Besnik A Krasniqi

Besnik A Krasniqi
University of Prishtina · Management

Professor

About

163
Publications
121,784
Reads
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1,449
Citations
Citations since 2016
105 Research Items
1198 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Dr Krasniqi, a Fulbright Scholar, holds MA and PhD in Economics from Staffordshire University (UK). He teaches Small Business and Entrepreneurship at University of Prishtina. His career spans teaching and research in entrepreneurship at Maastricht School of Management (NL), Indiana University (US), University of Michigan (US), Université Côte d’Azur (France). His research appeared in international journals such as ETP, Small Bus Econ, Int Entrep Manag J, IJEBR, Econ Syst.
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - April 2020
Maastricht School of Management
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Adjunct Professor teaching Entrepreneurship i Emerging Economies
September 2015 - September 2016
University of Michigan
Position
  • Academic Affiliate
Description
  • Academic affiliate conducting research in the area of quality of institutions, entrepreneurship and small firm growth in transitional economies.
July 2014 - December 2014
Indiana University Bloomington
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Fulbright postdoctoral researcher in the area of institutions and high growth entrepreneurship
Education
March 2005 - December 2009
Staffordshire University Business School
Field of study
  • Economics of entrepreneurship and SMEs
June 2002 - August 2003
Staffordshire University Business School
Field of study
  • Economics for Business Analysis
October 1997 - July 2001
University of Prishtina
Field of study
  • Management

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
Full-text available
Like other transitional countries, the Western Balkans face educational challenges due to the long transition period, respectively centralised educational activities associated with a dearth of scientific activities, and limited academic freedom. The previous centralised political and economic system in the Western Balkans created the academic c...
Book
Full-text available
The countries in the Western Balkans have been severely affected by the wars and conflicts that led to the breakup of former Yugoslavia, by political instability and the effort of creating new states, weak economies and high levels of unemployment, poverty and social exclusion, and inequality. As revealed by recent surveys, such as EBRD’s Life in T...
Chapter
This chapter examines the determinants of the incidence of horizontal job-education mismatch in Kosovo. Using a Labour Market survey conducted by The Millennium Challenge Corporation in 2017, we show that almost two thirds of working people have a job that is not related to their field of study during their education, suggesting a high level of hor...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims at identifying crucial factors that affect student satisfaction with synchronous e-learning. For this purpose, a research model comprised of perceived usefulness (PU), perceived ease of use (PEU), computer anxiety (CA), self-efficacy (SE), system accessibility (SA), perceived interaction (PI) and perceived flexibility (PF) w...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This publication has been produced by the Kosovo Chamber of Commerce (KCC) as part of the project ‘Mainstreaming circular economy in private sector in Kosovo’ which is supported by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH as GIZ Kosovo namely the ‘Sustainable Municipal Services’ (Waste Management) project, which itself...
Conference Paper
Purpose: The lack of skilled workers poses a severe challenge for the development and growth of SMEs. The migration of the workforce has recently added to this challenge too. As skilled workers leave their firms to follow better opportunities abroad, policymakers and managers complain about skill shortages and emphasize the negative effects of brai...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines whether the relationship between individuals’ socio-economic characteristics and subjective well-being differs across European countries with varying institutional contexts. Drawing on institutional theory and using the recent 2019 Eurobarometer survey, the multilevel econometric analysis of individuals in 28 European countries...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to reveal the effects of birth order in decision-making style, conflict handling style and propensity for participative decision-making. The intention is to open the perspective of birth order research in organizational studies, as an important individual difference of managers. Design/methodology/approach A survey was cond...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Kosovo has experienced a radical shift from a centrally planned economy to a market economy and built institutions from scratch. During the institutional building process, due to inconsistencies in institutional reforms, firms faced several challenges in competing in the domestic market and engaging in exporting activities. The purpose of t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to analyze the trade performance of the sector, by identifying the main services exported and those imported, and the underlying factors that might assist in explaining the trade performance. The study provides an overview of the ICT sector in Kosovo, by providing insight into the status, needs, potential, and barriers that...
Article
This article seeks insights into how individuals, processes, and structures interact to create the micro-foundations of an operational capability related to production line innovation. Drawing on the literature on the micro-foundations of dynamic capabilities, we develop a model that explains how structures and processes encourage individuals to in...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates how regional supply chains support the Western Balkans' economic growth. It first identifies the role of the cefta free trade agreement in expanding the size of the local market and opening up regional trading opportunities. It recounts how the larger market and specific industrial policies have attracted foreign direct in...
