Biranchi Panda

Biranchi Panda
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati | IIT Guwahati · Department of Mechanical Engineering

Ph.D. | Additive Manufacturing

About

107
Publications
86,203
Reads
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4,956
Citations
Citations since 2016
84 Research Items
4823 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
201620172018201920202021202202004006008001,0001,200
Introduction
My research focus on developing additive manufacturing process to print sustainable and functional composites and alloys, designed by multi-physics computational tools, and manufactured by multi-material 3D printing, concrete 3D printing, 4D printing etc.
Additional affiliations
March 2019 - present
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Developing sustainable and functional cementitious composite materials for extrusion based concrete printing application
August 2015 - October 2019
Nanyang Technological University
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2013 - June 2015
Instituto Superior Técnico
Position
  • M.Tech (Res)

Publications

Publications (107)
Chapter
In the era of automation and artificial intelligence, the world is changing rapidly under the broad vision of Industry 4.0. In this framework, the building and construction industry is getting significant attention from both academia and industries with the advent of additive manufacturing technology. Additive manufacturing or 3D printing of concre...
Article
The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions into the atmosphere contributes to global climate change, drawing concerns from scientists and governments worldwide. With the introduction of the fourth industrial revolution, the digitalization in the construction method has also been enabled with the advancement of the 3D printing technology. This paper discuss...
Article
Three-dimensional (3D) concrete printing (3DCP) is one of the digital construction techniques that demands the fulfilment of particular material properties. One of the most important requirements for 3DCP is the material’s rheology. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the rheology of Portland cement-based materials used in extrusion-b...
Article
This paper reports the influence of limestone, by partial replacement of fly ash, on the fresh properties, printability, and interlayer bond strength of 3D printed high volume fly ash mortar. Limestone powders at replacement levels between 0 and 15% (mass basis) were used to proportion ternary binder formulations. The incorporation of limestone alt...
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Microbiologically induced concrete corrosion (in wastewater pipes) occurs mainly because of the diffusion of aggressive solutions and in situ production of sulfuric acid by microorganisms. The prevention of concrete biocorrosion usually requires modification of the mix design or the application of corrosion-resistant coatings, which requires a fund...
Article
Cold metal transfer (CMT) process is a type of gas metal arc welding with low heat input. This work studies microstructural, mechanical and tribological properties of ER70S-6 cladding layer on AA 6061-T6 substrate using CMT technology. Optimum process parameters were identified through visual examination. Further study was carried out with the opti...
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Cement production is environmentally unsustainable due to the high anthropogenic carbon emissions produced. Supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs), derived from the by-products of different industries, have been deemed an effective way to reduce carbon emissions. The reduction in carbon emissions is achieved by lowering the clinker factor of c...
Article
The utilization of recycled tires as a building construction material in concrete production could significantly contribute to sustainable development. The results of several studies have been reported by the research community dealing mainly with the strength (compressive and tensile) of concrete mixes with recycled tire aggregate (RTA). However,...
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Failures induced by either instability (elastic buckling) or green strength (plastic collapse) mechanisms have been commonly encountered in 3D concrete printed (3DCP) structures. In this work, a numerical model of the 3D concrete printing process is implemented to simulate these two failure mechanisms. Early-age mechanical properties of two printab...
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Important developments in additive manufacturing of concrete (AMoC) have been achieved in the past decades. Like other additive manufacturing processes, interdependence between material design, process effects, and part performance exists in AMoC. In this chapter, material design of various cement-based materials amenable for extrusion-based additi...
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This paper provides a comprehensive review of the utilization of industrial wastes in 3D concrete printing processes. Concrete 3D printing processes are introduced, highlighting the need for unique material requirements. The literature on the different wastes that have been used for producing 3D printable mixtures is reviewed, including waste gener...
Article
Concrete exhibits inherently low ductility and tensile strength despite its high compressive strength. Typically, it must be reinforced with steel rebars, yet it still suffers from potential corrosion issues. This work proposes and examines a new method for improving the bending stiffness of cementitious beams by reinforcing with 3D printed plastic...
Article
In this study, numerical and experimental investigation of 3D printed auxetic core sandwich structure has been performed through quasi-static 3-point bending testing. The flexural bending properties of a modified re-entrant structure is investigated and it's performance is compared with conventional re-entrant auxetic core. A numerical model has be...
