Bhupinder Singh

Bhupinder Singh
Indian Agricultural Research Institute | IARI · Centre for Environment Science and Climate Resilient Agriculture CESCRA

Ph.D
Heavy metal & nutrio-physiology, Radioisotopes and radiation application in agriculture and air pollution research

About

194
Publications
74,701
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,686
Citations
Citations since 2017
98 Research Items
2514 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Introduction
radioisotope and radiation applications, mineral nutrition of crops, air pollution monitoring and impact on crops
Additional affiliations
March 2000 - June 2001
University of Hohenheim
Position
  • boyscast fellow
Description
  • Institute for plant mineral nutrition
January 1991 - present
Indian Agricultural Research Institute
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (194)
Book
The edited volume brings out a comprehensive collection of information relevant to wild food plants, their importance for global sustainable food security, future-readiness, and resilient agriculture. The book's primary focus is to cover topics on the diversity of wild food plants across the globe, their nutraceutical importance, production-consump...
Preprint
Iron (Fe) is an essential nutrient for plants that is indispensable for many physiological activities. Although few genotypes were identified with contrasting tolerance to Fe deficiency, the molecular insight into the distinct biochemical and transcriptional responses determining the trait is poorly known. This study aimed to identify the molecular...
Article
Full-text available
The adverse impact of climate change on crop yield has accelerated the need for identification of crop cultivars resistant to abiotic stress. In the present study, a cultivar assortment index (CAI) was generated for the evaluation of forty Amaranthus hypochondriacus cultivars response to elevated ozone (EO) concentrations (AO + 30 ppb) in Free Air...
Article
Investigations were made on the influence of γ-irradiation and chitosan coating applied singly or in conjunction on changes in physico-chemical attributes and storage life of healthy and granulated ‘Dancy’ tangerine. Degree of granulation, peel injury, physiological loss in weight, firmness, juice content, color attributes, ascorbic acid content, m...
Article
Full-text available
The inexorable process of climate change in terms of the rise in minimum (nighttime) temperature delineates its huge impact on crop plants. It can affect the yield and quality of various crops. We investigated the effect of high night temperature (HNT) (+2.3 °C over ambient) from booting to physiological maturity on the yield parameters, grain grow...
Article
Roots are the main economic part of Withania somnifera having high commercial value in the pharmaceutical industry. Since W. somnifera has the indeterminant type of growth habit, it exhibits a continuous berry formation which ultimately reduces the root yield. The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of altered source - sink relatio...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The present investigation was aimed to determine the effect of gamma radiation on genes encoding for tocopherol pathway and antioxidant enzymes in two contrasting soybean genotypes seedlings. Methodology: Seeds from two contrasting soybean genotypes (Bragg and DS-74) were exposed to two different doses of gamma irradiation (0.5 and 1.0 kGy), a...
Chapter
Wheat, being a staple food grain crop, is highly sensitive to terminal heat stress. The mechanism underlying heat stress tolerance in wheat has yet not been elucidated. Diverse signalling networks has been adopted by the plants in order to regulate their biological functions and protect the cells from the vageries of nature. Out of all the signalli...
Article
Full-text available
The male pupae of melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae were irradiated at 30 Gy of gamma radiation using Cobalt-60 source. Freshly emerged sterile males (30 Gy) were exposed to different regimes of methoprene and yeast hydrolysate (protein source). 10, 12 and 14 days old sterile males were exposed to different regimes of cue lure and yeast hydrolysate....
Article
Full-text available
Global Climate change has adversely affected the production and productivity of agriculturally important crops. Wheat, being staple food grain crop, is highly sensitive to terminal heat stress. The mechanism of heat stress tolerance has yet not been elucidated in wheat. The tolerance against heat stress has been reported to be quantitative trait co...
Article
Inhibition of carbohydrate digestion and modulation of glucose uptake are the major mechanisms of anti-hyperglycemic potential known to be played by phenolics; but the role of archaeologically relevant staple pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum; PM), is still much unknown. A combined approach using in vitro inhibitory data and in silico docking of PM...
Article
Full-text available
Worldwide, millets are regarded as a nutri-grain; however, they are the least exploited. Pearl millet grain is abundant in health-beneficial nutrients, making it suitable as food and feed; though poor in bioavailability of micronutrients like iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) due to abundance of anti-nutritional factors causing micronutrient deficiencies (MN...