Technical Report
This research aims to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the current situation and practices of cooperation between the Employment Agency of the Republic of Kosovo (EARK) and the business community and provide recommendations for the EARK to enhance such structured cooperation. Close cooperation of EARK with employers creates opportunities to empl...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to determine the antecedents that affect higher education students' entrepreneurial intention and awareness in two developing economies (Turkey and Poland) and one transition economy (Kosovo). Design/methodology/approach This study uses a quantitative research approach based on a sample of 342 questionnaires. Using SPSS 23,...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines forced migrants who fled their homeland due to conflict and later returned to undertake entrepreneurial activity. Drawing on qualitative interviews with returnees to Bosnia & Herzegovina and Kosovo, we contribute to the process-oriented view of entrepreneurship by showing how forced migration leads to historical bonds to the hom...
Research
Full-text available
This report was produced within the framework of the project “Aligning Education and Training with Labour Market Needs” ALLED Phase 2, with the financial support of the European Union (EU) and Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC), implemented by the Austrian Development Agency (ADA). The Kosovo Skill Barometer 1.0 (Edition 2021) investigates the...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE: The new situation arising from the COVID-19 pandemic has brought many difficulties for companies worldwide. To combat the pandemic, governments have enforced lockdown and closure of businesses, and in response, companies have developed various reactive strategies to ensure their survival. The purpose of this study is twofold: to examine th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of family firms’ types of social networks on internationalisation. By investigating the mechanisms and the process and complexity regarding the operation, function and impact of social networks, this paper aims to gain insights and understand the dynamism concerning the content, and proce...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To transcend the view of employment as either formal or informal, this paper evaluates the prevalence of quasi-formal employment where formal employers pay formal employees an unreported (“envelope”) wage in addition to their formal reported salary. To explain the individual-level variations in quasi-formal employment, the “marginalisation”...
Article
Full-text available
The enforced lockdown and closure of businesses in response to the Covid-19 pandemic has resulted in economic crises across the globe, bringing the attention to entrepreneurship and its importance to economic recovery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on SME's and the entrepreneurs' policy preferences bas...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose: Measures taken to prevent COVID-19 infections, aside from causing disruptions in many facets of our daily life, have impeded education, including the higher education process, as never seen before on a global scale. Recent studies have indicated the potential negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health traj...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to investigate the relationship between conflict handling styles (CHS) of business managers in their entrepreneurial intentions (EI). The business manager’s propensity to become entrepreneurs is a relatively unexplored area of research. The relationship between conflict handling style and entrepreneurial intention is under-r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article empirically examined how Kosovan SMEs finance their working capital and their investments through their growth life cycle. Using the financial growth cycle paradigm to test the financial growth cycle based on a sample of 100 Kosovan SMEs’ reporting data since their incep­tion of business. Findings show that Kosovan SMEs use various sou...
Book
Full-text available
This collection of case studies has been produced within the frame of the programme “Support to sustainable economic development in selected regions of Uzbekistan”, financed by the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). This report was drafted with input gathered from Benedikt Sedlmayr, Konstantin Schneider, Enric Pe...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to compare the diversification risk of the crypto portfolio with those of equity portfolios. For this purpose, the hypothetical index was constructed with 20 cryptocurrencies that hold the highest market capitalization in the Coin Market Cap database, named as the Crypto-Index 20. The portfolio diversification techniques were used t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter surveys the empirical literature on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Kosovo and then examines the inflows, origins, sectoral composition, and geographic distribution of FDI. Kosovo’s relative location, demographics, and investment laws provide positive conditions for attracting FDI. Many industries are available for investors under K...
Article
Full-text available
Portfolio optimization is the main concern for portfolio managers. Financial securities are placed within the portfolio based on the investor's risk tolerance. The study measures the risk-reward relationship when the number of stocks in the portfolio increases. Six diverse portfolios have been created with a different number of stocks, such as port...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ky hulmtim ka për qëllim që ta plotësojë sadopak boshllëkun e informacioneve lidhur me pasojat negative të COVDI-19 në biznese, për të inkurajuar një debat të gjërë dhe të informuar në shoqërinë tonë për të gjetur zgjidhje adekuate të masave ekonomike për t’i ndihmuar bizneset. Studimi bazohet në një anketë me 250 biznese në Kosovë.
