Bernardo Moreno-Jimenez

Bernardo Moreno-Jimenez
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Faculty of Psychology

PhD

About

285
Publications
399,923
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7,071
Citations
Citations since 2016
60 Research Items
4040 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
20162017201820192020202120220200400600
Additional affiliations
January 1994 - present
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Catedratico

Publications

Publications (285)
Article
Full-text available
Resilience has been reported to be a protective psychological variable of mental health; however, little is known about its role in COVID-19 survivors. Thus, in this study, we aimed to evaluate the levels of depression, anxiety, stress, traumatic impact, and resilience associated with COVID-19, as well as to investigate the role of resilience as a...
Article
Background: Work engagement is defined as a positive, fulfilling, work-related state of mind characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Even though volunteers at hospitals are deeply engaged in their unpaid work, there are no quick tools for measuring work engagement among these volunteers. The Ultra-short UWES-3 is a valuable research too...
Article
Full-text available
Anxiety and depression are common entities in patients diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). This study aimed to determine the prevalence of affective comorbidity (depression and anxiety) associated with lung function, functional capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life; as well as the differences between groups of patients dia...
Article
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Introducción: El distanciamiento social y la cuarentena han probado tener efectos negativos en la salud mental de las poblaciones, a saber: miedo, ansiedad, depresión y sintomatología de estrés postraumático. La resiliencia emerge como variable amortiguadora del impacto. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar el impacto psicológico del COVID-19 en va...
Article
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Introducción: El concepto de personalidad resistente tal como lo propone Kobasa queda definido por tres dimensiones, a saber: compromiso, control y reto. Moreno-Jiménez y cols., (2014) diseñaron y validaron el Cuestionario de Personalidad Resistente (CPR) en trabajadores españoles y este instrumento se ha adaptado y validado en diferentes países la...
Article
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The population’s behavioral responses to containment and precautionary measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have played a fundamental role in controlling the contagion. A comparative analysis of precautionary behaviors in the region was carried out. A total of 1184 people from Mexico, Colombia, Chile, Cuba, and Guatemala participated through an on...
Article
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Resumo O Estresse Traumático Secundário caracteriza-se por um conjunto de sintomas e condutas que se manifestam após a exposição indireta ao trauma. Profissionais que cuidam de pessoas traumatizadas estão susceptíveis ao transtorno. Este estudo examinou a estrutura interna da versão brasileira do Cuestionario de Estrés Traumático Secundario. Partic...
Article
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Nursing home workers have been exposed to great physical and mental burdens during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Although this has generated high levels of exhaustion, it may also have contributed to feelings of professional satisfaction. The objective of this study was to explore the levels of satisfaction among nursing home workers during the COVID‐19 p...
Article
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COVID-19 has increased the likelihood of healthcare professionals suffering from Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS). However, the difficulty of this crisis may lead these professionals to display personal resources, such as harmonious passion, that could be involved in posttraumatic growth. The goal of this study is to examine the STS and posttraumat...
Article
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The objective of this study was to extract personality prototypes from general population of Mexico and to compare subjective health indicators between these prototypes. Participants were 994 individuals (aged 14 to 63 years). Five personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness) were assessed with the...
Article
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Early detection of gestational complications is a priority in obstetrics. In our social context, this is linked to maternity age. Most studies are focused on biological factors. However, pregnancy is also influenced by social and psychological factors, which have not been deeply explored. We aimed to identify biopsychosocial risk and protective fac...
Article
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The current COVID-19 crisis may have an impact on the mental health of professionals working on the frontline, especially healthcare workers due to the increase of occupational psychosocial risks, such as emotional exhaustion and secondary traumatic stress (STS). This study explored job demands and resources during the COVID-19 crisis in predicting...
Article
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This work constitutes an exploratory study during the second and third phases of COVID-19 in Mexico, characterized by local transmission and untraceable cases, respectively, with an incidental sample of 666 participants. The 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale was used to assess depression, anxiety and stress associated to COVID-19. Additionall...
Article
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Cognitive maternal adaptation during pregnancy may influence biological variables, maternal psychological, and neonatal health. We hypothesized that pregnant women with numerous general resources and less negative emotions would have a better coping with a positive influence on neonatal birth weight and maternal psychological health. The study incl...
Article
This study aimed to analyze the psychological consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing home workers, as well as the influence of certain related stressors and job resources. Two-hundred twenty-eight nursing home workers in Spain participated in this cross-sectional study. High levels of workload, social pressure from work, contact with suff...
Article
