Bernat Pérez de Val

Bernat Pérez de Val
IRTA Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology | IRTA · Animal Health Programme

BSc, PhD

About

47
Publications
7,151
Reads
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656
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
460 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Introduction
Bernat Pérez de Val currently works at the Animal Health Programme, IRTA Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology. Bernat does research in Tuberculosis Immunology and Microbiology.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - April 2020
IRTA Institute of Agrifood Research and Technology
Position
  • Researcher
April 2006 - December 2014
CReSA Research Centre for Animal Health
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a heat-inactivated Mycobacterium caprae (HIMC) vaccine in goats experimentally challenged with the same strain of M. caprae. Twenty-one goats were divided into three groups of seven: vaccinated with heat-inactivated Mycobacterium bovis (HIMB), with HIMC and unvaccinated. At 7 weeks post-vaccination all ani...
Article
Full-text available
Caprine tuberculosis (TB) is a zoonosis caused by members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Caprine TB eradication programmes are based mainly on intradermal tuberculin tests and slaughterhouse surveillance. Different factors may affect the performance of the TB diagnostic tests used in caprine herds and, therefore, their ability to...
Article
The P22 ELISA was recently developed for the serodiagnosis of animal tuberculosis. Herein, the stability of the P22 antigen in different presentations and storage conditions, and the cross-reactivity with Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis infection in small ruminants were evaluated. For the stability assay, serum samples from cows, sheep, goats, a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tuberculosis (TB) due to Mycobacterium caprae is endemic in goat herds and free-ranging wild boars in Spain, causing infections in other livestock or wild animals to a lesser extent. TB infection in foxes is infrequently reported and they are usually considered spillover hosts of TB. Case presentation A blind, depressed and severely ema...
Article
Full-text available
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a zoonotic disease caused mainly by Mycobacterium bovis, which is associated with major economic losses for milk and meat producers. The objective of this trial was to assess the efficacy of the BCG Russia strain in a cohort study performed under field conditions, with the vaccination of calves in seven dairy farms from...
Article
Full-text available
Voles are maintenance hosts of Mycobacterium microti. In line with the goal to eradicate tuberculosis (TB) in livestock, the role of this mycobacteria needs to be assessed since it might interfere with current M. bovis/M. caprae surveillance strategies. To better understand the pathogenesis of TB in voles, an experimental infection model was set up...
Poster
Full-text available
Adiaspiromycoses are non-transmissible infectious pulmonary diseases caused by the inhalation of propagules from thermally dimorphic fungal species belonging to the Ajellomicetaceae family, like Emmonsia crescens. Emmonsia crescens has a universal distribution, growing as a mycelial saprobic form in soil within a temperature range of 6‒30ºC, while...
Article
Full-text available
The high-resolution WGS analyses of MTBC strains have provided useful insight for determining sources of infection for animal tuberculosis. In Spain, tuberculosis in livestock is caused by Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae, where wildlife reservoirs play an important role. We analyzed a set of 125 M. bovis isolates obtained from livestoc...
Article
Full-text available
The main etiologic agent of tuberculosis (TB) in livestock is Mycobacterium bovis; human TB cases caused by M. bovis are rare. Analysis of a TB outbreak caused by polyresistant M. bovis involving a human and sympatric sheep in Spain suggests local circulation of drug-resistant M. bovis strains among livestock.
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination has been proposed as a supplementary tool for the control of tuberculosis in livestock. The long-term immunogenicity elicited by bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) and the efficacy of revaccination were investigated in thirty goat kids distributed into three groups: unvaccinated controls, BCG (vaccinated at week 0) and BCG-BCG (vaccinated a...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination of goats against tuberculosis (TB) has been promoted as an ancillary tool for controlling the disease in infected livestock herds. A three-year trial to assess the efficacy of BCG vaccine was carried out in five goat herds. At the beginning of the trial (month 0), all animals were tested for TB using thee different diagnostic tests. Ani...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberculosis (TB) in wildlife challenges epidemiological surveillance and disease control. An outbreak of TB was detected in a free-ranging wild boar population of a Natural Park in Catalonia (Spain) and the outbreak investigation was conducted in the area. During the study period (2015-2020), 278 wild boars were analyzed by gross pathology, histop...
Article
Full-text available
