Bill Lucas

Bill Lucas
The University of Winchester · Centre for Real-World Learning

Professor

About

117
Publications
224,145
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1,148
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Introduction
Bill Lucas leads the Centre for Real-World Learning, at the University of Winchester. Interests - creativity, pedagogy, school leadership, practical learning and engineering. Four projects: 1. Cultivating and assessing capabilities for success in life 2. Learning to be an Engineer; using engineering habits of mind 3. Pedagogy for a Changing World 4. The Habits of Improvers. Co-chair of strategic advisory board of PISA 2021 Test of Creative Thinking which draws on his work.

Publications

Publications (117)
Article
Full-text available
Creativity is increasingly valued as an important outcome of schooling, frequently as part of so-called “21st century skills.” This article offers a model of creativity based on five Creative Habits of Mind (CHoM) and trialed with teachers in England by the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at the University of Winchester. It explores the defini...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A literature review of creativity - concepts and practices - and their visibility or otherwise in international, European and national frameworks. The publication is a technical report from the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission's science and knowledge service. It aims to provide evidence-based scientific support to the European p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This review forms the initial foundation for a piece of work commissioned by the Mercers’ Company designed to help school leaders in secondary schools in England make creativity central to their students’ lives. Across the world the importance of creativity is increasingly acknowledged in education systems. But though leadership in schools is well-...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Drawing on the literature exploring the assessment of creative thinking and promising practices in Western Australia and beyond, Bill Lucas, co-chair of the 2022 PISA Creative Thinking Test, offers step-by-step guidance for teachers keen to track the progression of student creativity in schools.
Article
Full-text available
2022 special Open Dialogue edition of The Psychology of Education Review selected the work of Professor Bill Lucas and colleagues at Rethinking Assessment. The paper argues that ‘assessment is not working’ and that we need to ‘rethink assessment in schools.’ It argues further that we need to move towards a strengths-based education that is able to...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This review of literature was commissioned by Skills Development Scotland (SDS) to help deepen its understanding of meta-skills with a particular interest in work-based learning. The review pays particular attention to best practices in the science of learning and how this could be applied to apprenticeships in Scotland, to the role of the individu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Despite growing recognition of its contribution to the development of key dispositions for learning such as problem-solving, practical learning still tends to be seen as the poor relative of academic learning. This report, commissioned by the Royal Academy of Engineering, seeks to reimagine practical learning. It reaches beyond unhelpful binary ste...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how primary teachers might be prepared through their pre-service training to feel more confident to include engineering in their teaching. Prompted by concerns about young people's lack of interest in STEM subjects and careers, engineering is gradually gaining visibility in the primary curriculum in several forms, particularly t...
Article
Full-text available
Across the world assessment is not working. We are not evidencing the kinds of dispositions and capabilities society increasingly wants. Educational jurisdictions are placing too much reliance on high-stakes, standardised testing. They are testing the wrong things in the wrong ways. High-stakes assessment is having a damaging impact on the health a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Article
Implementation of quality improvement (QI) approaches in healthcare is widespread, yet healthcare services are still not reliably safe. Many QI approaches aim to change human behaviour to improve patient care, yet communication, a key component of change, does not feature prominently in QI theory and practice. We elaborate here on potential reasons...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Creativity is now central to discussions about the key competences and core life skills needed today. Employers and educationalists alike share a view that it is relevant in all subjects of the curriculum and in all aspects of life. Attempts have been made to teach and assess creativity mainly in compulsory school but also in higher, vocational, an...
Article
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The metaphors we use about schools tell us much about our views of what their purpose is. Tabula rasa. Empty vessel. A key to unlock possibilities. A prison. A voyage of discovery. A garden. A factory. Where curriculum is 'delivered'. Where curiosity is cultivated. And so on. In this article the author reflects on the ways in which decisions abou...
Chapter
This chapter suggests how habits of mind for technology might be conceived and developed to offer technology teachers an alternative lens through which to explore their pedagogy. Habits of mind are ways of thinking or behaving intelligently when meeting new learning challenges. They include dispositions linked to academic success such as perseveran...