Article
Agriculture is the backbone of the economic system of the country. Most countries have an economy that depends on agriculture—either in a small or a big way. From employment generation to contribute to National Income, agriculture is important. The green revolution was pivotal for the progress of agriculture in India and helped us attain self-susta...
Article
Full-text available
Terminal heat stress severely afects the growth of wheat crop causing drastic reduction in the yield and nutritional quality of the grains. Various technologies have been developed in the past to alleviate the efect of terminal heat stress (HS) in wheat, but with limited success. Silicon (Si), being quasi-essential element, has many benefcial advan...
Chapter
The relative presence of pollutants such as suspended particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10); gases such as NO2, SO2, CO2, CO, and CH4; volatile organic compounds; polyaromatic hydrocarbon; and heavy metals (Ni, Cd, As, Pb, etc.) determines the quality of air, which is not only a critical determinant of human health but also a key regulator of plant g...
Article
Full-text available
The major facilitator superfamily (MFS) is a large and diverse group of secondary transporters found across all kingdoms of life. Zinc-induced facilitator-like (ZIFL) transporters are the MFS family members that function as exporters driven by the antiporter-dependent processes. The presence of multiple ZIFL transporters was shown in various plant...
Article
Full-text available
Fe deficiency is a major challenge that limits agricultural productivity and is a serious human health concern worldwide. Under iron-limiting conditions soil microorganisms produce siderophores, that chelates Fe³⁺ (ferric) and make it available to the plants. Selection of efficient siderophore producing bacteria and establishing their role in enhan...
Article
Full-text available
Radiation doses up to 30 Gy had not much adverse effects on adult emergence, flying ability and deformation, while, exposure of pupae to 40 and 50 Gy, adult emergence (58.67 and 41.67%) and adult fliers (54.18 and 37.12%) significantly decreased. Deformation was also significantly high at 40 (10.67%) and 50 Gy (16.0%), compare to 5 Gy (2.67%) and 3...
Article
An increase in technological interventions and ruthless urbanization in the name of development has deteriorated our environment over time and caused the buildup of heavy metals (HMs) in the soil and water resources. These heavy metals are gaining increased access into our food chain through the plant and/or animal-based products, to adversely impa...
Article
Aim: Methodology: Results: Interpretation: To compare the relative performance of two contrasting genotypes of soybean to iron limiting conditions under ambient and elevated CO and 2 temperature conditions. A pot culture experiment was performed using calcareous vertisol soil. The environmental factors viz. CO and temperature were 2 combined and ap...
Article
Full-text available
Sugar beet is a salt‐tolerant crop that can be explored for crop production in degraded saline soils. Seeds of multigerm genotypes LKC‐2006 (susceptible) and LKC‐HB (tolerant) were grown in 150mM NaCl, from germination to 60 days after sowing, to decipher the mechanism of salinity tolerance at the vegetative stage. The biomass of the root and leaf...
Article
Plastics are one of the most indispensable item in our daily life and since it's invention in the 1900s, the global production and their usage have increased manifolds. Global production of plastic was 1.7 million tons in 1950 but have risen to 348 million tons in 2017. Plastics have many advantages and are widely accepted because of it's low cost,...
Chapter
Radionuclides have now become part and parcel of our lives, and there does not seem any escape from them. Radionuclides have shown immense application potential in various fields of science and medicine, and thus, their management acquires utmost priority. Radioisotopes also command natural existence in almost all the excavated mineral ores and fos...
Article
The genus Rosa is one of the most important genera of ornamental plants comprising of more than 120 species of which only eight were involved in the development of modern roses. Proper characterization and identification of the species require an accurate and reliable method that discriminates the different species. In the present study, 56 Simple...
Preprint
Full-text available
Terminal HS is one of the main bottle-neck in wheat yield and grain-quality. Here, we have developed wheat mutant (M 3 ) for HS-tolerance [parent-MP3054- C-306/CB.SPRING BW/CPAN2072 (Parentage)]. To elucidate the mechanism of thermotolerance in mutant, we performed de novo transcriptomic sequencing of mutant (M 3 ), parent (P 3 ), and mutant expose...
Article
Full-text available
Wheat, being sensitive to terminal heat, causes drastic reduction in grain quality and yield. MAPK cascade regulates the network of defense mechanism operated inside plant system. Here, we have identified 21 novel MAPKs through gel-based proteomics and RNA-seq data analysis. Based on digital gene expression, two transcripts (transcript_2834 and tra...
