Bin Zhu

Bin Zhu
Southeast University (China) | SEU · School of energy and environment

PhD

About

366
Publications
67,465
Reads
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9,871
Citations
Introduction
Bin Zhu, PhD. Professor Director of Energy Storage Joint Research Center, Southeast University. This center aims at integrated research on energy conversion and storage based on Semiconductor-Ionics developed from our research innovations. The center is established based on the current academician Yaoming Zhang's solar energy center. In parallel, as a distinguished professor Zhu is supervising other two universities’ 100 overseas talents’ teams in two Chinese Universities.
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
Loughborough University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Make EFFCs/advanced LTSOFCs /tehcnologies/devices for energy and auto-applications.
February 2013 - present
Hubei University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Hubei 100-overseas talents team nanocomposites and heterostructure materials based on semiconducting and insulating metal oxides for new energy conversion technologies.
February 2013 - present
China University of Geosciences
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Hubei 100-overseas talents team nanocomposites and heterostructure materials based on semiconducting and insulating metal oxides for new energy conversion technologies.

Publications

Publications (366)
Article
The search for cathode materials with fast oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalytic activities and high ionic conductivity is the key obstacle to SOFC commercialization and its operation at low temperatures. In order to search for a cathode with enhanced catalytic functionality, herein we report a single-phase CoFe2O4 (CFO) and CoGd0.2Fe1.80O4 (CG...
Article
Samarium oxide (Sm2O3), a rare earth sesquioxide, shows that a great potential in proton-conducting fuel cells. However, the stability of Sm2O3 based cell remains a challenge. Herein we reported a facile method for enhancing the stability via the incorporation of sodium content into Sm2O3. This study discloses that the existence of sodium induces p...
Article
Despite the high capabilities to replace combustion systems and produce sustainable energy, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) still have not yet been successfully commercialized. In this context, single component SOFC has been developed as a new oriented fuel cell R&D strategy in the past decades, providing great promise to commercialization. This pap...
Article
Ni-doped La2O3 was developed as an ionic conducting membrane corresponding to a conductivity of 0.187 S cm-1 at 550 °C. A peak power density of 970 mW cm-2 with an open circuit voltage of 1.05 V was achieved using 10 mol% Ni-doped La2O3 (10NLO). XPS and Raman investigations reveal that the performance enhancement is due to the high concentration of...
Article
Heterostructure materials deliver special properties comparing with single phase materials. In this study, the performance of Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT) electrolyte fuel cell is proved to be optimized by constructing heterostructures with other materials. SOFC based on NBT single phase electrolyte exhibits poor stability and low power output. By mixing N...
Article
Ultra‐wide bandgap semiconductor samarium oxide attracts great interest because of its high stability and electronic properties. However, the ionic transport properties of Sm2O3 have rarely been studied. In this work, Ni doping is proposed to be used for electronic structure engineering of Sm2O3. The formation of Ni‐doping defects lowers the Fermi...
Article
Full-text available
The use of ceramic semiconductors to serve as an efficient proton conductor is an evolving approach in the novel emerging field of semiconductor protonic fuel cells (SPFCs). One of the most critical challenges in SPFCs is to design a sufficient proton-conductivity of 0.1 S cm⁻¹ below <600 °C. Here we report to tune the perovskite BaSnO3 (BSO), a se...
Article
Full-text available
Fuel cells could play an important role in the ongoing energy transition by providing clean and efficient energy conversion. Although the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a potential alternative for large-scale applications, its commercialization is limited by its electrolyte materials and has not yet been realized. Progress on new functi...
Article
Full-text available
Semiconductors and the associated methodologies applied to electrochemistry have recently grown as an emerging field in energy materials and technologies. For example, semiconductor membranes and heterostructure fuel cells are new technological trend, which differ from the traditional fuel cell electrochemistry principle employing three basic funct...
Article
Tunable microwave absorption characteristics are highly desirable for industrial applications such as antenna, absorber, and biomedical diagnostics. Here, we report BiNdxCrxFe1-2xO3 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15) nanoparticles (NPs) with electromagnetic matching, which exhibit tunable magneto-optical and feasible microwave absorption characteristics for...
