Bethany Teachman

Bethany Teachman
University of Virginia | UVa · Department of Psychology

About

235
Publications
69,550
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
7,649
Citations

Publications

Publications (235)
Article
Introduction: The current studies examined how smartphone-assessed contextual features (i.e., location, time-of-day, social situation, and affect) contribute to the relative likelihood of emotion regulation strategy endorsement in daily life. Methods: Emotion regulation strategy endorsement and concurrent contextual features were assessed either pa...
Article
Full-text available
Accumulated findings from studies in which implicit-bias measures correlate with discriminatory judgment and behavior have led many social scientists to conclude that implicit biases play a causal role in racial and other discrimination. In turn, that belief has promoted and sustained two lines of work to develop remedies: (a) individual treatment...
Article
Although the vast majority of people with mental illness (PWMI) are not violent, Americans tend to think they are more dangerous than the general population. Because negative media portrayals may contribute to stigma, we used time-series analyses to examine changes in the public’s perceived dangerousness of PWMI around six mass shootings whose perp...
Article
Introduction: Most previous studies have examined the effects of acute psychological stress in humans based on select gene panels. The genomic approach may help identify novel genes that underline biological mechanisms of acute psychological stress responses. Objective: This exploratory study aimed to investigate genome-wide transcriptional acti...
Article
Many college students reduce hazardous drinking (HD) following graduation without treatment. Identifying cognitive mechanisms facilitating this “natural” reduction in HD during this transition is crucial. We evaluated drinking identity as a potential mechanism and tested whether within-persons changes in one’s social network’s drinking were linked...
Preprint
This study evaluated the effectiveness of different recruitment messages for encouraging enrollment in a digital mental health intervention (DMHI) for anxiety among 1,600 anxious patients in a large healthcare system. Patients were randomly assigned to receive a standard message, or one of five messages designed to encourage enrollment: Three messa...
Article
Objective This study examined whether variables related to unequal access to mental health resources (including Black and Latinx racial-ethnic group membership, lower education level, and lower number of community-level treatment providers, and facilities) were associated with current mental health treatment use; and, whether these variables modera...
Article
Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to help address the treatment gap in mental healthcare but are plagued by high attrition. Adding coaching, or minimal contact with a non-specialist provider, may encourage engagement and decrease dropout, while remaining scalable. Coaching has been studied in interventions for various mental hea...
Article
The papers in this special issue make a compelling case for the value of digital mental health services (DMHS; including technology-based interventions, assessments, and prevention programs) to help address some of the currently unmet needs in mental health care. At the same time, the papers highlight the work that needs to be accomplished for DMHS...
Article
Background and Objectives Depersonalization is common in anxiety disorders, but little is known about factors that influence co-occurring anxiety and depersonalization. Design We investigated trait moderators of the relationships between state and trait anxiety and depersonalization to better understand their co-occurrence and to identify potentia...
Article
Background Social anxiety disorder is associated with distinct mobility patterns (e.g., increased time spent at home compared to non-anxious individuals), but we know little about if these patterns change following interventions. The ubiquity of GPS-enabled smartphones offers new opportunities to assess the benefits of mental health interventions b...
Article
One exploratory study (N = 10,335) and one preregistered replication and extension study (N = 6648) evaluated implicit and explicit beliefs in the effectiveness of psychotherapy versus medication, and whether these beliefs vary as a function of demographics, mental health difficulties, and treatment experiences. Data were collected from a sample of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mental health problems are highly prevalent and appear to be increasing in frequency and severity among the college student population. The upsurge in mobile and wearable wireless technologies capable of intense, longitudinal tracking of individuals, provide valuable opportunities to examine temporal patterns and dynamic interactions of key variabl...
Article
Background and objectives: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is an individual difference factor that reflects difficulty tolerating emotional distress in the context of uncertainty and is a robust transdiagnostic risk factor for emotional disorders. A limitation of prior research on IU is the heavy reliance on self-report measures to assess this con...