Book
Full-text available
Young people need more than subject knowledge in order to thrive – they need capabilities. The Pedagogy for a Changing World series details which capabilities matter and how schools can develop them. A key capability is zest, the curiosity and desire to experience new things. Zest for Learning offers a powerful new synthesis of thinking about what...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Digital Creativity is a new, dynamic, inter-disciplinary and rapidly growing field. While there is a growing clarity as to what creativity is the meaning of digital expands on a daily basis. Unsurprisingly digital creativity can mean many things to different in business, the third sector, in education and in informal learning. This scoping paper wa...
Article
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Globally there is a growing interest in character education in schools but to date there is little consensus about what it is, how best it is embedded in the life of a school and the mechanisms by which effective programmes operate. In this initial review of evidence Bill Lucas explores some of the more widely used frameworks and explores associate...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Durham Commission, a collaboration between Arts Council England and Durham University, undertook extensive research to develop a definition of creativity, offer a vision for how this vision could be implemented in all schools in England and suggest specific policy and practice recommendations to ensure that the vision becomes reality.
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is no single authoritative definition of Christian leadership in schools. This initial scan of the literature for the Church of England Foundation for Educational Leadership seeks to describe an emerging field as it is researched and practised in England. It explores current thinking about Christian leadership in schools, considers what is kn...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is no single authoritative definition of Christian leadership in schools. This initial scan of the literature for the Church of England Foundation for Educational Leadership seeks to describe an emerging field as it is researched and practised in England. It explores current thinking about Christian leadership in schools, considers what is kn...
Article
Full-text available
It is 20 years since the National Advisory Committee on Creative and Cultural Education (NACCCE) published its seminal work on the role of creativity in schools. Much has changed. Employers see the value of creativity. More than 70 countries across the world have it specified in their National Curricula. The Programme for International Student Asse...
Article
Full-text available
It's time to be more precise about which dispositions for learning are eternally important, which have particular resonance in today's fast moving times and why. 21st century skills can otherwise seem an evangelical un-evidenced cri de Coeur putting off good teachers from an important are of pedagogical dicussion
Article
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As the twenty-first century runs it course it is increasingly unhelpful to talk of twenty-first century skills as if we either do not yet know what they are or somehow assume that they will remain the same for the next eight decades. The conversation needs to shift away from a rallying cry towards the detailed pedagogical design work needed by teac...
Article
Full-text available
Across the world education ministries are acknowledging the importance of critical and creative thinking. The State of Victoria in Australia has led the world in thinking about how best critical and creative thinking can be taught and how assessed. This initial review of evidence looks at the relationship between implementing those aspects of cri...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report explores the potential for supporting university students training to become primary teachers in computing, design and technology (D&T) and science to develop a better understanding of how engineers think using an engineering habits of mind framework. Its hypothesis is that if student teachers understood more about the ways in which eng...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As we increasingly see healthcare as a coproduced service, so it is helpful to reappraise the role of pedagogy in helping patients and healthcare professionals to learn new ways of working together. This paper offers an initial theoretical overview of the learning processes and suggests three signature pedagogies which may be of use in reframing th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Since the Melbourne Declaration of 2008, Australia has been developing a curriculum in which capabilities have a valued place alongside knowledge and skills. This report examines research from across the world, provides an overview of promising practices in Australia and concludes with en eight step plan for effectively embedding capabilities in Au...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Despite the field of school leadership being well researched, it is hard to say what kinds of personal and professional attributes make for successful engineering education leaders in schools and what it is that successful leaders at all levels of schools do differently to facilitate it. This report describes a mixed-methods study to seek to addre...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Are young people who believe that they are creative more likely to do good in the world? Using the concept of creative self-efficacy this review explores potential connections between creativity and meaningful social action. The review finds five potentially interesting connections which merit further investigation: 1. heightened imaginative awa...
Article
Full-text available
Tenacity is an increasingly valued capability in young people. This article offers a new definition of the concept, the evidence for why it matters and some suggestions for what teachers might do to embed it in all aspects of school.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ever since schools were invented there have been debates about the degree to which the role of education is to be the supply side of the skills that employers want or something else. In the past few decades we have become much clearer about which skills are most important for employability and, excitingly, they bear a remarkable resemblance to what...