Article
Perovskite La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3+δ (LSCF) as a promising cathode material possessed overwhelming electronic conduction along with certain ionic conductivity. Its strong electron conduction capability hinder the application of pure-phase LSCF as electrolyte in semiconductor membrane fuel cell (SMFC). In order to constrain the electron transport and...
Article
A comparative study is performed to investigate the electrochemical performance of the low-temperature ceramic fuel cells (CFCs) utilizing two different novel electrolytes. First, a perovskite semiconductor SrCo0.3Sn0.7O3-δ was used as an electrolyte in CFCs due to its modest ionic conductivity (0.1 S/cm) and demonstrated an acceptable power densit...
Article
Structural doping is often used to prepare materials with high oxygen-ion conductivity and electrocatalytic function, but its wider application in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) is still a major challenge. Here, a novel approach to developing materials with fast ionic conduction and high electrocatalytic activity is reported. A semiconductor-ionic...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing triple-charge (H⁺/O2–/e–) conducting materials is a promising alternative to modify a cathode as an electrolyte in advanced ceramic fuel cells (CFC). Herein, we designed a novel triple-charge conducting perovskite-structured semiconductor Co0.2/Fe0.2-codoped La0.5Ba0.5Zr0.3Y0.3O3−δ (CF-LBZY) and used as an electrolyte and an electrode....
Article
Full-text available
The energy materials have emerged over the last decade showing the importance of research and development, covering various forms of the organic, and inorganic substances and composites from micro-to nano-structures, zero dimension to three dimensions, experimental and theoretical fundamentals and applications, with emphasis on functions and device...
Article
Full-text available
Nanocomposites can offer a platform to conjugate biorecognition features of aptamer with unique size-dependent properties of a given material, which can autoprobe the binding event based on their electroactive characteristics. Herein, we design electroactive switchable aptamer probes based on co-doped single-phase semiconducting materials employing...
Article
Full-text available
Semiconductors are well known as excellent materials in the field of exploring novel avenues which combine various fields in electronics, electrochemistry, etc for new functional device concepts. Lithium silicon carbide (LiSiC) is a well-known electrode material for Lithium ion batteries but relatively new for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and ele...
Article
Rechargeable metal-air battery and regenerative fuel cells are highly demanded given their high energy density and sustainable nature. Both of them require robust oxygen electrocatalysts improving electrical efficiency. In this work, we use cobalt compounds to modify (La, Sr)MnO3 (LSM) by a hydrothermal method to ameliorate the oxygen evolution rea...
Article
Full-text available
Introducing multiple-ionic transport through a semiconductor-electrolyte is a promising approach to realize the low-temperature operation of SOFCs. Herein, we designed and synthesized a single-phase Ce-doped BaCo0.2Fe0.3-xTm0.1Zr0.3Y0.1O3-δ semiconductor-electrolyte possessing triple-charge (H⁺/O²⁻/e⁻) conduction ability. Two different compositions...
Article
Low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs) is a promising fuel cell technology but often suffers from low ionic conductivity of the electrolyte. Herein we develop a solid electrolyte with high ionic conductivity based on thulium (Tm) doped composite, Sr0.1TmxCe0.9-xO2-δ [x = 0.1] having a cubic fluorite structure. The fuel cell utilizing Tm-...
Article
Full-text available
Fuel cells are highly efficient and green power sources. The typical membrane electrode assembly is necessary for common electrochemical devices. Recent research and development in solid oxide fuel cells have opened up many new opportunities based on the semiconductor or its heterostructure materials. Semiconductor-based fuel cells (SBFCs) realize...
Article
Lack of fundamental understanding of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) hampers the development of effective metal oxide catalysts and advance low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). In this study, we report Ba0.5Sr0.5Fe1–xSbxO3–δ (BSFSb, x = 0, 0.05, and 0.1) cathodes designed from both theoretical and experimental aspects to study a g...
