Beverly Whipple

Beverly Whipple
Rutgers School of Nursing

PhD, RN, FAAN

About

100
Publications
210,245
Reads
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4,135
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1987 - June 2001
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
Description
  • Dr. Beverly Whipple, is the co-author of "The G Spot," published in 22 languages, 6 additional books and over 200 research articles, received over 115 awards, named one of the 50 most influential scientists in the world..

Publications

Publications (100)
Article
Introduction: Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) definitions of sexual dysfunction do not identify all sexual problems experienced clinically by women and are not necessarily applicable for biologic or biopsychosocial management of female sexual dysfunction. A unified nomenclature system enables cl...
Article
Full-text available
This review considers research concerning the phenomenon of female ejaculation, the G spot, and the A spot. These topics have been the object of controversy in recent decades. Female ejaculation has been written about for more than 2000 years. The area of the Grafenberg or G spot was named by Drs. John Perry and Beverly Whipple in the early 1980s i...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter addresses the multiple characteristics of vaginal, cervical, and uterine afferent activity, and the extent to which the effects of afferent activity from each of these sites and their underlying mechanisms are distinct from each other. The evidence presented in this chapter shows that the sensory input produced by vaginal stimulation p...
Article
Full-text available
There is general agreement that it is possible to have an orgasm thru the direct simulation of the external clitoris. In contrast, the possibility of achieving climax during penetration has been controversial. Six scientists with different experimental evidence debate the existence of the vaginally activated orgasm (VAO). To give reader of The Jour...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence from research and other sources is cited of orgasms elicited by imagery, stimulation of nipple, lips, mouth, anus, rectum, prostate and other body regions, in phantom limbs, during sleep, in response to brain and spinal cord stimulation, during childbirth, modulated by, and in response to, certain drugs and in relation to epileptic seizure...
Article
The prevailing view in the literature is that hysterectomy improves the quality of life. This is based on claims that hysterectomy alleviates pain (dyspareunia and abnormal bleeding) and improves sexual response. Because hysterectomy requires cutting the sensory nerves that supply the cervix and uterus, it is surprising that the reports of deleteri...
Article
Full-text available
No controversy can be more controversial than that regarding the existence of the G-spot, an anatomical and physiological entity for women and many scientists, yet a gynecological UFO for others. The pros and cons data have been carefully reviewed by six scientists with different opinions on the G-spot. This controversy roughly follows the Journal...
Article
Introduction In 2003 the Planned Parenthood Federation of America (PPFA), in cooperation with the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, published a white paper on the Health Benefits of Sexual Expression. Although most reports focus on potential negative outcomes of sexual expression, this presentation based on PPFA paper and more recent r...
Article
Introduction Women report pleasurable responses, peak sexual experiences, and orgasm from a variety of stimuli. Physiological studies from our laboratory have validated the reports of women that they do not fit into a linear pattern of only one way to respond sexually. Methods Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission...
Article
Full-text available
Why should recent findings about orgasm be of interest to psychologists? If psychologists are interested in the bases of pleasure and pain - in altered states of consciousness, in psychological side-effects of antidepressant and antipsychotic drugs, in some surprising effects of sex hormones, in psychological effects of surgery of the sexual/reprod...
Chapter
Menopause is characterized by the exhaustion of the ovarian production of oocytes, estrogens and progesterone, with consequent permanent amenorrhea, anovulation and sterility. The ovarian production of testosterone is gradually reduced from the twenties onwards, but is maintained across natural menopause [1,2]. It is completely lost in surgical men...
Article
We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study to determine the role of dietary supplementation on sexual function in women of differing menopausal status. One hundred eight (108) women, age 22-73 years, who reported a lack of sexual desire, enrolled as participants. Of these, 55 received ArginMax for women and 53 received placebo. ArginMax...
Article
Full-text available
Women diagnosed with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at T10 or higher report sensations generated by vaginal-cervical mechanical self-stimulation (CSS). In this paper we review brain responses to sexual arousal and orgasm in such women, and further hypothesize that the afferent pathway for this unexpected perception is provided by the Vagus nerve...
