Bharat Gudade

Bharat Gudade
Spices Board India · Agronomy

M.Sc. (Agri.)Ph. D. Scholar

About

112
Publications
70,407
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202
Citations
Introduction
Presently working as Dy. Director (Research) i/c, at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Spices Board (Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Govt. of India). Research pertaining to organic agronomy of large cardamom, turmeric, ginger, chilli. Conservation agriculture and crop diversification under organic management. Residue recycling, nutrients, weed and irrigation management in spice crops specially in large cardamom. Extension of organic agricultural technologies related to the spice crops.
Additional affiliations
December 2011 - February 2019
Spices Board India
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • I am doing research on conservation agriculture and crop diversification under organic management, residue recycling, nutrients, weed and irrigation management in spice crops.
Education
July 2006 - July 2008

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
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Agronomic measures to conserve the residual soil moisture are very suitable for the dry area because of their very low cost and ability to reduce soil erosion. The region where after the harvest of rainy season crops, lack of sufficient soil moisture accessibility limits the cultivation of dry season crops. A technique like retaining crop residues...
Article
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Global food security, environmental preservation as well as farmer’s level increased livelihood should be the main goals of a sustainable farming system in today’s world plagued by degraded soils as a result of unsustainable crop management practices (Kumar et al., 2018). Under conservation agriculture (CA), a special attention has been given to cr...
Article
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Azolla is a free-floating fern that grows in temperate and tropical climates. As fern cavity dorsal leaves are specialised for storing atmospheric nitrogen (N), cyanobacteria fix the N in the atmosphere.
Chapter
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Environmental pollution is a major problem globally, posing a severe threat to human health and millions of living organisms' wellbeing. Unprecedented pollution in aquatic ecosystems needs eco-friendly sustainable remediation technology. Phytoremediation is a sustainable, cost-effective method that utilizes plants to transform and stabilize various...
Chapter
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The man-made activities have contributed towards the contamination of the environment disturbing the ecological balance of the ecosystem. Microbes-assisted phytoremediation (MAP) has gained attention in the past decade and tremendous research has been carried out globally to establish an efficient process for the treatment of various contaminants....
Article
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Sikkim's farming practices are predominantly valley/foothills and terraced slopes. Several crops are grown in the region depending on the farming style, eating patterns, and weather circumstances. Rice is the most common and staple food crop among cereals, accounting for 64.9 % of net planted area. The next most important crops are maize and tiny m...
Article
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Weeds are a huge serious challenge in organic farming all over the world. Weeds create higher agricultural production losses (30-40%) than other agricultural pests around the world. Sikkim is India's first totally organic state. Weeds are cited by farmers as the most serious production issue they face, and entire crop losses from weeds can occur in...
Article
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Jeevamrut is a liquid organic manure which is an excellent source of natural carbon and biomass that contains macro and micro nutrients required by crops. In comparison to other forms of manures, Jeevamrut has proven to be more effective and can be used along with other manures.The product of organic liquid fertilizer is meant for the fermentation...
Article
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Based on the findings of present investigation, it can be inferred that physico-chemical properties and microbial population in soil was also varied with land use whereas the physico-chemical properties and microbial population were generally improved in Kharif as compared to rabi. Plantation land use was the best land-use system followed by...
Article
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The objective of this investigation was to assess the direct and residual effect of graded levels of boron (B) on growth, yield and quality parameters of crops in cauliflower-cowpea-okra cropping sequence. For this experimentation, cauliflower was grown as a test crop to assess the direct effect of B fertilization while cowpea and okra were grown a...
Article
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A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2017-18 at Central Research Farm, Gayespur, Nadia, under Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal to assess the effect of irrigation and nitrogen levels on performance of hybrid mustard. The experiment was comprised of nine treatment combinations in split plot design with rep...
Article
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Bhut Jolokia an important cash crop of North eastern part of India. However, insect pest dominant factor causing damage to the crop among the insect pest thrips and mites are the important one. Weather plays a significant role in appearance of these two important pests and it was observed that highest incidence of thrips in 4 th week of March in bo...
Article
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Article discusses the role of cinnamon as potential immuno-booster or immunity enhancer and other medicinal properties.
Article
Land use management exerts a tenacious impact on soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics; however, the impact varies with climate, soils, and management practices. Therefore, an in-depth understanding of changes in SOC pools and its fractions is necessary to reduce carbon (C) emissions and adopt efficient land use planning for sustainable soil managemen...
