Bernd Möller

Bernd Möller
Europa-Universität Flensburg · Energy and Environmental Management

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43
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (43)
Technical Report
Full-text available
This work studies the transformation of energy grids of the European Union (EU) in the frame of the energy transition. Three energy grid types are considered namely the electricity, thermal and gas grids. This report was written in the frame of the H2020 EU project "sEEnergies".
Article
Full-text available
This analysis elaborates further the concept of physical and economic suitability for district heating in EU28 by an aggregation regarding key dimensions such as land areas, populations, heat demands, and investment volumes. This aggregation is based on a resolution on hectare level by slicing the total land area into 437 million pieces. Results sh...
Article
The present paper describes a quantitative method for preparing local heat supply strategies. Detailed spatial data on heat demand and supply are generated using combined top-down and bottom-up modelling for 14 member states of the European Union, which constitute 91% of its heat demand in buildings. Spatial analysis is used for zoning of heat supp...
Article
Full-text available
In urban areas of Uganda, management of waste which consists of at least 70% organic content is accomplished by collection and disposal in landfills, resulting in emission of landfill gases among other impacts. Meanwhile, the limited number of wastewater and sludge treatment plants makes further management of sewage and faecal sludge generated from...
Article
This review article presents a description of contemporary developments and findings related to the different elements needed in future 4th generation district heating systems (4GDH). Unlike the first three generations of district heating, the development of 4GDH involves meeting the challenge of more energy efficient buildings as well as the integ...
Article
Renewable energy sources are playing a key role in the transition to a low-carbon based economy while maintaining cost and environmental effectiveness. However, climate change threatens this opportunity especially in countries like Rwanda where more than half of the total supplied electricity in the country comes from hydropower. This study assesse...
Article
In 2016 the first Strategy for Heating and Cooling of the European Union has shown that district heating and cooling networks can integrate renewable energies in an increasingly energy-efficient built environment. At the same time, the heating and cooling sector is probably the most diverse and least mapped component of the European energy system....
Presentation
Full-text available
Identify how 14 EU countries can cost-effectivey decarbonise their heating and cooling sectors by quantifying the impact of various alternatives
Article
Recent studies show that a high share of district heating is an important part of a future sustainable energy system or smart energy system with a high renewable energy penetration. These studies also show socio-economic benefits of expanding the district heating coverage. However, in order to implement such an expansion, district heating needs to...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the concept of smart energy systems. As opposed to the smart grid concept, which takes focuses solely on the electricity sector, smart energy systems includes the entire energy system in its approach to identifying suitable energy infrastructure designs and operating strategies. The typical smart grid focus on the electricit...
Article
This study presents a methodology to assess annual excess heat volumes from fuel combustion activities in energy and industry sector facilities based on carbon dioxide emission data. The aim is to determine regional balances of excess heat relative heat demands for all third level administrative regions in the European Union (EU) and to identify st...
Article
Full-text available
Significant reductions of heat demand, low-carbon and renewable energy sources, and district heating are key elements in 100% renewable energy systems. Appraisal of district heating along with energy efficient buildings and individual heat supply requires a geographical representation of heat demand, energy efficiency and energy supply. The present...
Article
The physical placement of buildings is important when determining the potential for DH (district heating). Good locations for DH are mainly determined by having both a large heat demand within a certain area and having access to local heat resources. In recent years, the locations of buildings in Denmark have been mapped in a heat atlas which inclu...
Article
In 2009, Jiangsu province of China supplied 99.6 percent of its total energy consumption with fossil fuels, of which 82 percent was imported from other provinces and countries. With rising energy demand, frequent energy shortages, and increasing pollution, it is essential for Jiangsu to put more emphasis on improving its energy efficiency and utili...
Article
Offshore wind energy has developed rapidly in terms of turbine and project size, and currently undergoes a significant up-scaling to turbines and parks at greater distance to shore and deeper waters. Expectations to the positive effect of economies of scale on power production costs, however, have not materialized as yet. On the contrary, anticipat...
Article
Denmark’s long-term energy goal is to develop an energy system solely based on renewable energy sources by 2050. To reach this goal, energy savings in buildings is essential. Therefore, the focus on energy efficient measures in buildings and net zero energy buildings (NZEBs) has increased.Most buildings in Denmark are connected to electricity grids...
Article
China has an ambitious target of developing 30 GW offshore wind energy by 2020. A spatially continuous resource economic and tropical cyclone risk model is built using Geographic Information System (GIS) to evaluate the feasibility of the target from both national and provincial level. The influence of spatial constraints and tropical cyclone risk...
Article
