Bernd Genser

Bernd Genser
Universität Heidelberg · Mannheim Institute of Public Health

PhD, MSc

About

116
Publications
14,080
Reads
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4,121
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
2216 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300
Introduction

Publications

Publications (116)
Article
Full-text available
Background Soluble suppression of tumorigenesis 2 (sST2) is a strong prognostic biomarker of cardiovascular (CV) disease. End-stage kidney disease patients are at high risk of CV events and infections. We here investigated the utility of sST2 to predict all-cause and cause-specific mortality in hemodialysis patients with diabetes mellitus. Methods...
Article
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic HD-patients have a 50% 5-year survival and unphysiological fluid and sodium shifts are key pathophysiological contributors. Several studies have shown that hyponatremia is associated with worse outcomes in haemodialysis patients. However, the association of all-cause mortality with volume status in hyponatremic patients...
Article
Background The clinical significance of accumulating toxic terminal metabolites such as oxalate in patients with kidney failure is not well understood. Methods To evaluate serum oxalate concentrations and risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular events in a cohort of patients with kidney failure requiring chronic dialysis, we performed a pos...
Article
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There is limited knowledge on the prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in dialysis patients. We have investigated the association between diabetes mellitus and lipid-related biomarkers and retinopathy in hemodialysis patients. We reviewed 1,255 hemodialysis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in the Ge...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Organic cation transporters (Octs) use cations like endogenous compounds, toxins, and drugs, such as metformin, as substrates. Therefore, these proteins determine the pharmacokinetics and -dynamics of metformin and thus its efficacy. Of note, metformin is today the most commonly used pharmaceutical in the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D...
Article
Aims Haemodialysis patients have high cardiovascular disease risk. Although statins reduce this risk in chronic kidney disease, randomised trials in haemodialysis patients show no benefit. Post-hoc analyses of the German Diabetes Dialysis (4D) study identified patient-specific markers associated with heterogeneous treatment effects. We combined the...
Article
Objective: Organizational justice refers to perceived fairness at the workplace. Individual perceptions of injustice have been linked to reduced mental and physical health. However, perceptions of injustice also exist at the aggregate level of departments, reflecting a shared perception, denoted as justice climate. There is evidence that this shar...
Article
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Background: Fluid overload and interdialytic weight gain (IDWG) are discrete components of the dynamic fluid balance in haemodialysis patients. We aimed to disentangle their relationship, and the prognostic importance of two clinically distinct, bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS)-derived measures, pre-dialysis and post-dialysis fluid overload (FOpre...
Article
Background: Mortality is high among patients undergoing hemodialysis for whom cardiac troponin concentration is a strong predictor of outcome. Modern troponin assays allow measurement of very low concentrations. Study design: Using data from a randomized controlled trial, a cohort analysis to evaluate the prognostic value of very low cardiac tro...
Article
Background: The inverse relationship between HDL cholesterol and cardiovascular mortality is weakened in coronary artery disease (CAD). We aimed to investigate the associations of HDL particle concentrations with cardiovascular mortality and the impact of CAD on these associations. We also sought to comparatively evaluate HDL cholesterol and HDL p...
Article
Background and objectives: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor is a novel biomarker strongly predictive of cardiovascular outcomes implicated in the pathogenesis of kidney disease. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor levels, however, correlate with declining kidney function. It is unclear whether soluble urokinase plasmin...
Article
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Background/aims: Heart failure (HF) is a main cause of mortality of hemodialysis (HD) patients. While HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is known to only affect a minority of patients, little is known about the prevalence, associations with clinical characteristics and prognosis of HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Methods: We...
Article
Background: In chronic kidney disease (CKD) arginine vasopressin (AVP) cannot efficiently act via renal V2-receptors. AVP is upregulated leading to augmented activation of V1a- and V1b-receptors, which might contribute to the increase in cardiovascular and infectious complications in CKD. Here, we evaluate copeptin, a surrogate of AVP, and its ass...
Article
Background: In children, autonomic nervous function is related to various highly prevalent health problems and might therefore represent an early indicator of ill health. Aims: We aimed to investigate the role of early-life exposures and physical activity (PA) as potential determinants of autonomic function at preschool age. Study design and su...
Article
The cardioprotective effect of HDL is thought to be largely determined by its cholesterol efflux capacity, which was shown to inversely correlate with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in populations with normal kidney function. Patients with ESRD suffer an exceptionally high cardiovascular risk not fully explained by traditional risk factors....
