Bernd Sures

Bernd Sures
University of Duisburg-Essen | uni-due · Aquatische Ökologie

Professor

About

397
Publications
57,437
Reads
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9,547
Citations
Citations since 2016
139 Research Items
5095 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (397)
Article
Environmental parasitology developed as a discipline that addresses the impact of anthropogenic activities related to the occurrence and abundance of parasites, subsequently relating deviations of natural parasite distribution to environmental impact. Metals, often considered pollutants, might occur under natural conditions, where concentrations mi...
Article
Although parasitism is one of the most common species interactions in nature, the role of parasites in their hosts' thermal tolerance is often neglected. This study examined the ability of the trematode Podocotyle atomon to modulate the feeding and stress response of Gammarus locusta towards temperature. To accomplish this, infected and uninfected...
Article
The overflow of stormwater retention basins during intense and prolonged precipitation events may result in the direct input of particulate pollutants and remobilization of already sedimented particle-bound pollutants to receiving freshwater bodies. Particle-bound pollutants may cause adverse effects on aquatic biota, particularly sediment dwellers...
Preprint
Full-text available
Stable isotope analysis of individual compounds is emerging as a powerful tool to study nutrient origin and conversion in host-parasite systems. We measured the carbon isotope composition of amino acids and glucose in the cestode Schistocephalus solidus and in liver and muscle tissues of its second intermediate host, the three-spined stickleback (...
Article
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Here, we conducted a molecular survey on microsporidian diversity in different lineages (operational taxonomic units = OTUs) of Asellus aquaticus from 30 sites throughout Europe. Host body length was determined prior to dissection and removal of the intestine. DNA was extracted from the remaining host tissue and amplified by microsporidian-specific...
Article
Interest in local environmental conditions and the occurrence and behaviour of parasites has increased over the last 3 decades, leading to the discipline of Environmental Parasitology. The aim of this discipline is to investigate how anthropogenically altered environmental factors influence the occurrence of parasites and how the combined effects o...
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The release of ornamental pets outside their native range can directly or indirectly impact the recipient community, e.g. via the co-introduction of associated pathogens. However, studies on parasites associated with non-native species, in particular freshwater decapods, have focused mainly on a limited set of pathogens. Here we provide data for th...
Article
Full-text available
Interpretation of stable isotope data is of upmost importance in ecology to build sound models for the study of animal diets, migration patterns and physiology. However, our understanding of stable isotope fractionation and incorporation into consumer tissues is still limited. We therefore measured the δ¹³C values of individual amino acids over tim...
Article
Due to its ubiquitous presence in wastewaters, wastewater treatment plant effluents and even surface waters, the removal of the pharmaceutical ibuprofen from water is of special interest. Ozonation is widely applied for the treatment of micropollutants in wastewater treatment plants and is already known to also degrade ibuprofen. However, the forma...
Article
Gold nanorods (AuNRs) are promising agents for diverse biomedical applications such as drug and gene delivery, bioimaging, and cancer treatment. Upon in vivo application, AuNRs quickly interact with cells of the immune system. On the basis of their strong intrinsic phagocytic activity, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are specifically equipped...
Article
The current trend in marine parasitology research, particularly in South Africa, is to focus on a specific parasite taxon and not on the total parasite community of a specific fish host. However, these records do not always reveal the ecological role of parasites in ecosystems. Thus, the present study aimed to determine which factors influence the...
Article
Full-text available
Modern wastewater treatment plants cannot completely remove pollutants. Often, effluents entering the aquatic environment still contain micropollutants such as pharmaceuticals or pesticides, which may impose adverse effects on aquatic biota. At the same time, a large proportion of free-living aquatic species are known to be infected with parasites,...
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The present study provides new insight into suitable microsporidian–host associations. It relates regional and continental-wide host specialization in microsporidians infecting amphipods to degraded and recovering habitats across 2 German river catchments. It provides a unique opportunity to infer the persistence of parasites following anthropogeni...
Article
Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models have been applied to simulate the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of various toxicants in fish. This approach allows for considering metal accumulation in intestinal parasites. Unlike “semi” physiologically-based models developed for metals, metal accumulation in fish was cha...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, it has remained unclear how the Asian swim bladder nematode Anguillicola crassus was able to supplant the previously stable population of its relative from New Zealand Anguillicola novaezelandiae in the Lake Bracciano, Italy. Previously, researchers have hypothesized that A. crassus possesses an ecological advantage due to a more effic...