Article
Semiconductor heterostructures offer a high ionic conduction path enhanced by built-in electric field at the interface, which helps to avoid electronic conduction in low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). In this study, we synthesized a semiconductor heterostructure based on Co-doped ZnO and Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ (SDC) for LT-SOFC application....
Article
Full-text available
Fuel cells could play an important role in the ongoing energy transition by providing clean and efficient energy conversion. Although the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a potential alternative for large-scale applications, its commercialization is limited by its electrolyte materials and has not yet been realized. Progress on new functi...
Article
CeO2 is an oxygen nonstoichiometric material for the coexistence of redox pair of Ce³⁺ and Ce⁴⁺, even under an oxidizing atmosphere, and its self-doping is fulfilled bases on the multivalence characteristics. It has been served in versatile applications, including fuel cells and catalysis. Excellent solid oxide fuel cell performances have been achi...
Article
Multifunctional semiconductor cubic silicon carbide (3C-SiC) is employed for fuel cell electrolyte, which has never been used before. n-type 3C-SiC can be individually employed as the electrolyte in fuel cells, but delivers insufficient open circuit voltage and minuscule current density due to its electronic dominant property. By introducing n-type...
Article
Cubic silicon carbide (3C-SiC) is successfully synthesized through a simple solid-state reaction technique at a comparatively low temperature without using any catalyst. The XRD data is also used to study other structural parameters of synthesized sample by using different method. Raman peak at 796 cm-1 supports the XRD results. Si-C vibrational mo...
Article
Dual-ion electrolytes with oxygen ion and proton-conducting properties are among the innovative solid oxide electrolyte, which exhibits a low ohmic resistance at temperatures below 550oC. BaCo0.4Fe0.4Zr0.1Y0.1O3-δ with a perovskite-phase cathode has demonstrated efficient triple charge conduction (H⁺/O²⁻/e⁻) for high-performance cathode in low-temp...
Article
Tuning a semiconductor to function as a fast proton conductor is an emerging strategy in the rapidly developing field of proton ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs). The key challenge for PCFC researchers is to formulate the proton-conducting electrolyte with conductivity above 0.1 siemens per centimeter at low temperatures (300 to 600°C). Here we present a...
Article
As an electrolyte, enough ionic conductivity, either proton (H⁺) or oxide (O²⁻) conduction, has demanded the better performance of low-temperature (especially below 550 °C) solid oxide fuel cell (LT-SOFCs). Notably, that either conductivity, higher performance, reliability, or higher cost is hampering the LT-SOFC marketing. In our current subject,...
Article
Tuning semiconductors as an electrolyte for advanced low-temperature fuel cells is an exciting but challenging research subject. To realize this, we develop the cobalt-doped SrSnO3 (SrCo0.1Sn0.9O3−δ and SrCo0.2Sn0.8O3−δ) toward an electrolyte, which only permits ions to pass but blocks the electrons simultaneously. The SrCo0.2Sn0.8O3−δ electrolyte...
Chapter
The single layer fuel cell (SLFC) and electrolyte‐free fuel cell (EFFC) or “Three in One” (a research highlight from Nature Nanotechnology, 2011) are all about new concepts of a revolutionary fuel cell from 180‐year electrolyte‐based devices to the electrolyte‐free types. This chapter introduces the SLFC from its early stage in the 2000s based on p...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the interfaces of the planar solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stack development (Sections 13.1 to 13.6), which is important but not usually discussed in existing SOFC books. From Section 13.7 onward, we identify and discuss the current SOFC commercialization challenge, wherein a missing aspect rarely considered in the SOFC textb...
Article
Full-text available
High-temperature operation of solid oxide fuel cells causes several degradation and material issues. Lowering the operating temperature results in reduced fuel cell performance primarily due to the limited ionic conductivity of the electrolyte. Here we introduce the Fe-doped SrTiO3-δ (SFT) pure perovskite material as an electrolyte, which shows goo...
Article
The strongly correlated perovskites RNiO3 (R=rare earth) have been featured of appreciable ionic conduction and catalytic activity in solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) in recent years. In this study, to tap more potentials of RNiO3, we promote a typical member from this material family, LaNiO3 (LNO) for SOFC electrolyte membrane use in a form of compo...
