Bernardo Rondelli

Bernardo Rondelli
SIRIS Academic SL · SIRIS Lab

PhD

About

48
Publications
9,736
Reads
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453
Citations
Citations since 2017
1 Research Item
268 Citations
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Introduction
My research interest concerns the dynamics of cultural systems from a transdisciplinary approach. I've been focused on innovative cross-disciplinary methods for highlighting cultural changes in past societies. I've been involved in the conception and implementation of cross-disciplinary blue-sky projects between humanities and formal sciences. Currently, I'm interested in the organization of science and development of new methods for integrating qualitative and quantitative analysis.
Additional affiliations
June 2011 - April 2014
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Project Manager
February 2010 - January 2011
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2008 - September 2009
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
January 2004 - June 2007
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Archaeology
September 2002 - October 2003
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • GIS & Remote Sensing
September 1998 - July 2002
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Heritage Management

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
The articles discusses specific methods on compiling archaeological maps of Central Asia using GIS-technologies.
Chapter
The classical wave-of-advance model is based on Fisher’s equation. However, this approach leads to an unbounded wave-of-advance speed at high reproduction rates. In contrast, an integro-difference model leads to a finite upper bound for the speed, namely the maximum dispersal distance divided by the generation time. Intuitively, this is a very reas...
Chapter
Full-text available
The classical wave-of-advance model is based on Fisher’s equation. However, this approach leads to an unbounded wave-of-advance speed at high reproduction rates. In contrast, an integro-difference model leads to a finite upper bound for the speed, namely the maximum dispersal distance divided by the generation time. Intuitively, this is a very reas...
Chapter
This paper presents the results of ethnographic observations of non-mechanized crop-processing activities at two localities in Catalonia (Spain). The aim of the study is to analyze the patterns of phytolith deposition on threshing floors and to be able to reconstruct them. Phytoliths are extremely durable plant micro-remains that are commonly found...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Climate processes act at global and continental scales. However, the human perception of climate change is mostly a local phenomenon that depends on the regional meteorological and environmental expression of climate variability. Specifically, short-term variability is higher in regions situated at the periphery of major climatic systems. This is th...
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that the Neolithic transition spread across Europe at a speed of about 1 km/yr. This result has been previously interpreted as a range expansion of the Neolithic driven mainly by demic diffusion (whereas cultural diffusion played a secondary role). However, a long-standing problem is whether this value (1 km/yr) and its interpretat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The 2012 NoGAP fieldwork in northern Gujarat (India) has been carried out through the sixth and seventh field seasons, based on a cooperation agreement between the Institució Milà i Fontanals and the MS University of Baroda. Specifically, the campaigns took place btween 11th February and 12th March 2013, and between 19th Aprl and 26th April 2013. T...
Article
Full-text available
Loteshwar (23º 36ʹ 1.8ʺ N; 71º 50ʹ 11.8ʺ E) is situated in the Sami Taluka of Patan District in North Gujarat, Western India. First excavated in 1990’s the site was re-excavated by the North Gujarat Archaeological Project during November/December 2009. The 2009 excavation unearthed two cultural periods namely Mesolithic (dated between the end of th...
Article
This is the introduction to a special issue of Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory focusing on modelling and simulation in archaeology. Archaeology
Article
Based on archaeological evidence from Kutch-Saurashtra (N Gujarat, NW India), we use agent-based modelling (ABM) to explore the persistence of hunter-gatherer (HG) groups in semi-arid environments in the mid and late Holocene. Agents interact within a realistic semi-arid environment dominated by the monsoon. Precipitation trends are modelled from i...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper describes the results of osteological studies on a sub-adult human skeleton found at Vaharvo Timbo in Ranod Village in Sami Taluka of the Patan District, Gujarat, belonging to the Chalcolithic period (3000-2600 BCE). The skeleton has been kept partially embedded in a block of soil, as it will be for display in the museum. Hence, a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The EPNet project aims to examine the framework of the Roman economicorganisation and its networks by analysing epigraphical data from amphorae.This aim is to be realised through complex network analysis, model buildingand computer simulation. The objective is to create an experimental laboratoryfor the exploration, validation and refutation of his...
Article
A lo largo de las páginas siguientes presentamos una iniciativa actualmente en curso dirigida a promover innovaciones tanto teóricas como metodológicas en el análisis de las dinámicas históricas, sociales y ecológicas: SimulPast-Social and environmental transitions: Simulating the past to unders-tand human behaviour (http://www.simulpast.es/). Este...
Article
The present work aims at setting the bases for the critical study of settlement patterns and resource management among Holocene hunteregatherer and agro-pastoral groups in arid margins. The case study is set on the SW margin of the Thar Desert, in N Gujarat, an ecotone sensitive to the slightest shifts in precipitation patterns (Indian Summer Monso...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Central Asia is an area in which the main variants of pre-industrial economic productions (from nomadic pastoralism to irrigated agriculture) coexisted for several thousand years starting from prehistory, with animal domestication and irrigated agriculture. The relation between the different economic activities is known to have been unstable, with...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work explores the potential of amplitude information from advanced ENVISAT ASAR C-band data for understanding surface and near-surface water dynamics in the semi-arid archaeological landscape of North Gujarat (India). Research is done within the framework of an explorative Earth Observation project (ESA) proposal between the North Gujarat Arch...