Article
Prospection, the mental simulation of future events, has been theoretically linked to physical and mental health. Prior studies have found that prospection is malleable; however, no research to our knowledge has tested whether a scalable intervention explicitly targeting the simulation of positive future outcomes can lead to more generalized positi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Brief computerized programs that train less threatening interpretations (termed Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretations, or CBM-I) can shift interpretation biases and subsequent anxiety symptoms. However, results have been inconsistent, particularly for studies conducted over the Internet. Methods The current exploratory study t...
Article
Full-text available
The present study assessed target engagement, preliminary efficacy, and feasibility as primary outcomes of a free multi-session online cognitive bias modification of interpretation (CBM-I) intervention for anxiety in a large community sample. High trait anxious participants (N = 807) were randomly assigned to a CBM-I condition: 1) Positive training...
Preprint
Far too often, psychologists stay isolated in their particular area—we identify as a cognitive psychologist or a clinical psychologist, but rarely as both; we attend clinical psychology conferences or cognitive ones, but there is little overlap in attendance; we recruit graduate students in one area or the other, but seldom advise across areas. Yet...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Alcohol use and anxiety disorders commonly co-occur, resulting in a more severe clinical presentation and poorer response to single-disorder treatments. Research has shown that Approach Bias Modification (ApBM) and Interpretation Bias Modification (IBM) cognitive re-training interventions can be efficacious adjunctive treatments that imp...
Article
Background Alcohol use and anxiety disorders commonly co-occur, resulting in a more severe clinical presentation and poorer response to treatment. Research has shown that approach bias modification (ApBM) and interpretation bias modification (IBM) cognitive retraining interventions can be efficacious adjunctive treatments that improve outcomes for...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Poor emotion regulation (ER) has been implicated in many mental illnesses, including social anxiety disorder. To work towards a scalable, low-cost intervention for improving ER, we developed a novel contextual recommender algorithm for ER strategies. Design: N = 114 socially anxious participants were prompted via a mobile app up to s...
Article
Temporal complexity refers to qualities of a time series that are emergent, erratic, or not easily described by linear processes. Quantifying temporal complexity within a system is key to understanding the time based dynamics of said system. However, many current methods of complexity quantification are not widely used in psychological research bec...
Preprint
The present study assessed target engagement, preliminary efficacy, and feasibility as primary outcomes of a free multi-session online cognitive bias modification of interpretation (CBM-I) intervention for anxiety in a large community sample. High trait anxious participants (N = 807) were randomly assigned to a CBM-I condition: 1) Positive training...
Article
Introduction: This study explores the associations in the United States between each state’s stereotypes about the dangerousness of people with mental illness and important outcomes for people with mental illness. Methods: Implicit association test and questionnaire data from 17,312 online participants were aggregated within states and years. Each...
Article
Full-text available
Background The extent to which a person believes they can change or control their own emotions is associated with trait-level symptoms of mood and anxiety-related psychopathology.Method The present study examined how this belief relates to momentary and daily self-reports of affect, emotion regulation tendencies, and perceived effectiveness of emot...
Article
The public health impact of psychological science is maximized when it is disseminated clearly and compellingly to audiences who can act on it. Dissemination research can generate knowledge to help achieve this, but dissemination is understudied in the field of implementation science. As a consequence, the designs of dissemination strategies are ty...
Article
Background Approach bias modification (ApBM) and interpretation bias modification (IBM) are two promising adjunct treatments for alcohol use and social anxiety, respectively. However, the acceptability of combining ApBM and IBM into one program for people who experience both of these disorders is unknown. The present study describes the codevelopme...
Preprint
Objectives: Poor emotion regulation (ER) has been implicated in many mental illnesses, including social anxiety disorder. To work towards a scalable, low-cost intervention for improving ER, we developed a novel contextual recommender algorithm for ER strategies. Design: N=114 socially anxious participants were prompted via a mobile app up to six ti...
Article
Full-text available
There has been extensive discussion about gender gaps in representation and career advancement in the sciences. However, psychological science itself has yet to be the focus of discussion or systematic review, despite our field's investment in questions of equity, status, well-being, gender bias, and gender disparities. In the present article, we c...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive bias modification training for interpretation bias (CBM-I) trains less threat-oriented interpretation patterns using basic learning principles and can be delivered completely online. Thus, CBM-I may increase accessibility of treatment options for anxiety problems. However, online interventions are often affected by pronounced dropout rate...