Article
Traditional forms of agriculture have created and preserved heterogeneous landscapes characterized by semi-natural meadows and pastures, which have high conversation value for biodiversity. Landscapes in Central and Eastern European countries with traditional agriculture are a stronghold for pollinators, butterflies and amphibians, which have decli...
Preprint
Full-text available
Ponto-Caspian gobies became highly abundant in many regions outside their native distribution range (e.g. Rhine River system). In the newly invaded habitats, the parasite communities of the invasive gobies are characterized by a lower species richness compared to their native range. However, acanthocephalans of the genus Pomphorhynchus are highly a...
Article
Worldwide, numerous rural communities and low-income groups depend on fish harvested by subsistence fishers from local rivers and its impoundments as a source of protein. The aim of the present study was to determine the trace element bioaccumulation (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Pt, Zn) in three edible fish species (Cyprinus carpio, Clarias gariepinus,...
Article
Full-text available
To predict global warming impacts on parasitism, we should describe the thermal tolerance of all players in host–parasite systems. Complex life-cycle parasites such as trematodes are of particular interest since they can drive complex ecological changes. This study evaluates the net response to temperature of the infective larval stage of Himasthla...
Article
Full-text available
Among the parasitic taxa studied for their metal accumulation properties, especially Acanthocephala and Cestoda proved to be promising sentinels for metal pollution. However, studies on metal accumulation are still sparse for other parasite groups, mainly due to their small body size. In the present study, we collected the relatively large-sized mo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Interpretation of isotope data is of upmost importance in ecology to build sound models for the study of animal diets, migration patterns and physiology. However, our understanding of isotope fractionation and incorporation into different consumer tissues is still limited. We therefore measured the δ ¹³ C values of individual amino acids from muscl...
Article
Full-text available
Background The artificial mussel (AM) is a passive sampling device that was originally developed for monitoring metal concentrations in the marine environment, but is also increasingly used in freshwater environments. The AM consists of a non-permeable Perspex tube, which is closed on both sides with a semi-permeable membrane. The space in between...
Article
Full-text available
Background In order to protect aquatic environments and to reduce the presence of micropollutants in the global water cycle, wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) often implement an additional treatment step. One of the most effective measures is the use of powdered activated carbon (PAC) as an adsorbent for micropollutants. This method provides suff...
Article
The One Health framework emphasizes the interconnectedness of humans, animals, and the environment but often remains focused on human health. Here we highlight how the evolutionary and ecological dynamics of aquatic parasites are crucial to our understanding of these connected health aspects, especially in the light of environmental changes.
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In the face of ongoing habitat degradation and the biodiversity crisis, natural reserves are important refuges for wildlife. Since most free-living organisms serve as hosts to parasites, the diverse communities in protected areas can be expected to provide suitable habitats for a species-rich parasite fauna. However, to date, assessments of parasit...
Article
Acanthocephalans belonging to the species Neoechinorhynchus agilis were collected from two mullets, Mugil cephalus and Chelon ramada from Ichkeul Lagoon in northern Tunisia. Collected parasites, as well as tissues of their hosts (muscle, liver and intestine), were analysed for trace elements (silver, arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, copper, iron, manganes...
Article
Clinus superciliosus was collected for element analysis from six localities along the South African west and south coasts. Concentrations in muscle and liver were determined, considering size and sex. No significant positive correlation between size and concentrations were detected, except for Mn and Sn in liver from Simons Town marina, while no si...
Article
A toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic model based on subcellular metal partitioning is presented for simulating chronic toxicity of copper (Cu) from the estimated concentration in the fraction of potentially toxic metal (PTM). As such, the model allows for considering the significance of different pathways of metal sequestration in predicting metal toxicit...
Article
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Heavy metals such as zinc cannot be degraded by microorganisms and form long contaminant plumes in groundwater. Conventional methods for remediating heavy metal-contaminated sites are for example excavation and pump-and-treat, which is expensive and requires very long operation times. This induced interest in new technologies such as in situ adsorp...
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Aquatic macroinvertebrates are considered effective bioindicators of ecosystem health due to their different sensitivities to habitat alteration and pollution. Macroinvertebrate community structures can be assessed using commonly used diversity-based approaches, however, functional trait-based approaches are increasingly introduced into bioassessme...
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We characterised morphologically and molecularly Diplostomum phoxini (Faust, 1918) based on cercarial isolates from the snail Ampullaceana balthica (L.) (Gastropoda: Lymnaeidae) and metacercariae from the Eurasian minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus (L.) (Cypriniformes: Leuciscidae), and provided molecular evidence for the identification of the snail interme...