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Background: Immunologists often measure several correlated immunological markers, such as concentrations of different cytokines produced by different immune cells and/or measured under different conditions, to draw insights from complex immunological mechanisms. Although there have been recent methodological efforts to improve the statistical anal...
Article
The cardioprotective effect of HDL (High-Density Lipoprotein) is largely determined by its cholesterol efflux capacity, which was shown to correlate inversely with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in populations with normal kidney function. Patients with end-stage renal disease suffer an exceptionally high cardiovascular risk not fully explai...
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A major objective of environmental epidemiology is to elucidate exposure-health outcome associations. To increase the variance of observed exposure concentrations, researchers recruit individuals from different geographic areas. The common analytical approach uses multilevel analysis to estimate individual-level associations adjusted for individual...
Article
Introduction: The concentration and size of HDL particles are considered to be related to their atheroprotective properties. This study in patients at increased cardiovascular risk was performed to evaluate the associations of HDL particle characteristics with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Methods and Results: HDL particle concentrations...
Article
Despite increasing evidence in favour of prophylactic valganciclovir treatment in kidney transplant recipients for the prevention of CMV infection, the impact of preemptive vs prophylactic treatment on long-term clinical outcomes is unclear. In this retrospective study 187 kidney transplant recipients with serologic intermediate-risk constellation...
Article
Hemodialysis patients are high absorbers of intestinal cholesterol; they benefit less than other patient groups from statin therapy, which inhibits cholesterol synthesis. This study sought to investigate whether the individual cholesterol absorption rate affects atorvastatin's effectiveness to reduce cardiovascular risk in hemodialysis patients. Th...
Article
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In patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD), increased levels of circulating fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) are independently associated with cardiovascular events and mortality. Interventional strategies aiming to reduce levels of FGF-23 in HD patients are of particular interest. The purpose of the current study was to compare the i...
Article
Impairment of HDL function has been associated with cardiovascular events in patients with kidney failure. The protein composition of HDLs is altered in these patients, presumably compromising the cardioprotective effects of HDLs. This post hoc study assessed the relation of distinct HDL-bound proteins with cardiovascular outcomes in a dialysis pop...
Article
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High concentrations of HDL cholesterol are considered to indicate efficient reverse cholesterol transport and to protect from atherosclerosis. However, HDL has been suggested to be dysfunctional in ESRD. Hence, our main objective was to investigate the effect of HDL cholesterol on outcomes in maintenance hemodialysis patients with diabetes. Moreove...
Article
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The phagocytic enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO) acts as a front-line defender against microorganisms. However, increased MPO levels have been found to be associated with complex and calcified atherosclerotic lesions and incident cardiovascular disease. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate a predictive role of MPO, a biomarker of inflammation and...
Article
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Homoarginine is a novel biomarker for cardiovascular diseases. In the present large cohort study, we evaluate how homoarginine is linked to kidney function and examine the potential interaction of homoarginine and kidney function as predictors of cardiovascular outcomes. Serum homoarginine (mean: 2.41 ± 1.05 µmol/L), cystatin C and creatinine-based...
Article
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) shows not only hyperandrogenemia, hirsutism and fertility problems, but also metabolic disturbances including obesity, cardiovascular events and type-2 diabetes. Accumulating evidence suggests some degree of inflammation associated with prominent aspects of PCOS. We aimed to investigate the association of genetic va...
Article
Previous studies on physical activity interventions in preschools have reported limited effectiveness. Participatory community-based approaches hold promise for increasing intervention effectiveness and involving parents as key stakeholders in a sustainable way. To assess whether a participatory parent-focused approach using parents as agents of be...
Article
Objectives: This study sought to determine whether high intestinal cholesterol absorption represents a cardiovascular risk factor and to link ABCG8 and ABO variants to cardiovascular disease (CVD). Background: Plant sterol-enriched functional foods are widely used for cholesterol lowering. Their regular intake yields a 2-fold increase in circula...
Poster
Abstract 513 AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM (ANS) RESPONSE DIFFERS BETWEEN POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE EMOTIONAL EVENTS: FIRST RESULTS FROM A FIELD STUDY DURING THE WORLD SOCCER CUP 2010 Background: There is a lack of studies investigating the influence of strong emotional events in real life situations. With soccer being the most popular sport worldwide, the...
Article
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Anaemia is a chief determinant of global ill health, contributing to cognitive impairment, growth retardation and impaired physical capacity. To understand further the genetic factors influencing red blood cells, we carried out a genome-wide association study of haemoglobin concentration and related parameters in up to 135,367 individuals. Here we...
Article
