Bettina Kubicek

Bettina Kubicek
Karl Franzens University of Graz · Institute of Psychology

Prof. MMag. Dr.

About

69
Publications
26,349
Reads
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1,384
Citations
Introduction
Bettina Kubicek is a full professor of Work and Organizational Psychology at the University of Graz, Austria. Her research focuses on job demands arising from societal and technological changes. She studies work intensification, flexible work arrangements and their impact on worker well-being, performance, and work-home conflict. In current projects, she investigates the learning and straining effects of cognitive demands in flexible work settings as well as trust in human-robot interaction.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz
Position
  • Professor
August 2016 - August 2018
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria
Position
  • Professor
May 2016 - August 2016
University of Vienna
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
Sleep plays an essential role in maintaining employees’ health and well-being. However, stressors, such as conflict at work, may interfere with employees’ sleep. Drawing on previous literature on the relationship between conflict at work and sleep outcomes, we proposed a negative relationship between daily conflict at work and physiological changes...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents a conceptual overview of the EASIER project and its scope. EASIER focuses on supporting emergency forces in disaster response scenarios with a semi-autonomous mobile manipulator. Specifically, we examine the operator's trust in the system and his/her cognitive load generated by its use. We plan to address different research topi...
Article
When using advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) drivers need to calibrate their level of trust and interaction strategy to changes in the driving context and possible consequent reduction of system reliability (e.g. in harsh weather conditions). By investigating and identifying categories of drivers who choose inadequate interaction strategies...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive demands of flexible work are the specific cognitive demands of planning of working times, planning of working places, structuring of work tasks, and coordinating with others that arise from flexible work organization. Although these demands have become increasingly widespread their consequences are not well understood. We propose that cog...
Article
This study tests and extends the career construction the-ory's model of adaptation and provides valuable insights into the interplay of agency and structure in career self-management. It studies the interactive effect of career adaptability resources with intensified career demands on career crafting by examination of structural predictors for adap...
Article
Full-text available
The current labor market has produced manifold crises with high unemployment rates and increasing worklife dynamics. Adaptability and identity are metaskills that enable the learning process necessary to overcome obstacles on the career path. The contribution of this review lies in its focus on the question of whether the metaskills of career adapt...
Chapter
Technological developments and the increase of flexible working conditions are accompanied by new cognitive demands on employees. In highly flexible work, there is an increased need for planning of working times and for planning of working places, for structuring of work tasks, and for coordinating with others. On the one hand, these new demands re...
Article
Due to the increased flexibilization of work, more and more employees are required to structure their own work and coordinate it with others and thus need to handle the cognitive demands of flexible work. However, research to date has not provided clear results regarding the impact of these cognitive demands on employees. The purpose of this study...
Article
Full-text available
With globalization, digitalization, and the spread of information and communication technologies, rules regulating work have been softened or completely abolished. Consequently, employees face additional cognitive demands to plan, structure, and coordinate their work. To capture these demands of contemporary work, we constructed and initially valid...
Article
Full-text available
With the vision of Industry 4.0 and cobots, working conditions in industrial settings are starting to change. We review related literature from the fields of human–robot interaction, work and organizational psychology, and sociology of work, as well as an exemplary project case study, and identify research gaps regarding the implications of cobots...
Article
Full-text available
Career shocks are the norm, not the exception. Yet, much of research and counseling on career-development holds unrealistic assumptions of a makeable career. Little is understood about the role of shocks on the career path and how the interplay of individual reactions to shocks shapes careers. The purpose of this study is to provide understanding o...
Article
Full-text available
A recent popular trend in office re-design is the activity-based flexible office (A-FO). Initially, assumptions about the effects of A-FOs were drawn from research into open-plan offices where lack of privacy, concentration opportunities, and an increase in distractions are identified as main downsides. These aspects have not been explored sufficie...
Article
With globalization, digitization, and the spread of information and communication technologies, rules regulating work have been softened or completely abolished. As a consequence, employees face additional cognitive demands to plan, structure, and coordinate their work. In order to capture these demands of contemporary work, we constructed and vali...
