Bin Cheng

Bin Cheng
Finnish Meteorological Institute · Meteorology Unit

Ph.D

About

123
Publications
22,729
Reads
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2,041
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Finnish Meteorological Institute
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
Summertime internal melting of Antarctic sea ice is common due to the penetration of solar radiation below the snow and ice surface. We focus on the role of internal melting and heat conduction in generating gap layers within the ice. These often occur approximately 0.1 m below the ice surface. In a small-scale survey over land-fast sea ice in Pryd...
Article
Full-text available
The recent rapid changes in Arctic sea ice have occurred not only in ice thickness and extent, but also in the microstructure of ice. To understand the role of microstructure on partitioning of incident solar shortwave radiation within the ice and upper ocean, this study investigated the sensitivity of the optical properties of summer sea ice on ic...
Article
Sea ice thickness is a key parameter in the polar climate and ecosystem. Thermodynamic and dynamic processes alter the sea ice thickness. The Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) expedition provided a unique opportunity to study seasonal sea ice thickness changes of the same sea ice. We analyzed 11 large-s...
Article
Full-text available
The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Plan, released in 2015, addressed a need for a holistic system understanding and outlined the most urgent research needs for the rapidly changing Arctic-boreal region. Air quality in China, together with the long-range transport of atmospheric pollutants, was also indicated as one of the most crucial topic...
Article
Full-text available
The satellite observations unveiled that the July sea ice extent of the Arctic shrank to the lowest value, since 1979, in 2020 with a major ice retreat in the Eurasian shelf seas including Kara, Laptev, and East Siberian seas. Based on the ERA-5 reanalysis products, we explored the impacts of warm and moist air-mass transport on this extreme event....
Article
Based on the measurements conducted over the landfast sea ice in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica during the sea-ice growth season in 2016, various parameterization schemes in the high-resolution thermodynamic snow/ice model HIGHTSI are evaluated. The parameterization scheme of turbulent fluxes produces the largest errors compared with the parameterizati...
Article
The seasonal and regional variability of Arctic sea ice area (SIA) and thickness (SIT) were investigated between 1979 and 2020 for the Atlantic sector (AS), Pacific sector (PS) and Barents–Kara Seas (BKSs). We applied the SIA data from remote sensing observations and SIT data from numerical model calculations. We found the large summer variability...
Article
Full-text available
Year-round observations of the physical snow and ice properties and processes that govern the ice pack evolution and its interaction with the atmosphere and the ocean were conducted during the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) expedition of the research vessel Polarstern in the Arctic Ocean from October...
Article
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Bohai Sea ice creates obstacles for maritime navigation and offshore activities. A better understanding of ice conditions is valuable for sea-ice management. The evolution of 67 years of seasonal ice thickness in a coastal region (Yingkou) in the Northeast Bohai Sea was simulated by using a snow/ice thermodynamic model, using local weather-station...
Article
The fine spatial resolution of the ICESat-2 (IS2) satellite altimeter allows monitoring the evolution of sea ice thickness with detailed dynamic information (e.g. ridges and leads). In this study, we first assess the ability of IS2 to estimate thermodynamic ice growth and dynamic thickening during the ice-growing season in the central Arctic Ocean....
Article
Full-text available
Lake ice phenology (LIP) is an essential indicator of climate change and helps with understanding of the regional characteristics of climate change impacts. Ground observation records and remote sensing retrieval products of lake ice phenology are abundant for Europe, North America, and the Tibetan Plateau, but there is a lack of data for inner Eur...
Article
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In August 2018, a remarkable polynya was observed off the north coast of Greenland, a perennial ice zone where thick sea ice cover persists. In order to investigate the formation process of this polynya, satellite observations, a coupled ice-ocean model, ocean profiling data, and atmosphere reanalysis data were applied. We found that the thinnest s...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change and global warming strongly impact the cryosphere. The rise of air temperature and change of precipitation patterns lead to dramatic responses of snow and ice heat and mass balance. Sustainable field observations on lake air–snow–ice–water temperature regime have been carried out in Lake Orajärvi in the vicinity of the Finnish Space...
