Bharath Setturu

Bharath Setturu
Indian Institute of Science | IISC · Centre for Ecological Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy
ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, CSA, REVA UNIVERSITY

About

170
Publications
122,850
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Introduction
My research focuses on applying remote sensing data to current research problems of forest and ecology. In particular, I am interested in addressing forest fragmentation, modelling and landscape management to attain sustainable development. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6800-9579
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - December 2021
International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2009 - present
Indian Institute of Science
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
June 2006 - June 2009
St Xavier PG college, Osmania University, Hyderabad
Field of study
  • Computers

Publications

Publications (170)
Article
Full-text available
Land use and land cover (LULC) changes induced by human or natural processes drive biogeochemistryof the Earth influencing the climate at global as well as regional scales. Drastic changes in the land cover with the decline in vegetation and water bodies due to anthropogenic activities enhances the heat emission from land surface and atmospheric te...
Article
Background Landscapes consist of heterogeneous interacting dynamic elements with complex ecological, economic and cultural attributes. These complex interactions help in the sustenance of natural resources through bio-geochemical and hydrological cycling. The ecosystem functions are altered with changes in the landscape structure. Fragmentation of...
Article
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Unplanned large scale developmental projects in recent times have been causing alterations in land use land cover [LULC] at spatial and temporal scales with the substantial changes in the landscape. Uttara Kannada district has the distinction of having highest forest cover in India. Forest ecosystems in the district have witnessed major transformat...
Article
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The Western Ghats forms an important watershed for the entire peninsular India, being the source of 37 west flowing rivers and three major east flowing rivers and their numerous tributaries. However, deforestation due to large scale land cover changes has affected the water sustenance in the region evident from the quantity and duration of water av...
Article
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Global warming with the burgeoning anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (400 parts per million from 280 ppm CO2 emissions of pre-industrial era) has altered climate, eroding the ecosystem productivity and sustenance of water, affecting the livelihood of people. The anthropogenic activities such as burning fossil fuel, power generation, agri...
Article
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Rivers are vital freshwater resources that cater to the needs of society. The burgeoning population and the consequent land-use changes have altered the hydrologic regime with biophysical and chemical integrity changes. This necessitates understanding the land-use dynamics, flow dynamics, hydrologic regime, and water quality of riverine ecosystems....
Conference Paper
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LAKE 2020: CONFERENCE ON ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE, FUNCTION, GOODS AND SERVICES [THE 12TH BIENNIAL LAKE CONFERENCE] Date: 28-30th December 2020 Venue: Auditorium, Ground Floor, New Biological Sciences Building [Near D Gate], Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, Phone: +91 080-22933503/22933099 Symposium Web: http://wgbis.ces.iisc.ernet.in/ener...
Article
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The comprehensive knowledge of the ecological fragility of a region is quintessential for evolving strategies for the conservation of the area. This entails identifying factors responsible for ecological sensitiveness, including landscape dynamics, future transitions to mitigate the problems of haphazard and uncontrolled development approaches. The...
Article
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Ecosystem services are broadly categorised as (i) provisioning services are those ecosystem services representing the contributions to benefits that are extracted or harvested from ecosystems, (ii) regulating and maintenance services are those ecosystem services resulting from the ability of ecosystems to regulate biological processes and to influe...
Article
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Ecologically susceptible zones (ESZs) are endowed with the distinct bio, geo, climatic, hydrological, and ecological integrity that sustain natural resources to support the livelihood of dependent populations. However, globalization and consequent anthropogenic activities have led to the erosion of the natural resource base and enhanced the levels...
Book
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Landscapes are the composition of dynamic heterogeneous components of complex ecological, economic, and cultural elements on which human and other life forms depend directly. Landscape dynamics driven by land use land cover (LULC) changes due to anthropogenic activities are affecting ecology, biodiversity, hydrological regime, and hence people’s li...
Article
Ecological sensitivity refers to the permanent and irreversible damage of existing biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem with a considerable erosion in the functional aspects of progression and speciation with the alterations in the ecological integrity of a region. The comprehensive knowledge of the ecological fragility of a region will ai...
Article
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Land-use transformations altering the ecosystem function have impacted the sustenance of natural resources. Implementation of unplanned developmental activities in the ecologically fragile regions has contributed to frequent landslides, conversion of perennial rivers to intermittent or seasonal rivers, reduced water retention capability, etc. Addre...
Article
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Spatio-temporal patterns of four neighbouring river-scapes in the central Western Ghats, India through land-use analyses using temporal remote sensing data (1973, 2018), reveal a decline in evergreen forests (41%) and fragmentation of intact or contiguous forests (60%). Hydro-ecological footprint illustrates that catchment integrity plays a decisiv...