Article
Fe³⁺ is a common ion contaminant for the proton exchange membrane water electrolyser (PEMWE). In this work, three-electrode-system was employed to study the effect of Fe³⁺ on Nafion-bonded IrO2 catalyst which is conventional anode catalyst for PEMWE. Study results showed that Fe³⁺ contamination decreased IrO2 catalytic activity significantly only w...
Article
There is world tendency to develop SOFC to lower temperatures and two technical routes and approaches are going in parallel. One is to use thin film technology, focussing on reducing the electrolyte thickness on conventional electrolyte, e.g. YSZ (yttria-stabilized zirconia) and SDC (samaria-doped ceria) to reduce the cell resistance i.e. to lower...
Chapter
This chapter discusses charge transfer and transportation in energy materials and devices, especially focusing on single layer or electrolyte‐free fuel cells (EFFCs). Here, charge means electrons and both positive and negative ions, e.g. H+ and O2−. We will study the factors that affect the charges resulting in conduction either externally for elec...
Article
Electrolyte densification, which is often realized by high temperature sintering (i.e. >1000 °C), is an essential process for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). However, it is hard to achieve interfaces with high ionic conductivity because the interfaces between particles would be greatly eliminated during the sintering process. In this study, a novel i...
Chapter
Semiconductors and the associated methodologies applied to electrochemistry have recently grown as an emerging field in energy materials and technologies. Fuel cells have been developed in line with traditional electrochemistry employing three basic functional components: anode, electrolyte and cathode. The electrolyte is a key component to the dev...
Chapter
Ceria‐based electrolytes are one of the most promising alternatives for conventional solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) yttrium‐stabilized zirconia (YSZ). The ceria has the same fluorite structure as zirconia through ion doping to produce oxygen vacancies in the structure thus achieving high O2– conductivity, which can reach 0.1 S cm–1 at 800 oC, i.e. 20...
Chapter
The single layer fuel cell (SLFC) or electrolyte (layer)‐free (EFFC) displays an extremely simple SOFC technology with unique advantages in future production and commercialization. However, engineering the SLFC or EFFC is challenging because traditional fabricating and scaling up technologies of the fuel cell components and devices cannot be used b...
Article
Long-term stability is of significant importance to energy conversion devices including solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). In this work, we apply a layered perovskite oxide La1·85Sr0·15CuO4 (LSCO4) mixing with ionic conductor Ce0.8Sm0.2O2-δ (SDC) to get an ionic and electronic conductor composite (IECC) membrane SOFC for the sake of achieving a stable c...
Poster
Full-text available
University plans to recruit 1-2 postdocs. The detailed information is as follows. 1、研究方向: (Research direction:) 先进燃料电池和固体电池(Advanced fuel cells and Solid batteries) 2、申请条件: (The qualifications:) 1) 符合东南大学博士后流动站招聘岗位要求,年龄在 35 周岁以下。 Application should meet the recruitment requirements of Southeast University postdoctoral station, under the age of 35....
Poster
Full-text available
University are looking for a thousand-talent-young people and full-time research professor 一、 青年千人(A thousand-talent-young people) 1、研究方向: (Research direction:) 先进燃料电池和固体电池(Advanced fuel cells and Solid batteries) 2、申请条件: (The qualifications:) 1) 申请人属自然科学或工程技术领域,有相关领域丰富的研究经历和成果,年龄不超 过 40 周岁; The applicant is in the field of natural science or engin...
Poster
Full-text available
The doctoral candidate) 1、研究方向: (Research direction:) 先进燃料电池和固体电池(Advanced fuel cells and Solid batteries) 2、申请基本条件: (The qualifications:) 1) 政治思想表现好,品德优良,遵纪守法。 Good political thought, good moral character, abide by the law. 2) 诚实守信,学风端正,无考试作弊、剽窃他人学术成果以及其它违法违纪受处分 记录。 Be honest and trustworthy, have good learning style, and have no record of cheatin...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, semiconductor-ionic materials (SIMs) have emerged as new functional materials, which possessed high ionic conductivity with successful applications as the electrolyte in advanced low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). In order to reveal the ion-conducting mechanism in SIM, a typical SIM pellet consisted of semiconductor La0.6S...