Article
Full-text available
Wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum, sp. Ciceris (FOC) is an important disease causing losses up to 10% in chickpea yield. Experiments were conducted growing chickpea in free air ozone and carbon dioxide enrichment rings under four treatments of elevated ozone (O3) (EO:60 ± 10 ppb), elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) (ECO2:550 ± 25 ppm), combination of el...
Article
Agriculture plays a very important role in influencing major economic sectors of the developing and the developed world and is regarded as one of the most crucial factors in the country’s development. Sustaining quality agriculture production is a necessity particularly of the under-developed, the developing and those countries which are inclined t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Agriculture is one of the sector which is directly affected by the changing scenarios of climate change. Different processes occurring such as drought, flood, temperature fluctuations are posing significant impact on the yield of different crops. Adoption of smart practices and technologies for climate resilient agriculture are suggested to adopt i...
Chapter
Radionuclides have now become part and parcel of our lives, and there does not seem any escape from them. Radionuclides have shown immense application potential in various fields of science and medicine, and thus, their management acquires utmost priority. Radioisotopes also command natural existence in almost all the excavated mineral ores and fos...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptive strategies to minimise iron limiting stress under climate change scenario: A study pertinent to iron stress response of two soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) Genotypes Abstract The response of soybean genotypes to iron deficiency stress under elevated CO2 and temperature condition could be guided by three critical rhizospheric processes viz...
Article
Full-text available
The ATP‐binding cassette (ABC) transporters belong to a large protein family predominantly present in diverse species. ABC transporters are driven by ATP hydrolysis and can act as exporters as well as importers. These proteins are localized in the membranes of chloroplasts, mitochondria, peroxisomes and vacuoles. ABC proteins are involved in regula...
Article
Full-text available
Terminal heat stress (HS) has adverse effect on the quantity and quality of wheat grains, as evident from the reduction in the yield. Plant has inherited tolerance mechanism to protect itself from the environmental stresses by modulating the expression and activity of stress associated genes (SAGs)/proteins (SAPs) which protect the plant from the d...
Article
P availability determined the root uptake and root–shoot translocation of micronutrients. Total root 14C exudation was significantly higher under P−Fe− across wheat cultivars. Although malate than citrate was the predominant constituent of the root exudates in wheat, their release was higher under P− than P+ condition, irrespective of the Fe availa...
Article
Soybean oil has high contents of polyunsaturated fatty acids and hence susceptible to deterioration due to the presence of lipase and lipoxygenase (LOX) enzymes. These enzymes cause the severe impact in the reduction of shelf life. Therefore it is indispensable to adopt a stabilization step to increase antioxidant levels and to decrease the activit...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade is highly conserved across the species triggering the self-adjustment of the cells by transmitting the external signals to the nucleus. The cascade consists of MAPK kinase kinases (MAPKKKs), MAPK kinases (MAPKKs) and MAPKs. These kinases are functionally interrelated through activation by se...
Article
Consumption of soybean is dependent on its protein quality and texture which is influenced by protein modification. In the present study, modifications of soybean proteins were investigated by chemical analysis. Irradiation dose of 2.0 kGy resulted in reduced turbidity, surface hydrophobicity and protein oxidation, but caused increase in protein so...
Article
Role of nutraceutical starch and proanthocyanidins of pigmented rice in regulating hyperglycemia: Enzyme inhibition, enhanced glucose uptake and hepatic glucose homeostasis using in vitro model, Food Chemistry (2020), doi: https://doi. Abstract Dysregulation of glucose homeostasis result in hyperglycemia and pigmented rice, unique combination of hi...
Article
Four genotypes of soybean viz. NRC-45, IC-18734, J-231 and G-2132, which differ in their inherent ability to tolerate iron limiting stress, were selected as representative genotypes for iron efficient and responsive (FeER), iron inefficient and responsive (FeIR), iron efficient and nonresponsive (FeENR) and iron inefficient and nonresponsive (FeINR...
Article
Full-text available
Heat stress causes oxidative bursts damaging the organelles and nascent proteins. Plants have inherited antioxidant defense system to neutralize the effect of reactive oxygen species. Superoxide dismutase provides first line of defense against the HS by regulating the accumulation of peroxide radicals inside the cells. Here, we report identificatio...
Article
Iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) is an abiotic nutritional stress prevalent in calcareous and high pH soils and its management is essential for realising better crop yield. In the present study, a pot culture experiment was conducted with the objective to minimise IDC in soybean using iron-efficient and responsive (FeER) soybean genotype viz. NRC-45...
Article
Flowering is a complicated developmental process of physiological and morphological stages under the control of a number of external signals and internal factors. Floral malformation occurring during flower development stage is serious constraint having crippling effect on mango flowering and production leading to heavy economic losses. In mango th...
