Bernardo Martin-Gorriz

Bernardo Martin-Gorriz
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena | UPCT · Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural Engineering Ph.D.

About

115
Publications
21,533
Reads
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1,367
Citations
Citations since 2016
41 Research Items
1071 Citations
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Introduction
Research interest: 1. Energy and water use efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of farming systems using life-cycle assessment (LCA). 2. Agricultural mechanization (spraying, thinning, pruning and harvesting for apricot, citrus and peach trees) and safety aspects of tractors and agricultural machines (ROPS) 3. Sensors and measurement equipment’s for agricultural systems.
Additional affiliations
October 1999 - March 2020
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 1999 - present
Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
September 1996 - July 1999
Universitat Politècnica de València
Field of study
  • Agricultural Engineer
September 1984 - October 1990
Universitat Politècnica de València
Field of study
  • Agricultural Engineer

Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse cultivation in the Mediterranean region has undoubtedly enhanced the economic growth and has generated social benefits by making an efficient use of resources. However, these production systems caused undesirable environmental impacts. In order to move towards cleaner production in greenhouse areas, this study has assessed the potential...
Article
Desalinated sea water (DSW) is increasingly being used as an alternative source of irrigation in dry coastal areas. Owing to its high price and singular composition, it is often blended with other water resources to curb costs. Although this is a common practice, limited resources are available to manage the increased agro-economic complexity requi...
Article
Full-text available
Corrigendum to “Carbon emissions and economic assessment of farm operations under different tillage practices in organic rainfed almond orchards in semiarid Mediterranean conditions” [Sci. Hortic. 261 (2020) 108978]
Article
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Curbing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to combat climate change is a major global challenge. Although irrigated agriculture consumes considerable energy that generates GHG emissions, the biomass produced also represents an important CO2 sink, which can counterbalance the emissions. The source of the water supply considerably influences the irrigati...
Article
Dew is the result of water condensing from the atmospheric humidity on a surface sufficiently radiatively cooled by its own emission of radiation. This chapter presents the optical basis for the dew formation and a description of three passive dew condensers: a radiative dew condenser (RDC), an experimental pan, and an agricultural pond. It focuses...
Article
Mechanical pruning can be integrated into a management strategy to reduce pruning costs in lemon [Citrus x Lemon (L.) Osbeck] orchards. The present study evaluates mechanical pruning combined with manual pruning in the ‘Fino 95’ lemon cultivar over four years. Five pruning treatments involving different intensities of mechanisation have been carrie...
Article
Full-text available
Desalinated sea water (DSW) provides a steady agricultural water supply that overcomes climatological and hydrological constraints, fostering food security and socio-economic stability in water-stressed regions. In the last decade, seawater desalination for irrigation has been massively implemented in south-eastern (SE) Spain amid rising pressure a...
Article
The Region of Murcia (south-east Spain) is a world-leading agricultural producer which exports 2.5 million tonnes of fruit and vegetables per year. It holds a leading position in international sales of many fresh products including lettuce, broccoli, lemon, melon and artichoke. However, the sustainability of this highly profitable business is in th...
Article
Full-text available
Water deficit and increasing pressure on water resources in semi-arid regions has led to the spread of irrigation with non-conventional water resources, such as desalinated seawater (DSW). The few existent studies to date, mainly carried out in Israel and Spain, have shown that suitable management of irrigation with DSW must be performed to avoid a...
Article
Sustainable land management practices, such as reduced tillage or crop diversification, are potentially efficient measures to fight against soil degradation and desertification. The decision to approve these practices must be justified by both integrated environmental and economic assessment studies. In this work, we analysed the carbon emissions a...
Article
Both biotic and abiotic factors are involved in the seasonal variability of ecosystem respiration (Re) and its aboveground (Rag) and belowground (Rs) components. Knowledge of these factors is crutial to predict the respiration processes of structurally-distinct orchards under varying environmental conditions. This paper aims to characterize those f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For decades, agricultural practices have been focused on increasing yield, maximizing human labour efficiency and reducing costs. Such an agriculture intensification has led to soil, water and environment deterioration and the system could become unsustainable. Therefore, moving towards more environmental-friendly farming systems is strongly necess...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing shortage of water for crop irrigation in arid and semiarid regions is encouraging the use of non-conventional resources. In the last decade, seawater desalination has consolidated its position as an alternative source to increase the supply for agricultural irrigation in Spain and Israel, where the farmers’ acceptance is progressivel...
