Bibiana Angélica Duarte Abadía

Bibiana Angélica Duarte Abadía
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Enviromental Science - Water Management group

Doctor of Political Ecology of Water
Postdoc researcher River Commons and Riverhoods projects

About

30
Publications
32,161
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352
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - September 2019
Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation
Position
  • PhD Student
July 2011 - present
Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Orientación en la toma de decisiones para la gestión de los páramos.
Education
September 2008 - September 2010
Wageningen University & Research
Field of study
  • International land and water management

Publications

Publications (30)
Book
Full-text available
En la historia moderna, la construcción de grandes obras hidráulicas y sus respectivas políticas de ordenamiento territorial generalmente han proyectado inspiraciones utópicas para rescatar a la sociedad de su caos estructural. A menudo, evocan mundos imaginados caracterizados por encaminar a la sociedad hacia un futuro mejor desde la imposición de...
Article
Full-text available
The Magdalena River, Colombia’s main river backbone, features multiple tensions and socio-environmental conflicts. They manifest themselves in the river’s ecological degradation and negatively impact the riparian communities and artisanal fishermen, whose productive activities and rights of access to water are restricted. For these communities, the...
Article
Full-text available
Colombia’s Santurbán páramo wetlands are vital water supply sources for highland communities’ livelihoods and downstream cities such as Bucaramanga. Nevertheless, they face strong degeneration because of large-scale mining extraction. Seeking to harmonize divergent interests between conservation policies, domestic water supply and mining–energy dev...
Article
Full-text available
Colombia’s Santurbán páramo wetlands are vital water supply sources for highland communities’ livelihoods and downstream cities such as Bucaramanga. Nevertheless, they face strong degeneration because of large-scale mining extraction. Seeking to harmonize divergent interests between conservation policies, domestic water supply and mining–energy dev...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the social resistance against large dams as environmental justice movements in four case studies - the Sardar Sarovar Project from India, the Hidrosogamoso from Colombia, the ‘new water culture’ movement in Spain, and the Lesotho Highlands Project from Lesotho - with diverse social, political and environmental contexts. We discuss three...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the socio-territorial conflict prompted by Los Merinos: a residential–tourism project constructed in an ecological reserve that is vital to Andalusian livelihoods. It examines disputes concerning discourses, authorities and rules in order to understand the struggle over land and water. Using the echelons of rights analysis (ERA)...
Article
Full-text available
With increasing water consumption and pollution in cities and expanding urban areas, impacts on rural areas as water extraction and waste disposal zones are intensifying. To unravel these hydro-territorial dynamics, this paper studies the intersecting and overlapping Foucauldian ‘arts of government’ (‘governmentalities’) deployed to convey water fr...
Chapter
Full-text available
LOS PÁRAMOS Y LA ALTA MONTAÑA SON RECONOCIDOS PRINCIPALMENTE POR SU SINGULARIDAD BIOLÓGICA Y POR SU PAPEL EN LA PROVISIÓN DE AGUA. ESTA VALORACIÓN HA REDUNDADO EN LA PROMULGACIÓN DE NORMAS QUE EXCLUYEN ACTIVIDADES MINERAS Y RESTRINGEN ACTIVIDADES AGROPECUARIAS, LO CUAL A SU VEZ HA GENERADO TENSIONES CON COMUNIDADES QUE HABITAN ESTOS ECOSISTEMAS.
Article
Full-text available
Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) is not only a prominent, globally promoted policy to foster nature conservation, but also increasingly propagated as an innovative and self-sustaining governance instrument to support poverty alleviation and to guarantee water, food, and energy securities. In this paper, we evaluate a PES scheme from a multi-sca...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how, historically, the utopian thinking built into Spain’s water policies has legitimized profound transformations of the Guadalhorce Valley’s hydro-social territory (in Málaga), also justifying water transfers from rural to urban areas. It analyzes how the ‘regenerationist hydraulic utopia’ has been materialized through differe...
Article
Full-text available
Just as in other parts of Spain, the Guadalhorce Valley, Málaga, has a long history of policies based on ‘hydraulic utopianism’ (regenerationist and Franco-ist), bent on ‘reorganizing’ political, geographic, and human nature. Residents of the neighboring sub-basin, the Río Grande valley, have seen how these policies, designed to transfer rural wate...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we analyze the water knowledge struggles and challenges that the Rio Grande sub-basin’s social movement has faced when encountering the different modernistic projects that seek to transfer rural water to Malaga city. The first relates to a large dam construction, the second to the modernization of traditional irrigation systems. We...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction A vast and growing body of scholarly studies has shown how large-scale hydraulic and hydro-managerial projects, such as large dam and irrigation developments or market-environmentalist ecosystem payment schemes, have diverse socio-cultural and political-economic implications beyond merely altering water flows and raising socio-economic...
Book
Full-text available
La gobernanza del agua, en la actualidad, presenta notables retos en términos de equidad, justicia y sustentabilidad. Para poder abordar estos temas consideramos necesario entender los discursos, políticas y relaciones de poder que dan forma a los procesos de toma de decisiones e intervención, al manejo de la información y conocimientos y, por ende...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the divergent modes of conceptualizing, valuing and representing the páramo highlands of Santurban, Colombia, as a struggle over hydrosocial territory. Páramo residents, multinational companies, government and scientists deploy territorial representations and valuation languages that interact and conflict with each other. Government poli...
