Bilal W. S Shafei

Bilal W. S Shafei
An-Najah National University · Department of French

PhD

About

10
Publications
1,599
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Citations

Publications

Publications (10)
Chapter
The author shows the complexity of the mental images conveyed in the Middle East by the terms: citizen, citizenship and secularism; then their influence on the lives of Palestinians through 50 years of gradual change; and finally, the role of religion in these transmutations. Although Palestine is a secular state, the domination of Islam is strong,...
Chapter
Many linguistic ambiguities are first resulting from the abusive use of the terms citizenship, secularism, human rights and democracy. Furthermore, the different political, religious and intellectual classes try to put these concepts in the Arabic and Islamic contexts in order to serve their own interests. This chapter also provides some terms that...
Conference Paper
Obviously, it is not useful to accumulate large amounts of information if we cannot find a particular piece of information. Also, extracting relevant and targeted information from textual data on large digital media, and if they are heterogeneous and multilingual, is certainly not a new problem. However, the current methods prove to be expensive an...
Article
Fragmented Citizenship The main aim is to show both the complexity of the mental images of the different terms (citizen, citizenship, and secularism) used in the Middle-East and their implication on the Palestinian life. Then, we demonstrate the progressive changes in the perception of these terms during the last 50 years and the influence of relig...
Conference Paper
Analyses des ambigüités graphiques engendrées par des données écrites en français pour les systèmes d’interrogation ou d’orientation géographiques Le traitement informatique des signes diacritique au niveau graphique peut se faire en réalisant un dictionnaire électronique complet ou en trouvant des règles ou conditions simples qui gèrent l'utilisa...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This study attempts to put in evidence the difference of conception (Conceptual Image) between the Muslim world and the occidental civilization concerning the expression "Crusade". The good meaning resulting from the use of this term in most of the European languages could not be understood or accepted by the Muslim community. The images...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is concerned with the computational treatment of the French diacritics. The object is to provide a formal linguistics analysis capable of explaining the behaviour of the French diacritics (the acute, grave, and circumflex accents) in order to implement a computer program to process the diacritics automatically (as a result of the format a...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to try to investigate the problem of deviation in non-standard data generated by inquiry into Arabic language, using research engines or some Natural Language Processing programs (NLP) applied to Arabic. The deviation could be corrected by using expert systems and some neural networking. It will try to analyze these issues...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Construre un model d'analyse et de mesure pour calculer la divergence entre une traduction automatique et la traduction d'expert.