Current eradication strategies of tuberculosis (TB) in goats mainly rely on the single intradermal tuberculin test (SIT) and single intradermal cervical comparative tuberculin tests (SICCTs). TB vaccination has been proposed as a cost-effective option in high-prevalence herds or countries where economic compensation for the slaughter of positive an...
Article
Mycobacterium microti is a member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex that causes pathology in many mammals. M. microti infections have been found in some countries in Europe. We report an outbreak of tuberculosis caused by M. microti in wild boars in Spain.
Article
Full-text available
As the phylogenetic organization of mammalian polyomaviruses is complex and currently incompletely resolved, we aimed at a deeper insight into their evolution by identifying polyomaviruses in host orders and families that have either rarely or not been studied. Sixteen unknown and two known polyomaviruses were identified in animals that belong to 5...
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, the eradication of tuberculosis (TB) in cattle has had some setbacks and therefore we need to re-evaluate the current surveillance strategies. The Spanish cattle TB surveillance system consists of three components: a) routine skin testing, b) slaughterhouse surveillance, and c) pre-movement controls. Our objectives were to assess the effe...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberculosis (TB) in animals is a re-emerging disease with a wide range of hosts that causes large economic losses in livestock. Goats are particularly susceptible to TB and, in endemic areas, vaccination may be a valuable measure to control the disease. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of parenteral vaccination of goats with...
Data
Raw data OD 450 nm of IFN-γ after vaccination and challenge. (XLSX)
Data
Raw data OD 450 nm of MPB83-IgG after vaccination and challenge. (XLSX)
Article
Increasing number of caprine tuberculosis (TB) reports grant the consideration of this zoonosis as an emerging disease that can play a role in the epidemiology of bovine TB in endemic areas. An outbreak of TB was detected in a caprine/ovine dairy mixed herd. Tuberculin skin test positive goats and ewes were euthanized and subsequent postmortem inve...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Control of animal tuberculosis (TB) through vaccination has emerged as a long-term strategy to complement test and slaughter control strategy. A pilot trial under field conditions was conducted in a goat herd with high TB prevalence to assess the efficacy of the Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine. Results: Twenty-three goat kids vaccina...
Article
Background/aims: Animal tuberculosis (TB) is a complex animal health problem that causes disruption to trade and significant economic losses. TB involves a multi-host system where sheep, traditionally considered a rare host of this infection, have been recently included. The aims of this study were to develop an experimental TB infection model in...
Article
Full-text available
We identified a variant of the first bovine polyomavirus (BPyV1; family Polyomaviridae ) in a lymph node of a Salers cow. As the 2 previously published genome sequences of this virus originated from fetal bovine serum and ground beef, respectively, this is the first BPyV1 genome that could be traced back to an individual.
Article
Vaccination of domestic animals has emerged as an alternative long-term strategy for the control of tuberculosis (TB). A trial under field conditions was conducted in a TB-free goat herd to assess the safety of the Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine. Eleven kids and 10 milking goats were vaccinated with BCG. Bacterial shedding and interferon gamma (IF...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Meat inspection has the ultimate objective of declaring the meat and offal obtained from carcasses of slaughtered animals fit or unfit for human consumption. This safeguards the health of consumers by ensuring that the food coming from these establishments poses no risk to public health. Concomitantly, it contributes to animal disease surveillance....
Article
Full-text available
Meat inspection has the ultimate objective of declaring the meat and offal obtained from carcasses of slaughtered animals fit or unfit for human consumption. This safeguards the health of consumers by ensuring that the food coming from these establishments poses no risk to public health. Concomitantly, it contributes to animal disease surveillance....
Article
There is an increasing concern in several European countries over the role that tuberculosis (TB)-infected wild boar may play in the progress of bovine TB eradication campaigns. In 2004, as a consequence of the detection of a TB focus in wild boar from a National Game Reserve (NGR) located in southern Catalonia, a surveillance programme based on po...
Article
Full-text available
Progressin development of tuberculosis (TB) vaccines largely depends on the availability of animal models to test their safety and efficacy before starting with expensive clinical trials. The present study provides a comprehensive evaluation of bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) effects on clinical, immunological, pathological and bacteriological param...
Article
Full-text available