Conference Paper
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This paper explores school leadership strategies which encourage teachers to collaborate with employers in delivering the curriculum and providing real-world learning experiences. Building on earlier studies into engineering habits of mind we identified how school leaders create an educational culture and learning opportunities that cultivate child...
Article
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Creativity and creative thinking are attracting growing interest from economists, politicians, employers and educationalists. This article offers an overview of thinking over the last 70 years. It explores the five dimensional model of creative thinking developed by the Centre for Real-World Learning and reflects on recent decisions by OECD-PISA to...
Book
Full-text available
Young people need more than just subject knowledge in order to thrive - they also need capabilities. A key capability is tenacity. In this ground-breaking book the authors draw on a wide body of research into concepts such as grit, growth mindset, craftsmanship and deliberate practice to develop a robust and inclusive model of tenacity. Available...
Book
Full-text available
Young people need more than subject knowledge to thrive - they need capabilities. A key capability is 'creative thinking' which is to be the focus of a new 2021 PISA test, based on the authors' research at the University of Winchester's Centre for Real-World Learning. Teaching Creative Thinking is a powerful call to action and a practical handbook...
Article
Full-text available
Rather than just address STEM teaching as discrete subjects, primary and secondary schools would do well embed it within an engineering curriculum focused on the problem-solving orientations of engineers, suggests Bill Lucas. With colleagues at the universities of Winchester and Manchester, the results of a two-year research project were published...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Over the last two decades there has been growing interest in independent-state school partnerships (ISSPs). The term is currently used to refer to arrangements between two or more schools which include at least one independent and one state school. In this review of literature and snap-shot of current practices we look at the state of the evidence....
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report identifies four principles that underpin the kinds of teaching - signature pedagogies - which are most likely to encourage young people to develop a passion for engineering in today's schools and colleges. It shows that teachers find it helpful to reframe engineering as a set of habits of mind, can apply the concept of signature pedagog...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This summary report identifies four principles that underpin the kinds of teaching - signature pedagogies - which are most likely to encourage young people to develop a passion for engineering in today's schools and colleges. It shows that teachers find it helpful to reframe engineering as a set of habits of mind, can apply the concept of signature...
Article
Full-text available
While there is no simple recipe for success in life, we are learning more about the capabilities which help children become more powerful learners and achieve more in conventional examinations
Article
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If we really want children to develop learning capabilities which will stand them in good stead throughout their lives, adults need to think carefully how they give feedback.
Chapter
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The UK government is set on increasing the number of apprenticeships to 3 million by 2020. Bill Lucas argues that, unless there is a real attention to the use of high-quality pedagogy, such targets will be symbolic only resulting in poor quality apprenticeship experiences.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An education system that cultivates a sufficient number of employable engineers seems to be hard to achieve. However, it has been demonstrated that education that focuses on developing habits of mind, such as perseverance and curiosity, has great potential for enhancing an individual's success in the labour market in the longer term. Therefore it i...
Chapter
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One of a number of chapters reconceptualising Further Education and Skills
Technical Report
Full-text available
With a resurgence of interest in apprenticeship, this practical guide redefines craftsmanship for the twenty-first century and reminds educators, employers and politicians that craftsmanship in a broad and contemporary sense is part of what we are able to export across the world. Craftsmanship, in the words of Jason Holt from Holts Academy of Jewel...
Article
Full-text available
In order to attract more young people into engineering and ensure that they are well equipped to meet future professional challenges we need to know how successful engineers think and act when faced with challenging problems. Using a mixed methods approach this study investigated the habits of mind that engineers use most frequently when engaged in...