Presentation
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Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) and Wetland Restoration by Arun Inamdar Conflicts between ‘need for immediate consumption of natural resources and ‘need to ensure their long term supply’ has always been a sensitive issue across the globe, where the burgeoning human population keeps feeding on fast-depleting natural resources. Integrated Coast...
Article
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The availability of multi-resolution spatial data and advances in modeling techniques have given an impetus to land use land cover (LULC) change analyses. Geo-visualization of possible land uses (LU) with policy decisions is vital for formulating appropriate sustainable resource management policies. For the prudent management of natural resources,...
Chapter
The escalating concentrations of atmospheric carbon due to anthropogenic activities have altered the global carbon cycle, and contributing to warming the earth. Mitigating carbon and sustainable development of the region requires estimating carbon footprint by accounting sector-wise carbon emissions at a detailed spatial scale covering all sectors....
Article
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Landslides occur when masses of rock, earth or debris move down a slope. Mudslides, debris flows or mudflows, are common type of fast-moving landslides that tend to flow in channels. These are caused by disturbances in the natural stability of a slope, which is triggered due to high intensity rains with the extensive changes in land cover. Mudslide...
Article
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The current study prioritizes regions of conservation importance at the disaggregated level in the Udupi district, Central Western Ghats, based on ecological, geo-climatic, land, and social aspects. Conservation importance regions (CIR) or Ecological Sensitive Regions (ESR) are the distinct ecological units with exceptional biotic and abiotic eleme...
Article
Forest ecosystems play a vital role in sustaining various life forms on the earth. These ecosystems support society through the provision of goods (timber, fuelwood, etc.) and an array of ecological services (carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling, etc.). However, unplanned developmental activities have been affecting the ecological integrity evide...
Chapter
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Higher greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint with the burgeoning anthropogenic activities has altered the energy cycle contributing to the changes in the climate with the global warming. Imbalances are evident with the increasing levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in the atmosphere. The increased loads of Green House Gas (GHG) emission due to a...
Research
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Setturu Bharath – Spatial Informatics Setturu Bharath received his doctorate in Spatial Informatics. His research work was supervised by Prof. K S Rajan. Here’s a summary of Bharath’s thesis, Modeling landscape dynamics with biodiversity, ecology and social aspects as explained by him: I carried out my doctoral work under the guidance of Prof. K S...
Article
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India has committed at the Paris Climate Change Agreement to reduce its emissions by 33-35% by 2030, which necessitates immediate implementation of carbon capture with afforestation of degraded landscapes with native species, regulations of land use land cover (LULC) changes and de-carbonisation through large-scale implementation of renewable and s...
Data
The experts have warned that proposals like the Sharavathi Pumped Storage Project will prove to be a catalyst for a cataclysm. T V Ramachandra of IISc’s Energy and Wetlands Research Group, along with researchers Setturu Bharath and Aithal H Bharath,analysed data, from government satellites, forest boundaries, from 1973 to 2018 and studied topograph...
Article
Forest ecosystems play a vital role in sustaining various life forms on the earth. These ecosystems support society through the provision of goods (timber, fuelwood, etc.) and an array of ecological services (carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling, etc.). However, unplanned developmental activities have been affecting the ecological integrity evide...
Experiment Findings
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Between August 1-11, this year, Kodagu received 647 mm of rain, leading to floods and landslides. The GSI report on 2019 landslides points to a surface crack that had developed near the mid-slope of Brahmagiri Hill where the landslip occurred this year. Experts point to change in rainfall pattern and land-use modification to support tourism and lin...
Experiment Findings
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According to reports, a team of experts from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru, has found that the built-up area in Kodagu has increased from 1.55% to 2.69% in three years from 2016 to 2019. And the native vegetation cover including forest, scrub jungles, sacred groves have declined from 45.44% of the land area to 44.46%. Further,...
Experiment Findings
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A study by a team of experts from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc.), Bengaluru, has highlighted the dangers of increased landslip, if the current development trend is allowed to continue. The findings are by T.V. Ramachandra, S. Vinay and S. Bharat of Energy and Wetlands Research Group, Centre for Ecological Sciences, IISc.. It has been publi...
Experiment Findings
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The current dilution of the Karnataka Land Reforms Act, 1961, via an modification to Section 109 enabling direct buy of agricultural land from farmers, is about to convey the federal government and the native stakeholders on a collision course within the hilly district of Kodagu. Ravaged by two back-to-back Ĉoods in 2018 and 2019 abetted by unbridl...
Data
Large-scale development activities led to massive degradation of forests in Uttara Kannada from a high 74.19% of the land area in 1973 to 48.04% in 2018, shows a new study by researchers of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur. The research focussed on the landscape dynamics across the west-flow...