Article
Full-text available
Women diagnosed with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at T10 or above report vaginal-cervical perceptual awareness. To test whether the Vagus nerves, which bypass the spinal cord, provide the afferent pathway for this response, we hypothesized that the Nucleus Tractus Solitarii (NTS) region of the medulla oblongata, to which the Vagus nerves proje...
Article
Full-text available
To our knowledge, no published functional map of the human lower brainstem exists. Our purpose was to use 1.5-T functional MR imaging (fMRI) to visualize the location of cranial nerve (CN) nuclei and other pontine, bulbar, and cervical spinal cord nuclei by using specific sensory stimulation or motor performance. We localized nuclei by using cross-...
Article
Our recent research provides evidence that women with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at the midthoracic level show perceptual responses to vaginal and/or cervical self-stimulation (for example, pain suppression and sexual response, including orgasm). On the basis of studies in laboratory rats, we hypothesized that the vagus nerves provide a sens...
Article
This study examines psychosocial, emotional, and relationship aspects of sexuality in the lives of 15 women who sustained complete spinal cord injury (SCI) between the levels of T6 and L2. Phenomenological interviews were organized to chronologically sequence events with the intention of describing the trajectory of sexuality in women with complete...
Article
Although the CCFSD attempts to clarify and modify the existing definitions of female sexual dysfunctions, the current authors (a sex therapist and a sex researcher) believe that the classification system has significant flaws that will prevent its widespread acceptance and application. The major concern is that the CCFSD is based on the triphasic m...
Article
Full-text available
Eighty percent of women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are of childbearing age and the incidence of HIV in women is rapidly increasing. Despite the risk of perinatal transmission and The Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) recommendation that HIV-positive women delay pregnancy, HIV-infected women continue to become pregnant and have childr...
Article
Full-text available
Female sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent but not well defined or understood. We evaluated and revised existing definitions and classifications of female sexual dysfunction. An interdisciplinary consensus conference panel consisting of 19 experts in female sexual dysfunction selected from 5 countries was convened by the Sexual Function Health C...
Article
In a perfect world, health care providers would be both trained and proficient in all areas of care. In reality, sexual health is often the exception.
Article
For the present purpose, love is defined as one's having stimulation that one desires. The nature of the stimulation can range on a continuum from the most abstract cognitive, to the most direct sensory, forms. Thus, this definition of love encompasses having an emotional bond with a person for whom one yearns, as well as having sensory stimulation...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To our knowledge, no published functional map of the human lower brainstem exists. Our purpose was to use 1.5-T functional MR imaging (fMRI) to visualize the location of cranial nerve (CN) nuclei and other pontine, bulbar, and cervical spinal cord nuclei by using specific sensory stimulation or motor performance. METHODS: We...
Article
Full-text available
A priori hypothesis: vaginal and/or cervical self-stimulation will not produce perceptual responses in women with "complete" spinal cord injury (SCI) at or above the highest level of entry of the hypogastric nerves (T10-12) but will produce perceptual responses if SCI is below T-10. Women with complete SCI were assigned to a group with "upper" (T-1...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relative effectiveness of specific genital regional self-stimulation in elevating pain thresholds. Anecdotal reports in humans suggest that sexual activity and orgasm decrease a wide variety of human responses to pain and touch, but the phenomenon has not been evaluated objectively. Two types of self-stimulation, pressur...
Article
For the present purpose, love is defined as one's having stimulation that one desires. The nature of the stimulation can range on a continuum from the most abstract cognitive, to the most direct sensory, forms. Thus, this definition of love encompasses having an emotional bond with a person for whom one yearns, as well as having sensory stimulation...
Article
Full-text available
There is a paucity of research concerning male multiple orgasms, with or without ejaculation. The purpose of this study was to document, in the laboratory setting, the reported occurrence of male multiple ejaculatory orgasms without any attempt to inhibit ejaculations. The participant reported that he has experienced multiple ejaculatory orgasms si...
Article