Article
Reclaimed water (RW) can alleviate agricultural water scarcity all around the year with the quality factor, but its use is often questioned by farmers due to agronomic concerns. In this study, we selected three areas and five different representative crops (muskmelon, lettuce, lemon, peach and tomato) in the southeast of Spain to study the impact o...
Article
Water shortages have led to measures such as the implementation of reclaimed water (RW) for irrigation in order to sustain agriculture. Waste water requires treatment to become a safe water resource for irrigation. This paper presents an analytical study on the use of RW for irrigation in the southeast of Spain, identifying its strengths and curren...
Article
This manuscript presents an economic assessment of two lettuce production systems, soil cultivation (SC) and nutrient film technique (NFT), under three supply scenarios considering increasing desalinated seawater (DSW) availability. In the NFT system, the yield, the water productivity, the total cost, the revenue and the profit were 5.5, 3.5, 5.9,...
Article
Several hypotheses regarding hand and mechanical harvesting have been analysed, in order to estimate the economic possibilities for the mechanical harvesting of lemons taking into account the current availability of technology. We considered several detachment options under experimental conditions; only yellow detachment has been considered for mec...
Article
Irrigated agriculture brings important socio-economic benefits, but requires high energy consumption, which in turn generates environmental problems by emissions of greenhouse gases. To maintain agricultural activity in the Segura River Basin in the face of extant water shortages, farmers are increasingly using non-conventional water resources such...
Chapter
Seawater desalination for sustaining agricultural production has been reported as an alternative water source in some Mediterranean countries and its adoption is also being considered in other regions. Desalinated seawater (DSW) can represent a steady water source, which effectively removes the hydrological constraints for crop production under ari...
Article
Tractor overturns are the leading cause of fatalities in the agricultural sector. When drivers misuse the foldable roll over protective structure (ROPS) in tractors, it becomes highly inefficient as a rollover protection system. To solve this problem, the purpose of the present paper is to detail the development and assessment of a tractor driving...
Article
Water shortages have led to the widespread adoption of adaptive measures in south-eastern Spain irrigated agriculture, with an emphasis on large-scale supply with desalinated seawater (DSW). This study develops an analytical and integrated perspective on the use of desalination as a water source for crop irrigation since the mid-2000s in the Segura...
Article
Soil respiration (Rs) represents the largest CO2 efflux to the atmosphere of terrestrial ecosystems. The regular alternation of wet and dry soil strips prevailing in irrigated orchards is a singular case-study among ecosystems as it may help to understand the impact of the spatial variability of abiotic factors on soil respiration in orange orchard...
Article
In south-eastern Spain, alternative water sources, such as desalinated seawater, and technologies for irrigation, such as hydroponic systems are required, as agriculture is currently using 80% of water resources. The present manuscript assesses the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions associated to two lettuce production systems, convent...
Article
Full-text available
This work discusses an operational method for actual evapotranspiration (ET) retrieval from remote sensing, considering a minimum quantity of ancillary data. The method consists in a graphical approach based on the Priestley-Taylor (PT) equation, where the dry soil and non-limiting water conditions are defined by land surface temperature (LST) and...
Article
Full-text available
Improving irrigation management is of relevant importance to ensure a sustainable use of resources in water-scarce areas. Among the actors involved in water management, irrigation communities (ICs) are key players. This work aims to identify which ICs attributes explain the observed variability in performance indicators (PI). To this end, panel dat...
Article
Quantification of soil respiration (Rs) is an essential step in modelling soil carbon fluxes associated with stand structure and management. This study aims to characterise the spatial variations of Rs at tree scale in adult (AO) and young (YO) drip-irrigated orange orchards, with special focus on abiotic (soil moisture, θs) and biotic (stand age a...
Article
This study, conducted from 2005 to 2014, assessed the long-term economic viability of irrigating a commercial grapefruit orchard with saline reclaimed water (RW) combined or not with a regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) strategy. During the first three years after plantation, trees were full irrigated (100% of the crop evapotranspiration; ETc) with...
Article
An inadequate use of the deployable Roll Over Protective Structure (ROPS) in agricultural tractors contributes to fatalities in rollover events. To help to resolve this problem, an automatically deployable ROPS was designed, constructed and tested. The prototype, called HydraROPS, established two assistance levels for the elevation of the foldable...
