Bing Dong

Bing Dong
Syracuse University | SU · Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

PhD

About

112
Publications
53,371
Reads
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4,554
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Dong has more than 20 years experiences in smart building system, building energy performance simulation, occupancy behavior modeling, BIM, building controls and FDD. He is also actively involved in the projects related with machine learning for sustainability, wireless sensor network in buildings. Recently, he works on smart communities and cities. He has published more than 80 peer reviewed papers. His papers are cited more than 2500 times by other researchers around the world.
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Syracuse University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2013 - June 2019
University of Texas at San Antonio
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
October 2010 - December 2012
United Technologies Research Center
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a database of 34 field-measured building occupant behavior datasets collected from 15 countries and 39 institutions across 10 climatic zones covering various building types in both commercial and residential sectors. This is a comprehensive global database about building occupant behavior. The database includes occupancy patte...
Article
The availability of computational power, and a wealth of data from sensors have boosted the development of model-based predictive control for smart and effective control of advanced buildings in the last decade. More recently occupant-behavior models have been developed for including people in the building control loops. However, while important ob...
Article
Energy-related behaviors of occupants constitute a key factor influencing building performance; accordingly, the measured occupant data can support the objective assessment of the indoor environment and energy performance of buildings, which can inform building design and operational decisions. Existing data schemas focus on metadata of sensors, me...
Article
Low-income households face long-standing challenges of energy insecurity and inequality (EII). During extreme events (e.g., disasters and pandemics) these challenges are especially severe for vulnerable populations reliant on energy for health, education, and well-being. However, many EII studies rarely incorporate the micro- and macro-perspectives...
Article
Full-text available
Building sensing technologies have evolved rapidly in the last two decades in aid of monitoring building environment and energy system performance. A series of occupancy sensing systems were developed to track the occupant behavior in the indoor space. Occupancy-based building system control is defined as a control method that adjusts the building...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The recognition of the determinant role of occupants in building energy consumption has catalyzed the increasing research activities on occupancy-centric controls (OCCs) for building operations. This paper evaluates the monetary savings of the occupancy-centric heating, ventilation, and airconditioning (HVAC) controls in four types of commercial bu...
Article
Occupants are the core of the built environment. Traditional heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems operate with predefined schedules and maximum occupancy assumptions with no consideration of specific occupant information. These generalized assumptions usually do not align with the actual demand and result in over-conditioning a...
Article
This paper presents a nationwide simulation study to investigate the HVAC energy savings potential of occupancy sensors and occupant-centric controls (OCCs) in large hotel buildings. Three simulation scenarios were defined to reflect the different levels of occupancy sensing capabilities. Multiple zone-level and system-level occupant-centric HVAC c...
Article
Full-text available
Occupancy-based control (OBC) in smart buildings provides numerous potentials to improve building energy efficiency. To achieve effective OBC, the occupancy status of a space or a building needs to be well understood in terms of whether the space is occupied and how many people are in the space. Well-designed and selected people counting technologi...
Article
Full-text available
Occupant behavior is identified as one of the key factors influencing the energy use and indoor environmental quality of the building. Occupancy-centric control is famous for its potential to save building energy without sacrificing occupants’ comfort. This study utilized two identical lab spaces, configured as typical open-plan offices, to investi...
Article
Occupants’ comfort perception affects building energy consumptions. To improve the understanding of human comfort, which is crucial to reduce energy demand, laboratory experiments with humans in controlled environments (test rooms) are fundamental, but their potential also depends on the characteristic of each research facility. Nowadays, there is...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an efficient data-driven building electricity management system that integrates a battery energy storage (BES) and photovoltaic panels to support decision-making capabilities. In this micro-grid (MG) system, solar panels and power grid supply the electricity to the building and the BES acts as a buffer to alleviate the uncertain...
Article
Full-text available
Indoor environment construction for occupants has high energy consumption; as such, occupancy plays a noteworthy role in the complete life cycle phase of buildings, including design, operation, and retrofitting. In the past few years, building occupancy, which is considered the basis of occupant behavior, has attracted increasing attention from res...