Chapter
The automotive industry invests enormous sums in vehicle automation. However, for people to buy such (semi-)automated vehicles, trust and acceptance are essential requirements. In addition to trust and acceptance, situation awareness, that is the perception of one’s environment, was shown to be influenced by automation usage. To examine how drivers...
Preprint
With globalization, digitalization, and the spread of information and communication technologies, rules regulating work have been softened or completely abolished. As a consequence, employees face additional cognitive demands to plan, structure, and coordinate their work. In order to capture these demands of contemporary work, we constructed and in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A weekly study on workers’ telework experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic. Preliminary results after the first three weeks of telework.
Article
We examined intensified job demands (IJDs) and selecting-optimizing-compensating (SOC) strategies as predictors of job performance (task performance, organizational citizenship behavior). We also investigated SOC strategy use as a moderator in the linkages between IJDs and performance. We sampled three disparate occupational groups (N=4,582). We fo...
Book
Full-text available
This report uses European Working Conditions Survey data to examine working conditions and their implications for worker’s health. Ensuring the sustainability of work in the context of ageing populations implies a greater number of people in employment who can remain in the workforce for longer. The report examines the interplay between work demand...
Article
Purpose In order to understand the driving forces behind intensified job demands (IJDs), the purpose of this paper is to examine demographic factors, structural work-related factors, personal and job resources as antecedents of IJDs. Design/methodology/approach The study is based on cross-sectional (n=4,963) and longitudinal (n=2,055) quantitati...
Article
Full-text available
Background The initial preference task (IPT) is an implicit measure that has featured prominently in the literature and enjoys high popularity because it offers to provide an unobtrusive and objective assessment of self-esteem that is easy to administer. However, its use for self-esteem assessment may be limited because of weak associations with di...
Data
Characteristics of included samples. (DOCX)
Data
References of included and excluded studies. (DOC)
Data
R-code for included analyses. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Today’s workforce is often faced with high levels of time pressure. According to the challenge-hindrance stressor framework, high levels of time pressure should have an ambivalent relationship with task performance because time pressure increases both motivation and strain. To investigate these ambivalent relationships of time pressure in daily wor...
Article
Full-text available
Following the publication online of this article, the authors would like correct the last sentence on Page 115: “Challenge appraisal positively affected learning but had no effect on vitality, whereas hindrance appraisal had no effect on learning but was POSITIVELY related to vitality.” The sentence should have read as “Challenge appraisal positiv...
Chapter
In recent decades, employees in the Western world have been affected by many changes in their working conditions . New types of work (e.g., crowd-working) and new work settings (e.g., flexible work arrangements ) have appeared and employees at many workplaces seem to suffer from intensified work, which results in decreases in the quality of working...
Chapter
In recent decades, the regulation of work has been increasingly handed over to the individual worker, who is given greater autonomy in performing his/her job. Employees can decide not only how (methods autonomy) but also when (worktime autonomy) and where they perform their work (workplace autonomy ). Although an array of theoretical and empirical...
Chapter
The chapters of this book have outlined developments in the organization of work as well as in work and employment conditions and analyzed their likely effects on employees’ well-being, motivation and career prospects. The authors have tried to provide a picture of how socio-economic changes increase work intensity (Paškvan and Kubicek, Chap. 3) an...
Chapter
In this chapter, we introduce causes and consequences of work intensification while also highlighting resources to help employees manage the intensification of work. In doing so, we argue that global socio-economic changes such as technological advancement , outsourcing and downsizing are important drivers of work intensification . Moreover, we tra...
Article
Full-text available
In the conceptualization of thriving at work, it is emphasized that employees’ learning and vitality are two equally important components of thriving and that thriving is facilitated by contextual features and available resources. In this study, we examined the effects of two challenge stressors (time pressure and learning demands) on thriving at w...
Book
This book examines the new ways of working and their impact on employees’ well-being and performance that have resulted from a changed world of work. It concentrates on job demands and flexible work emanating from current economic and organizational change, and assesses impact on workers’ health and performance. The development of issues such as gl...
Article
Full-text available
Due to economic and technological changes, work has intensified over the past few decades. This intensification of work takes a toll on employees’ well-being and job satisfaction. To explain the effects of work intensification on its outcomes we draw on the transactional stress model and examine the mediating role of cognitive appraisal. Furthermor...