Article
Increasing water scarcity in arid and semiarid regions is driving the demand for non-conventional water resources in irrigated agriculture. Seawater desalination for sustaining agricultural production is being reported as an alternative water source in some Mediterranean countries. It represents an abundant and steady water source which effectively...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El vuelco del tractor es un accidente que causa un gran número de heridos graves y muertes en el sector agrícola. La legislación ya establece la obligatoriedad de que todos los equipos de trabajo cuenten con una estructura de protección. Sin embargo, muchos tractores antiguos no poseen ningún sistema de seguridad, ya que son anteriores a la normati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Se presenta una solución para la gestión de la prevención que consiste en un conjunto software-hardware que permite gestionar los permisos de trabajo para el uso de equipos, máquinas, vehículos y los accesos a los lugares en diferentes formas, incluidas las tareas especiales. El citado software esta vinculado con el elemento de hardware asociado a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La mayoría de riesgos mecánicos se relaciona con la posibilidad de contacto entre una extremidad del operario con la parte móvil de una máquina cuyas consecuencias pueden ser variadas pero en cualquier caso nocivas para el trabajador. Esas partes móviles a las que no debe acceder la extremidad pueden tener que ser accesibles al material con el que...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El importante desarrollo que han tenido en las últimas decadas las técnicas asociadas al diseño y más concretamente de paquetes informáticos de diseño como Solidworks o Catia permite desarrollar desde su origen máquinas y equipos de trabajo en los que incorporar dispositivos de seguridad y someter al conjunto a simulaciones de comportamiento mecáni...
Conference Paper
Resumen: La incorporación de agua marina desalinizada a zonas regables del sureste español es la principal estrategia recogida en la planificación hídrica española con el fin de hacer frente al déficit estructural de agua. Las primeras experiencias de riego agrícola con agua marina desalinizada han puesto de manifiesto cuestiones agronómicas que pu...
Patent
Full-text available
[Roll over protective structure (ROPS) for agricultural vehicles] Sistema de protección antivuelco para vehículos agrícolas, especialmente tractores, que comprende un arco de seguridad (1) acoplado en sus dos extremos al chasis (3) del vehículo y unos medios de accionamiento hidráulico, preferentemente un pistón hidráulico (2) en cada extremo del a...
Article
Global warming is leading to a water resources decrease in the Mediterranean basin, where future farming resilience depends on incorporating alternative water sources and improving water-energy use efficiency. This paper assesses water and energy consumption when natural water sources are partially replaced by desalinated sea water. Initially, ener...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives To reduce the number of accidents in industrial settings where machine tools are used. A device has been developed based on the use of a thermographic camera which can differentiate between the operator’s limb and the material with which they are working, giving out an audible warning sound and shutting down the machine. Methods This wor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives To design and build a prototype of a folding structure which is automatically operated in the event of imminent rollover; and which can also be operated voluntarily by the tractor driver without having to leave the driving seat. Methods The prototype to be built will consist of mechanical elements which are engaged following a signal rec...
Book
Full-text available
En la actualidad existe una gran competencia por el uso del agua. Los recursos hídricos se encuentran bajo una fuerte presión debida tanto al crecimiento demográfico como al aumento de la demanda de los distintos sectores económicos, incluido el medioambiente. Además, se espera un agravamiento de esta situación como consecuencia de la progresiv...
Article
Full-text available
Branch/tree-level measurements of carbon (C)-acquisition provide an integration of the physical and biological processes driving the C gain of all individual leaves. Most research dealing with the interacting effects of high-irradiance environments and soil-induced water stress on the C-gain of fruit tree species has focused on leaf-level measureme...
Article
Full-text available
This work compares mechanical pruning followed up by hand pruning versus manual pruning in the case of ‘Fortune’ mandarins. Yield and fruit quality were measured over a three-year period. Two mechanical pruning intensities were tested, these intensities being measured as the width of the row middles left free after mechanical pruning. Although ther...
Article
Efficient and transparent water management in collective irrigation districts is the principal commitment of Water User Associations (WUAs), which manage 70% of the available water resources in Spain. This paper shows the role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the management of modernised WUAs. The Campo de Cartagena WUA, a pi...
Article
This paper analyses the water-energy nexus in irrigation districts (IDs) under the semi-arid conditions of south-eastern Spain. Three IDs supplied by different water sources and subjected to water scarcity over time were studied throughout a 10-year period (2002-2011). A set of performance indicators was selected to characterise water and energy re...
Article
Full-text available
Monolayer products can potentially provide a cost effective solution for reducing evaporative loss from water storages. Commercial adoption has been low, due to the extreme variability of product performance. In this study, the efficiency of three monolayer compounds (stearyl alcohol, ethylene glycol monooctadecyl ether and the commercial product W...