Biljana Macura

Biljana Macura
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) · HQ

PhD

About

53
Publications
40,954
Reads
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1,374
Citations
Introduction
Senior Research Fellow at Stockholm Environment Institute, conducting systematic reviews and maps, work on improvement of systematic review methods and provide training in this field. Co-designed RepOrting standards for Systematic Evidence Syntheses in environmental research (see roses-reporting.com).
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - November 2015
Padova University (Italy) and Bangor University (UK)
Position
  • FONASO PhD Student

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Review articles can provide valuable summaries of the ever-increasing volume of primary research in conservation biology. Where findings may influence important resource-allocation decisions in policy or practice, there is a need for a high degree of reliability when reviewing evidence. However, traditional literature reviews are susceptible to a n...
Article
Full-text available
Reliable synthesis of the various rapidly expanding bodies of evidence is vital for the process of evidence-informed decision-making in environmental policy, practice and research. With the rise of evidence-base medicine and increasing numbers of published systematic reviews, criteria for assessing the quality of reporting have been developed. Firs...
Article
Full-text available
Literature reviews can help to inform decision-making, yet they may be subject to fatal bias if not conducted rigorously as ‘systematic reviews’. Reporting standards help authors to provide sucient methodological detail to allow verification and replication, clarifying when key steps, such as critical appraisal, have been omitted.
Article
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Qualitative research related to the human dimensions of conservation and environment is growing in quantity. Rigorous syntheses of such studies can help develop understanding and inform decision-making. They can combine findings from studies in varied or similar contexts to address questions relating to, for example, the lived experience of those a...
Article
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Traditional approaches to reviewing literature may be susceptible to bias and result in incorrect decisions. This is of particular concern when reviews address policy- and practice-relevant questions. Systematic reviews have been introduced as a more rigorous approach to synthesizing evidence across studies; they rely on a suite of evidence-based m...
Article
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Background The global food system is causing considerable environmental harm. A transition towards more sustainable consumption is needed. Targeted public policy interventions are crucial for stimulating such transition. While there is extensive research about the promotion of more environmentally sustainable food consumption, this knowledge is sca...
Article
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Background Research and development on the recovery and reuse of nutrients found in human excreta and domestic wastewater has intensified over the past years, continuously producing new knowledge and technologies. However, research impact and knowledge transfer are limited. In particular, uptake and upscaling of new and innovative solutions in prac...
Technical Report
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International climate finance plays a key role in enabling the implementation of adaptation measures. However, while there is a common metric for gauging the effectiveness of finance for mitigation – greenhouse gas emission reduction per unit of funding – no corresponding metric exists for adaptation. Instead, assessments of what works best in adap...
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Background A regular supply of nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus to agriculture is needed for global food security, and increased recycling of nutrients back to agriculture from organic waste streams is necessary for increased rural–urban sustainability. Anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge and agricultural wastes is widely applied to stabi...
Article
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This paper summarizes key findings from a series of systematic reviews and comprehensive efforts to collate evidence and expert opinions on circular solutions for recovery and reuse of nutrients and carbon from different waste streams in the agriculture and wastewater sectors. We identify established and emerging approaches for transformation towar...
Article
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Background Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, and many other water bodies, is partly the result of point-source emissions of nutrients and carbon from wastewater. At the same time, nitrogen and phosphorus planetary boundaries have been breached. There is a need for more efficient resource management, including the recovery and reuse of nutrients and...
Article
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Around two-thirds of global GHG emissions are directly and indirectly linked to household consumption, with a global average of about 6 tCO2eq/cap. The average per capita carbon footprint of North America and Europe amount to 13.4 and 7.5 tCO2eq/cap, respectively, while that of Africa and the Middle East to 1.7 tCO2eq/cap on average. Changes in con...
Article
Evidence-informed decision-making aims to deliver effective actions informed by the best available evidence. Given the large quantity of primary literature, and time constraints faced by policy-makers and practitioners, well-conducted evidence reviews can provide a valuable resource to support decision-making. However, previous research suggests th...
Article
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Cambridge Core - Ecology and Conservation - Conservation Research, Policy and Practice - edited by William J. Sutherland
Chapter
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Conservation Research, Policy and Practice - edited by William J. Sutherland April 2020
Article
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Phosphorus (P) is one of the essential elements needed for global food security. However, the phosphate life cycle is currently predominantly linear, from P-rock mining to fertiliser production, agriculture, and food consumption, with the P excess ending up in soil and runoff. Eutrophication coupled with limited global commercial phosphorus reserve...