Conference Paper
Our diary study with 124 knowledge workers (5 workdays, 3 measurement occasions per workday) shows that challenge stressors (time pressure, learning demands) differentially affect both components of thriving at work (learning, vitality). Further, cognitive appraisals of the work situation (challenge, hindrance) are used to explain these differentia...
Article
Two studies examined the main and interactive effects of work intensification and work-home segmentation (WHS) on work-to-home conflict (WHC) and enrichment (WHE). In Study 1 (N = 201), work intensification was positively related to WHC and negatively related to WHE. Moreover, WHS, assessed as an organizational supply, was associated with less WHC...
Article
Full-text available
Our research aimed at disentangling the underlying processes of the adverse relationship between regulatory job stressors and ego depletion. Specifically, we analyzed whether state anxiety and self-control effort would mediate the within-person relationships of time pressure, planning and decision-making, and emotional dissonance with ego depletion...
Article
Full-text available
Accelerated societal and organizational changes have placed new pressures on employees. Especially, service employees are exposed to intensified workloads, planning and decision-making, and learning demands. Despite the growing attention given to this intensification of job demands, a comprehensive measure is missing. In the present study, we devel...
Article
Full-text available
In interactions with clients or patients, human service workers are at risk of experiencing discrepancies between felt and organizationally mandated emotions (i.e. emotion-rule dissonance). Given the documented detrimental effects of such discrepancies on employee strain, the present study investigated whether job complexity mitigates the relation...
Article
Purpose – Increasing speed in many life domains is currently being discussed under the term ‘social acceleration’ as a societal phenomenon which not only affects Western societies, but may also lead to job demands arising from accelerated change. Demands such as work intensification and intensified learning and their changes over time may increase...
Article
Supported by media technologies, today's employees can increasingly decide when and where to work. The present study examines positive and negative aspects of this temporal and spatial flexibility, and the perceptions of control in these situations based on propositions of self-determination theory. Using an exploratory approach we conducted semi-s...
Conference Paper
Our experience sampling study with 97 eldercare workers (721 measurement occasions) shows that self-control effort (e.g., Diestel & Schmidt, 2011) can explain relationships of job stressors (workload, planning and decision-making, emotional dissonance) with ego depletion. Further, job control mitigates the indirect relationship of workload with ego...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate safety climate and how it relates to the safety performance of employees from the perspective of safety engineers. Using Griffin and Neal's (2000) safety climate model as a theoretical basis, we hypothesized that the organizational safety climate is a higher-order construct that relates to the safety complia...
Chapter
Modern societies are currently undergoing accelerated social change (see also Chap. 4). In this chapter, we are interested in whether these societal changes influence individual working conditions. More specifically, it is argued that the speeding up of production, consumption, and decision processes due to the implementation of new information and...
Article
Although perceptions of ‘acceleration’ are common in everyday life, empirical studies are rare. We investigated Rosa’s theoretical framework of social acceleration in working life. Based on the framework and the concept of job demands in work and organizational psychology we developed a questionnaire that distinguishes between demands for technolog...
Article
Das Gefühl, immer mehr Arbeitsaufgaben immer rascher erledigen zu müssen, kennzeichnet gegenwärtig die Grundbefindlichkeit vieler arbeitstätiger Menschen. Gesellschaftstheoretische Ansätze erklären dieses Gefühl mit der Veränderung moderner Zeitstrukturen. Konstatiert wird eine fortschreitende Steigerung von Geschwindigkeiten und Veränderungsraten,...
Article
This paper attempts to replicate a safety climate model originally tested in Australia to assess its applicability in a different context: namely, across production workers in 22 medium-sized metal processing organizations in Austria. The model postulates that safety knowledge and safety motivation mediate the relation between safety climate on the...
Article
Full-text available
In organizational change processes, employees develop expectations of future events and make affective forecasts about their affective reactions to these events. When making such affective forecasts, people often project their current affect onto future events without considering the unique characteristics of the events. Although affective forecast...
