Bernhard Dieber

Bernhard Dieber
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH · ROBOTICS – Institute for Robotics and Mechatronics

Dr.

About

49
Publications
24,566
Reads
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475
Citations
Introduction
I am heading the research group on Robot Systems at the Institute of Robotics and Mechatronics of JOANNEUM RESEARCH. We focus on Software and Systems engineering for next-generation intelligent robots in industry and service application. Within our work, we always take a strong focus on the cyber security of robot systems. We have been dealing intensively with the security of the Robot Operating System in past years but also work on security architectures as well as the intersection of safety and security.
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - present
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
Position
  • Head of Department
September 2015 - July 2016
Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Software and Systems Engineering
March 2013 - December 2013
Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt
Position
  • Sensor Networks
Education
May 2008 - December 2013
Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt
Field of study
  • Information Technology
October 2002 - April 2008
Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt
Field of study
  • Applied Computer Science

Publications

Publications (49)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A recent trend in smart camera networks is that they are able to modify the functionality during runtime to better re-flect changes in the observed scenes and in the specified monitoring tasks. In this paper we focus on different config-uration methods for such networks. A configuration is given by three components: (i) a description of the camera...
Chapter
The use of robots in combination with artificial intelligence (AI) is a trend with the promises to relieve humans from difficult-, time consuming- or dangerous work. Intelligent robots aim to solve tasks more efficiently, safer or partly more stable. Independent of the domain-specific challenge, the configuration of both (a) the robot and (b) the A...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dieser Bericht zu partizipativen Formaten bietet potenziellen Veranstalter_innen von Workshops zum Thema „Faire Künstliche Intelligenz (KI)“ Werkzeuge, um mit unter- schiedlichsten Zielgruppen und für verschiedene Zwecke partizipativ interagieren zu können. Diese Workshops können sich an verschiedene Zielgruppen wenden von kon- kreten Unternehmen u...
Preprint
Full-text available
With increased applications of collaborative robots (cobots) in industrial workplaces, behavioural effects of human-cobot interactions need to be further investigated. This is of particular importance as nonverbal behaviours of collaboration partners in human-robot teams significantly influence the experience of the human interaction partners and t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Robotics is becoming more and more ubiquitous, but the pressure to bring systems to market occasionally goes at the cost of neglecting security mechanisms during the development, deployment or while in production. As a result, contemporary robotic systems are vulnerable to diverse attack patterns, and an a posteriori hardening is at least challengi...
Article
Full-text available
With the growing popularity of robots, the development of robot applications is subject to an ever increasing number of additional requirements from e.g., safety, legal and ethical sides. The certification of an application for compliance to such requirements is an essential step in the development of a robot program. However, at this point in time...
Book
Robotics is becoming more and more ubiquitous, but the pressure to bring systems to market occasionally goes at the cost of neglecting security mechanisms during the development, deployment or while in production. As a result, contemporary robotic systems are vulnerable to diverse attack patterns, and a posteriori hardening is at least challenging,...
Chapter
In this transdisciplinary paper we discuss the question whether trust in human-robot-interaction (HRI) can be gained by gamification. Therefore, the concept of credibility will be introduced. A specific focus is on the question concerning the implementation of ethical rules in robotic safety systems. With a focus on Wittgenstein as a philosopher of...
Preprint
Full-text available
The reuse of technologies and inherent complexity of most robotic systems is increasingly leading to robots with wide attack surfaces and a variety of potential vulnerabilities. Given their growing presence in public environments, security research is increasingly becoming more important than in any other area, specially due to the safety implicati...
Preprint
Full-text available
With its growing use in industry, ROS is rapidly becoming a standard in robotics. While developments in ROS 2 show promise, the slow adoption cycles in industry will push widespread ROS 2 industrial adoption years from now. ROS will prevail in the meantime which raises the question: can ROS be used securely for industrial use cases even though its...
Article
Modern robot systems are an essential technology for the digitalization of production and value-adding processes. The goal is to allow machines to operate in a common area with humans in so-called collaborative operation without separation by physical protective devices. This feature places particularly high demands on the fulfillment of robot safe...
Article
Full-text available
Today, visual sensor networks (VSNs) are pervasively used in smart environments such as intelligent homes, industrial automation or surveillance. A major concern in the use of sensor networks in general is their reliability in the presence of security threats and cyberattacks. Compared to traditional networks, sensor networks typically face numerou...
Chapter
ROS is the most popular framework in robotics research and it also grows in terms of industrial use. This makes ROS a worthwhile target for attackers especially since security is not addressed by the core framework itself. Its open architecture and flexibility are also the reasons why ROS suffers from security issues. For example, in ROS it is poss...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cybersecurity in robotics is an emerging topic that has gained significant traction. Researchers have demonstrated some of the potentials and effects of cyber attacks on robots lately. This implies safety related adverse consequences causing human harm, death or lead to significant integrity loss clearly overcoming the privacy concerns in classical...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today, camera networks are pervasively used in smart environments such as intelligent homes, industrial automation or surveillance. These applications often require cameras to be aware of their spatial neighbors or even to operate on a common ground plane. A major concern in the use of sensor networks in general is their robustness and reliability...