktivierung von Erwerbslosen und mehr affektive Arbeit, zum anderen die Einführung von New Public Management und Wettbewerb. Der Beitrag untersucht die geschlechtsspezifische Bedeutung, die diese Veränderungen für die Arbeit der in...
Chapter
This chapter delineates the history of electoral gender quotas globally as well as with a. focus on Germany and Austria. We introduce and explain different quota designs (e.g., legislated quotas, reserved seats, voluntary party quotas) and take stock of central quota reforms in neighboring European countries that we consider instructive for our cas...
Chapter
This chapter explains why, contrary to general assumptions, Germany’s mixed electoral system with strong majoritarian elements led to a higher percentage of women in federal parliament over the past 30 years than Austria’s proportional system. In Germany, the proportional element of the electoral system drives the increase in women’s mandates via p...
Chapter
The concluding chapter summarizes the main findings by way of two levels of comparison: (1) between countries on the national level, and (2) between and within countries on subnational levels. We put these comparisons in the context of current debates on electoral system changes as well as more ‘radical’ propositions in both countries to switch fro...
Chapter
Germany and Austria celebrated 100 years of women’s suffrage in 2018 and 2019, respectively. The promise of parity that came with the active and passive right to vote, however, remains elusive. This chapter introduces the main themes of the book, focusing on descriptive political representation of women and asking if voluntary party quotas are suff...
Chapter
This chapter extends the comparison between Germany and Austria to the subnational level by comparing four states in the two federations that exhibit cross-national similarities as well as domestic differences. We assess two gender-progressive city-states, Berlin and Vienna, and two historically more gender-traditional and conservative territorial...
Chapter
In this chapter, we outline the main political system features of Germany and Austria and explore their impact on gender equality and quota implementation on national and Länder levels. In both countries, the multi-party system invites the contagion of gender equality measures from the political left to the center. German party federalism allowed w...
Chapter
This chapter reviews a number of factors that hamper the recruitment and advancement of women in politics as well as the implementation of quota regulations, more specifically the lack of social acceptance of quotas, influential male networks, persistent gender images and practices, lack of qualified women candidates, shortage of resources, and pro...
Book
This book provides a timely and unique contribution to current debates on how effectively voluntary party quotas address the persistent underrepresentation of women in legislatures. Using a most similar case design and a mixed-methods approach, the authors draw attention to the ways in which electoral systems and party regulations interface with vo...
Article
The article aims to integrate key concepts from social movement, citizenship and gender theories with afocus on (political) intersectionality at the interface of migration, race, gender and sexuality. It explores the responses from civil society groups to the exclusive intersections of right-wing politics and discourses in Austria and Denmark with...
Preprint
The article aims to integrate key concepts from social movement, citizenship and gender theories with a focus on (political) intersectionality at the interface of migration, race, gender and sexuality. It explores the responses from civil society groups to the exclusive intersections of right-wing politics and discourses in Austria and Denmark with...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses anti-sex-work mobilization in Austria and Germany since 2014. An affective perspective on the websites of these groups shows how their framings run the risk of establishing a disciplinary regime of governing people, of a restrictive, heterosexist norm of sexuality, and of gender inequality. Abolitionist strategies in the two c...
Article
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Zusammenfassung In der vergangenen Dekade formierte sich in Europa, aber auch in den USA und in Russland, eine anti-feministische Bewegung, die unter der selbstgewählten Bezeichnung „Anti-Genderismus“ gegen Gleichstellungspolitik (Gender Mainstreaming), Frauen- und Geschlechterforschung (Gender Studies) sowie gegen sexuelle Differenz (z. B. Homo-Eh...
Article
In the context of Polanyi’s ‘double movement’ of market forces and social protection this article explores the work of state agents and processes of subjectivation at the workplace according to the contemporary social policy paradigm of activation. We exemplify the transformation of welfare institutions and policies in the neoliberal period through...
Book
Full-text available
Presenting a profound and far-reaching analysis of economic, ecological, social, cultural and political developments of contemporary capitalism, this book draws on the work of Karl Polanyi, and re-reads it for our times. The renowned authors offer key insights to current changes in the relations between the economy, politics and society, and their...