Article
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Article discusses about the role of large cardamom as immunity booster
Article
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Amomum subulatum cultivars (Seremna, Sawney, Varlangey and Ramla) collected from Sikkim (India) were studied on the basis of phenotypic and genotypic characterizations. In this study, the morphological traits were varied in the several parameters such as tillers per plant, spikes per tiller, capsules per spike and seeds per fruit (capsule). Further...
Article
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Building up health and immunity immunity through large cardamom
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Building up health and immunity through spices
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A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2016-2017 at the Students' Instructional Farm of Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh to assess the “impact of fertility levels and biofertilizers on root architecture, yield and nutrient uptake by crop”. The experiment was comprised of 12 treatme...
Article
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The quality of large cardamom is governed by its external appearance, which is influenced by colour, uniformity of size, shape, consistency, texture and flavour, which ascertains taste and odour and is affected by composition of aromatic compounds. Appearance provides a visual perception of co-uniformity in size, shape, consistency.Improved curing...
Research
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Bhut Jolokia is one of the most sought after chilli because of its pungency due to high capsaicin content which production affected to a great extent by the infestation of insect pests. Insect pest associated with this crop recorded at weekly interval at rabi season for two consecutive year 2017-18 and 2018-19 at Horticultural Research Farm of Assa...
Article
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Turmeric is the important spice crop and grown organically in Sikkim, Northeast India. A large chunk of agrarian community depends on its cultivation. The present study was conducted at Dzongu areas of North Sikkim due to maximum tribal farmer's population lives. A list of the turmeric growing villages was prepared and five villages were selected r...
Article
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Mrs. Kakit Lepcha started the scientific methodology of large cardamom cultivation, which shows very positive impact in production and productivity. Unlike previous years, she stopped the planting of random cultivar of large cardamom and planted the location and altitude suited Ramsey cultivar. The change in farming psychology and practices eventua...
Article
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The face of Indian agriculture is changing and now as the knowledge acquired by scientists from laboratories are shared with farmers working in the fields specially in large cardamom in remote locations of Sikkim. This has resulted in flourishing farms which reaps rich yields and thus make the farmers affluent economically.
Conference Paper
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Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) belongs to the family of Zingiberaceae; under the order scitaminae is an important spice crop in India. It is also main source of income for the farmers in eastern Himalayan region Sikkim (Deka et al., 2014). Low temperature has always been a preventive factor in many crops and hampers the crop growth and yie...
Article
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With the North eastern lndia experiencing a population boom, the demand for both food and land are ever increasing. This results in agricultural land scarcity for crop production. Traditional farm i n g practices (monocropping) cannot produce enough food to feed the increasing population. Further, the hilly land are 3-4 times less efficient in term...
Conference Paper
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Article explains in brief about growing habit of large cardamom, extreme weather conditions and occurrence of hailstorm and loss of crop as a whole.
Article
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Turmeric is the important spice crop and grown organically in Sikkim, Northeast India. A large chunk of agrarian community depends on its cultivation. The present study was conducted at Dzongu areas of North Sikkim due to maximum tribal farmer's population lives. A list of the turmeric growing villages was prepared and five villages were selected r...
Preprint
Full-text available
बड़ी इलायची: सिक्किम के किसानों की आजीविका का मुख्य आधार, फल फूल, नवंबर-दिसंबर (2018) Vol. 39 (06): 41- 43.
Article
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A field experiment was conducted during 2012-14 to find out the effect of foliar application of Zn, Mn, Mg on growth and nutrient content in large cardamom. The experiment was laid out in random-ized block design comprising eight treatments viz., ZnSO 4 chelated @ 0.5 lit-1 (T 1), ZnSO 4 chelated @ 1 g lit-1 (T 2), MnSO 4 chelated @ 0.5 g lit-1 (T...
Article
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The North Eastern Region (NER) is one of the most panoramic areas in India, filled with tush greenery and fertile soil.Generalized structures of vertical cropping mostly suitable for indoor and roof farming,much depends on control climatic condition, required high level of expertise and capital investment. The resource poor farmers of the NER canno...
Article
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Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.), a member of the family, Zingiberaceae is the main cash crop cultivated in the sub-Himalayan state of Sikkim and Darjeeling District of West Bengal. It is a shade loving plant (sciophyte), has its natural habitat in the humid subtropical semi-evergreen forests of mountainous sub-Himalayan region. It grows wel...
