Beston Husen Arif

Beston Husen Arif
University of Sulaimani | UNIVSUL · Department of Politics and International Relations

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6
Publications
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Publications

Publications (6)
Article
Iran's influence and presence in Iraq have increased significantly in recent years. The collapse of the Saddam's dictatorship in 2003, after the US invasion, served to inflate Iran's influence in Iraq, particularly in the post-ISIS era. In this connection, Iran has used various means and tools to develop its strategy in Iraq. This article argues th...
Article
Full-text available
Citizenship education is considered an essential tool for democratic development. This article begins with a reflection of the central problems that are afflicting the democratic process in Iraq, issues such as corruption, civil and ethnic conflict, and populational diversity in Iraqi society. This article argues that by introducing a comprehensive...
Article
Full-text available
The citizenship education programs in Australian as a multicultural society has been reviewed for nearly two decades and both major parties in the Commonwealth Parliament are intended to support this progress in the citizenship education. They also allocated funding for curriculum materials and professional development for teachers and educators. I...
Article
Today’s global economic system needs powerful and effective international institutions in order to be more responsible for the world economy and financial stability. Rapid change in the world economy and financial systems make it necessary to bring about reforms in the structure of the international organizations for instance International Monetary...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of soft power has recently become more integrated in China’s diplomatic strategy and foreign policy. China’s utilization of hard power only is insufficient if it wishes to be an active player on the international stage. It also needs to employ soft power to stimulate its influences and leadership in world politics. This study focuses on...
Book
Over the past decades, Iran and Israel have always viewed each other as direct regional rivals, increasing the risks of destabilising the region and leading to military conflict. While the two states have never been in direct fight with each other and there is no territorial disagreement between them, Iran’s nuclear program and its potential pursui...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Is there any theory for Citizenship Education?