Many islands face problems in regard to sustainable development, both environmentally and economically. Due to geographical isolation energy is often imported from the mainland. Focusing on local energy use may help islands to identify sustainable strategies and solutions. Islands in transition towards using more renewable energy sources are part o...
Article
Frequent tropical cyclones pose great risks and obstacles to the development of offshore wind farms in the coastal regions of China and other areas in the Pacific, where development of wind energy is gaining momentum. This paper aims to identify and evaluate the economic risks of tropical cyclones on offshore wind farms within the Economic Exclusiv...
Article
This paper presents the influence of different regulation strategies on wind energy integration into the existing energy system of Jiangsu. The ability of wind integration is defined in terms of the ability to avoid excess electricity production, to conserve primary energy consumption and to reduce CO2 emissions in the system. Firstly, a reference...
Article
Efficient heat supply systems based on renewable energy sources are an important element of future energy systems that do not depend on fossil fuels. End-use energy savings and the expansion of district heating are often mentioned as measures to make the heat supply sector in Denmark more sustainable. In this paper, the impacts of expanding distric...
Article
This paper investigates available offshore wind energy resources in China’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) with the aid of a Geographical Information System (GIS), which allows the influence of technical, spatial and economic constraints on offshore wind resources being reflected in a continuous space. Geospatial supply curves and spatial distributi...
Article
Offshore wind resources appear abundant, but technological, economic and planning issues significantly reduce the theoretical potential. While massive investments are anticipated and planners and developers are scouting for viable locations and consider risk and impact, few studies simultaneously address potentials and costs together with the conse...
Article
Aalborg Municipality, Denmark, wishes to investigate the possibilities of becoming independent of fossil fuels. This article describes a scenario for supplying Aalborg Municipality’s energy needs through a combination of low-temperature geothermal heat, wind power and biomass. Of particular focus in the scenario is how low-temperature geothermal he...
Article
Replacing individual natural gas heating with district heating based to increasing shares of renewable energy sources may further reduce CO2-emissions in the Danish Building mass, while increasing flexibility of the energy system to accommodate significantly larger amounts of variable renewable energy production. The present paper describes a geogr...
Article
The development of wind energy in Denmark goes back 30 years, during which the technology was commercialised, up scaled and a series of planning systems were developed. After the millennium, the impact on landscapes increased, the planning regime failed and economic conditions were worsened with the removal of the fixed feed in tariff. The earlier...
Article
Based on the case of Denmark, this paper analyses the role of district heating in future Renewable Energy Systems. At present, the share of renewable energy is coming close to 20 per cent. From such point of departure, the paper defines a scenario framework in which the Danish system is converted to 100 per cent Renewable Energy Sources (RES) in th...
Article
Purpose – The objective is to describe and evaluate the development of a novel planning tool for end-use efficiency in the built environment and for infrastructural changes in the energy system. Design/methodology/approach – After describing problems related to further reduce heat demand in the Danish built environment, the geographical nature of t...
Article
While international markets for woody biomass emerge, growing consumption of wood chips for energy in Denmark is leading to increasing import. With improved competitiveness and unquestionable environmental benefits, domestic wood chip supply is preferable, but measures must be taken to make the supply chain more cost efficient. One of the major con...
Article
After more than 25 years of continuous development, Danish wind-energy landscapes are due for face changes. On-shore construction has ceased and necessary re-powering schemes have not been introduced as yet. Regional planning is discouraging, while conditions for erecting new turbines have become more stringent. One of the factors inhibiting develo...
Article
Following 25 years of continuous development, Danish wind energy landscapes are going to face changes. Ceased on-shore construction, unresolved re-powering and stalled re-gional planning characterize the situation overshadowed by off-shore development. One of the factors inhibiting development appears to be planning uncertainty regarding the fu-tur...
Article
Access to low-cost wood chips in sufficient amounts is a main pre-condition for successful operation of distributed bioenergy plants. In saturated biomass markets, such as in Denmark, transport costs are a major determinant of fuel price flexibility. As transport costs and fuel availability highly depend on the geography of the energy system and it...
Article
Frequent tropical cyclones pose great risks and obstacles to the development of offshore wind farms in the coastal regions of China and other areas in the Pacific, where development of wind energy is gaining momentum. This paper aims to identify and evaluate the risks of tropical cyclones on offshore wind farms within the Economic Exclusive Zone (E...
Article
Abstract Regional economies,are the source and the target of climate change mitigation. Sharing information may facilitate to develop regional economies,with sustainable energy. Many initiatives in European regions and a variety of players exist. Regional authorities need the means to engage themselves in networks on sustainable energy, and share t...

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