Article
Full-text available
This article evaluates the impact of starting-up unregistered and operating informally on small firm growth in Kosovo, the country with the highest levels of informality in Western Balkans. The study uses mixed research methods as an inquiry to combining both qualitative and quantitative forms. Reporting data from 487 business owners extracted from...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to examine the interdependence between the decision to invest in entrepreneurship and the receipt of remittances. Firstly, a conceptual framework is developed within the household utility-maximisation model, wherein households are seen to make decisions on entrepreneurship and remittances simultaneously. Guided by this, the...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of different forms of innovation on firm growth, in terms of sales. A total of 278 samples were collected from SMEs in the manufacturing, service and trade industries throughout Kosovo. The data were analysed using a logistic regression analysis. The findings confirm the hypotheses that marketi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to critically review the existing initiatives of start-up support services for entrepreneurship growth in Kosovo. In the light of an increasing government and donor activities to support start-ups in Kosovo, there is a need for evaluation of these policy interventions to guide future entrepreneurship policy. Building on the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Measuring shadow or hidden economy is critical for policy makers in in every country in the world. Given its large size of the shadow economy the importance of measuring shadow economy in Kosovo is even more important. In Kosovo, in particular, the institutional building started from the scratch, in after math of the war, which in turn affected com...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Analiza e ekonomisë në hije ose e ekonomisë së fshehur është thelbësore për politikëbërësit në çdo vend të botës. Duke pasur parasysh madhësinë e ekonomisë në hije, rëndësia e matjes së ekonomisë në hije në Kosovë është edhe më e rëndësishme. Në Kosovë, në veçanti, ndërtimi i institucioneve filloi nga e para pas përfundimit të luftës, e cila nga an...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether the way managers make decisions (their decision-making style-DMS) predicts their entrepreneurial intentions (EI), a research subject that has been largely ignored in the literature. Developing an understanding of entrepreneurial intention factors that attract managers to entrepreneurship is indisp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the role of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in the Western Balkans in supporting industrial policy for economic development. It shows that Serbia and North Macedonia have both implemented policies to establish networks of SEZs that have attracted a relatively large amount of new foreign direct investment, mainly into the motor...
Conference Paper
The overall aim of the study is to deal with a critical concern for policy-makers in recent years - skill mismatch in Kosovo, with particular focus on female labor participation and skills. The study draws on data from project Aligning Education and Training with Labour Market Needs – ALLED II, funded by European Union and Austrian Development Agen...
Presentation
Full-text available
Per të zhvilluar ekonominë e gjelbërt neovjitet një qasja integruese ne politikëberje duke perfshire shoqërine, mjedisin dhe ekonominë që është parakusht për politika ekonomike të qëndrueshme. Kalimi në një ekonomi të gjelbër kërkon një mentalitet të ri të të bërit biznes. Ajo gjithashtu kërkon lloje të tjera të aftësive dhe shkathtësive në tregun...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the barriers to the development of regional supply chains to support the growth of regional trade in the CEFTA region. The paper first identifies the way in which regional FTAs such as CEFTA may bring about structural change and tendencies to either convergence or divergence among partner economies. Tendencies to agglomerati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Stock exchanges are constantly prone to instability caused by asset bubbles. Risk level within the stock exchanges stands as the main concern for the financial investors. Stock prices are influenced by the choices completed on the domestic and international environment. The study intends to measure the risk level of the Prague Stock Exchange (PSE)...
Book
Full-text available
This study focuses on a topic of critical concern for policy-makers in recent years - skill mismatch in Kosovo. Various strategic economic development documents and reports point out the need for qualified labour to support economic growth in Kosovo. The aim of this study is to assess the current labour market skills mismatch in Kosovo. It begins w...
Article
Full-text available
Today, successful implementation of innovation within small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) has been a subject of great interest among authors. The purpose of this study is to explore the driving factors and challenges of innovation in the context of SMEs in the service sector. This study follows qualitative research with 21 SMEs in Kosovo from...
Chapter
Full-text available
Growth, success and survival depend on the capability of the firms to innovate and network continuously. The purpose of this book chapter is to explore the impact of open innovation in the start-up firm growth. SMEs are capable to develop innovation, but not many of them are able to manage the whole innovation process. This implies the need for col...
Article
Risk captured through the volatility of stock markets stands as the essential concern for financial investors. The financial crisis of 2008 demonstrated that stock markets are highly integrated. Slovakia, Hungary and Poland went through identical centralist economic arrangement, but nowadays operate under diverse stock markets, monetary system and...
Conference Paper
Despite the substantial role of clusters, what we still see in practice they are very sectorial oriented approaches and clusters (cluster for agro-food, energy, ICT, wood processing, etc.). Even most S3-oriented approaches promote this traditional thinking towards a specific sector. Initiatives are often not really embedded in the regional developm...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nevoja për një ridimensionim të politikës industriale në Kosovë Debati rreth rolit të shtetit në ekonomi është i hershëm. Oponentët e politikave intervencioniste argumentojnë se qeveria nuk është në gjendje të vlerësojë shancet për sukses ekonomik më mirë se sa tregu, apo thënë ndryshe është e diskutueshme nëse burokratët janë në gjendje të vlerëso...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the Berlin Process is to boost regional cooperation among the Western Balkans (WB6) countries and their European integration in four areas: trade, investment, mobility and digital integration. Investment is the major component expected to have a major impact on promotion of intern-regional investment and attract FDI into WB6. WB6 have a...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate the institutional impact on innovation of firms across 30 transition economies in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Building on the institutional theory literature, we hypothesise on the direct influence of formal and informal institutions on innovation, also taking into consideration the interaction effects between th...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective. This paper will focus on innovation process caused by information communication technology. The study in this paper discovers the relation of information technology in software and not software products service industry in innovation processes across their effect in the MBE-s in Kosovo. The main objective of the research s...