Article
Iron (Fe) and sulfur (S) interaction was studied in bread and durum wheat by using radiotracers (⁵⁹Fe and ³⁵S). The results showed a higher uptake of ³⁵S under Fe+ than Fe− which provides irrefutable evidence for the role of Fe in determining plant S uptake particularly under S deficiency. Under Fe deficiency, the ⁵⁹Fe uptake was higher under the S...
Article
Wheat productivity declines under agro-ecosystems and areas exposed to aerosols due to decline in quality and quantity of solar radiation. Identification of low light-tolerant wheat varieties (Triticum sps.) will help in enhancing the sustainability and productivity of the agroforestry systems as well as areas exposed to aerosol pollution. The fiel...
Article
Mango malformation is a serious threat to mango cultivation in various countries and causes 30–80% of fruit yield losses annually. It is now well established that Fusarium mangiferae induces the symptoms of mango malformation disease. Fusarium mangiferae is phylogenetically closely related to Fusarium fujikuroi. However, visible symptoms of floral...
Article
Fifty diverse soybean genotypes were screened for their ability to tolerate iron deficiency stress in a hydroponics experiment with low iron (−Fe) and sufficient iron (+Fe). We hypothesised that the genotypes with higher root exudation potential would exhibit higher chlorophyll content, dry matter production and Fe acquisition. The relative root ex...
Article
Full-text available
Global food security is challenged by increasing levels of CO2, O3 and temperature trough their impacts on production and grain quality of wheat, one of the major C3 crops and staple food across the world. The present study was conducted to assess the effects of elevated levels of CO2 (EC; 550 ppm) and tropospheric O3 (EO; 70 ppb) as well as of com...
Article
Sulphur dioxide (SO) and particulate matter (PM) are one of the major air pollutants emerging out of the industrial development and human activities. Plants exhibit differential sensitivity to SO 2 pollution and its affect on plant growth can be both direct and/or indirect. The present study was conducted in controlled tunnels to assess the effect...
Article
Sulfur dioxide (SO 2) and particulate matter (PM) are one of the major air pollutants emerging out of industrial development and human activities. Plants exhibit differential sensitivity to SO 2 pollution and its effects on plant growth can be both direct and/or indirect. We have earlier reported that a high SO 2 stress contributes toward the S-nut...
Article
Gamma irradiation has been reported to modulate the biochemical and molecular parameters associated with the tolerance of plant species under biotic/ abiotic stress. Wheat is highly sensitive to heat stress (HS), as evident from the decrease in the quantity and quality of the total grains. Here, we studied the effect of pre-treatment of wheat dry s...
Chapter
Organic farming in mango is an ecological production management system that promotes and enhances biological cycles, biodiversity, integrity and soil biological activities based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and on-farm management practices that maintain, restore and enhance harmony in the ecological system. In India, organic mango production w...
Article
Full-text available
Contribution of stem photoassimilates towards grain filling may have significance under stress, since it may force the plant to initiate an early leaf senescence, thereby limiting the availability of flag leaf photosynthates for grain filling. Radiotracer feeding of ¹⁴C-sucrose to the internode by stem injection method at 20 days stage after anthes...
Poster
Full-text available
Soil salinity, mainly in the form of NaCl, is one of the major environmental factors that limit plant growth and crop productivity worldwide (Munns and Tester 2008). In India, nearly 6.72 Mha land is occupied by salt-affected soils which are located in 14 states and one union territory (Mandal et al. 2009). In order to maximize the utilization of t...
Article
Maydis leaf blight (MLB) caused by Cochliobolus heterostrophus is one of the most important fungal diseases of maize. A study was conducted for phenotypical characterization of ten Indian maize inbred lines, which were grouped based on phenotyping and their morpho-physiological attributes against MLB disease. On the basis of phenotyping, they were...
Article
In the present study 30 gladiolus genotypes were evaluated for different traits and reaction to two virulent strains of Fusarium, viz. IARI isolate (F. oxysporum f. sp. gladioli – Fog isolate 1) and Pantnagar isolate (F. oxysporum f. sp. gladioli - Fog isolate 2). The two healthy uniform sized corms were planted in individual pots (12”) filled...
Article
Two separate experiments were conducted with four bread and two durum wheat cultivars, to test a hypothesis that high ethylene production will alter phytosiderophore production and release dynamics either directly, by competitive partitioning of SAM, or indirectly by causing changes in the root system architecture under iron deficiency. A significa...