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Introduction Physicians of Intensive Care Units (ICU) have a potential risk to develop negative outcomes such as emotional exhaustion and secondary traumatic stress (STS). Specifically, job demands in these units (i.e., work stressors and emotional effort) may positively predict these outcomes, whereas personal resources such as harmonious passion...
Article
Introduction. Physicians of Intensive Care Units (ICU) have a potential risk to develop negative outcomes such as emotional exhaustion and secondary traumatic stress (STS). Specifically, job demands in these units (i.e., work stressors and emotional effort) may positively predict these outcomes, whereas personal resources such as harmonious passion...
Article
Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model, this diary study investigated the mediator role of academic resources in the relationship between personal resources and variables of well-being. The study postulates that the perceived level of academic support received by students during the day mediates the relationship between the levels of self-...
Article
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We examine the role of personal resources (hardiness) and personal vulnerability factors (external locus of control and helplessness) at work, among 430 teachers at private schools. Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JD-R) model and the conservation of resources theory, we parallel tested both motivational and health-impairment processes on the te...
Article
Aim To propose a predictive model of secondary traumatic stress (STS). Design A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. Context The study was conducted in the Intensive Care Units of a hospital in Madrid (Spain). Participants The sample comprised 103 health professionals. Interventions A series of questionnaires were created and comp...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Proponer un modelo de predictores del estrés traumático secundario. Diseño Se trata de un diseño transversal descriptivo. Ámbito El estudio se llevó a cabo en las unidades de cuidados intensivos de un hospital terciario de Madrid. Participantes La muestra estuvo formada por 103 profesionales sanitarios. Intervenciones Se creó...
Article
Abstract. One of the job resources most strongly associated with nurses’ well-being and motivation is social support. However, the psychosocial mechanisms that would explain this relationship have not been sufficiently researched. Thus, the main aim of this study was analyzing whether this relationship could be mediated by two variables: role ambig...
Article
Workplace incivility is a growing problem in nursing. However, most studies that explore this psychosocial risk and its consequences do so considering a single level and a between-person perspective. The aims of the study were to explore whether the effects of experiencing incivility during work-time could explain the daily levels of well-being of...
Article
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Despite the emphasis of servant leadership theory on the attention provided to workers’ needs and goals, there is a lack of empirical knowledge on the relationship between servant leadership and employees’ goal attainment. We provide a theoretical model of the mechanism by which this strong focus of servant leadership on a worker’s individual devel...
Article
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Nursing professionals who work in intensive care units and participate in activities related to organ donation and transplantation are exposed to a significant number of stressors their work, which favors the appearance of certain psychosocial risks such as work stress, burnout, secondary traumatic stress, moral stress, and the conflict between wor...
Conference Paper
Introducción La Pasión por el Trabajo ha sido definida como una “inclinación controlable hacia una actividad que la persona valora como importante y en la que decide invertir tiempo y esfuerzo”, diferenciando entre una pasión armoniosa y una pasión obsesiva, con diferentes consecuencias para la salud. El objetivo general de este estudio sería mostr...
Article
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The purposes of the present study were to identify depression-related protective and risk variables, to know which of these discriminate between university students who have suicidal ideation (SI) and those who don’t, as well as between levels of SI. The sample was made up of 1825 students (570 men, 1255 women) who were coursing health-related care...
Article
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La literatura muestra que los médicos en etapa de formación sufren altos niveles de desgaste y fatiga, con serias consecuencias para los propios estudiantes y la organización. El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar cómo la forma en la que los médicos internos regulan sus emociones se encuentra asociada con sus niveles de fatiga ocupacional. La mu...
Conference Paper
Introducción El Estrés Traumático Secundario ha sido definido como el conjunto de síntomas psicológicos adquiridos por la exposición a personas que sufren los efectos del trauma. Los profesionales que por su trabajo están expuestos a las experiencias de sufrimiento por la atención que dan a víctimas de eventos traumáticos, son una población de ries...
Article
Los objetivos del presente estudio fueron identificar variables protectoras y de riesgo para la depresión y conocer cuáles de éstas discriminan entre universitarios con ideación suicida (IS) y aquellos quienes no la tienen, además de discriminar niveles de ideación. La muestra estuvo conformada por 1825 universitarios (570 varones y 1255 mujeres) d...
Article
Objectives Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a highly disabling condition characterized by a progressive increase in pulmonary arterial pressure. Even though PH may cause great emotional distress, research examining the determinants of patients′ emotional wellbeing has been scarce and mostly focused on the role of disease-related factors. This study e...
Article
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Background: Nurses experience high levels of psychosocial stressors. Hardiness may help offset these and reduce burnout. Most research has used a variable-centered approach (e.g., regression, SEM) to address the additive and interactive effects of hardiness dimensions on stressors and strains.
Article
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La energía y motivación de los profesionales de enfermería son fundamentales para su bienestar, para garantizar la calidad asistencial, así como la permanencia de los trabajadores dentro de las organizaciones con altos niveles de compromiso. El objetivo de este trabajo fue explorar el valor añadido que tenían dos recursos personales del propio trab...
Article
