Bernhard Rengs

Bernhard Rengs
Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW) | ÖAW · Vienna Institute of Demography

PhD

About

56
Publications
10,681
Reads
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355
Citations
Citations since 2017
43 Research Items
319 Citations
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Additional affiliations
August 2021 - present
Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW)
Position
  • Researcher
January 2021 - June 2021
University of Vienna
Position
  • Researcher
September 2014 - December 2020
Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW)
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Since its inception in 2010, the Arab Spring has evolved into a situation of violent conflict in many countries, leading to high levels of migration from the affected region. Given the social impact of the large number of individuals applying for asylum across Europe in 2015, it is important to study who these persons are in terms of their skills,...
Article
Full-text available
This article contributes to the field of evolutionary macroeconomics by highlighting the dynamic interlinkages between micro-meso-macro with a Veblenian meso foundation in an agent-based macroeconomic model. Consumption is dependent on endogenously changing social class and signaling, such as bandwagon, Veblen and snob effects. In particular, we te...
Article
Full-text available
Climate policy has been mainly studied with economic models that assume representative, rational agents. Such policy aims, though, at changing carbon-intensive consumption and production patterns driven by bounded rationality and other-regarding preferences, such as status and imitation. To examine climate policy under such alternative behavioral a...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, Germany and Austria have been among the leading European receiving countries for asylum seekers and refugees (AS&R). The two countries have cultural and economic similarities, but differ, for example, in their health care systems, with AS&R having unrestricted access to health services upon arrival in Austria, but not in Germany. T...
Article
Full-text available
The world economy crucially depends on multi-layered value chains with high degrees of sector-related specialization. Its final products are of international character and serve the needs and wants of the global citizen. However, many production processes are causing severe damage to the environment and moreover create health hazard for workers and...
Article
This article provides insights into the role of the nuclear family for refugees' social capital in Austria, with a focus on gender‐specific differences. We use a multimethod approach, based on quantitative data from a survey with 548 refugees from Syria and Afghanistan and semi‐structured group discussions (N = 17 informants). In our analysis, we s...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Book
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
How do refugee women live, what resources do they have and what challenges do they face? This book provides insights into the lives of female refugees in Austria, who are growing in number but remain largely invisible in public discourse. Drawing on data from a mixed-methods survey, the authors analyse refugees’ social contacts, education and educa...
Chapter
Auf Basis neuer Primärdaten aus dem Refugee Health and Integration Survey (ReHIS) analysiert der vorliegende Beitrag die Prävalenz von Angststörungen und Depressionen unter Geflüchteten in Österreich und diskutiert Barrieren des Zugangs zu psychotherapeutischen und psychiatrischen Behandlungsangeboten. Umfragedaten dieser Art sind besonders relevan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Agent-based modelling of the political economy of Europe combining three levels of European agents: European level, country level, economic sector level.
Chapter
Full-text available
Migration is an important issue for Austria, a central European country with 8.8 million inhabitants in 2018. Roughly 47,000 persons born in Syria were residing in Austria at the beginning of that year, most of them arriving after 2014. This chapter provides insights on the Syrian population in Austria, including age, gender, legal status, educatio...
Chapter
This chapter provides insights on social surveys among refuge seeking persons carried out in Austria between 2015 and 2017. The methodological approach of the data collection, questionnaire preparation, experiences from the surveys, as well as insights from the field phases from wave 1 and 2 of the surveys are presented. Findings address several ke...
Chapter
Full-text available
Der Beitrag untersucht das subjektive Wohlbefinden und den Zugang zur öffentli-chen Gesundheitsversorgung von Geflüchteten in Österreich, einem jener Länder, die am stärksten von der „Flüchtlingskrise“ im Jahr 2015 betroffenen waren. Er basiert auf Primärdaten aus dem Refugee Health and Integration Survey (ReHIS), einer sozialwissenschaftlichen Erh...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides evidence on (1) refugees’ subjective well-being, (2) their access and barriers to health care utilization and (3) their perception of health care provision in Austria, one of the countries most heavily affected by the European ‘refugee crisis.’ It is based on primary data from the Refugee Health and Integration Survey (ReHIS), a...
Article
Gaussian process (GP) emulation is a relatively recent statistical technique that provides a fast-running approximation to a complex computer model, given training data generated by the considered model. Despite its sound theoretical foundation, GP emulation falls short in practical applications where the training dataset is very large, due to nume...
Article
Full-text available
Violent conflicts and social unrest in the Middle East, in Central Asia, and in Africa have led to growing numbers of persons seeking refuge in Europe since 2011. The phenomenon culminated in 2015. In that year, with 88,300 new asylum applications, Austria was the 4th largest receiver of asylum seekers in the EU, thereby increasing visibly religiou...
Book
Full-text available
Vulnerability shapes the future well-being of families and particularly the children raised within those families. Reducing the societal reproduction of vulnerability is a great challenge for policy- makers. The present book explores societal developments that influence future vulnerability and discusses respective policy implications.
Article
In late 2015, a survey called Displaced Persons in Austria Survey was carried out in and around Vienna to study the socio-demographic characteristics, values and attitudes of refugees arriving in Austria in 2015. In that year, the number of persons seeking refuge in Europe was substantially high, with Austria being the fourth largest receiving coun...
Article
Full-text available
In late 2015, a survey called Displaced Persons in Austria Survey was carried out in and around Vienna to study the socio-demographic characteristics, values and attitudes of refugees arriving in Austria in 2015. In that year, the number of persons seeking refuge in Europe was substantially high, with Austria being the fourth largest receiving coun...
Working Paper
Full-text available
In 2015, large numbers of forced migrants crossed the borders to the European Union and the influx of new arrivals has led to the important question of implications for the host societies. This article assesses the labour market profile and previous employment of the recent inflows of displaced persons, mainly coming from Syria, Iraq and Afghanista...