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Recently, there has been an increasing interest on the sustainability advantage of 3D concrete printing (3DCP), where the original cement-based mixtures used for printing could be replaced or incorporated with environmental-friendly materials. The development in digital modeling and design tools also creates a new realm of form-finding architecture...
Article
Here, we present the in-plane energy absorption characteristics of modified re-entrant auxetic honeycombs realized via FDM 3D printing in conjunction with parametric analysis and geometry optimization. The influence and interaction effects of the geometrical parameters such as strut-length ratio and joint-angles on the stiffness, strength and energ...
Article
The aim of this research was to develop a three-dimensional (3D) printable high-performance cementitious composite (CC) reinforced with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and polypropylene (PP) fibres. The characteristics of the fresh mortar were identified by conducting tests for rheological behaviour, flow factor and green strength. The mechanical propertie...
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This paper explores the sustainability aspects of binders used in concrete 3D concrete printing. Firstly, a prospective approach to conduct sustainability assessment based on the life cycle of 3D printed structures is presented, which also highlights the importance of considering the functional requirements of the mixes used for 3D printing. The po...
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Interlayer bond strength is one of the key aspects of 3D concrete printing. It is a well-established fact that, similar to other 3D printing process material designs, process parameters and printing environment can significantly affect the bond strength between layers of 3D printed concrete. The first section of this review paper highlights the imp...
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The use of waste streams for the production of sustainable cement-based materials cannot be overemphasized. This study investigates the feasibility of reusing waste steel slag (WSS) and waste clay brick (WCB) as a replacement for natural sand (NS) in mortar. Numerous studies have reported mainly the compressive strength of concrete/mortar, while li...
Article
This study focused on the development of 3D printed building components incorporating MgO–SiO2 binders. The effects of parameters such as MgO/SiO2 and water/binder ratios and superplasticizer dosage were evaluated to produce 3D printable MgO–SiO2 binders. The assessment of rheological and mechanical properties, which led to an optimum mix that sati...
Article
A novel computational framework of 3D concrete printing (3DCP) process is proposed in this paper to capture layer-by-layer buildability and failure modes of complex triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS) Gyroid and Primitive blocks. The proposed computational framework is conducted using toolpath dataset converted from Gcode as input source, which...
Article
Three-dimensional concrete printing (3DCP) is an exciting new manufacturing paradigm for the construction industry. As this technology continues to grow and develop, it is revealing clear signs of progress towards industrial application with various global successes including the manufacturing of pedestrian bridges, houses, office buildings, emerge...
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Sustainability is interpreted as the effective use of resources as well as the preservation of the environment. A sustainable building is giving back to the environment more than it takes and ensuring that the resources is being used in an effective way that would benefit the community. A combination of smart design, efficient technology and design...
Article
Nanomaterials are highly efficient additives for the modification of microstructure, resulting in better mechanical properties and durability of concrete/mortar. This study investigates the effect of three different dosages (1%, 3% and 5%) of nano-SiO2 and nano-TiO2 on workability, mechanical strength, and corrosion resistance of fly ash-based ceme...
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This paper investigates the possibility of utilizing steel slags produced in the steelmaking industry as an alternative to burnt clay brick aggregate (BA) in concrete. Within this context, physical, mechanical (i.e., compressive and splitting tensile strength), length change, and durability (porosity) tests were conducted on concrete made with nine...
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The increased concerns of climate change are driving a shift in the transport sector from fossil to green fuels and electric vehicles (EVs) systems capable of delivering long‐term sustainability. However, there are some challenges remaining related to batteries used in EVs. These challenges exist in four different levels that is, cell, module, pack...
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The increased concerns of climate change are driving a shift in the transport sector from fossil to green fuels and electric vehicles (EVs) systems capable of delivering long-term sustainability. However, there are some challenges remaining related to batteries used in EVs. These challenges exist in four different levels i.e. cell, module, pack and...
Article
This study investigated the properties of alkali activated slag (AAS) binders formulated for extrusion-based 3D printing. The fresh properties of AAS mixes were tailored through the use of nanoclay (NC) and nucleation seeds. The printability criteria employed were the ease of extrusion (extrudability) and the stability of the layered structure (bui...
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The employment of automation in construction has not yet reached its full potential. 3D concrete printing is one of the promising construction techniques which has drawn a lot of attention due to its unique benefit in terms of higher productivity, faster construction processes, geometrical freedom, and cost-efficiency. With the number of 3D printin...