Preprint
Delivering treatment recommendations via pervasive electronic devices such as mobile phones has the potential to be a viable and scalable treatment medium for long-term health behavior management. But active experimentation of treatment options can be time-consuming, expensive and altogether unethical in some cases. There is a growing interest in m...
Article
COVID-19 presents significant social, economic, and medical challenges. Because COVID-19 has already begun to precipitate huge increases in mental health problems, clinical psychological science must assert a leadership role in guiding a national response to this secondary crisis. In this article, COVID-19 is conceptualized as a unique, compounding...
Preprint
Negative future thinking pervades emotional disorders. This hybrid efficacy-effectiveness trial tested a four-session, scalable online cognitive bias modification program for training more positive episodic prediction. 958 adults (73.3% female, 86.5% White, 83.4% from United States) were randomized to positive conditions with ambiguous future scena...
Preprint
Prospection, the mental simulation of future events, has been theoretically linked to physical and mental health. Prior studies have found that prospection is malleable; however, no research to our knowledge has tested whether a scalable intervention explicitly targeting the simulation of positive future outcomes can lead to more generalized positi...
Preprint
Depersonalization is common in anxiety disorders, but little is known about the factors that influence co-occurring anxiety and depersonalization. We investigated trait moderators of the relationships between state and trait anxiety and depersonalization to better understand their co-occurrence and to identify potential points of intervention. Adul...
Article
Full-text available
The Death/Suicide Implicit Association Test (IAT) is effective at detecting and prospectively predicting suicidal thoughts and behaviors. However, traditional IAT scoring procedures used in all prior studies (i.e., D‐scores) provide an aggregate score that is inherently relative, obfuscating the separate associations (i.e., “Me = Death/Suicide,” “M...
Article
Despite strong evidence for the efficacy of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), most affected individuals are not receiving these treatments, in part because they may not know that evidence-based treatments exist. The American Psychological Association published a website to disseminate information about its Clinical Practice Guide...
Article
Full-text available
Background Reducing one’s tendency to interpret ambiguous situations negatively can improve symptoms of social anxiety. This study examines the effectiveness of a 1-week period of online Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretations (CBM-I) for socially anxious individuals. In addition to measuring intervention effectiveness through traditional t...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the effect of acute psychological stress on autonomic function and arterial stiffness, and to test a mediating role of change in autonomic function between acute stress and arterial stiffness. Eighty-five healthy female adults were randomized into either an experimental or control group. The Trier Social Stress Test...
Article
Objective tools to assess suicide risk are needed to determine when someone is at imminent risk. In this pilot laboratory investigation, we used a within-subjects design to identify patterns in text messaging (short message service) unique to high-risk periods preceding suicide attempts. Individuals reporting a history of suicide attempt ( N = 33)...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive bias modification of interpretation style (CBM-I) is a family of cognitive training programs that seek to reduce anxious thinking by training people to assign relatively more positive meanings to ambiguous situations. CBM-I’s effects may be enhanced by encouraging more vivid imagery-based episodic simulation of events and by increasing en...
Article
Implicit measures of alcohol-related associations or implicit alcohol associations are associated with drinking outcomes over time and can be understood as vulnerability markers for problem drinking. Longitudinal research remains rare, leaving open questions about how implicit alcohol associations themselves change over time and what factors modera...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Effective emotion regulation (ER) is important to long-term healthy functioning, but little is known about what constitutes effective ER in the moment or how social anxiety symptoms and different strategies influence short-term effectiveness outcomes. Methods: Intensive ecological momentary data from N = 124 college students illustra...
Article
Full-text available
The tendency for individuals to interpret ambiguous information in a threatening way is theorised to maintain anxiety disorders. Recent findings suggest that positive and negative interpretation biases may have unique effects. This study tested the relationships between threat and benign biases with state and trait anxiety and quality of life, and...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have examined how trait emotion dysregulation relates to momentary affective experiences and the emotion regulation (ER) strategies people use in daily life. In the current study, 112 college students completed a trait measure of emotion dysregulation and completed experience sampling and end-of-day surveys over a two- to three-week per...