Article
A common way to evaluate surrogate models is by using validation measures. This amounts to applying a chosen validation measure to a test data set that was not used to train the surrogate model. The selection of a validation measure is typically motivated by diverse guidelines, such as simplicity of the measure, ease of implementation, popularity o...
Article
Full-text available
The immigrants living in France and the refugees who arrived in Austria are more educated than most of the population in their country of origin. By comparison with the population in the host country, the picture is more mixed: some groups, such as immigrants from Portugal living in France, are relatively low educated, while others, such as Romania...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we compare three surrogate models on a highly irregular, yet real-world data set. The three methods strongly vary in mathematical sophistication and computational complexity. First, inverse distance weighting, a very intuitive method whose single parameter can be readily determined via basic, albeit nonlinear, optimization. Secondly,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a method to apply statistical emulation on very large data sets, making use of cluster analysis. It is shown how integrating cluster analysis with the interpolation method called inverse distance weighting, naturally generalizes the basic emulation framework where a single Gaussian distribution is used, to a framework where a mi...
Article
Full-text available
In late 2015, a survey called DiPAS (Displaced persons in Austria survey) was carried out in and around Vienna to study the socio-demographic characteristics, values and attitudes of asylum seekers arriving in Austria in 2015. In that year, the number of persons seeking refuge in Europe was substantially high, with Austria being the fourth largest...
Article
Full-text available
We use an agent-based model to investigate the interdependent dynamics between individual agency and emergent socioeconomic structure, leading to institutional change in a generic way. Our model simulates the emergence and exit of institutional units, understood as generic governed social structures. We show how endogenized trust and exogenously gi...
Conference Paper
We present a highly stylized agent-based computational model (ABM) of an artificial economic and monetary union. Contrary to other current macroeconomic ABMs, it focuses on the relations/consequences of credit-financed, high-leveraged economies, conspicuous consumption within and across borders and a monetary and economic union of individual countr...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing life expectancy and low birth rates are shaping the future of the European population. The economic consequences of demographic ageing are manifold. At the individual level, a longer, healthy lifespan will affect microeconomic decisions including education, employment, savings, investments and retirement. Institutional conditions (family...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents our efforts (and troubles) in replicating Epstein's (1998) demographic prisoner's dilemma model. Confronted with a number of ambiguous descriptions of model features we introduce a method for systematically generating a large number of model replications and testing for their equivalence to the original model. While, qualitativ...
Article
Full-text available
In the present article we emphasize the importance of modeling time in the context of agent-based models. To this end, we present a (selective) survey of the Cellular Automata-literature on updating and draw parallels to the issue of agent activation in agent-based models. By means of two simple models, Schelling's segregation model and Epstein's d...
Article
This paper documents our efforts in replicating Epstein’s (1998) demographic prisoner’s dilemma model. While, qualitatively speaking, our replicated model resembles the results of the original model reasonably well, statistical testing reveals that in quantitative terms our endeavor was only partially successful. This fact hints towards some unstat...
Article
The following paper tries to sketch the evolution of educational institutions with two concepts. On the one hand we work with Bourdieu's theory of habitus and on the other hand we outline a meso trajectory in tradition of the micro-meso-macro framework in Dopfer, Foster and Potts (2003). We show that these two attempts can be integrated in a very c...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Most people ,involved in ,the actual dynamics ,of the ,current disastrous developments ,in international finance are surprised by the ,ignorance that this deepest crisis of capitalism since the interwar period experiences in the world of academic economic,theory. As was the case with the economics that Keynes’ criticized in the thirties, t...
Article
Full-text available
, every accumulation regime is changed endogenously caused and feeding back to economic crisis. These changes are often neglected by mainstream economic theory, usually not to be confronted with the consequences of its own impotence concerning the interpretation of the new circumstances. In the capitalist mode of production the increase of labour p...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Between late summer and fall 2015, large numbers of forced migrants crossed the borders to the European Union on foot or by train. This study explores the role of refugees’ personal integration capital and environmental conditions in influencing the labor market integration success in Austria. For this purpose, we analyze two unique datasets on asylum seekers and refugees: DiPAS (Displaced persons in Austria Survey), the first social survey carried out in Europe among asylum seekers arriving in 2015; and data on competence checks, carried out by the Public Employment Service Austria, that capture via profound practical assessments insights on occupational skills of refugees.
Project
This project takes a previously finished simulation project on global macroeconomic financial networks to a new and more general level. It starts with a series of policy papers. Here is the description of the previous simulation project: We developed an agent-based simulation of European banks and macroeconomic entities. Six major countries are modelled in detail - including a module for technical progress - as well as the ECB and the EU level. The goal is to understand Europe's development and provide consulting for further, civilized European welfare increase.
Project
Given the social impact of the large number of forced migrants from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan applying for asylum across Europe since fall 2015, it is crucial to study who these individuals are in terms of their skills, motivations, and intentions. The study DiPAS (Displaced Persons in Austria Survey) at the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU) aims to uncover the socio-demographic characteristics of the refuge-seeking persons who arrived in Austria in 2015, with a particular focus on human capital (educational attainment and professional qualifications) as well as attitudes and values. Respondents were also asked about their origins and family backgrounds as well as journey routes and return intentions.