Chapter
he employment of automation in construction has not yet reached its full potential. 3D concrete printing is one of the promising construction techniques which has drawn a lot of attention due to its unique benefit in terms of higher productivity, faster construction processes, geometrical freedom, and cost-efficiency. With the number of 3D printing...
Article
This study focused on the suitability of geopolymer mixes for extrusion-based additive manufacturing applications. Geopolymer mixes including alkaline potassium silicate activator with different molar ratios were prepared and evaluated for their rheological responses (e.g. yield stress, viscosity and thixotropy) that influenced their extrudability...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The potential of digital manufacturing of concrete or 3D concrete printing (3DCP) is represented by various innovative projects and research around the world. Although several showcases of concrete printed structures are available worldwide, many challenges remain at the technical and processing level. A recurring issue associated with 3DCP is the...
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Full-text available
The advent of digital concrete fabrication calls for advancing our understanding of the interaction of 3D printing with material rheology and print parameters, in addition to developing new measurement and control techniques. Thixotropy is the main challenge associated with printable material, which offers high yield strength and low viscosity. The...
Article
Flexural and splitting strength behavior of conventional concrete can be significantly improved by incorporating fibers into it. A significant number of research studies have been conducted on various types of fibers and their influence on the tensile capacity of concrete. However, as an important property, tensile capacity of fiber-reinforced conc...
Article
Flexural and splitting strength behavior of conventional concrete can significantly be improved by incorporating the fibers in it. A significant number of research studies have been conducted on various types of fibers and their influence on the tensile capacity of concrete. However, as an important property, tensile capacity of fiber reinforced co...
Article
By 2020, an estimated 250000 tons of batteries must be recycled. It requires extensive computational time to effectively evaluate the residual energy of Lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicle. To address this problem, the present research proposes a comprehensive framework by combining the experimental and numerical approaches that can eval...
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Interest in innovative construction processes such as 3D concrete printing (i.e. digital construction), is growing rapidly both in academia and industry. Processing conventional geopolymer mixes, in which alkaline solutions are used for activation, could be troublesome in concrete printing due to the high viscosity of the alkaline solution. One-par...
Article
Digital construction is gradually opening unlimited possibilities for building and concrete industry. The key secret for a robust print process lies in our understanding of the processing technology and material fresh properties, in addition to developing novel measurement and control techniques. This paper aims to gain a better understanding of ea...
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Wire and arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) is a novel rapid prototyping process that employs gas tungsten arc welding, controlled by a robot, to build complex 3D parts by successive layer deposition technique. Experimental studies on WAAM are useful for understanding the physics of the process however the quantification and optimization of process...
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The application of lithium-ion batteries especially for electric vehicle application has been limited by the issues of safety, cost, charging time, and recycling. The principal limitation is that the performance of lithium-ion batteries drops intensely at low temperatures. Cold environment greatly reduces the battery’s available capacity and increa...
Article
Recent research has led to a point where a substantial number of industrial by-products with pozzolanic behavior can be used along with ordinary portland cement (OPC) without compromising the desired mechanical and durability properties. Literature reveals that fly ash, which is typically processed by burning ground coal in power plants, can easily...
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3D printing is getting significant attention in the construction industry. This technology, which has been talked for years, is now delivering tangible results, however it is not yet ready for mass production in mainstream construction. Thixotropy material, 3D printer together with 3-dimensional computer model are the key elements required for robu...
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The printing approach of curved layer fused deposition modelling (CLFDM) is gaining popularity for its superior part properties when compared to those obtained from conventional FDM approach. Past studies reveal that the study of effects of fill gap (FG) on these two approaches (CLFDM and conventional FDM) with different printing directions needs a...
Article
Digital construction has recently become the subject of very rapidly growing research activities all over the world. In this regard, our current research demonstrates the possibility of using high volume fly ash mortar, modified with micro silica, for 3D concrete printing application. To assess the effect of the micro silica on rheological performa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, a high-volume slag mortar was formulated according to rheology requirements of 3D concrete printing. In addition to the slag, 10-20% Portland cement (PC) and 5-10% hydrated lime were considered to enhance the early age mechanical properties and their respective flow properties were characterised using thixotropy based rheology protoc...
Conference Paper
3D Printing or additive manufacturing has been gaining popularity in the concrete research community and the field. Compared with conventional vibrating concrete or self-consolidating concrete, 3D printing technique do not require formwork, which is labor intensive and costly in construction sites. With the advantages in depositing the materials fr...