Article
Full-text available
This study highlights a new methodology to develop electrical property of CeO2 without doping based on characteristic surface defects. The CeO2 surface approach presented in this work addresses the electrolyte material challenge faced by solid state oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) over 100 years. In our approach, we take advantage of the energy band struc...
Article
In solid oxide fuel cell, the redox reactions (HOR and ORR) demand good catalyst functions at the anode and cathode. Triple phase boundary (TPB) is an important mechanism to determine HOR and ORR as key factors to improve the reaction rate, charge transfer and ion diffusion processes. In the present work, Ni0.4Zn0.6Fe2O4 (Ni–Zn ferrite) and its het...
Article
Full-text available
Interface engineering holds huge potential for enabling exceptional physical properties in heterostructure materials via tuning properties at the atomic level. In this study, a heterostructure built by a new redox stable semiconductor SrFe0.75Ti0.25O3-δ (SFT) and an ionic conductor Sm0.25Ce0.75O2 (SDC) is reported. The SFT-SDC heterostructure exhib...
Article
Full-text available
We report a confined proton transportation in a CeO2/CeO2-δ core shell structure to built up proton shuttles, leading to a super proton conductivity of 0.16 S cm-1 for electrolyte and advanced fuel cell performance, 697 mW cm-2 at 520 ºC. The isotopic effect provides a direct evidence of proton conduction. The semiconductor nature with the intrinsi...
Article
The ability to create nanomaterials with hollow micro- or nanostructures renders their applications in fields such as catalysis, controlled delivery and lightweight composites. Herein, we report a simple three-step route to Cu2O/Cu nanotubes populated by interconnected, phosphorus-doped CoO nanoparticles (denoted P–CoO–Cu2O/Cu-NTs). They possess th...
Article
Full-text available
Highly ion-conducting properties in heterostructure composites and semiconductors have drawn significant attention in recent years for developing new electrolytes in low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). In this work, a new semiconductor heterostructure composite SrFe0.2Ti0.8O3-δ (SFT)-ZnO consisting of p-type SFT and n-type ZnO is pro...
Article
High power density performance at intermediate (600 °C–450 °C) temperatures (IT) must be considered in the development of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). A niobium and tantalum co-doped perovskite material SCNT (SrCo0.8Nb0.1Ta0.1O3-δ) can be used as a cathode for IT-SOFC due to its (H⁺/O²⁻/e⁻) triple conduction and promising catalysis activity. In th...
Article
Solid State Ionics (SSI) and ionic conducting systems have been well investigated in intrinsic ionic conducting systems from the structure, aliovalent ions doping and coherently controlling their dynamics. However, for extrinsic ionic conducting systems a coupling to an external environment to introduce extrinsic ions remains largely unexplored, wh...
Article
The p-type semiconductor La 0.65 Sr 0.3 Ce 0.05 Cr 0.5 Fe 0.5 O 3-δ (CLSCrF) is for the first time composited with the ionic conductor Ce 0.8 Sm 0.2 O 2-δ (SDC) to prepare high ionic conductivity electrolyte membranes for low-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). Experimental results illuminate that the introduction of moderate semiconduct...
Article
The ionic electrolyte and compatible cathode are major challenges to develop advanced low temperature solid oxide fuel cells (LT-SOFCs). Perovskite La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) has considered as desired SOFC cathodes due to its unique advantages including high mixed electronic and ionic conductivity and excellent catalytic activity for oxygen re...
Article
Full-text available
Interest in low-temperature operation of solid oxide fuel cells is growing. Recent advances in perovskite phases have resulted in an efficient H⁺/O²⁻/e⁻ triple-conducting electrode BaCo0.4Fe0.4Zr0.1Y0.1O3-δ for low-temperature fuel cells. Here, we further develop BaCo0.4Fe0.4Zr0.1Y0.1O3-δ for electrolyte applications by taking advantage of its high...