Chapter
The Austrian chapter by Birgit Sauer emphasizes the electoral successes of the radical right, which since the 1990s have triggered the formation of civil society organizations that oppose the mobilization of hate against immigrants. It shows the weakness of Austrian civil society organizations in forging alliances and shifting their activities towa...
Chapter
Der Dualismus zwischen national und international entstand mit dem maskulinistischen Territorialstaat seit dem 17. Jahrhundert. Das zentrale Merkmal des Staates ist seine Souveränität auf einem begrenzten Territorium („innere Souveränität“) sowie seine Autonomie gegenüber anderen Staaten („äußere Souveränität“). Diese Trennungen sind geschlechtlich...
Chapter
Representation is one of the controversial concepts in politics and is therefore hotly debated in political science, philosophy, sociology, historiography and constitutional law. The question ‘What is representation, how should it take place and what should it bring about?’ is therefore still relevant. One of the central questions in democracy theo...
Article
The article explores notions of gender in right-wing populist discourses from a comparative perspective. Our analysis shows the important role intersections of discursive strands, most notably the interlinkage of sexism, homophobia and (gendered) racism, play in European right-wing populism. We show how two assumingly contradicting strands of disco...
Article
This article analyses right-wing populist constructions of ‘the people’ emerging at the intersections of ethnicized ‘othering’ and gendered differences within groups. We argue that these constructions are in stark contrast to the liberal notion of citizenship, which we understand to be the basis for the demos . Right-wing populism constructs its po...
Article
Zusammenfassung Aktuell wird europaweit das gleichstellungspolitisch Erreichte – sei es die (relative) Öffnung der Ehe für gleichgeschlechtliche Paare, der Anspruch von Frauen auf autonome Lebensentscheidungen, die Möglichkeit der Integration von Geschlecht und Sexualität in wissenschaftliche Paradigmen oder die Inklusion von Frauen in patriarchal...
Chapter
Feministische Staatstheorie entwickelte seit den 1970er-Jahren – nicht zuletzt im Kontext von Frauenbewegungen – eine geschlechtersensible Perspektive auf moderne Staatlichkeit. Der Text systematisiert die Debatten um Feminismus und Staat zum ersten anhand der Felder feministischer Staatskritik und zum zweiten anhand der theoretischen Anknüpfungspu...
Chapter
Staatliche Gleichstellungspolitik entstand in der Folge der Mobilisierung der zweiten Frauenbewegungen zunächst in westlich-liberalen Demokratien seit den 1970er-Jahren. Anfangs umkämpft, blieb ihre Institutionalisierung stets prekär, und der neoliberale Sozialstaatsabbau verschonte auch gleichstellungspolitische Institutionen, in der Bundesrepubli...
Article
The restructuring of state bureaucracies into service organizations and the new welfare state paradigm of activation have changed the work requirements of front‐line workers in public employment agencies across Europe. Public employment agents are less engaged in bureaucratic labour, but have to perform service work. They use affective means to mot...
Chapter
The chapter analysis the self-styled 'anti-Gender movement' in Austria. After discussing uses and abuses of the notion of 'gender' in German-speaking contexts, it moves to an analysis of the most relevant actors fostering the anti-Gender discourse. The main part of the analysis is dedicated to frames and argumentative patterns that structure this d...
Book
The Web plays an increasingly important role in the communication strategies of political parties and movements, which increasingly utilize it for promoting ideas and ideologies as well as mobilization and campaigning strategies. This book explores the role of the Web for right-wing populist political parties and movements across Europe. Analyzing...
Chapter
Since the turn of the millennium the term “gender-ideology” has become a political catch phrase, which unites different conservative, Christian, right-wing populist and right-wing extremist actors in Austria. This notion provides the discursive nod that allows to create a chain of equivalence between positions directed against legal equality for LG...
Book
Full-text available
IF INTERESTED SEND ME A REQUEST FOR PRIVATE TEXT The book tackles the interpretation of the rights of the child and the best interests principle in the case of unaccompanied minor migrants in Europe at political, legal and practical levels. In its first part the book considers theoretical aspects of children’s rights and the best interests of the...