Purpose of review: Plant sterols as ingredients to functional foods are recommended for lowering LDL cholesterol. However, there is an ongoing discussion whether the use of plant sterols is safe. Recent findings: Genetic analyses showed that common variants of the ATP binding cassette transporter G8 (ABCG8) and ABO genes are associated with elev...
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The impact of increased serum concentrations of plant sterols on cardiovascular risk is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate whether there is an association between serum concentrations of two common plant sterols (sitosterol, campesterol) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We systematically searched the d...
Article
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Perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) persist in the environment and are found in relatively high concentrations in animal livers. Studies in humans have reported inconsistent associations between PFOA and liver enzymes. We examined the cross-sectional association between serum PFOA and PFOS concentrations with markers of l...
Article
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Diarrhoea remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality but is difficult to measure in epidemiological studies. Challenges include the diagnosis based on self-reported symptoms, the logistical burden of intensive surveillance and the variability of diarrhoea in space, time and person. We review current practices in sampling procedures to measu...
Article
Neonatal BCG vaccination is part of routine vaccination schedules in many developing countries; vaccination at school age has not been assessed in trials in low-income and middle-income countries. Catch-up BCG vaccination of school-age children who missed neonatal BCG vaccination could be indicated if it confers protection and is cost-effective. We...
Article
We investigated whether KIF6 Trp719Arg genotypes affect cardiovascular outcomes and efficacy of statin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing hemodialysis. We conducted a post hoc analysis of the 4D-study, a randomized trial including 1255 patients. Patients were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with either 20mg of...
Article
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There is an ongoing interest in studying the effect of common recurrent infections and conditions, such as diarrhoea, respiratory infections, and fever, on the nutritional status of children at risk of malnutrition. Epidemiological studies exploring this association need to measure infections with sufficient accuracy to minimize bias in the effect...
Article
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Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis are at high cardiovascular risk. Lowering LDL-cholesterol with statins reduces the incidence rate of cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease. In contrast, two randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled trials have been completed in hemodialysis patients that showed no significant e...
Article
BCG revaccination is still used in some tuberculosis endemic countries. Until now, the little evidence available suggested that BCG revaccination confers very limited additional protection, although there was no information on whether protection depends on the setting and age of revaccination, or if protection increases with time since vaccination....
Article
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This study investigated individual and contextual factors associated with the duration of diarrhoeal episodes in 693 young children living in a large Brazilian city who were followed-up for at least 3 months. The outcome is analysed as a continuous variable, by means of a hierarchical conceptual model organizing the factors in meaningful blocks. A...
Article
Animal studies suggest that perfluorocarbons (PFCs) may alter sexual maturation. Relationships of human PFC exposure with puberty are not clear. We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate whether perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) were associated with indicators of sexual maturation in a 2005-2006 survey of...
Article
Several studies have investigated the role of Lipoprotein (a) as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and have produced controversial results. We conducted a systematic literature review in the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and COCHRANE aimed at retrieving prospective studies that investigated the prognostic value of Lipoprotein (a) concentr...
Article
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Sanitation affects health, especially that of young children. Residents of Salvador, in Northeast Brazil, have had a high prevalence of intestinal parasites. A citywide sanitation intervention started in 1996 aimed to raise the level of sewer coverage from 26% to 80% of households. We evaluated the impact of this intervention on the prevalence of A...
Article
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Measuring recurrent infections such as diarrhoea or respiratory infections in epidemiological studies is a methodological challenge. Problems in measuring the incidence of recurrent infections include the episode definition, recall error, and the logistics of close follow up. Longitudinal prevalence (LP), the proportion-of-time-ill estimated by rep...
Article
Lipoprotein(a) is a complex of LDL (low density lipoproteins) and apolipoprotein (a). In several meta-analyses it has been shown that lipoprotein(a) is a strong and independent risk factor of coronary artery disease, the prognostic importance of which increases at elevated global risk or in pre-existing coronary heart disease. Furthermore elevated...
Article
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The validity of unblinded randomised trials testing interventions against diarrhoea is severely compromised by the potential for bias. Objective proxy markers for diarrhoea not relying on self-report are needed to assess the effect of interventions that cannot be blinded. Short-term changes in weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) may (due to catch-up growt...