Article
Full-text available
Mega-hydraulic projects tend to produce severe social and environmental impacts, with burdens and benefits unevenly distributed among different social groups, regions, and scales. This triggers socioenvironmental conflicts, since “territory” has incommensurable functions and values for the diverse parties. This article examines the dominant human-n...
Book
Full-text available
Esta publicación es el resultado de un trabajo conjunto entre comunidades e investigadores. Su contenido responde a las memorias de talleres, recorridos, levantamientos de vegetación y conversaciones permanentes con los campesinos y campesinas de los páramos de Guerrero y Rabanal, durante los años 2012 y 2014. Para el caso del páramo de Guerrero se...
Book
Full-text available
The Justicia Hídrica / Water Justice alliance has launched a new book: Agua y Ecología Política, edited by Cristina Yacoub, Bibiana Duarte and Rutgerd Boelens. In the book, Water Justice researchers from Latin American countries, using a political ecology approach, examine cases of water dispossession and the impacts on vulnerable populations and s...
Book
Full-text available
Los conflictos socioambientales (ecológico–distributivos) que vive Colombia son antiguos y en los últimos años y meses se viene generalizando en el país la conciencia ante sus reales dimensiones. En esa claridad interviene de manera notoria la creciente ola de resistencias al modelo extractivo, de pueblos y de actores sociales diversos que hacen vi...
Article
Full-text available
En los páramos hoy se expresan gran parte de los conflictos sociales y ambientales originados por la expansión minera, lo que evidencia múltiples dilemas de valoración y encuentro de intereses que están asociados a los diversos contextos culturales, ambientales, históricos, sociales y económicos. Para comunidades alejadas de estos espacios – socied...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the threats to Indigenous water rights and territories in the Andean countries. It analyzes how water and water rights are embedded in Indigenous territories, and how powerful actors and intervention projects tend to undermine local societies and indigenous livelihoods by developing large-scale water infrastructure. Three cases...
Book
Full-text available
La construcción de mega-represas es impulsado por una minoría social que se empeña en sostener su dominio global a partir de nuevas fuentes de acumulación que suponen la apropiación de los bienes comunes. De hecho, cada mega-represa significa adentrarse en un territorio, transformar el paisaje, alterar los ciclos naturales, tomar control sobre las...
Thesis
Full-text available
Historical Dynamics of Water Rights in the Cauca Valley. Consequences of the IMT process in the RUT irrigation district, Colombia. This research takes place in the Irrigation District called RUT (its name alludes to the municipalities of Roldanillo, la Union y Toro), in the Cauca Valley, a province in southwestern Colombia. Since the 1990s, this a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El comercio justo, ético y solidario constituye una de las pocas alternativas que poseen los pequeños productores rurales de los países en desarrollo para colocar el producto de su trabajo en el mercado internacional. Pese a que el porcentaje de productos comerciados mediante el comercio justo no alcanza el 1% del comercio mundial, éste puede repre...
Thesis
Full-text available
Se parte del supuesto según el cual el sistema de ciénagas localizado en la parte baja de la cuenca del río Sinú presenta una tendencia a desaparecer. Con el propósito de profundizar en este aspecto, se realizo un análisis sobre un conjunto de variables para determinar si la capacidad de almacenamiento en el complejo cenagoso de la Cienaga Grande d...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Water distribution and governance conflicts in contexts of mining and extractive industries
Project
The coloniality of power has produced specific modes of knowing and producing knowledge over management of the socio-nature world. As a result, other world views are being relegated to the domains of backwardness, non-knowledge and superstition. The history of the Andalucía region in Spain and the middle basin of the river Magdalena, Colombia show how paradigms of modernity/rationality, represented in hydro-social imaginaries- have triggered the transformation of these territories through the implementation of modern mega hydraulic infrastructure and the deconstruction of traditional local water management. Often, utopian-like hydro-social imaginaries are created under and legitimized by crisis situations and pursue an ideal societal situation, to be realized through a ‘pure’, unspoiled new sociotechnical and political-ecological order excluding anomalies. In this way, modernist notions of progress, desires of purity, violent exclusions and repressions, and commensurability of valuation languages are arranged so as to materialize these hydro-social imaginaries. As a result, an often mono-disciplinary, economist and engineering-dominated approach encourages water control practices at the local level and reinforces the power expansion of the state and transnational companies. The socio-enviromental impacts of these changes are unevenly distributed among different social groups and define process of exclusion, accumulation and dispossession regarding water access and control. This research is based on a political ecology approach and focuses on understanding the reconfigurations of hydro-social territories in the Guadalhorce basin, Málaga Province, Spain and in the Sogamoso and Lebrija river basin, Santander Department, Colombia. In a comparative study of these transformation process I will trace back the historical thought regarding the hydro-social imaginaries that have influenced water governance discourses and the construction of hydraulic infrastructure and territorial conservation policies during nineteenth, twentieth and current century. Likewise, this research will explore the ways in which people strategize to shape alternative political ecologies, rebuilding socio-ecological identities and culturalecological differences by means of breaking normalization circles, liberating knowledge production from neo-colonial, utopian-modernist schemes, and escaping from governmentality processes.