The phenomenological study described in this paper examines the sexuality and relationship lived experiences of 15 adult women who sustained complete spinal cord injury between the levels of T6 and L2 verified by a physiatrist. Audiotaped, semi-structured interviews were conducted by an interdisciplinary team of investigators. A set of themes and s...
Article
The older woman living alone with unrecognized or undertreated health problems is an all-too-common patient profile. Here's a look at what you can do to promote improved self-care and well-being among these patients, with special attention to three of their foremost concerns: urinary incontinence, osteoporosis, and breast cancer.
Article
There is still much we do not know about sexuality and women with SCI. Nevertheless, positive steps are being taken to learn more about the physiological and interpersonal aspects of sexuality. Ultimately, these efforts will enhance the quality of life for women with SCI.
Article
To ascertain whether any effects of vaginocervical stimulation (VS) are mediated by the vagus nerve, all known afferent nerves from the reproductive tract to the spinal cord were transected and the rats were tested for residual responses to VS. After combined bilateral transection of the pelvic, hypogastric, and pudendal nerves (NX), the following...
Article
One in 10 persons with AIDS is 50 years of age or older. Yet nurses often fail to identify elders with HIV. Here's how to spot these patients and meet their special care needs.
Article
The present study was designed to ascertain whether the vagus nerves convey functional sensory activity from the reproductive tract in rats. Previously, vaginocervical mechanostimulation (VS) was shown to increase pupil diameter (PD) and the threshold of vocalization to tail shock (Voc-T). These responses were attenuated but not abolished by combin...
Article
One in 10 persons with AIDS is 50 years of age or older. Yet nurses often fail to identify elders with HIV. Here's how to spot these patients and meet their special care needs.
Article
In the scant reports that are available about sexual response and orgasm in women with complete spinal cord injury (SCI), some researchers state that these women cannot achieve orgasm; others label the orgasms of women with SCI as “phantom orgasms.” However, subjective reports of women do not support these contentions. The purpose of this study was...
Article
A review of research concerning the female prostate, a specific organ of the female urogenital system, is presented. This research focuses on clinical interest, anatomical structure, and histochemistry of the female prostate. Research concerning the phenomenon of female ejaculation is reviewed in terms of findings relevant to forensic medicine and...
Article
In the US and globally women are contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and developing the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) the fastest. Worldwide, HIV is transmitted primarily through heterosexual intercourse. In the US, the proportion of women who have contracted AIDS by heterosexual transmission has increased from 11% in 198...
Article
Full-text available
Orgasm has been reported to occur in response to imagery in the absence of any physical stimulation. This study was undertaken to ascertain whether the subjective report of imagery-induced orgasm is accompanied by physiological and perceptual events that are characteristic of genitally stimulated orgasm. Subjects were women who claimed that they co...
Article
This study quantified the effects of listening to music as a noninvasive nursing method of pain control. The effects of soothing and stimulating music on pain and tactile thresholds, heart rate, and blood pressure were determined on healthy female volunteers (N = 10) in a laboratory setting. Data were analyzed by ANOVA for repeated measures and pos...
Article
Bilateral transection of the pelvic and/or hypogastric nerves, which convey afferent activity from the reproductive tract, was performed to ascertain the role of these nerves in the analgesic and motoric effects of vaginocervical mechanostimulation (VS) in rats. Two indices of analgesia were used: tail flick latency to radiant heat (TFL) and vocali...
Chapter
We are all sexual beings from the day we are born to the day we die. How we choose to express our sexuality depends on a number of complex factors that affect many aspects of our lives. The term sexuality refers to the totality of a being—to human qualities, and not just the genitalia and their function. It includes all of the qualities—biological,...
Article
This article focuses on the neurophysiology of pain to provide a background for nurses to understand the various ways in which the body's warning system functions. Although each client's pain experience is unique and is influenced by a combination of physical sensations and emotional responses, a basic understanding of pain is necessary for appropr...
Article
This offering for 2.5 contact hours is sponsored by the National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses, which is accredited as a provider of continuing education in nursing by the Eastern Regional Accrediting Committee of the American Nurses' Association. NAON has been approved as a provider of continuing education by the California Board of Registered...
Article