Presentation
This presentation is concerned how to build university-industry connections through student consulting project.
Poster
Full-text available
Explain the successful experiences in implementing the ERASMUS+ project ENTREPRENEURIAL UNIVERSITIES FOR - INDUSTRY ALLIANCES EUFORIA.
Article
Network provides opportunities for mutual learning and stimulation for the creation of fresh knowledge. However, in transition economies researchers have paid little attention to the ability of network to boost firms’ innovative capabilities. Based on 2016 Business environment and enterprise performance survey this article has identified the positi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Return migration has many benefits for countries of origin. Working abroad allows migrants to increase their income, accumulate savings and acquire new skills. When return migrants invest in business projects and transfer human capital gained abroad benefits materialize in the home country. However, the home country needs to have the right policies...
Article
Full-text available
Guided by managerial theory and behavioural economics, as well as the literature on exporting, this study combines the upper echelons perspective with the Melitz model to analyse the export behaviour of firms. Hence, it controls for the influence of managerial characteristics, neglected thus far in the literature on firms’ export choice and volume...
Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to shed more light on the relationship between 'productive' entrepreneurial activity and economic growth. Similar to the recent empirical studies on entrepreneurship-economic growth literature (see Urbano and Aparicio, 2016; Du and O’Connor, 2017; Acs et al., 2018), the empirical analysis uses GEM - APS dataset and a variet...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This chapter discusses the entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intentions in Kosovo. The study employs the data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) survey (2014) and OECD's SME policy index (2016) to evaluate and compare entrepreneurship education in Kosovo in the regional and global context. The findings suggest that Kosovo is...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to fill the gap in the research literature on how sport can be used more productively as a peacebuilding device in post-conflict countries. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses interviewing method that includes both semi-structured and unstructured interviews with trainers, instructors and children inv...
Article
Purpose The quality of institutions matters for firm growth. Yet, there is a research gap in controlling for moderating effect of size on institutions and firm growth in transitional context and especially in post-conflict economies. Building on institutional theory, this research aims to explore the influence of different types of institutional v...
Article
Full-text available
This article tests the validity of Gibrat’s Law and Jovanovic’s learning theory for growing small and medium-sized firms (SMEs) in post-conflict economy of Kosovo. Despite evolving body of evidence suggesting that Gibrat’s Law does not hold, there is a lack of empirical evidence from transitional and post-conflict economies. This study provides eco...
Article
Full-text available
Institutional theory has been widely used to explain entrepreneurship in the informal economy. A first wave of institutionalist theory argued that informal entrepreneurship resulted from formal institutional failures and a second wave that such entrepreneurship results from an asymmetry between the laws and regulations of formal institutions and th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Kosovo is the newest country in Europe located in the central Balkan Peninsula. Kosovo is a lower-middle-income economy and has experienced solid economic growth over the last decade. It has experienced growth every year since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008. The most economic development has taken place in the trade, services, ret...
Book
Full-text available
NGA TEORIA NË PRAKTIKË STUDIME RASTI NGA KOMPANI KOSOVARE Redaktor: Muhamet Mustafa Botues: 2 BOTUES : KOLEGJI RIINVEST Redaktor/ Editor : Prof. Muhamet Mustafa AUTORËT/ AUTHORS : I. BIZNES, MENAXHMENT, MARKETING/ BUSINESS, MANAGEMENT, MARKETING Myrvete Badivuku - Pantina Muhamet Mustafa Besnik Krasniqi & Ajet Ahmeti Bujar Pira & Artan Veseli Gëz...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the intentions of the diaspora to return to their homeland and engage in entrepreneurial activity. We focus on post-conflict economies where the development potential of return migration is significant. Our article demonstrates that the entrepreneurial intentions of returning diaspora are affected by their level of trust and p...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Berlin Process is an initiative to boost regional cooperation among the Western Balkans (WB6) countries and their European integration in four areas: trade, investment, mobility and digital integration. Investment is the major component expected to have a major impact on promotion of intern-regional investment and attract FDI into WB6. WB6 have...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how human and social capital influences the entrepreneurial activity of migrant entrepreneurs, with special reference to forced migrants due to conflict. The study uses Migrant’s Survey data collected at the end of 2008 and beginning of 2009 to estimate the probability of entrepreneurial activity among Kosovan migrants. The find...