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I am currently completing a Diabetes UK funded PhD, investigating heterotypic cellular communication in the diabetic kidney. This research is at the University of Lincoln.
January 2020 - present
- Associate demonstrator
- I have demonstrate alongside my PhD, to enhance my teaching skills and my knowledge about the wider curriculum and laboratory techniques I am less familiar with. This allows me to develop interpersonal, communication and teaching abilities.
Introduction: Fibrosis of renal tubules is the final common pathway in diabetic nephropathy and develops in the face of tubular injury and fibroblast activation. Aberrant connexin 43 (Cx43) hemichannel activity has been linked to this damage under euglycemic conditions however, its role in glycaemic injury is unknown. This study investigated the e...
The NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is a multi-protein signalling complex integral to the chronic inflammatory response, activated in response to sterile and non-sterile cellular damage. The assembly and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome comprise a two-step process involving nuclear factor kappa B (NFkB)-mediated priming, follow...
Of increasing prevalence, diabetes is characterised by elevated blood glucose and chronic inflammation that precedes the onset of multiple secondary complications, including those of the kidney and the eye. As the leading cause of end stage renal disease and blindness in the working population, more than ever is there a demand to develop clinical i...
Connexins are membrane bound proteins that facilitate direct and local paracrine mediated cell-to-cell communication through their ability to oligomerise into hexameric hemichannels. When neighbouring channels align, they form gap-junctions that provide a direct route for information transfer between cells. In contrast to intact gap junctions, whic...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem associated with a number of comorbidities. Recent evidence implicates increased hemichannel-mediated release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, the main underlying pathology of CKD. Here, we evaluate the effect of danegaptide on blocking hemichan...
Cell-to-cell communication is an essential process for the efficient function of cells and tissues. Central to this is the purinergic transmission of purines, with ligands such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Altered cell-to-cell communication, and in particular changes in the paracrine release of extracellular ATP, plays crucial roles in pathophy...
The ability of cells to communicate and synchronise their activity is essential for the maintenance of tissue structure, integrity and function. A family of membrane-bound proteins called connexins are largely responsible for mediating the local transfer of information between cells. Assembled in the cell membrane as a hexameric connexon, they func...