Article
In Central Asia, the introduction of mechanised farming and the transformation of the landscape caused by agricultural intensification over the last 50 years have resulted in the massive destruction of archaeological remains. In this paper, we focus on an underestimated and unexploited type of remote sensing for the study of landscape change and an...
Article
Herding and farming coexisted in Central Asia for several thousand years as main options of preindustrial economic production. The relationship between people practicing different variants of these modes of subsistence is known to have been dynamic. Among the many possible explanations, we explore this dynamic by modeling mechanisms that connect ag...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The fifth NoGAP fieldwork season was carried out between November and December 2011 in North Gujarat (India). For the 2011 fieldwork season there was the need of acquiring further data on the archaeology from the Holocene deposits, with a special focus on the record before the 5000 BC bracket, which testifies to the earliest occupation of this area...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The archaeological study conducted in North Gujarat by the NoGAP project has revealed the existence of dozens of archaeological sites of hunter-gatherer and agro-pastoral groups as well as farmers of the Harappan Civilization. This are,a “peripheral” to the Indus Civilisation, has great potential for understanding the strategies of resource use thr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The third work campaign of the NoGAP project has centered its primary work in three aspects: the excavation of the Loteshwar site, which develops a methodology of holistic and broad spectrum samples, as well as graphically documenting the stratigraphy of the excavation through different techniques of high resolution centimetrics; the geoarcheologic...
Article
Full-text available
Comme l'évoque Pierre Gentelle dans un article précédent, les archéologues et historiens sont loin d'être d'accord sur la datation des systèmes d'irrigation et leur rapport au peuplement. Nous présenterons donc dans cette contribution collective deux interprétations, la première pour le canal du Bulungur, l'autre pour le canal du Dargom.
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows a methodology for the pottery classification by the testing of knowledge representation techniques coming from the field of artificial intelligence. The application context is the research project on the Bronze Age in Romagna, which this journal issue is devoted.
Article
Full-text available
At the heart of Central Asia, the Middle Zeravshan Valley and the city of Samarkand are crisscrossed by a complex system of canals derived from the Zeravshan river (Fig. 1). In agreement with the traditional theories proposed by soviet scholars and defended, in another context, by Wittfogel, it is usually assumed that a strong, long-term associatio...
Article
Full-text available
Les festivités liées aux 2200 ans de la ville de Tashkent constituent ici l'occasion de montrer comment l'étude d'un monument de Tashkent, celui d'Aktepe-Chilanzar2, dont le plan évoque celui de Kindikli-tepe, château datant du Ve siècle au nord de Samarkand3, peut être
Article
Full-text available
This paper will describe an approach to the design and implementa-tion of ontology driven dynamic web sites, a kind of architecture that provides the adoption of ontologies rather than more traditional forms of persistent data storage facilities such as relational databases. This approach provides a flexible support to the design and implementation...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The aim of this case study is to assess the emergence and resilience of ‘borders’ in the oases of Central Asia. These boundaries are here primarily understood as limits between ecologically relevant areas characterized by different types of socio-economical behaviors. The study serves to propose a formal model of Central Asian oasis dynamics, to explore the emergence and resilience of socio-ecological borders and validate the results by comparing them to known historical, ethnographical and archaeological data. CS5 thus provides new information that helps to better define the implications of environmental settings in the understanding of the socio-political dynamics of Central Asia. More broadly, CS5 also hopes to contribute elements to a better understanding of the dynamics of borders, understood as the product of interactions between social, political and environmental behaviors, and resulting in the emergence of functional entities.
Project
The project intends to set up an innovative framework to investigate the political and economic mechanisms that characterised the dynamics of the production & the commercial trade system of foodstuffs during the Roman Empire.
Project
EPNet (Production and Distribution of Food during the Roman Empire: Economic and Political Dynamics) is an ERC Advanced Grant project and intends to set up an innovative framework to investigate the political and economical mechanisms that characterised the dynamics of the commercial trade system during the Roman Empire. This system is one of the first recognized networks of interaction and interdependence in the current European territory and it is generally considered to be the first complex European trade network. Many theories and hypothesis about the organization of the Roman trade system based on the available vast data have been proposed but, due to the lack of a common semantic, their assessment come of very difficult if not impossible. As well, the speculative character of those approaches implies the impossibility of falsify them. The project counts with one of the richest database for amphorae and epigraphy (http://ceipac.ub.edu/), one of the most precise archaeological and historical semantic markers available from the Roman Empire trading system. They provide information on geographical origin, on the products that were transported, on economic transactions, as well as on the social positions of and relationships between those involved in trade. Furthermore the possibility of dating them with great precision makes it possible to undertake fine-resolution studies of the dynamics of trading networks over time.