Article
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Fully inorganic, colloidal gold nanoclusters (NCs) constitute a new class of nanomaterials that are clearly distinguishable from their commonly studied metal–organic ligand-capped counterparts. As their synthesis by chemical methods is challenging, details about their optical properties remain widely unknown. In this work, laser fragmentation in li...
Article
A toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic model was constructed to delineate the exposure–response causality. The model could be used: to predict metal accumulation considering the influence of water chemistry and biotic ligand characteristics; to simulate the dynamics of subcellular partitioning considering metabolism, detoxification, and elimination; and to...
Chapter
Was man unter einem „Tier“ versteht, scheint intuitiv klar – es ist in der Regel eindeutig, welche Organismen als Tiere einzuordnen sind und welche nicht. Allgemein werden Tieren verschiedene Merkmale zugeschrieben. Dazu gehören z. B. Vielzelligkeit, ein heterotropher Stoffwechsel mit innerer Verdauung, Ortsbeweglichkeit und ein Aufbau aus verschie...
Chapter
Biodiversität oder biologische Vielfalt – also die Diversität innerhalb von Arten, zwischen Arten und zwischen Habitaten und Ökosystemen – ist die Grundlage für die Funktion, Produktivität und Stabilität von Ökosystemen. Somit bildet sie auch die Grundlage menschlichen Lebens. Auf globaler Ebene beeinflussen vor allem die Energiezufuhr – in der Reg...
Chapter
Die Zahl der Arten in Lebensräumen ist einem ständigen, natürlicherweise auftretenden Wechsel unterworfen. Daneben wird eine qualitative Veränderung von Biozönosen auch durch direkte oder indirekte Mithilfe des Menschen herbeigeführt. Sind menschliche Aktivitäten ursächlich für das Neuauftreten von Organismen in Lebensräumen verantwortlich, reden w...
Article
Chronic toxicity of copper (Cu) at sublethal levels is associated with ionoregulatory disturbance and oxidative stress. These factors were considered in a toxicokinetic-toxicodynamic model in the present study. The ionoregulatory disturbance was evaluated by the activity of the Na+/K+-ATPase enzyme (NKA), while oxidative stress was presented by lip...
Article
Mining activities in the world’s largest Platinum mining area in South Africa have resulted in environmental contamination with Pt (e.g., the Hex River’s vicinity). The present study compared a Pt mining area with a non-mining area along this river in terms of (1) metal concentrations in different grain size fractions from soils and aquatic sedimen...
Article
To date, micropollutants from anthropogenic sources cannot be completely removed from effluents of wastewater treatment plants and therefore enter freshwater systems, where they may impose adverse effects on aquatic organisms, for example, on fish. Advanced treatment such as ozonation aims to reduce micropollutants in wastewater effluents and, thus...
Article
Full-text available
Intraspecific diet specialization, usually driven by resource availability, competition and predation, is common in natural populations. However, the role of parasites on diet specialization of their hosts has rarely been studied. Eye flukes can impair vision ability of their hosts and have been associated with alterations of fish feeding behavior....
Article
Full-text available
Invasive parasites may severely affect their new hosts. Two invasive parasites occurring in the European eel (Anguilla anguilla) are the Asian swim bladder nematode Anguillicola crassus and the Ponto-caspian acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus sp., which were introduced to the river Rhine in the early 1980/90s. The Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica), as t...
Article
Effect-directed analysis (EDA) that combines effect-based methods (EBMs) with high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) is a useful technique for spatial, temporal, and process-related effect evaluation and may provide a link between effect testing and responsible substance identification. In this study, a yeast multi endocrine-effect scre...
Article
To reduce direct discharges of surface runoff to receiving waters, separate sewer systems have been implemented, with runoff retention basins (RRB) for pollutant pretreatment by sedimentation and infiltration. However, due to frequent and intense precipitation events, most RRBs are overwhelmed by runoff resulting in overflow into the receiving fres...
Article
Multiple studies in freshwater environments have verified that microplastic particles are present in water columns, sediment, and aquatic organisms. These studies indicated that certain freshwater ecosystems may act as temporary sinks of microplastic particles, leading to accumulation in the sediment and the ingestion by benthic organisms. Polyethy...