Article
Traditional occupant behavior modeling has been studied at the building level, and it has become an important factor in the investigation of building energy consumption. However, studies modeling occupant behaviors at the urban scale are still limited. Recent work has revealed that urban big data can enable occupant behavior modeling at the urban s...
Article
The unprecedented coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has made more than 125 million people infected and more than 2.7 million people dead globally. Airborne transmission has been recognized as one of the major transmission routes for SARS-CoV-2. This paper presents...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies demonstrated that there is significant energy-saving potential for primary schools, which heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems with occupant-centric control (OCC) is an excellent candidate to save energy. However, such an energy impact has yet to be evaluated for different climate zones as well as different energ...
Article
Electricity demand for building-related activities is steadily increasing due to urbanization. Combined with the increasing penetration of renewable energy, this trend brings new challenges to distribution network operators in maintaining nodal voltage and minimizing active power losses. At the same time, building operators require more effective m...
Article
Thermostat management plays a significant role in household energy conservation. This study aims to conduct a systematic and comprehensive analysis to quantify the energy savings potential of the occupant-centric smart thermostat based on a large-scale nationwide simulation infrastructure. The single-family Residential Prototype Building Model was...
Article
Full-text available
The occupant-centric control (OCC) is receiving an increasing attention since it could reduce building heating ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system energy consumptions while not affecting the occupant thermal comfort. This paper aims to quantify the nationwide energy-saving potential of implementing the occupant-centric HVAC controls in t...
Article
In the US, people spend more than 90% of their time in buildings, which contributes to more than 70% of overall electricity usage in the country. Occupant behavior is becoming a leading factor impacting energy consumption in buildings. Existing occupant-behavior studies are often limited to a single building and individual behavior, such as presenc...
Technical Report
Airborne transmission has been recognized as a major transmission pathway for the infectious disease COVID-19. This study investigated the effectiveness of several indoor air quality (IAQ) control strategies on the mitigation of airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. The well-known airborne disease infection risk model...
Article
The proliferation of urban sensing, IoT, and big data in cities provides unprecedented opportunities for a deeper understanding of occupant behaviour and energy usage patterns at the urban scale. This enables data-driven building and energy models to capture the urban dynamics, specifically the intrinsic occupant and energy use behavioural profiles...
Article
Despite the fact that buildings are designed for occupants in principle, evidence suggests buildings are often uncomfortable compared to the requirements of standards; difficult to control by occupants; and, operated inefficiently with regards to occupants’ preferences and presence. Meanwhile, practitioners –architects, engineers, technology compan...
Article
Many new tools for improving the design and operation of buildings try to realize the potential of big data. In particular, data is an important element for occupant-centric design and operation as occupants’ presence and actions are affected by a high degree of uncertainty and, hence, are hard to model in general. For such research, data handling...
Conference Paper
The heating ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system is a major contributor to building energy consumption. In this paper, the energy savings potential of implementing occupant centric control (OCC) for HVAC systems in office buildings is quantified on a nationwide basis. Firstly, the medium-sized office from the DOE Commercial Prototype Buil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Short-term load forecasting (STLF) is used by building operators to make informed decisions about electricity usage and purchase. Recently, research has investigated the potential of ensemble learning for improving forecast accuracy with researchers often to combine several of the same type of learning machines into an ensemble. In this paper, a no...
Article
With rapid urbanization and climate change, the demand for cooling in Chinese urban residential buildings is creating a great challenge for the energy efficiency and carbon emission reduction targets of China. However, there is lack of information to track the changes in cooling patterns of Chinese urban households and little research to reveal fac...
Conference Paper
The heating ventilation and airconditioning (HVAC) system is a major contributor to building energy consumption. This paper aims to quantify the nationwide energy savings potential of implementing occupancy-based control (OBC) for HVAC systems in typical medium-sized office buildings using the EnergyPlus whole building simulation program. First, th...