When older adults are admitted to the hospital, they are usually admitted with multiple diagnoses and are not usually considered to be at risk for HIV infection. The review of hospital records discussed in this article documents that people over 60 years of age are indeed infected with HIV and that 42% of the population studied were in the age rang...
Article
The present exploratory study measured pain and tactile thresholds in response to mechanical stimulation of the hand before labor, during labor, and after parturition in women. In women who had Lamaze childbirth preparation (but not in women who did not have childbirth preparation), pain thresholds were significantly higher during labor (determined...
Article
1. With the awareness that the population of older adults with whom nurses and other health-care workers come in contact may indeed be HIV infected, the need for universal precautions becomes imperative in all health-care settings. 2. The subpopulations of older adults in which HIV infection is most likely to be concentrated are the same as those f...
Article
Women who chronically ingest a diet rich in capsaicin, the pungent ingredient in hot chili peppers, showed a significantly lower magnitude of analgesia in response to vaginal self-stimulation than women with relatively low or medium levels of ingestion. Vaginal self-stimulation-produced analgesia was quantified by measuring (on the hand) pain detec...
Article
The efferent innervation of the pelvic and pudendal nerves was characterized in this study by identifying the muscles activated by electrical stimulation of the nerves distal to the point at which they bifurcate from the L6S1 trunk. Pelvic nerve electrical stimulation produced EMG-monitored contraction of the ipsilateral ilio- and pubococcygeus mus...
Article
In the present study, the analgesia produced by vaginal stimulaton (Vs) in women was found to be dissociated from heart rate. The VS-produced analgesia was not accompanied by an acceleration of heart rate. Heart rate acceleration produced by exercise did not result in analgesia. The independence of VS-produced analgesia from this index of autonomic...
Article
This article reviews methods of pain control to help the nurse gain an awareness of various interventions suggested by research. An overview of the neurophysiology of pain and the gate-control theory of pain are presented. Considered are such interventions as medications, stimulation of the brain, cutaneous stimulation, stress-induced analgesia, va...
Article
Full-text available
In 2 studies with 10 women each, vaginal self-stimulation significantly increased the threshold to detect and tolerate painful finger compression, but did not significantly affect the threshold to detect innocuous tactile stimulation. The vaginal self-stimulation was applied with a specially designed pressure transducer assembly to produce a report...
Article
Fifty-four percent of a sample of 227 women reported having experienced an orgasmic expulsion of fluid at least one time. The source of the fluid is still not certain.
Article
A controversial set of hypotheses have been proposed as an explanation for nonvulval (i.e., nonclitoral) orgasms in women. First, women have a small sensitive area in the anterior wall of the vagina (the Grafenberg spot) which seems to trigger these "deeper" orgasms. Second, stimulation of this area may be associated with ejaculatory response durin...
Article
This case study provides objective evidence supporting the hypothesis that female ejaculation, a partial, infertile homologue of male ejaculation, exists. A karyotypically normal, multiparous woman suffered for a decade with urinary stress incontinence. During that time she had learned to inhibit an orgastic response which led to bedwetting. Althou...
Article
Full-text available
Kegel's theory (1952a) concerning the sexual importance of the pubococ‐cygeus muscle was combined with Singer's theory (1973) of “uterine” orgasms to produce the hypothesis that women who ejaculate at orgasm have stronger pelvic muscle contractions under voluntary control than women who do not ejaculate. The vaginal myograph and a new “uterine myog...
Article
Given that brain and spinal cord mechanisms of sexual response (as reviewed by McKenna) are well established, the authors begin this chapter with a paradox: How could women with complete spinal cord injury feel genital stimulation and experience orgasm? For genital sensations to be consciously perceived, they must travel from sensory neurons in the...
Article
Full-text available
Women diagnosed with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) at T10 or above report vaginal-cervical perceptual awareness. To test whether the Vagus nerves, which bypass the spinal cord, provide the afferent pathway for this response, we hypothesized that the Nucleus Tractus Solitarii (NTS) region of the medulla oblongata, to which the Vagus nerves proje...
Article
Traducción de: The "G" Spot Libro en que se demuestra la existencia del punto de Gräfenberg, una zona erótica femenina, al tiempo que explora las similitudes entre las sexualidades masculina y femenina.

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Question (1)
Question
Nancy Redeker, Did you teach at Rutgers College of Nursing with me?
Dr. Beverly Whipple

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