Article
Full-text available
The bottom topography of ridged sea ice differs greatly from that of other sea‐ice types. The form drag of ridge keels has an important influence on sea‐ice drift and deformation. In this study, both laboratory experiment (LabE) and fluid dynamics numerical simulation (FDS) have been carried out for a physical ridge model in a tank to better unders...
Preprint
Full-text available
The satellite observations unveiled that the July sea ice extent of the Arctic shrank to the lowest value in 2020 since 1979, with a major ice retreat in the Eurasian shelf seas including Kara, Laptev, and East Siberian Seas. Based on the ERA-5 reanalysis products, we explored the impacts of warm and moist air-mass transport on this extreme event....
Preprint
Full-text available
The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) Science Plan, released in 2015, addressed a need for a holistic system understanding and outlined the most urgent research needs for sustainable development in the Artic-boreal region. Air quality in China and long-range transport of the atmospheric pollutants was also indicated as one of the most crucial topics o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change and global warming strongly impact the cryosphere. The rise of air temperature and change of precipitation patterns lead to dramatic responses of snow and ice heat and mass balance. Sustainable field observations on lake air-snow-ice-water temperature regime have been carried out in Lake Orajärvi in the vicinity of the Finnish Space...
Article
Full-text available
Arctic sea ice kinematics and deformation play significant roles in heat and momentum exchange between the atmosphere and ocean, and at the same time they have profound impacts on biological processes and biogeochemical cycles. However, the mechanisms regulating their changes on seasonal scales and their spatial variability remain poorly understood...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic sea ice volume (SIV) was investigated by applying sea ice concentration (SIC) and multi‐source sea ice thickness (SIT) products from the Pan‐Arctic Ice‐Ocean Modeling and Assimilation System (PIOMAS), Envisat and CryoSat‐2 (CS‐2) products. The SIV was estimated during the sea ice growth season (October‐April) from October 2002 to Decembe...
Article
Full-text available
Arctic landfast sea ice (LFSI) represents an important quasi-stationary coastal zone. Its evolution is determined by the regional climate and bathymetry. This study investigated the seasonal cycle and interannual variations of LFSI along the northwest coast of Kotelny Island. Initial freezing, rapid ice formation, stable and decay stages were ident...
Article
Full-text available
The Baltic Sea is partly covered by sea ice in every winter season. Landfast ice (LFI) on the Baltic Sea is a place for recreational activities such as skiing and ice fishing. Over thick LFI ice roads can be established between mainland and islands to speed up transportation compared to the use of ferries. LFI also allows transportation of material...
Article
Full-text available
Sea ice physical properties were determined at 21 first‐year ice (FYI) and 20 multiyear ice (MYI) stations in the Pacific sector of the Arctic during summer in 2008–2018. The bulk ice temperature was between −2.7 and −0.3 °C for FYI and between −1.7 and −0.2 °C for MYI. The bulk salinity was 0.4–3.2 practical salinity unit (psu) for FYI and 0.4–2.4...
Preprint
Full-text available
Arctic sea ice kinematics and deformation play significant roles in heat and momentum exchange between atmosphere and ocean. However, mechanisms regulating their changes at seasonal scales remain poorly understood. Using position data of 32 buoys in the Pacific sector of the Arctic Ocean (PAO), we characterized spatiotemporal variations in ice kine...
Article
Full-text available
Snow and ice were monitored by thermistor-string-based Snow and Ice Mass Balance Array (SIMBA) in Lake Orajärvi in northern Finland. An existing automatic SIMBA-algorithm was further developed to derive air/snow, snow/ice and ice/water interfaces based on the SIMBA environment temperature (ET) profiles. The identified interfaces agreed with in situ...