Article
Full-text available
Socially anxious individuals typically select more avoidant emotion regulation (ER) strategies than non-anxious individuals, contributing to interpersonal difficulties. The present study utilized smartphone-delivered experience sampling over 14 days to assess how actual and desired social situations predicted reports of ER strategy use in 115 under...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Temporal complexity refers to qualities of a time series that are emergent, erratic , or not easily described by linear processes. Quantifying temporal complexity within a system is key to understanding the time based dynamics of said system. However, many current methods of complexity quantification are not widely used due to their tec...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptive social behavior requires learning probabilities of social reward and punishment and updating these probabilities when they change. Given prior research on aberrant reinforcement learning in affective disorders, this study examines how social anxiety affects probabilistic social reinforcement learning and dynamic updating of learned probabi...
Article
The American Psychological Association (APA) recently adopted three clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), including one on the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder that engendered considerable controversy because it recommended several trauma-focused therapies that have been extensively tested but not that widely practiced and not other forms...
Article
Implicit cognitive processing is theorized to have a central role in many forms of psychopathology. In the current review, we focus on implicit associations, by which we mean evaluative representations in memory that are difficult to control and do not require conscious reflection to influence affect, cognition, or behavior. We consider definitiona...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers and clinicians routinely rely on patients’ retrospective emotional self-reports to guide diagnosis and treatment, despite evidence of impaired autobiographical memory and retrieval of emotional information in depression and anxiety. To clarify the nature and specificity of these impairments, we conducted two large online data collection...
Article
Introduction: The current study investigated whether high and low socially-anxious individuals would show differences in affective forecasting accuracy (i.e., the prediction of emotional states in response to future events) to positive versus negative social evaluation. Method: High (n = 94) and low (n = 98) socially-anxious participants gave a spe...
Preprint
Objective tools to assess suicide risk are needed to determine when someone is at imminent risk. This pilot laboratory investigation utilized a within-subjects design to identify patterns in text messaging (SMS) unique to high-risk periods preceding suicide attempts. Individuals reporting a history of suicide attempt (N=33) retrospectively identifi...
Article
Full-text available
The high levels of problematic drinking in college students make clear the need for improvement in the prediction of problematic drinking. We conducted a laboratory-based experiment that investigated whether implicit measures of alcohol-related associations, self-control, and their interaction predicted drinking. Although a few studies have evaluat...
Data
Additional measures administered during computer-based baseline assessment. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mental health problems are a leading cause of disease burden and disability worldwide. Social anxiety and depression are highly prevalent among college students. The current methods for detecting symptoms are based on client self-report via questionnaires and interviews in traditional clinical settings, but self-report is subject to recall bias and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In two studies, the present research examined whether being high in both social anxiety and alcohol use disorder symptoms is associated with a comorbid interpretation and expectancy bias that reflects their bidirectional relationship. Design: Cross-sectional, quantitative surveys. Methods: Measures of social anxiety and alcohol use diso...
Article
In this issue, Hofmann and Hayes shined a light on our field’s lack of progress in reducing the prevalence and burden of mental illness and suggested that a paradigm shift is needed to make more rapid progress. They argued that empirically supported processes of change should guide treatment planning, rather than treatment packages. This approach s...
Article
The way people use smartphones provides a window into the relationship between behaviors and mental health. This relationship is of particular significance to individuals with elevated social anxiety, as it helps to reveal when and where their stress increases in relation to social interactions, ultimately leading to more precise treatment delivery...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Momentary experiences of positive and negative emotionality—also referred to as state affect—are core components of well-being and performance. The ability to unobtrusively monitor state affect could raise individuals’ awareness of their mental health status and enable healthcare providers to deliver targeted, just-in-time mental health interventio...
Article
Background and objectives: Dieters are likely primed to think about their diet throughout the day (e.g., as they feel hungry). However, prior research has not tested whether and how thinking about dieting might have negative effects, like poor self-esteem and body shape concerns. Methods: We experimentally primed dieters' thoughts about their di...
Article
Background and objectives: People who are afraid of heights may have a perceptual bias, such that they see heights as higher than they truly are. The current study tested if there is a causal relationship between treatments for height fear and changes in perceptual bias. Methods: Specifically, the effects on perceptual bias following three heigh...