Article
Full-text available
The article deals with the question how organised labour in Austria has to change in order to successfully address migrant workers. To answer this research question we focus on supportive practices developed by Austrian trade unions and chambers of labour with respect to the specific needs and interests of migrants. The article argues that these su...
Article
Aufbauend auf Ergebnissen einer diskursanalytischen Untersuchung von 'anti-genderistischen' Texten österreichischer Akteur_innen analysiert der Artikel das Phänomen des 'Anti-Genderismus' als neues Gesicht des Antifeminismus. 'Antigenderismus' entpuppt sich als eine strategische (Miss-)Interpretation dekonstruktivistisch-feministischer und queerer...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the activation regime in three European countries – Austria, Germany, and Switzerland – and the related transformation of state bureaucracies into customer-oriented service providers. In the case of employment services affective labour tends to characterise the work process, in which public employees seek to guide, motivate, a...
Article
The article analyses the causes for the recent success of right-wing populist parties and movements from a gender perspective. The article aims first at a deeper understanding of right-wing populism and second it wants to demonstrate the analytical potential of gender as a political science category. While gender ideologies have always been crucial...
Chapter
'Anti-Genderismus' und Autoritarismus - eine europäische Perspektive. Online: https://www.rosalux.de/fileadmin/rls_uploads/pdfs/sonst_publikationen/candeias_Demirovic_europe.pdf
Chapter
Veiling practices, that is the covering of women’s hair, face or body, have been heavily discussed all over Europe since the 2000s. Starting with the puzzling question of why the fierce disputes over a “piece of cloth” emerged and developed, the chapter argues that a new concept of citizenship, of political, social and cultural rights is constructe...
Chapter
The chapter explores right-wing populist online-discourses in a country comparative perspective with regards to the construction and strategic use of notions of gender, gender equality, sexuality and the family. These topics are of high importance for right-wing politics as they are directly connected to bio-politics, i.e. to the reproduction of ‘t...
Article
Whereas political science has a long history in the higher-education provision of many countries, it was only in the early 1970s that it became a feature of the provision in Austria. Not only is Austria a latecomer to the political science profession, but it is also home to a rather small political science community with there only being three univ...
Chapter
Die europäische Wirtschafts-, Banken- und Finanzkrise der Jahrzehntwende hatte viele Gesichter: protestierende „Indignados“ in Spanien, öffentliche Bedienstete auf den Straßen von Athen, angespannte Aufsichtsräte in europäischen Banken Ein politischer vergeschlechtlichter Blick auf die Akteure fand allerdings fast ausschließlich in den Beratungen d...
Article
This article argues that the current right-wing social movements in Austria are taking part in a right-wing populist hegemonic project relying on anti-Muslim racism, anti-immigration sentiment and xeno-racism (Fekete 2001). Analysing texts and interviews of two right-wing populist social movements, the Identitarian Movement and the Civil initiative...
Chapter
Austria is one of the first European countries to have a successful right-wing extremist party—the Freedom Party Austria (FPÖ). This chapter aims at answering the question why right-wing extremism has been successful and why it is therefore difficult for anti-racist movements to counter FPÖ’s discourses. We approach this question first, by analysin...
Chapter
Gegenwärtige westliche Gesellschaften sind von einem Paradoxon gekennzeichnet: Einem gesellschaftlichen Imperativ auf Wohlgefühle korrespondiert eine alarmierende Zunahme an psychischen Leidenszuständen. Burnout, Angstzustände, Depressionen - auch Selbstwahrnehmungen basieren zusehends auf einem therapeutischen Blick. International renommierte Wiss...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The research project proposes a novel analysis of “political-media populism” based on our previous research on media and internet populism (Pajnik and Sauer 2017). It encompasses the analysis of a) trends in politics and the policy making, b) trends in the media and journalism, and c) the related public perception on migration in comparative perspective. The project focuses on the populist production of “politics of fear and securitization” which addresses the emotions and affects of people and converts fear of social and economic decline into anger and hate against migrants. The dynamic interplay between political strategies and media representations – the “media-political parallelism” – is of central concern, i.e. how discourses in the legal, policy and journalistic field are reflected in public opinion and become common sense.
Archived project
Analysis of the discourse on 'gender ideology', which enables new coalitions among Catholic, conservative and extremist right-wing groups.