Article
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A Fast Ice Prediction System (FIPS) was constructed and is the first regional land-fast sea-ice forecasting system for the Antarctic. FIPS had two components: (1) near-real-time information on the ice-covered area from MODIS and SAR imagery that revealed, tidal cracks, ridged and rafted ice regions; (2) a high-resolution 1-D thermodynamic snow and...
Article
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We examine the relative effect of warming events (storms) and snow cover on thermodynamic growth of Arctic sea ice in winter. We use a 1-D snow and ice thermodynamic model to perform sensitivity experiments. Observations from the winter period of the Norwegian young sea ICE (N-ICE2015) campaign north of Svalbard are used to initiate and force the m...
Article
Full-text available
Analyses of landfast ice in Arctic coastal areas provide a comprehensive understanding of the variations in Arctic sea ice and generate data for studies on the utilization of the Arctic passages. Based on our analysis, Arctic landfast ice mainly appears in January–June and is distributed within the narrow straits of the Canadian Archipelago (nearly...
Conference Paper
Lake ice is a sensitive indicator for the environment and climate change. In the comparative study of climate change from the three poles (Antarctic, Arctic, and the Tibetan Plateau), the lake ice phenology which is mirrored the seasonal changes of lake ice, and it is an important index for assessing the synchronization and difference of climate ch...
Article
Aiming at the dynamic monitoring of the ice cover during the river frozen period in cold region, a real-time snow and ice parameters monitoring system based on the characteristic difference of electrical conductivity, temperature and light intensity was designed, which was used to detect the ice thickness and snow depth in the vertical section dire...
Article
Full-text available
The observed snow depth and ice thickness on landfast sea ice in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica, were used to determine the role of snow in (a) the annual cycle of sea ice thickness at a fixed location (SIP) where snow usually blows away after snowfall and (b) early summer sea ice thickness within the transportation route surveys (TRS) domain farther f...
Article
Full-text available
A large retreat of sea-ice in the ‘stormy’ Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean has become evident through a series of record minima for the winter maximum sea-ice extent since 2015. Results from the Norwegian young sea ICE (N-ICE2015) expedition, a five-month-long (Jan-Jun) drifting ice station in first and second year pack-ice north of Svalbard, s...
Article
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Annual observations of first-year ice (FYI) and second-year ice (SYI) near Zhongshan Station, East Antarctica, were conducted for the first time from December 2011 to December 2012. Melt ponds appeared from early December 2011. Landfast ice partly broke in late January, 2012 after a strong cyclone. Open water was refrozen to form new ice cover in m...
Article
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The lake-rich Qinghai–Tibet Plateau (QTP) has significant impacts on regional and global water cycles and monsoon systems through heat and water vapor exchange. The lake–atmosphere interactions have been quantified over open-water periods, yet little is known about the lake ice thermodynamics and heat and mass balance during the ice-covered season...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, which is seen in the warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for the establishment...
Article
Full-text available
The lake-rich Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) has significant impacts on regional and global water cycles and monsoon systems through heat and water vapor exchange. The lake-atmosphere interactions have been quantified over open-water periods, yet little is known about the lake ice thermodynamics and heat and mass balance during ice-covered season due...
Article
Full-text available
An ice mass balance buoy (IMB) monitors the evolution of snow and ice cover on seas, ice caps and lakes through the measurement of various variables. The crucial measurement of snow and ice thickness has been achieved using acoustic sounders in early devices but a more recently developed IMB called the Snow and Ice Mass Balance Array (SIMBA) measur...
Article
To investigate the influence of a surface ice lid on the optical properties of a melt pond, a radiative transfer model was employed that includes four plane-parallel layers: an ice lid, a melt pond, the underlying ice, and the ocean beneath the ice. The thickness Hs and the scattering coefficient σs of the ice lid are altered. Variations in the spe...
Article
Full-text available
The Arctic marine climate system is changing rapidly, seen as warming of the ocean and atmosphere, decline of sea ice cover, increase in river discharge, acidification of the ocean, and changes in marine ecosystems. Socio-economic activities in the coastal and marine Arctic are simultaneously changing. This calls for establishment of a marine Arcti...