Article
This paper reviews the system components, modeling, and control of microgrids for future smart buildings in current literature. Microgrids are increasingly widely studied due to their reliability in the event of grid failure or emergency, their incorporation of renewable energy sources, and the potential they represent for overall cost reduction fo...
Article
This paper aims to provide a systemic review of how indoor sensors influence in managing optimal energy saving, thermal comfort, visual comfort, and indoor air quality in the built environment. The optimal management of energy saving and occupant comfort plays a vital role in the built environment because the occupant's productivity and health are...
Article
Full-text available
With the acceleration of global warming and energy shortages, the smart grid has become the goal of power grid development,whichmakesintelligenthouseholdappliancecontrolsystemsessential.Topromotetheintegration of traditional household appliances into a new electrical system, this study focused on an appliance recognition algorithm applicable to tra...
Chapter
This chapter provides a technical overview of occupant-centric sensing and control as well as supporting data collection and modeling approaches. Though occupant-centric controls can extend across HVAC, lighting, and plug loads, this chapter focuses primarily on HVAC-related controls in buildings with automatic building management systems (BMS), wh...
Article
Aggregated control of electrical loads in a large cluster of buildings has been a challenge due to the complexity of the system involving generators, grid constraints, load serving entities complex load models, and people behavior. This paper introduces a novel load aggregation method in an electricity distribution system with Model Predictive Cont...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The developments in sensing modalities and computing platforms enable many new sensing technologies and data sources for monitoring occupant presence and actions. The wealth of data opens new opportunities for extracting knowledge through data-driven modeling of occupant presence and actions. In particular, the many opportunities with machine learn...
Article
With big thermal storage capacity and controllable loads such as the heating ventilation and air conditioning systems, buildings have great potential in providing demand response services to the smart grid. However, uncoordinated energy management of a large number of buildings in a distribution feeder can push power distribution systems into the e...
Article
Full-text available
People spend more than 90% of their life time in buildings, which makes occupant behavior one of the leading influences of energy consumption in buildings. Occupancy and occupant behavior, which refer to human presence inside buildings and their active interactions with various building system such as lighting, heating, cooling, ventilation, window...
Article
Full-text available
Varying indoor environmental conditions is known to affect office worker’s performance; wherein past research studies have reported the effects of unfavorable indoor temperature and air quality causing sick building syndrome (SBS) among office workers. Thus, investigating factors that can predict performance in changing indoor environments have bec...
Article
With the advancement of smart home and grid, a more connected and efficient operation of the grid is achievable. Involving buildings as the largest consumer of electricity in such a smart operation is a critical step in achieving an interactive grid system. In this paper, a building energy management system is introduced considering electricity pri...
Chapter
It is essential to ensure the validation of measurements and the reliability of the collected data. This chapter discusses several topics related to measurement validation and ground truth in occupancy and occupant behavior observations. It introduces the basic concept of measurement quality and calls for attention to the measurement of occupancy a...
Chapter
Occupant sensing and data acquisition are essential elements for occupant behavior research. A wide range of different types of sensors has been implemented to collect rich information on occupants and their interactions with the built environment, such as presence, actions, power consumption, etc. This information establishes a foundation to study...
Chapter
This book has defined relevant terms in the field of building occupant research and provided a comprehensive overview of the steps required to study occupants’ behavior in buildings, whether in situ or through laboratory experiments or surveys. It has offered both broad and specific guidance about research design and methodological approaches, incl...
Chapter
Occupants’ presence and actions within the built environment are crucial aspects related to understanding variations in energy use. Within this chapter, first, a nomenclature for the field of research dealing with occupants in buildings is defined. This nomenclature distinguishes between occupants’ presence and behavior, states and actions, adaptiv...
Book
This book is the first to comprehensively cover research methods for building occupant behavior. As this is of growing importance for building design and for building performance optimization, the book aims to provide a sound scientific basis for experimental studies in this field. It introduces the reader to fundamental questions about the topic a...