Article
Aim: This paper introduces the concept of acceleration-related demands in the care of older adults. It examines these new demands and their relation to cognitive, emotional, and physical job demands and to employee well-being. Background: Various changes in the healthcare systems of Western societies pose new demands for healthcare professionals...
Conference Paper
A diary instrument that could be used as a macroergonomic evaluation tool was developed and applied to evaluating monitoring tasks. In the first part of the study, the development of the instrument allowing the measurement of employee evaluations of perceived workload, attained performance, and strain is presented. Railway signalers and controllers...
Article
The present research compared a distributive fairness model of EU transfer payments (Hartner, Rechberger, Kirchler, & Wenzel, 2011) between three countries: Austria, the Czech Republic, and the UK. The model postulates an interplay between EU-tax compliance, distributive fairness, outcome favorability as well as national and European identification...
Conference Paper
The study investigated the role of recovery and detachment in the break period between two shifts for fatigue in the current shift. A time-based paper-and-pencil diary study was carried out observing sixty-four railway controllers over ten consecutive working shifts. The results demonstrated that fatigue in the current shift was not only affected b...
Article
The restructuring of the public sector in the OECD countries, due to the introduction of New Public Management tools, has also reached the universities and academic site. These processes have far-reaching consequences for the organisation of the university, and yet it is unclear how and to what extent the organisational changes affect the gender ar...
Article
Although prior research points to the gendered nature of work and private routines, surprisingly few studies have explored the influence of gender on the sources of psychological well-being in retirement. Drawing on resource theories and theories on the gendered division of labor, this study examines how preretirement resources relate to retirees'...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents an integrative model of early retirement using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. The model extends prior work by incorporating work-family conflict to capture the interaction between the work and family domains and by assuming proximal and distal predictors of early retirement. More precisely, the model suggests that f...
Article
The restructuring of the public sector in the OECD countries, due to the introduction of New Public Management tools has also reached the universities and academic site. These processes have far-reaching consequences for the organisation of the university and yet it is unclear how and to what extent the organisational changes affect the gender arra...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on work engagement and its negative antipode, burnout, as well as their antecedents and consequences. According to the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, two different processes have to be distinguished: a motivational process that links job resources with turnover intention through work engagement, and an energetic process that...
Article
Ein wichtiger Teilbereich der Angewandten Psychologie beschäftigt sich mit dem Erleben und Verhalten von Menschen in verschiedenen wirtschaftlichen Kontexten. An der Fakultät für Psychologie Universität Wien, wird vor allem zu den speziellen Themenschwerpunkten Arbeit und Alter, Unternehmensgründung und Selbstständigkeit, Geldmanagement im privaten...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Flexibles Arbeiten (Homeoffice oder Gleitzeit) wird häufig als Schlüssel zu einer höheren Produktivität, einem besseren Arbeitsengagement und einer besseren Vereinbarung von Beruf und Familie angesehen. Dennoch bringt diese Art des Arbeitens auch viele Herausforderungen mit sich. Die Arbeit in flexiblen Teams erfordert mehr Kommunikation, einen intensiveren Wissensaustausch und eine bessere Koordination zwischen den Teammitgliedern. In diesem Projekt untersuchen wir gemeinsam mit der Technischen Universität Wien (Martina Hartner-Tiefenthaler), wie sich flexibles Arbeiten auf die Arbeit im Team auswirkt und wie Teammitglieder miteinander interagieren, wenn sie nicht zur gleichen Zeit am gleichen Ort arbeiten.
Project
Working flexibly (home office oder flexitime) is often seen as the key to higher productivity, greater work engagement, and better work-life balance. However, it also creates challenges. These challenges are especially highlighted when it comes to working in teams. Working in flexible teams requires more and richer communication, better knowledge sharing and more coordination of work between the team members. In this project we examine together with the Technical University of Vienna (Martina Hartner-Tiefenthaler), how working flexibly impacts team functioning and how team members interact with each other and with their task environment when they are not working at the same time in the same place.
Project
The goal of the project is to show that the economisation (introduction of new public management into higher education systems) is shaped by welfare and gender regime. To show that there are variations of what is meant by 'the entrepreneurial university' and this implicates different effects on gender equality policies at universities.