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This study investigates the mediating role of psychological meaningfulness among social job resources (i.e., coworkers and supervisor support), vigor, and emotional exhaustion in a nursing context. In spite of progress in understanding which organizational influence affects nurses’ vigor and emotional exhaustion, the psychological mechanisms assume...
Chapter
Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the field of positive psychology has sought to implement a science of human flourishing so that we may lead happier, more fulfilling lives. It has found expression not only in academic papers but also popular books and, increasingly, in government policy. The Routledge International Handbook of Critical P...
Article
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Resumen El uso universal del Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), y sus versiones, ha creado un marco de inferencias polémicas sobre el cimiento anglosajón del MBI. El estudio analiza la universalidad del constructo de burnout del MBI en un contexto latinoamericano, examinando su validez, mediante análisis factorial exploratorio, confirmatorio y de fia...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to extract personality prototypes from general population of Mexico and to compare subjective health indicators between these prototypes. Participants were 994 individuals (aged 14 to 63 years). Five personality traits (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness, and Agreeableness) were assessed with the...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue obtener prototipos de personalidad en población general de México y comparar la salud subjetiva entre ellos. En total, participaron 994 individuos de 14 a 63 años de edad. Se evaluaron cinco rasgos de personalidad (Neuroticismo, Extraversión, Apertura, Responsabilidad y Amabilidad) con el NEO-FFI, y la salud...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las propiedades psi- cométricas de una adaptación de la Escala de Personalidad Resistente (EPR) al contexto universitario chileno. En el estu- dio participaron 900 estudiantes universitarios de diferentes carreras de licenciatura. Se adaptó el instrumento a las condiciones de los estudiantes. Se realizaron a...
Article
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Psychological flexibility has been related to a wide number of positive outcomes among individuals with mental health problems and chronic illnesses, and it has been identified as an important mechanism of change in psychotherapy. However, the attention given to psychological flexibility within psycho-oncology has been quite limited, even though it...
Article
Introduction and objectives: The Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) is a patient-reported outcome measure of health-related quality of life and quality of life specific to individuals with pulmonary hypertension (PH). This questionnaire has demonstrated superiority over other instruments assessing similar domains. The objecti...
Article
Full-text available
Nurses develop their work in a highly stressful context, where their emotional, attentional and well-being resources are frequently impaired. Because the health care work context is a dynamic and changing context, it is necessary to continue implementing and evaluating the efficacy of brief interventions that consider the organizational needs. The...
Article
Full-text available
College students face numerous academic demands on a daily basis. The resources of the University and of the students to cope with these demands are essential to explain students’ levels of well-being. The purpose of this investigation is to explore the role of day-level curiosity and meaning in life in the explanation of students’ levels of engage...
Article
Full-text available
Nurses develop their work in a highly stressful context, where their emotional, attentional and well-being resources are frequently impaired. Because the health care work context is a dynamic and changing context, it is necessary to continue implementing and evaluating the efficacy of brief interventions that consider the organizational needs. The...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and objectives: The Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) is a patient-reported outcome measure of health-related quality of life and quality of life specific to individuals with pulmonary hypertension (PH). This questionnaire has demonstrated superiority over other instruments assessing similar domains. The object...
Article
Full-text available
The role played by witnesses of bullying in nursing settings remains little studied, despite their potential relevance in explaining the onset and development of bullying. The objective of this study was to develop a model to account for witnesses’ intention to help and helping behaviour in response to bullying in a nursing setting. Three hundred a...
Article
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Background: Research on the implication of experiential avoidance in the aetiology and maintenance of diverse forms of psychopathology has grown considerably over the last 10 years. However, the potential contribution of experiential avoidance to cancer-related distress has received limited attention. Accordingly, the objective of this study was t...
Article
The present study examines the role of daily difficulties in emotion regulation at work in nurse’s daily well-being and how certain job resources and recovery experiences influence this relationship. We hypothesized that daily difficulties to regulate emotions at work would be significantly and positively related to emotional exhaustion at work in...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN OBJETIVO: conocer la estructura factorial del GHQ-12 en México y explorar su utilidad para identificar a personas que perciben tener problemas de salud. METODO: participaron 1093 adultos sin diagnóstico de enfermedades crónicas; 462 fueron varones, con una edad media de 32.2 años (DT=13.2) y 631 mujeres, con una edad media de 29.1 años (DT=...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire in Mexico (FFMQ-M) solving previous methodological limitations. A transversal study was carried out with 1210 Mexican students and a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis was performed in Mplus 7.0. A confirmatory factor analysis i...
Article
Unlabelled: Artificial neural networks are sophisticated modelling and prediction tools capable of extracting complex, non-linear relationships between predictor (input) and predicted (output) variables. This study explores this capacity by modelling non-linearities in the hardiness-modulated burnout process with a neural network. Specifically, tw...