Article
Full-text available
Each year the Education Group of the British Psychological Society initiates an open review of a text which its members have found to be of significance. In 2016 they selected 'Educating Ruby: what our children really need to learn'. A distinguished group of academics contributed articles - Patricia Broadfoot, Janet Clinton, Teresa Cremin, Noel Ent...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is growing evidence that character, as well as examination results, has a significant role in shaping life chances. Specifically a cluster of habits of mind - self-belief, self-control, perseverance, resilience, curiosity, empathy, creativity and craftsmanship are critically important. Similarly, transferable skills such as communication, tim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is growing evidence that character, as well as examination results, has a significant role in shaping life chances. Specifically a cluster of habits of mind - self-belief, self-control, perseverance, resilience, curiosity, empathy, creativity and craftsmanship are critically important. Similarly, transferable skills such as communication, tim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is growing evidence that character, as well as examination results, has a significant role in shaping life chances. Specifically a cluster of habits of mind - self-belief, self-control, perseverance, resilience, curiosity, empathy, creativity and craftsmanship are critically important. Similarly, transferable skills such as communication, tim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
There is growing evidence that character, as well as examination results, has a significant role in shaping life chances. Specifically a cluster of habits of mind - self-belief, self-control, perseverance, resilience, curiosity, empathy, creativity and craftsmanship are critically important. Similarly, transferable skills such as communication, tim...
Article
Full-text available
Improving healthcare services can all too often become synonymous with the tools of Quality Improvement. Such tools assume that possession of knowledge and skill is likely to improvement. But they miss out a vital ingredient - habit. If the quality of health and social care is to be made better and more reliable then understanding which habits are...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid evidence scan for the Dusseldorp Forum in Sydney, Australia. 1. The field of creativity is internationally well-developed and, over the last fifty years, there has been a growing understanding of creative learning in schools. 2. Creativity and hence creative learning are very broad concepts. Nevertheless creative learning can be defined in...
Article
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At a time of heightened interest in education and training for improvement in healthcare this thought paper offers a way of framing the development of curricula as desirable habits or attributes rather than solely focusing on knowledge and skills.
Article
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Too many teachers see parents as obstacles but pupils learn best when home and school work best together
Conference Paper
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More ambitious outcomes for TVET and a better understanding of signature pedagogies can contribute to rethinking of vocational learning
Book
Everyone knows schools need rethinking, but few speak from the perspectives of children, families and teachers. Drawing on a range of research from the learning sciences, Educating Ruby shows how you can cultivate confidence, curiosity, collaboration, communication, creativity, commitment and craftsmanship in children at the same time as helping th...
Technical Report
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It is a myth that clever people do not get their hands dirty. The paper explores aspects of effective vocational pedagogy in the context of Scotland's Curriculum for Excellence.
Technical Report
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An overview of the history and pedagogy of apprenticeship
Conference Paper
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If we want to ensure that young engineers are ready to meet the challenges of the future and can operate in a global environment, we need to know how successful engineers think and act when faced with challenging problems. Once we have identified these distinctive engineering ‘habits of mind’ (EHoM) we can then suggest how the education and trainin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Researchers at the University of Winchester's Centre for Real World Learning, who prepared the report, 'Thinking like an engineer - implications for the education system', interviewed a wide variety of engineering educators and practising engineers to identify six 'engineering habits of mind' that generate very specific ways of thinking and approac...
Presentation
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Presidential Invitational Address
Article
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Creativity is widely accepted as being an important outcome of schooling. Yet there are many different views about what it is, how best it can be cultivated in young people and whether or how it should be assessed. And in many national curricula creativity is only implicitly acknowledged and seldom precisely defined. This paper offers a five dimens...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Professor Bill Lucas is director of the Centre for Real-World Learning at the University of Winchester and a former school leader. Bill advises organisations across the world including ACER, GEMS Education, City & Guilds and the Health Foundation. As founding CEO of the Campaign for Learning, he helped to create Family Learning Week and set up the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Implications for leaders in creating the culture in which outstanding teaching and learning can occur in colleges
Article
Full-text available
Creativity is widely accepted as being an important outcome of schooling. Yet there are many different views about what it is, how best it can be cultivated in young people and whether or how it should be assessed. And in many national curricula creativity is only implicitly acknowledged and seldom precisely defined. This paper offers a five dimens...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Technical Report
Full-text available
In Spring 2011, Creativity, Culture and Education (CCE) commissioned the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) at The University of Winchester to undertake research to establish the viability of creating an assessment framework for tracking the development of young people's creativity in schools. The research and subsequent development work with tea...
Technical Report
Full-text available
These reports have been commissioned to introduce readers to the main principles, theories, research and debates in the field. They aim to introduce the major themes and writing pertaining to each area of study and to outline key trends and arguments. About the authors Ellen Spencer is senior researcher at the Centre for Real-World Learning (CRL) a...