Experiment Findings
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BENGALURU: Best to live away from Bengaluru South, Whitefield, Mahadevapura zone and Peenya, the most congested parts of Bengaluru. Besides, the city’s growth is now being compared to China’s Wuhan and Beijing. According to IISc report ‘Micro-level analyses of environmentally disastrous urbanisation in Bengaluru’, released on Monday, the city is c...
Experiment Findings
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Breackneck growth of residential apartments has shrunk open spaces and vegetation cover in Bengaluru South Region (BSR) — primarily dominated by residential, commercial complexes and IT companies — to an alarming 2.66% from a high of 55.17% in 1973, a new study has revealed. In Peenya Industrial Estate (PIE), the decline in vegetation has been even...
Article
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Indian metropolitan (tier I) cities have been undergoing rapid urbanization during the post-globalization era with the unprecedented market interventions, which have led to the rapid land cover changes affecting the ecology, climate, hydrology, and local environment. The unplanned urbanization has given way to the dispersed, haphazard growth at the...
Conference Paper
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Landscape refers to an area of land, the visible features, its landforms, and consists of the diverse elements integrating the natural or man-made features. Landscape dynamics refers to the changes in the biotic and abiotic assets of a landscape. Drastic changes in the structure of a landscape alter the hydrologic regime, nutrient cycling, biogeoch...
Conference Paper
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Land cover [LC] refers to the physical and biological cover over the surface of the land, while land use refers to functional role of land for economic activities. Land use [LU] dynamics is a consequence of transforming the natural landscape by anthropogenic activities, Large scale land use land cover changes due to the unplanned developmental acti...
Experiment Findings
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With the Western Ghats traversing Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, and Gujarat, 11% of the carbon emissions from these six states, and 1.62% of India’s total emissions are sequestered by the forests in this green zone. These figures were part of a new study led by the Bengaluru-based Indian Institute of Science (IISc). The study ‘C...
Experiment Findings
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The study has come as a grim warning to Kerala, especially against the backdrop of the state facing floods and landslides in two consecutive years. The study conducted by T V Ramachandra, director, Centre for Ecological Studies, Indian Institute of Science-Bangalore, and S Bharath, Centre for Sustainable Technologies, highlighted the urgent need to...
Data
Unplanned developmental activities have triggered a dramatic fall in the Western Ghats' evergreen forest cover in protected areas - dropping to a mere 11% between 1985-2018, a new study has revealed. If left unchecked, this will further drop to 10%by 2029 with agriculture (17%), plantations (40%) and built-up area (5%) making up the rest, showed a...
Article
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Assessing land use land cover changes in forested regions reflect the extent of anthropogenic pressure, ecosystem degradation and their impact on local wellbeing. The rapid expansion of linear developments such as roads, power lines will have an irreversible loss of habitat, as a result of forest fragmentation and consequent disruptions in the loca...
Experiment Findings
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At present, there are proposals of Railway lines to connect Thalassery and Mysuru and Mysuru and Mangaluru via Kushalnagar. In addition, there are a couple of Highway projects connecting Kerala and Mysuru via Kodagu and Hassan and Mysuru making the hilly district a junction for Railways and Highways. The study ‘Visualisation of impacts due to the...
Experiment Findings
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The study by Dr T V Ramachandra, Setturu Bharath and S Vinay has recommended that the railway line proposal be withdrawn, road expansion be abandoned and night traffic be regulated. To be published in the journal “Progress in Disaster Science,”
Article
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Eco-Hydrological footprint of a river basin refers to the hydrologic regime for sustaining vital ecological functions considering the appropriation of water by biotic components (including humans). It provides crucial information about the ecological status of a river, while addressing the divergence from natural conditions of the actual hydrologic...
Article
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The ecosystem health and natural resources management is influenced by the social, political, economic system and institutional framework in a region. Rapid economic growth in Bangalore and its environs in recent decades has resulted in environmental changes in the Bannerghatta National park (BNP) and buffer (of 5 km). Land use land cover (LULC) ch...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming with the escalation in greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint (400 ppm from 280 ppm CO2 emissions of the pre-industrial era) and consequent changes in the climate have been affecting the livelihood of people with the erosion of ecosystem productivity. The anthropogenic activities such as power generation (burning of fossil fuels), agricultur...
Article
Ecologically sensitive regions (ESRs) are the ‘ecological units’ with the exceptional biotic and abiotic elements. Identification of ESRs considering spatially both ecological and social dimensions of environmental variables helps in ecological and conservation planning as per Biodiversity Act, 2002, Government of India. The current research attemp...
Article
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Landscape dynamics driven by land use land cover (LULC) changes due to anthropogenic activities altering the functional ability of an ecosystem has influenced the ecology, biodiversity, hydrology and people’s sustainable livelihood. Forest landscape dynamics have been quantified using spatial data acquired through space borne sensors along with col...