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using the effects of quantum mechanics for computing challenges has been an often discussed topic for decades. The frequent successes and early products in this area, which we have seen in recent years, indicate that we are currently entering a new era of computing. This paradigm shift will also impact the work of robotic scientists and the applica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With ongoing research in robotics, some specific architectural approaches of robotic systems earn more and more interest by all kinds of industries. Mobile manipulators – robots consisting of a mobile base and a serial manipulator – provide the ability to make robotic manipulation locationindependent, which will be an essential feature in future pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The need for biocontainment from COSPAR's Planetary Protection Policy and the need for cleanliness for scientific investigation requires that the sample returned from Mars by the MSR mission must be handled in a Double Walled Isolator (DWI); an isolator that provides simultaneous bio-containment and cleanliness. Then, in order to avoid the use of '...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mobile manipulation will play an essential role in future production's intralogistics. In addition, it can be assumed that location-independence of manipulation will greatly contribute to flexible production and higher efficiency in robot use. Modular mobile manipulators can be combined from standalone robotic components like mobile platforms and s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since its beginnings ten years ago, the Robot Operating System (ROS) has created a huge community of developers and researchers and is now the most widespread open-source framework for robotics development. It is used in research, prototyping but also in commercial products and supports a wide range of robotic platforms, sensors and high-level data...
Preprint
Full-text available
The increasing impact of robotics on industry and on society will unavoidably lead to the involvement of robots in incidents and mishaps. In such cases, forensic analyses are key techniques to provide useful evidence on what happened, and try to prevent future incidents. This article discusses volatile memory forensics for the Robot Operating Syste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As modern robots become more intelligent, also their use will broaden in public and professional areas. While the aim is to make robots beneficial to humans and society, using those complex machines in complex environments will eventually lead to incidents. To enable forensic investigations, ethical evaluations and transparent function of intellige...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From cutting shapes out of metal or wood to welding, screwing or lifting heavy objects, the application and versatility of robots in industry is vast. Their programs however are typically very static and only used in pre-defined, static settings, thus they cannot deal with changing production tasks. Whenever a special problem has to be solved sever...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This essay summarizes the claims on IT security that have been presented and discussed during the workshop "YuMi in Action! Ethics and Engineering as Transdisciplinary Robotics Performance". As a sort of "Ems Telegram" in the era of digital transformation, this essay aims to be a cross-disciplinary thought provocation on IT security and what Bismar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In three sections some interactions at the workshop "YuMi in Action! Ethics and Engineering as Transdisciplinary Robotics Performance" and related later reflections are summarized. The primary emphasis is to illustrate what transdisciplinarity is and how transdisciplinarity could work as a certain form of scientific cooperation. Therefore four prin...
Article
Full-text available
Future robotic systems will be situated in highly networked environments where they communicate with industrial control systems, cloud services or other systems at remote locations. In this trend of strong digitization of industrial systems (also sometimes referred to as Industry 4.0), cyber attacks are an increasing threat to the integrity of the...
Article
Roboter unterscheiden sich von klassischen Maschinen, indem sie vielfältig und an ihre Aufgabenstellung anpassbar mit der Umwelt interagieren können. Sie bilden daher jene Interaktionsmechanismen, durch welche informationstechnische Systeme aktiv und direkt auf die reale Welt Einfluss nehmen. Jegliche potentielle Gefahr für Mensch und Umwelt wurde...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die neueste Generation von Industrierobotern wurde speziell für die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Mensch und Roboter entwickelt. Dabei kann ein kollaborativer Roboter mit einem Menschen gemeinsam an ei-ner Aufgabe arbeiten, muss aber gleichzeitig dessen Unversehrtheit zu jedem Zeitpunkt gewährleisten können. Dazu werden eine Vielzahl an Sicherheitsmechan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The boom for robotics technologies in recent years has also empowered a new generation of robotics software. The Robot Operating System (ROS) is one of the most popular frameworks for robotics researchers and makers which is moving towards commercial and industrial use. Security-wise however, ROS is vulnerable to attacks. It is rather easy to injec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many branches of the manufacturing industry in general, and smaller wood processing companies in particular, are facing challenges related to producing ever smaller lot sizes under increasing time pressure. The RobWood project aims to increase the flexibility of such companies by providing a tool-chain to easily program robots for wood processing....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While the topic of security in industrial applications has gained some momentum in recent years, there are still severe security vulnerabilities which are actively exploited for attacks. The robot operating system (ROS) is expected to further grow in usage and to be used in many industrial applications. Analysis, however, shows that it lacks severa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die starke Vernetzung in Industrie 4.0 Szenarien bedeutet auch dass bisher durch Isolation gesicherte Produktionsnetzwerke nun potentiellen Angriffen ausgesetzt sind. Daher sind Sicherungsmaßnamen an den Anwendungen in solchen Netzwerken unabdingbar. Das Robot Operating System (ROS) erfreut sich großer Beliebtheit im Umfeld der Robotik. Allerdings...
Chapter
Full-text available