Conference Paper
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Article explains about moisture conservation practices and their effect on growth and yield of large cardamom
Chapter
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Northeast India (NER) is characterized by rich biodiversity, and most of the farmers in the region practice organic farming. Ginger and turmeric are the principle hosts for Conogethes spp. in NER. Conogethes infestation starts in June and continues till October to November. Large cardamom, Amomum subulatum, remains uninfested. Conogethes sp. incurs...
Preprint
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Spice India, Vol. 31 (06): 18-24 (2018).
Article
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Field experiment was conducted at Kabi Research Farm, Indian Cardamom Research Institute, RRS, Spices Board Gangtok, India to find out the role of soil application of Mg, Zn and Mn on growth and nutrition in large cardamom. The experiment laid out in randomized block design, consisted eight treatments viz. ZnSO4 (5 kg/ha), ZnSO4 (10 kg/ha), MnSO4 (...
Article
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Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) is the major cash crop of Sikkim. The economic part of large cardamom is capsule. Harvesting of capsule starts September to November in Sikkim based on altitude. The harvested capsules are dried traditionally by the majority of farmers and sold in bulk in assembling markets. Although efforts were made in the...
Article
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Article
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Pseudomonas fluorescens is widely used as a bio-agent for disease management in large cardamom in Sikkim. The mass multiplication technique and field application schedule were worked out at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Station, Spices Board, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim for large cardamom cultivation. The bioagents, by virtue of their pr...
Article
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Regional Station of Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Tadong (Gangtok) has scientifically established nurseries for large cardamom multiplication which were not in practiced earlier. Established certified nurseries, produced a large numbers of diseases free quality planting materials @ 1:5 ratio, which could be utilized in main field plantation,...
Article
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Spices grouping have a broad application prospective in agriculture and medicine and are especially significant to the biology diversity research. As spices are vitally important in medicinal value, it is more important to identify and classify them accurately. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview of different system of spices classific...
Article
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In large cardamom organic mulches helps in reduce water erosion, increase night temperature and retain moisture content in soil for longer time. It is very beneficial to growth and development of this crop from October to March months of dry period.
Article
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Sikkim region is emerging as India’s organic large cardamom hub. Most of the tribal farmers living in remote places of the state are following traditional methods of large cardamom cultivation, which are eco-friendly and less expensive due to utilization of local resources, family labour and traditional wisdom. This type of cultivation in tradition...
Article
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Large cardamom is an important cash crop of Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. About 3863 MT of large cardamom are produced annually from an area of 26,459 ha in Sikkim region. Insect pests are one of the constraints of large cardamom production. Surveillance was carried out in the major large cardamom growing tracts during 2010-12 and...
Article
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It is one of the important condiments being widely used either in green form or as mature bulb or both used as salad and in preparations of immeasurable number of dishes, like soups, sauces and for seasoning of foods. Onion bulb is rich in phosphorus, calcium, and carbohydrates, and other minerals. In Manipur valley of India onion grown in lesser e...
Article
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Large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) is an important cash crop of Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. Insect pests are one of the main constraints of production of this crop. Surveillance and monitoring for insect pests was carried out in the farm of Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Spices Board, Pangthang during 2011-12 and 2012-1...
Article
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A field experiment was conducted during 1995 - 2014 at Pangthang Research farm (1952 m AMSL) of Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board, East Sikkim to find out the economic life span of large cardamom. The popular cultivar Sawney was selected for this study since it is suitable variety in this location. The expe...
Article
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Field surveys were conducted in different seasons during 2012-13. Two main viral diseases namely chirke and foorkey affect the productivity of different large cardamom cultivars in Darjeeling district of West Bengal and Sikkim. Chirke is serious as far as rate of spread is concerned and Foorkey is serious as far as yield loss is concerned. Chirke i...
Article
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The results of the study the highest growth and yield were recorded in sixth year (2000) after planting (817.40 kg/ha). The stability in growth and yield were observed up to fifteen years after planting (535.20 kg/ha). Economic life span of Sawney cultivar of large cardamom was fifteen years after planting by adopting improved agro-techniques.