Article
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The conservation and sustainable management of ecosystems are the vital requisites in the pursuit of environment friendly development goals. This requires an understanding of the complex functioning of ecosystems, diversity of resources, ecosystem goods and services and their quintessential role in supporting people's livelihood. Ecological units w...
Data
A recent study published by India Science Wire, has found that unplanned developmental activities and land use are reducing the evergreen forest cover and perennial streams in central region of Western Ghats in India. Indian researchers have mapped how large-scale activities have eroded the ecosystem in central Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspot...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
A recent study published by India Science Wire, has found that unplanned developmental activities and land use are reducing the evergreen forest cover and perennial streams in central region of Western Ghats in India. Indian researchers have mapped how large-scale activities have eroded the ecosystem in central Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspo...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Road, rail projects will wreak havoc on Kodagu: IISc report TNN | Jan 12, 2019, 08.48 AM IST Printed from MYSURU: Undertaking major infrastructure projects in Kodagu district is inadvisable as even small disturbances could be catastrophic, says a recent IISc report, recalling the flood and landslide disaster last year. The report, 'Environment imp...
Experiment Findings
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‘Eco-Hydrological Footprint of a River Basin in Western Ghats’ — a study which assessed the eco-hydrological footprint at Kali River of Central Western Ghats — has revealed that there has been a decline in evergreen forest cover from 61.8% in 1973 to 37.5% in 2016. During the same time, the dry deciduous forest reduced from 7.82% to 2.24% in the ca...
Chapter
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The conservation and sustainable management of ecosystems are the vital components in the pursuit of development goals that are ecologically, economically and socially sustainable. This requires an understanding of the complex functioning of ecosystems and recognition of the full range and diversity of resources, values and ecological services that...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Land use and land cover (LULC) of a landscape expresses the structure and functionality of the landscape and its capacity to support a variety of species and ecosystem services. The large and continuous forest cover provides a critical habitat for diverse floral species as well as wildlife. The land transformation, rapid expansion of linear develop...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Hydro-Ecological footprint of a river basin refers to the hydrological regime that caters to biotic and environmental water requirements. Eco-Hydrological footprint provides information about the ecological status of water in addressing water usage with the availability. Mismanagement of the catchment and anthropogenic over exploitation of water re...
Conference Paper
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Geospatial data helps in identifying and determining different landscapes in remote and unreachable areas. The knowledge of landscape dynamics aids in the sustainable management of natural resources. The current study emphasizes on landscape dynamics of Western Ghats from 1985-2018. Using an open source software program GRASS, supervised classifica...
Technical Report
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Persisting Violations in Agara-Bellandur wetlands: (i) The abuse of wetlands with the Construction activities in the valley zone (SEZ by Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board (KIADB)) of Agara-Bellandur Lake. Wetland was earlier aiding in retaining the rain water, ground water recharge and bioremediation (ii) dumping of construction and dem...
Article
Forest ecosystems sustain biota on the earth as they are habitat to diverse biotic species, arrests soil erosion, play a crucial role in water cycle, sequester carbon, and helps in mitigating the impacts of global warming. Large scale land use land cover (LULC) change leading to deforestation is one of the drivers of global climate changes and alte...
Research
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The report said the area under forest cover stood at 51.67 per cent in the Nethravathi river basin after losing a signiæcant patch of forests for mini-hydroelectric and infrastructure projects. The plantations constitute 26.42 per cent of the river basin. Large tracts of forests were replaced with exotic species of mono-culture plantations, it said...
Research
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Overexploitation of water for monoculture has altered some of the perennial streams in the ghats of the Netravathi river basin to intermittent streams coming in the way of perennial nature of the Netravathi, according to a study report by a team of researchers of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru. The presence of deeper soils with c...
Research
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The 203-page report from T.V. Ramachandra, co-ordinator, EWRG-CES, Bharath Setturu and Vinay S., researchers, said that rivers/streams in the ecologically sensitive regions should not be diverted or manipulated as that would affect the water retention capability of the catchment area and ground recharge potential. It would affect the sustenance of...
Technical Report
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 ESR analyses reveal that 10 km buffer region is ecologicallyfragile zone and to be protected as Eco-sensitive regions as per the norms of Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986.  Kali river basin covers a total of 524 villages spread across three districts (uttara Kannada, Belgaum and Dharwad).  203 villages are in ESR 1, 73 villages in ESR-2, 7...
Article
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Karnataka is one of the four southern states of Peninsular India (Figure 1a), came into existence with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act (1956, Nov 1) and is located 11°30' North and 18°30' North latitudes and 74° East and 78°30' East longitude (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Karnataka). The state covers an area of 191,976 km...