The implementation of a distributed self-aware computing system (SACS) typically requires a substantial software infrastructure. A middleware system with dedicated services for self-awareness and self-expression can therefore support the development of SACS applications. In this chapter we show the advantages of using a middleware system as the bas...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Human-robot collaboration is a novel, hot topic in the field of industrial and service robotics with considerable potential. It offers the possibility to combine human cognitive abilities with the strengths of robot technology in terms of precision and performance, thus opening up a wide range of possibilities beyond the traditional application of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A visual sensor network (VSN) consists of resource-limited camera nodes which process the captured image data locally and collaborate with other cameras over a wireless network. The configuration of the network is a very important task in VSNs in order to adapt the available resources to the current requirements of the application. We focus on cove...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite significant interest in the research com-munity, the development of multi-camera applications is still quite challenging. This paper presents Ella -a dedicated pub-lish/subscribe middleware system that facilitates distribution, component reuse and communication for heterogeneous multi-camera applications. We present the key components of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Smart camera networks usually have limited re-sources. This includes not only processing power and memory but in many applications also the amount of available energy. To find a trade-off between available resources and the current requirements of the application, the configuration of the network is very important. Due to rapid changes in the visua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a smart resource-aware multimedia sensor network. We illustrate a surveillance system which supports human operators, by automatically detecting the complex events and giving the possibility to recall the detected events and searching them in an intelligent search engine. Four subsystems have been implemented, the tracking and d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a real-time complex event detection concept for resource-limited multimedia sensor networks. A comprehensive solution based on Answer Set Programming (ASP) is developed. We show that ASP is an appropriate solution to detect a large number of simple and complex events (video-audio understanding) on platforms with limited resource...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Multimedia sensor networks [1] and visual sensor networks (VSN) [3] have been increasingly studied in recent years. However, the aspect of resource-awareness has just recently moved into the focus of research interests. Especially energy-aware systems that may be deployed in areas without fixed infrastructure have only recently achieved attention.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Interreg IV project ”Smart Resource-Aware Multi- Sensor Network (SRSnet)” 1 is coordinated, managed and disseminated by Lakeside Labs GmbH. The project is planned for three years and focuses on the design of a smart resource-aware multi-sensor network capable of autonomously detecting and localizing various events such as screams animal noise,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current trend towards more mobility will increasingly affect the gaming market over the next years. Location-based mobile massive multiplayer online games (MMMOG) will be a new paradigm in the gaming industry. Since building a game for a massive amount of mobile players is a challenging task, we have created a reusable architecture for location...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Advances in sensors, networking and embedded computing have driven a paradigm shift in the control of camera networks. The processing of the image data has migrated from central servers to the camera network following fully distributed or clustered approach. In clustering, the data is analyzed within a group of cameras, and the abstracted data is t...
Conference Paper
Clustering is an important concept for structuring large networks of cameras. In this research we investigate the various trade offs of clustering in networks of smart cameras. Major research questions in this context are (i) how to model clustering, (ii) how to deal with the heterogeneity in large camera networks, and (iii) how to integrate cluste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Clustering is an important concept for structuring large networks of cameras. In this research we investigate the various trade offs of clustering in networks of smart cameras. Major research questions in this context are (i) how to model clustering, (ii) how to deal with the heterogeneity in large camera networks, and (iii) how to integrate cluste...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Dear fellow roboticist,
Many now agree that robotics is set to be the next major technological revolution. A robot can be defined as a cyber-physical system that can automate traditional and nontraditional tasks of humans in an automated manner. Adding new capabilities is increasingly important for the robotics domain, but security aspects are rapidly gaining relevance with the advent of industry 4.0 and IoT.
Security should not be mistaken with safety. Safety is about preventing the robot harming the environment where it operates, whereas security is about preventing the environment from harming the robot. With the aim of better understanding the current concerns in robot cybersecurity, a number of industrial and academic partners have created the Robot Security Survey. The questionnaire will be used to produce research material and all results will be completely anonymized.
Thank you for participating!
To participate, use the link below:

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (5)
Archived project
The project Collaborative Robotics (CollRob) focused on the research and development of novel methods and tools for collaborative and cooperative robots (i.e. robots that collaboratively work with humans and eventually other physically situated agents in order to perform specific manufacturing and/or service tasks).
Project
The aim of this research project is to define modification limits for a basic application on a known robot system. This allows modifications to the system and the application to a certain extent and in different dimensions with limits known to the user. Afterwards, the safety-related evaluation and release of a desired modification is carried out by a software framework that evaluates the guaranteed compliance with personal safety on the basis of underlying safety system models. These models are filled with parameters determined during commissioning of the robot system and identified by means of biofidel measurings and system dependent features. Furthermore, statistical models provide information on the personal safety of protective equipment. In addition to these extrinsic influencing variables, working system parameters are also collected, which provide the intrinsic modelling with realistic limits. This holistic automated interpretation of personal safety then enables a dynamic, multidimensional system and application modification of collaborative robot systems.
Archived project
Build a multi-camera fusion system for person tracking