Article
The stenohaline zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha, is uniquely sensitive to the ionic composition of its aquatic environment. Waterborne copper (Cu) uptake and accumulation in zebra mussels were examined at various conditions in an environmentally relevant range in freshwater, i.e. Cu exposure levels (nominal concentrations of 25 and 50 μg/L), pH...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The artificial mussel (AM) is a passive sampling device that was originally developed for monitoring metal concentrations in the marine environment but is also increasingly used in freshwater environments. The AM consists of a non-permeable Perspex tube, which is closed on both sides with a semi-permeable membrane. In the space in betwee...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The artificial mussel (AM) is a passive sampling device that was originally developed for monitoring metal concentrations in the marine environment but is also increasingly used in freshwater environments. The AM consists of a non-permeable Perspex tube, which contains Chelex-100 resin, water diffuses through the semi-permeable membranes...
Article
Micropollutants reach the aquatic environment through wastewater treatment plant effluents. Ozonation, applied in wastewater treatment for micropollutants abatement, can yield transformation products (TP), which might be of ecotoxicological concern. Previous studies on TP formation were mostly performed in ultrapure water. However, the water matrix...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the increasing consumption of platinum (Pt), especially in automobile exhaust catalysts, environmental concentrations of Pt are of emerging concern worldwide. Limited information exists on environmental concentrations, particularly in Pt mining regions, while South Africa is the world’s main supplier of Pt. Moreover, other metals are also re...
Article
Full-text available
Amphipods are a key component of aquatic ecosystems due to their distribution, abundance and ecological role. They also serve as hosts for many micro- and macro-parasites. The importance of parasites and the necessity to include them in ecological studies has been increasingly recognized in the last two decades by ecologists and conservation biolog...
Article
To investigate whether the stress response of European eels infected with Anguillicola crassus is influenced by environmental pollutants, experimentally infected eels were exposed to Cd and/or to 3,3′, 4,4′, 5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB 126). Serum cortisol and glucose concentrations of these eels were monitored over a period of 103 days and were com...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and land-use change drive a suite of stressors that shape ecosystems and interact to yield complex ecological responses, i.e. additive, antagonistic and synergistic effects. Currently we know little about the spatial scale relevant for the outcome of such interactions and about effect sizes. This knowledge gap needs to be filled to underpin...
Article
In order to eliminate micropollutants from wastewater, the use of powdered activated carbon (PAC) is a suitable and common technique. Many studies already proved the successful elimination of micropollutants from wastewater using PAC. However, it still remains a challenge to completely retain the applied PAC within the wastewater treatment plant (W...
Article
Full-text available
Nanocomposites have been widely applied in medical device fabrication and tissue-engineering applications. In this context, the release of metal ions as well as protein adsorption capacity is hypothesized to be two key processes directing nanocomposite-cell interactions. The objective of this study is to understand the polymer-matrix effects on ion...
Article
Full-text available
Stable isotope analysis offers a unique tool for comparing trophic interactions and food web architecture in ecosystems based on analysis of stable isotope ratios of carbon (¹³C/¹²C) and nitrogen (¹⁵N/¹⁴N) in organisms. Clarias gariepinus were collected from six sites along the Vaal River, South Africa and were assessed for ectoparasites and endopa...
Article
Southern Africa has one of the highest densities of temporary pools and some of the most understudied temporary wetlands in the world. Additionally, the eastern African annual killifishes (Nothobranchius spp.) are rare in southern Africa and found exclusively in temporary habitats. There is a notable lack of literature regarding the diet of these f...
Article
Full-text available
Parasites comprise a huge part of the biodiversity on earth. However, on a local scale, not much is known about their diversity and community structure. Here, we assess the diversity of larval trematode communities in an interconnected freshwater system of the River Ruhr in Germany and analyse how the parasites are spatially and temporally distribu...
Article
Full-text available
Parasitism is commonly recognised as a consumer strategy, although, the interaction of parasites in communities and ecosystems are generally poorly understood. As parasites are integral parts of food webs, analysis of the trophic interactions between parasites and hosts was assessed through comparison of stable isotope ratios of carbon (¹³C/¹²C) an...
Article
Full-text available
Bithynids snails are a widespread group of molluscs in European freshwater systems. However, not much information is available on trematode communities from molluscs of this family. Here, we investigate the trematode diversity of Bithynia tentaculata , based on molecular and morphological data. A total of 682 snails from the rivers Lippe and Rhine...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we analyzed the morphology of three genetic types of the bird-infecting acanthocephalan Polymorphus cf. minutus (PspT1, PspT2, PspT3), mainly based on the cystacanth-stage obtained from amphipods (Gammarus fossarum, Gammarus pulex, Gammarus roeselii, Echinogammarus spp.). Males and females were pooled as there was no considera...