We analyzed the most likely cause of 687 bovine tuberculosis (bTB) breakdowns detected in Spain between 2009 and 2011 (i.e., 22% of the total number of breakdowns detected during this period). Seven possible causes were considered: i) residual infection; ii) introduction of infected cattle from other herds; iii) sharing of pastures with infected he...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We analyzed the most likely cause of 687 bovine tuberculosis (bTB) breakdowns detected in Spain between 2009 and 2011 (i.e., 22% of the total number of breakdowns detected during this period). Seven possible causes were considered: i) residual infection; ii) introduction of infected cattle from other herds; iii) sharing of pastures with infected he...
Article
Tuberculosis either caused by Mycobacterium bovis or M. caprae is a significant burden to agricultural industries worldwide. Vaccination of domestic ruminant species such as cattle and goats constitutes a potential tool to support disease control. This review will discuss recent progress made to develop tuberculosis vaccines against domestic rumina...
Article
Full-text available
Between December 2010 and January 2011 a number (n=20) of cases were submitted to the Slaughterhouse Support Service (Servei de Suport a Escorxadors, SESC-CReSA), consisting of grossly nodular granulomatous and caseous lesions in pig carcasses from five different farms. Lesions involved lymph nodes, lungs, liver and spleen. Histopathological examin...
Article
Full-text available
The “One world, one health” initiative emphasizes the need for new strategies to control human and animal tuberculosis (TB) based on their shared interface. A good example would be the development of novel universal vaccines against Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infection. This study uses the goat model, a natural TB host, to assess the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Most countries carrying out campaigns of bovine tuberculosis (TB) eradication impose a ban on the use of mycobacterial vaccines in cattle. However, vaccination against paratuberculosis (PTB) in goats is often allowed even when its effect on TB diagnosis has not been fully evaluated. To address this issue, goat kids previously vaccinated...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first efficacy study using the experimental goat model, a natural host of tuberculosis (TB), to evaluate the efficacy of heterologous Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) prime followed by boosting with a replication-deficient adenovirus expressing the antigen Ag85A (AdAg85A). Three experimental groups of 11 goat kids each...
Article
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is highly sensitive for detecting tuberculomas in human patients but the specificity of the MR imaging features is low. Misdiagnosis with intracranial neoplasia is common, especially with dural-based lesions or lesions located in the epidural space. We describe the MR imaging characteristics of an intracranial epidur...
Article
Full-text available
The control of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is at a critical point in the last stage of eradication in livestock. Wildlife species recently have emerged infected with TB in Europe, particularly ungulates in the Iberian Peninsula. Epidemiological information regarding TB in wild ungulates including affected species, prevalence, associated risk factors...
Article
Full-text available
Caprine tuberculosis (TB) has increased in recent years, highlighting the need to address the problem the infection poses in goats. Moreover, goats may represent a cheaper alternative for testing of prototype vaccines in large ruminants and humans. With this aim, a Mycobacterium caprae infection model has been developed in goats. Eleven 6-month-old...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing interest in Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and its potential impact on naive animal populations deserve revisiting experimental reproduction of RVFV infection, particularly in those animal breeds for which no data about their susceptibility to RVFV infection have ever been recorded. In this study we show the susceptibility of 9-10 we...
Article
We report three cases of tuberculosis in alpacas from Spain caused by Mycobacterium bovis. The animals revealed two different lesional patterns. Mycobacterial culture and PCR assay yielded positive results for M. bovis. Molecular typing of the isolates identified spoligotype SB0295 and identical variable-number tandem repeat (VNTR) allele sizes.
Conference Paper
Tuberculosis has become a key factor in population management of sea lions and tapirs in EAZA zoos, due to a recently reported outbreak of tuberculosis in these species. Efforts to identify efficient and reliable markers of infection and disease are stymied by the lack of species-specific information and tools. A recently developed assay, the Eleph...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of a herd of goats with tuberculosis let us test a new treatment regimen against latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Using large animal experimental models allows a better approach to understanding human tuberculosis according to immunopathological parameters. Based on an initial study showing a correlation between the ESAT-6-s...

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