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Full-text available
The effect of nano-attapulgite clay (NC) addition on the fresh, hardened and microstructural properties of high volume fly ash (HVFA) mixes designed for 3D printing was investigated in this study. Experimental results showed that the addition of 0.1–0.5% (i.e. by mass of binder) NC increased the static yield stress of HVFA mortars without significa...
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With the intensification of energy crisis, considerable attention has been paid to the application and research of lithium-ion batteries. A significant progress has also beenmade in the research of lithium-ion battery capacity evaluation using electrochemical and electrical parameters. In this study, the effect of mechanical characteristic paramete...
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This study presents the development of fly ash-based geopolymer mixtures for 3D concrete printing. The influence of up to 10% ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) and silica fume (SF) inclusion within geopolymer blends cured under ambient conditions was investigated in terms of fresh and hardened properties. Evolution of yield stress and thi...
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Full-text available
Rapid prototyping (RP) or layered manufacturing (LM) technologies have been extensively used to manufacture prototypes composed mainly of plastics, polymers, paper, and wax due to the short product development time and low costs of these technologies. However, such technologies, with the exception of selective laser melting and sintering, are not u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Environmental sustainability has been the focus of recent construction trends. Adopting efficient construction technologies and minimizing the usage of raw materials are a few of many ways to achieve such sustainability. In the past few years, 3D printing of concrete has received considerable attention for its potential to be the next disruptive te...
Conference Paper
Geopolymerization is an innovative technology that can transform several solid aluminosilicate materials into useful products called geopolymers or inorganic polymers [1]. Due to significant advantages in terms of enhanced material properties and sustainability, it has become popular as third generation green cement among various construction mater...
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Full-text available
An advancing technology that combines the concrete extrusion with a motion control to create structures with complex geometrical shapes without the need for formwork is known as 3D concrete printing. Since this technique prints layer by layer, the time taken to reach the same position in the subsequent layer is important as it will create an anisot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
3D concrete printing is an innovative additive manufacturing process where the material is extruded through a nozzle to print structure layer-by-layer. In this paper, the authors investigate the possibility of improving the interface bond strength of this layer by layer construction technique. Many factors affect the bond strength between the two l...
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Full-text available
For the improvement of economic and environmental performance of bone drilling operations, the optimum value of the spindle speed and feed rate must be known. This is because the input spindle speed is an important factor of energy consumption and with its approximate value known in optimization of output characteristics of bone drilling operations...
Article
The emphases on reduction of construction time and production costs have profound influences on the construction process that has led us to investigate a new paradigm, known as 3D concrete printing. This technique can fabricate complex 3D building components directly from computer aided design models without any tooling and human intervention. Howe...
Article
Recent years have seen significant interest in 3D concrete printing that can automate our building practices directly from computer aided model (CAD) without the need of any tools and human intervention. An obstacle to develop 3D concrete has been the lack of tensile strength, limiting the printed component for structural application. This can be p...
Article
en The emphases on reduction of construction time and production costs have profound influences on the construction process that has led us to investigate a new paradigm, known as 3D concrete printing. This technique can fabricate complex 3D building components directly from computer aided design models without any tooling and human intervention. H...
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Full-text available
The inorganic polymer, e.g. geopolymer, is well known as a green construction material with its remarkable mechanical and durability properties compared to other ceramic and Portland cement-based materials. It is worth promising to explore such geopolymer properties processed by a recent innovative technology, i.e. 3D concrete printing, which has e...
Article
Carbonation is one of the major factors that reduce the durability performances of reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Carbonation contributes in lowering the pH (less than 12) of concrete which is susceptible for the steel in concrete. Lower pH value may break the protective film also known as passive film of steel and accelerate the corrosion pr...
Article
This paper presents the material design and fresh properties of geopolymer mortar developed for 3D concrete printing application. Unlike traditional casting, in 3D printing, extruded materials are deposited layer-by-layer to build complex architectural and structural components without the need of any formwork and human intervention. Extrudability,...
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Full-text available
Austenitic stainless steel (ASS) grade 304 is being extensively used in various high-temperature applications, which makes it important to study their properties at elevated temperatures, especially the flow stress behavior. The literature reveals flow stress of the material depends on influence of various input parameters, the important ones being...
Article
In recent years, 3-D printing experts have laid emphasis on designing and printing the cellular structures, since the key advantages (high strength to weight ratio, thermal and acoustical insulation properties) offered by these structures makes them highly versatile to be used in aerospace and automotive industries. In the present work, an experime...