Article
Full-text available
More than 30% of the total primary energy in the world is consumed in buildings. It is crucial to reduce building energy consumption in order to preserve energy resources and mitigate global climate change. Building performance simulations have been widely used for the estimation and optimization of building performance, providing reference values...
Article
Real-time occupancy predictions are essential components for the smart buildings in the imminent future. The occupancy information, such as the presence states and the occupants’ number, allows a robust control of the indoor environment to enhance the building energy performances. With many current studies focusing on the commercial building occupa...
Article
Full-text available
Building-to-grid integration is one important step in having a smart grid. This integration will support energy efficiency, load balancing, and the incorporation of renewables. This study introduces a residential building energy management solution to control connected devices based on economic signals from the grid and occupant behavior. An air-co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Residential water use has become a critical issue of the built environment due to drought and increasing water retail price in many regions around the world. However, there is limited research done to understand water use behavior in residential buildings. This paper presents data analytics and results from monitoring data of daily water use in 50...
Article
Drawing on the Attitude-Behavior-Condition model, this study examined how attitudinal factors (energy saving belief and belief about the link between comfort and productivity) and conditional factors (group norms and organizational support) were associated with 1) employees’ willingness to save energy in the workplace at some cost of comfort and 2)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Buildings as one of the largest consumers of electricity in the grid have a large potential to participate in the grid operation. This paper represents a control and simulation test bed in VOLTTRON platform for building energy management. Several Control and simulation agents are designed for major consumers of electricity in buildings (Air conditi...
Conference Paper
Understanding how indoor environment affects office worker's performance and developing methods to predict human performance in changing indoor environment have become highly important research topic bearing significant economic and sociological impact. While past research groups have attempted to find predictors for performance they do not provide...
Article
Full-text available
This paper puts forth a mathematical framework for Buildings-to-Grid (BtG) integration in smart cities. The framework explicitly couples power grid and building's control actions and operational decisions, and can be utilized by buildings and power grids operators to simultaneously optimize their performance. High-level dynamics of building cluster...
Article
Full-text available
As regional drought conditions continue deteriorating around the world, residential water use has been brought into the built environment spotlight. Nevertheless, the understanding of water use behavior in residential buildings is still limited. This paper presents data analytics and results from monitoring data of daily water use (DWU) in 50 singl...
Article
Full-text available
Building performance, equipment efficiency, and occupant behavior play important roles in China urban residential building energy conservation. An online survey was conducted in 2015 to study the urban residential energy and usage behavior. A total of 4964 Chinese urban households participated in the survey, answering questions about their family c...
Article
Air handling unit (AHU) is one of the most extensively used equipment in large commercial buildings. This device is typically customized and lacks quality system integration which can result in hardwire failures and controller errors. Air handling unit Performance Assessment Rules (APAR) is a fault detection tool that uses a set of expert rules der...
Article
This paper reviews occupancy based Model Predictive Control (MPC) for building indoor climate control. Occupancy behavior in buildings is stochastic and complex in nature. With better understanding of occupancy presence in rooms and spaces, advanced controls, such as MPC, can be designed to achieve a more energy efficient operation, compared to mor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Air handling unit (AHU) is one of the most extensively used equipment in large commercial buildings. This device is typically customized and lacks quality system integration, which can result in, hardwire failures and controller errors. Air handling unit Performance Assessment Rules (APAR) is a fault detection tool that uses a set of expert rules d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
IEA Annex 60 is developing and demonstrating new generation computational tools for building and community energy systems based on the non-proprietary Modelica modeling language and Functional Mockup Interface (FMI) standards. The anticipated outcomes are open-source, freely available, documented, validated and verified computational tools that all...
Article
Full-text available
This study represents advancements in the state-of-the-art of the solar energy industry by leveraging LiDAR-based building characterization for city-wide, distributed solar photovoltaics, solar maps, highlighting the distribution of solar energy across the city of San Antonio. A methodology is implemented to systematically derive the tilt and azimu...