Article
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Himalayan palm civet (Paguma larvata C. E. H. Smith) and Indian wild boar (Sus scrofa Linnaeus) are reported in Sikkim and Darjeeling dististrict of West Bengal as the mammalian pests of the large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.). The Himalayan palm civet split open the capsules and swallows the seeds along with sweet mucilage. Husks of the capsul...
Article
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Large cardamom is an important cash crop of Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. About 3863 MT of large cardamom are being produced annually from 26,459 ha Sikkim region is emerging as India's organic large cardamom hub. Most of the tribal farmers living in remote places are following traditional methods for large cardamom cultivation, wh...
Article
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This experiment elucidates effect of agronomic intervention viz., spacing and fertilizer levels and abiotic factors on bollworms infestation in Bt and non-Bt cotton. The investigation was carried out during 2008-09 and 2009-10 at Cotton Research Unit, Akola, Maharashtra, India. The experiment comprises two cotton hybrids viz., Bt and non-Bt of same...
Article
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Turmeric is widely grown and consumed spice that has got good international market demand. A large group of market participants are engaged in different activities in the entire value chain of turmeric right from production to its consumption. Prices show considerable volatility that could pose profit risk to different stakeholders. As India having...
Article
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Rice has been staple food for more than half of the world population and presently it is one of the top three crops cultivated across the world in terms of area and production. Low temperature stress has been a critical factor year after year in determining the yield globally. Since last five decades many tactics there have been developed for count...
Conference Paper
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Technological advancement in organic production of large cardamom
Article
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Occurence of hailstorm in Sikkim Himalayan region and damage to large cardamom
Article
A field experiment was conducted during 2014-15 at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board research farm in Kabi (1567 m amsl) Sikkim. Among the moisture conservation practices, treatment having trench across slope duly filled with biomass recorded the significantly higher number of immature tillers (5.98 & 5.79)...
Article
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Field experiment was carried out during 2015-2016 in rainfed condition at Indian Cardamom Research Institution (ICRI), Regional Research Station, Spices Board Research farm at Kabi, North Sikkim, India. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design, with eight treatments viz., T 1 (trench across the slope), T 2 (trench across the slope +...
Article
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Field experiment was conducted at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board Kabi research farm North Sikkim to find out the effect of Boron nutrition on growth, nutrient content and soil fertility status of large cardamom. The experiment was laid out in RBD comprising seven treatments (T 1 soil application of borax...
Article
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Common onion (Allium cepa L.) is a bulbous biennial herb belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. It is one of the most important bulb crops of India consumed by both the rich and the poor alike. India rank second after China in onion production. In India, Maharashtra is leading in area (200.0 thousand ha) and production (3146.0 thousand tons) while G...
Article
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Field experiment was conducted at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board Kabi research farm North Sikkim to find out the effect of Boron nutrition on growth, nutrient content and soil fertility status of large cardamom. The experiment was laid out in RBD comprising seven treatments (T 1 soil application of borax...
Article
Full-text available
Large cardamom is an important cash crop of Sikkim and Darjeeling district of West Bengal. About 3863 MT of large cardamom are produced annually from an area of 26, 459 ha in Sikkim region. Insect pests are one of the constraints of large cardamom production. Surveillance was carried out in the major large cardamom growing tracts during 2010–12 and...
Article
Full-text available
Field experiment was conducted at Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Spices Board Kabi research farm North Sikkim to find out the effect of Boron nutrition on growth, nutrient content and soil fertility status of large cardamom. The experiment was laid out in RBD comprising seven treatments (T 1 soil application of borax...
Article
Full-text available
Host stage of Chilo tumidicostalis Hmpsn suitability for parasitization by Cotesia flavipes Cam and its development were studied under confinement. The adults of C flavipes preferred IV instar followed by V and III instar larvae of host C tumidicostalis by 80, 70 and 60 per cent respectively. On the other hand it was found that incubation and larva...
Research
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Mr. Augustine Lepcha, farmer from Kalimpong, Darjeeling district of West Bengal is having one acre of land under large cardamom cultivation. He observed that farming in traditional way may not fetch him enough income to run his family. The scientists visited his farm and meticulously observed whole situation. They suggested him to go for scientific...
Article
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India is famous for spices and condiments. Among spices crop cultivated in India, turmeric is a major spice well known for its culinary and medicinal property. In the recent years, the trend of the spices cultivation and export had increased by many folds because of its intrinsic quality. India is having highest acreage under turmeric cultivation i...