Article
Full-text available
Pond color, which creates the visual appearance of melt ponds on Arctic sea ice in summer, is quantitatively investigated using a two-stream radiative transfer model for ponded sea ice. The upwelling irradiance from the pond surface is determined and then its spectrum is transformed into RGB (red, green, blue) color space using a colorimetric metho...
Article
Full-text available
The partitioning of solar radiation in the Arctic sea ice during the melt season is investigated using a radiative transfer model containing three layers of melt pond, underlying sea ice, and ocean beneath ice. The wavelength distribution of the spectral solar irradiance clearly narrowed with increasing depth into ice, from 350–900 nm at the pond s...
Article
The seasonal evolution of sea ice mass balance between the Central Arctic and Fram Strait, as well as the underlying driving forces, remain largely unknown because of a lack of observations. In this study, two and three buoys were deployed in the Central Arctic during the summers of 2010 and 2012, respectively. It was established that basal ice gro...
Article
Full-text available
A series of shipborne sea ice observations were performed during the Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition in the Pacific Arctic sector between 2 August 2014 and 1 September 2014. Undeformed sea ice thickness (SIT) as well as area fractions of open water, melt pond, and sea ice (Aw, Ap, and Ai) were monitored using downward-oriented and obliq...
Article
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The seasonal cycle of fast ice thickness in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica, was observed between March and December 2012. In March, we observed a 0.16 m thickness gain of 0.22 m-thick first-year ice (FYI), while 1.16 m-thick second-year ice (SYI) nearby simultaneously ablated by 0.59 m. A 1-D thermodynamic sea-ice model was applied to identify the fact...
Article
Full-text available
During the Norwegian young sea ICE (N-ICE2015) campaign in early 2015, a deep snow pack was observed, almost double the climatology for the region north of Svalbard. There were significant amounts of snow-ice in second-year ice (SYI), while much less in first-year ice (FYI). Here we use a 1-D snow/ice thermodynamic model, forced with reanalyses, to...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, sea ice thickness (SIT) and sea ice extent (SIE) in the Bohai Sea from 2000 to 2016 were investigated. A surface heat balance equation was applied to calculate SIT using ice surface temperatures estimated from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data with input from air temperature and wind speed from reanalyzin...
Article
Full-text available
Pond color, which creates the visual appearance of melt ponds on Arctic sea ice in summer, is quantitatively investigated in this study. A two-stream radiative transfer model is used for ponded sea ice: the upwelling irradiance from the pond surface is determined, and then the upwelling spectrum is transformed into the RGB color space through a col...
Article
Sea ice and the snow pack on top of it were investigated using Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition (CHINARE) buoy data. Two polar hydrometeorological drifters, known as Zeno® ice stations, were deployed during CHINARE 2003. A new type of high-resolution Snow and Ice Mass Balance Arrays, known as SIMBA buoys, were deployed during CHINARE 201...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we estimate two essential sea ice parameters, namely sea ice concentration and sea ice thickness, for the Bohai Sea using a combination of a thermodynamic sea ice model and earth observation (EO) data from synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and a passive microwave radiometer, which can be applied also in cloudy conditions and without dayl...
Article
Full-text available
Arctic sea ice has displayed significant thinning as well as an increase in drift speed in recent years. Taken together this suggests an associated rise in sea ice deformation rate. A winter and spring expedition to the sea ice covered region north of Svalbard – the Norwegian young sea ICE 2015 expedition (N-ICE2015) - gave an opportunity to deploy...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
IMBs are autonomous instruments able to continuously monitor the growth and melt of sea ice and its snow cover at a single point on an ice floe. Complementing field expeditions, remote sensing observations and modelling studies, this in-situ data is crucial to assess the mass balance and seasonal evolution of sea ice and snow in the polar oceans. E...