Article
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Background: Pollution of the Baltic Sea continues to be a problem. Major terrestrial sources of nutrient emissions to the Baltic Sea are agriculture and wastewater, both major causes of eutrophication. Wastewater contains nutrients and organic matter that could constitute valuable products such as agricultural fertilizers and source of energy. With...
Article
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Background Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is a vital step in limiting climate change and meeting the goals outlined in the COP 21 Paris Agreement of 2015. Studies have suggested that agriculture accounts for around 11% of total greenhouse gas emissions and the industry has a significant role in meeting international and national climate change r...
Article
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Background Agriculture is the main sector responsible for nutrient emissions in the Baltic Sea Region and there is a growing pressure to identify cost-effective solutions towards reducing nitrogen and phosphorus loads originating from farming activities. Recycling resources from agricultural waste is central to the idea of a circular economy, and h...
Article
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Background: The regular addition of plant-available nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, either as manufactured fertilisers or animal manure, to agricultural soils is needed for global food security. Increased recycling of nutrients back to agriculture from organic waste streams is necessary for increased rural-urban sustainability. Anaero-bi...
Conference Paper
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Local resource users can affect the implementation of conservation measures positively or negatively therefore being a powerful conservation factor. Present local folk beliefs, religion and mythology contribute vastly to the formation of attitudes and opinions of the locals towards nature and wildlife.For the purpose of this research, the methodolo...
Article
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Background Since the 1960s, environmental impact assessments (EIAs) and recently, social impact assessments (SIAs), have been conducted during the planning stages of large development projects to identify potential adverse effects and propose mitigation measures to ameliorate these impacts. EIAs and SIAs should outline all possible positive and ne...
Article
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Background: Shallow nearshore marine ecosystems are changing at an increasing rate due to a range of human activities such as urbanisation and commercial development. As a result, an increasing number of structural modifications occur in coastal nursery and spawning habitats of fish. Concomitant to this increase, there have been declines in many co...
Article
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Background: Mining activities, including prospecting, exploration, construction, operation, maintenance, expansion, abandonment, decommissioning and repurposing of a mine can impact social and environmental systems in a range of positive and negative, and direct and indirect ways. Mining can yield a range of benefits to societies, but it may also c...
Technical Report
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Wetlands areas have often been thought of as wastelands – areas believed to be largely useless, even hazardous, due to their waterlogged or water-covered condition through significant periods of the year. This widespread misunderstanding led to wetlands often being drained, landfilled, even paved over, depriving both people and nature of wetlands’...
Article
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Background: The degradation of the water quality of the Baltic Sea is an ongoing problem, despite investments in measures to reduce external inputs of pollutants and nutrients from both diffuse and point sources. Excessive inputs of nutrients coming from the surrounding land are among the primary causes of the Baltic Sea eutrophication. Diffuse sou...
Article
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Background: Livestock grazing and 'overabundance' of large wild herbivores in forested areas have long been perceived as conflicting with the aims of both silviculture and forest conservation; however, certain kinds of herbivory can help to maintain habitat values in forest ecosystems. Management of mammalian herbivory in protected forests can, the...
Article
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Although examples of successful applications of behavioral ecology research to policy and management exist, knowledge generated from such research is in many cases under-utilized by managers and policy makers. On their own, empirical studies and traditional reviews do not offer the robust syntheses that managers and policy makers require to make ev...
Article
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Sharp et al. [1] raise a number of concerns about the development and communication of ROSES (RepOrting standards for Systematic Evidence Syntheses), and we welcome the opportunity to explain some of the underlying thinking behind development of the reporting standards for environmental evidence syntheses.
Article
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Learning is considered as a promising mechanism to cope with rapid environmental change. The implications of learning for natural resource management (NRM) have not been explored in-depth and the evidence on the topic is scattered across multiple sources. We provide a qualitative review of types of learning outcomes and consider their manifestation...
Article
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Systematic reviews and systematic maps, regarded as a gold standard for syntheses of documented research evidence, are increasingly used to inform decisions in environmental management. To increase their relevance and uptake, systematic reviews and maps can be planned with the help and engagement of stakeholders, i.e. organisations and individuals...
Article
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Researchers and policymakers emphasize that people’s involvement in forest management can secure their support of conservation initiatives. However, the evidence on the effectiveness of top-down participation is weak. This study uses cross-sectional household data from 16 villages in the buffer zone of Pench Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh) in India...