Article
The study was carried out on 72 mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars and 107 mango F1 hybrids to group them based on degree of resistance to malformation during the period 2015-17. Intensity of malformation varied significantly among the mango cultivars and F1 hybrids under study. Out of 72 mango cultivars and 107 F1 hybrids studied, only three cu...
Article
Full-text available
Feeding the increasing global population with adequate supply of cereals for food, particularly with limited agricultural area, is a challenging task. In this context, emphasis on enhancing food producing processes gains attention. Gamma irradiation, up to certain doses, is known to improve crop yield without using chemical fertilizers. Among the c...
Article
Widespread deficiency of soil macro (N) and micro nutrient (Fe) limit crop productivity and nutritional quality of the produce worldwide. Iron is relatively immobile in plants however, its retranslocation can be facilitated by naturally produced chelator in the leaves. Synthesis of these metal-chelators depends on N nutrition of crops. The present...
Article
Iron deficiency is a serious nutritional disorder in aerobic rice, causing chlorosis, poor yields and reduced grain nutritional quality. The problem can be managed by complementing the use of Fe-efficient plant type with a suitable Fe management strategy. In the present paper, we report the effect of eight iron management practices to resolve the p...
Article
Full-text available
Iron (Fe), an important micronutrient and a critical determinant of plant growth and human nutrition, is deficient in cultivable soils and limits crop productivity and nutritional quality of food grains. Plants tolerant to Fe deficiency reveal either or all of these i.e., a higher uptake of Fe, better root to shoot partitioning of Fe or a higher re...
Article
Full-text available
RuBisCo activase modulate the activity of RuBisCo and protect the nascent proteins from aggregation under heat stress (HS). Here, we have identified and cloned a putative RuBisCo activase (Rca) gene of 1402 bp from wheat cv. HD2985 using transcriptomic approach. Evolutionary search established the presence of 63 Orthologs and 2 Paralogs of the clon...
Article
Vegetables are one of the best sources of minerals, particularly for vegetarians and low-resource people. With an increasing level of malnutrition in the human population, it is necessary to improve mineral concentrations in high-yielding cultivars across vegetable species. This review attempts to describe the understanding of genotypic and breedin...
Article
Vegetables are one of the best sources of minerals, particularly for vegetarians and low-resource people. With an increasing level of malnutrition in the human population, it is necessary to improve mineral concentrations in high-yielding cultivars across vegetable species. This review attempts to describe the understanding of genotypic and breedin...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic diversity in roses is unparalleled to any other flower crops. A large number of rose species is grown all around the world. There is a rich wealth of indigenous rose species such as Rosa brunonii, R. macrophylla, R. moschata, R. spinossisima, R. rubiginosa, R. wichuraiana etc. are grown wild in India. They are the important source of genes...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of contribution of source towards sink development is very important for deciding pruning intensity and fruit load. In the present study, ¹⁴C-sucrose was used as a tracer to study source–sink carbon flow dynamics in Kinnow, for which branches having one or two fruits were selected and leaves at the proximal or distal position, to the fru...
Article
Full-text available
RuBisCo activase modulate the activity of RuBisCo and protect the nascent proteins from aggregation under heat stress (HS). Here, we have identified and cloned a putative RuBisCo activase (Rca) gene of 1402 bp from wheat cv. HD2985 using transcriptomic approach. Evolutionary search established the presence of 63 Orthologs and 2 Paralogs of the clon...
Article
Poly 3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) is the most known degradable biopolymers, produced by some genera of bacteria under unfavorable growth conditions. Isolation, and cloning, of Acetoacetyl-CoA reducatase (phbB) gene from Ralstonia eutropha -IMTCC 1954 strains was achieved. Suitable primers were designed for the phbB PCR approach was used to clone the phb...
Article
Full-text available
RuBisCo activase modulate the activity of RuBisCo and protect the nascent proteins from aggregation under heat stress (HS). Here, we have identified and cloned a putative RuBisCo activase (Rca) gene of 1402 bp from wheat cv. HD2985 using transcriptomic approach. Evolutionary search established the presence of 63 Orthologs and 2 Paralogs of the clon...
Article
Heat stress has an adverse effect on the quality and quantity of agriculturally important crops, especially wheat. The tolerance mechanism has not been explored much in wheat and very few genes/ TFs responsive to heat stress is available on public domain. Here, we identified, cloned and characterized a putative TaHSFA6e TF gene of 1.3 kb from wheat...