Article
Full-text available
Background Shallow nearshore marine ecosystems are changing at an increasing rate due to a range of human activities such as urbanisation and commercial development. The growing numbers of constructions and other physical and structural alterations of the shoreline often take place in nursery and spawning habitats of many fish and other aquatic spe...
Article
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Background Governance processes and structures that steer social-ecological systems and in situ forest conservation strategies such as protected areas (PAs) can be crucial for effective management and improvement of the conservation outcomes. Nevertheless, knowledge synthesis on how types of local governance and decision-making modes may influence...
Conference Paper
In tropical human-dominated forest landscapes, top-down exclusive approaches to forest and biodiversity conservation frequently create local conflicts due to unequal distribution of power, rights and benefits. In India, the failure of restrictive policies has led governments to think of more inclusive approaches and to involve local people in conse...
Conference Paper
Given the rapid growth of the conservation and forest governance literature and a variety of research approaches, there is potential value in mapping (and synthesis) of the existing information across-cases and scales. Systematic mapping of the evidence is the method to collate and categorize the existing evidence base on a specific topic....
Chapter
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The global concern for biodiversity loss and degradation has called for concerted action in the form of international and continent-wide policies for biodiversity conservation. Yet, various discourses for conservation can be distinguished at the international level, giving basis and shaping different approaches to practical conservation at national...
Article
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Background: In context of protected areas (PAs), governance can be defined as a set of processes, procedures, resources, institutions and actors that determine how decisions are made and implemented. Current governance modes of forest PAs are multilevel and complex, with a variety of actors, different levels of power sharing, various formal and inf...
Article
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The success of long-term sustainable management of natural resources depends on local people’s support. Assessing local people’s attitudes, taking into account their needs, and respecting their opinions should become a management priority. In India, in the last 20 years, community needs and aspirations in forest management were handled through Join...
Article
Full-text available
In Serbia's eastern Carpathian region, Djerdap National Park is the country's largest. It is an important refugial habitat extremely rich in biodiversity and cultural heritage, but one with considerable social and economic problems that can be traced back to the construction of a dam and the largest hydropower plant system on the Danube River. In f...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
We are planning to conduct a systematic map on the impacts of agricultural soil and crop management on greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes. This will search for, collate and catalogue research relating to the impacts of farming in temperate systems (i.e. relevant to the UK) on GHG emissions, identifying evidence for agricultural practices that mitigate against climate change and those that contribute to it.
It is hoped that this will inform the design of reformed agricultural subsidies, enabling public money to be spent on activities that are the most beneficial in mitigating against climate change.
As we wish the systematic map to be as comprehensive as possible please get in touch if you have suggestions of organisational/departmental reports, PhD and MSc theses and other grey literature. that provide evidence on the impacts of agricultural soil and crop management on greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes.
Contact: Dr Alexandra Collins Alexandra.collins@imperial.ac.uk
Question
Do you know of any research on the impacts of structural changes of shallow nearshore areas to fish juveniles in temporal zones? By structural changes we mean small- and large-scale habitat changes caused by constructions such as ports, jetties, canals, nearshore wind farms, tidal energy facilities; (2) coastal protection structures, beach nourishment or any other shoreline modi cations; (3) underwater structures such as artificial reefs, cables and pipelines; (4) habitat changes caused by extraction, land reclamation, or habitat enhancement and restoration.
We are conducting systematic review on this topic and would appreciate help in getting grey literature. We are particularly interested in literature that is unpublished or not catalogued in the main academic databases - in English, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, German, Swedish or Spanish.
More info about the review here: http://www.eviem.se/en/projects/Fish-recruitment/. Thank you!

Network

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Projects

Projects (14)
Project
We are conducting a mixed methods systematic review on how different characteristics of adaptation projects in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), and their adaptation finance, affect adaptation outcomes, in particular those related to risk and vulnerability to climate change impacts. This review will search for, collate and catalogue research relating to impact evaluations of finalised climate adaptation projects in SSA, funded by multilateral donors, the UK or Sweden. It is hoped that this will inform practitioners and researchers on the role of finance in this sector and provide advice, based on the results, on what works for adaptation finance.
Project
This project aims to bring together diverse actors along the food chain with actors in waste management to jointly explore opportunities and hindrances in relation to extensive nutrient recirculation from organic residuals to biomass production in Sweden.
Project
This project aims to search for, collate and catalogue research studies relating to the impacts of farming in temperate systems on greenhouse gas emissions.