Bernardo Bollen Pinto

Bernardo Bollen Pinto
Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève | HUG · Service d'anesthésiologie

MD, PhD

About

101
Publications
15,924
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,043
Citations
Introduction
My research has been focusing on myocardial injury and dysfunction as a consequence of acute illness, as sepsis or shock. As an anaesthesiologist involved in the care of high-risk surgical patients, I want to help understanding how, in response to the stress imposed by surgery, organ injury and dysfunction contribute to the patient’s trajectory and prognosis. The ultimate goal is to identify modifiable mechanisms and interventions that help preventing perioperative complications and improve outcomes.
Additional affiliations
November 2017 - present
Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève
Position
  • Chef de Clinique Scientifique
Description
  • Myocardial injury after non-cardiac surgery
June 2014 - present
Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Shockomics Project - Multiscale approach to the identification of molecular biomakers in acute heart failure induced by shock (FP7 : 602706) Hemodynamic Research Group (Head: Prof. Karim Bendjelid).
September 2009 - March 2013
University College London
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • The role of mitochondria in sepsis-associated myocardial dysfunction.
Education
September 2009 - March 2013
University College London
Field of study
  • The role of mitochondria in sepsis-associated myocardial dysfunction
September 1998 - June 2004
University of Porto
Field of study

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
Elevated circulating cardiac troponin T (cTnT) is frequent in septic shock patients. Signs of myocardial ischemia and myocyte necrosis are not universally present, but the precise mechanism for elevated cTnT is unknown. We investigated plasma and heart tissue metabolites concentration in six septic shock (SS) and three sham swine undergoing a proto...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous studies reported regional differences in end-of-life care (EoLC) for critically ill patients in Europe. Objectives: The purpose of this post-hoc analysis of the prospective multi-centre COVIP study was to investigate variations in EoLC practices among older patients in intensive care units during the coronavirus disease 2019...
Article
Background Limited evidence suggests variation in mortality of older critically ill adults across Europe. We aimed to investigate regional differences in mortality among very old ICU patients. Methods Multilevel analysis of two international prospective cohort studies. We included patients ≥80 yr old from 322 ICUs located in 16 European countries....
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a major risk factor for mortality in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This prospective international multicentre study investigates the role of pre-existing CHF on clinical outcomes of critically ill old (≥70 years) intensive care patients with COVID-19. Methods and results: Patients with pre-existing CHF...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Critically ill old intensive care unit (ICU) patients suffering from Sars-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19) are at increased risk for adverse outcomes. This post hoc analysis investigates the association of the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) with the outcome in this vulnerable patient group. Methods: The COVIP study is a prospective internatio...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The number of patients ≥ 80 years admitted into critical care is increasing. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) added another challenge for clinical decisions for both admission and limitation of life-sustaining treatments (LLST). We aimed to compare the characteristics and mortality of very old critically ill patients with or without CO...
Article
Background: health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-centred outcome in patients surviving ICU admission for COVID-19. It is currently not clear which domains of the HRQoL are most affected. Objective: to quantify HRQoL in order to identify areas of interventions. Design: prospective observation study. Setting: admissio...
Article
Full-text available
Background: health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-centred outcome in patients surviving ICU admission for COVID-19. It is currently not clear which domains of the HRQoL are most affected. Objective: to quantify HRQoL in order to identify areas of interventions. Design: prospective observation study. Setting: admissions to E...
Article
Background: The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate machine-learning based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions re...
Article
Full-text available
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulates the cardiovascular system. A growing body of experimental and clinical evidence confirms significant dysfunction of this regulation during sepsis and septic shock. Clinical guidelines do not currently include any evaluation of ANS function during the resuscitation phase of septic shock despite the fact t...
Article
Full-text available
Background Intensive care unit (ICU) patients age 90 years or older represent a growing subgroup and place a huge financial burden on health care resources despite the benefit being unclear. This leads to ethical problems. The present investigation assessed the differences in outcome between nonagenarian and octogenarian ICU patients. Methods We i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tracheostomy is performed in patients expected to require prolonged mechanical ventilation, but to date optimal timing of tracheostomy has not been established. The evidence concerning tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients is particularly scarce. We aimed to describe the relationship between early tracheostomy (≤10 days since intubation) and...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, there is no therapy targeting septic cardiomyopathy (SC), a key contributor to organ dysfunction in sepsis. In this study, we used a machine learning (ML) pipeline to explore transcriptomic, proteomic, and metabolomic data from patients with septic shock, and prospectively collected measurements of high-sensitive cardiac troponin and ech...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The primary aim of this study was to assess the outcome of elderly intensive care unit (ICU) patients treated during the spring and autumn COVID-19 surges in Europe. Methods: This was a prospective European observational study (the COVIP study) in ICU patients aged 70 years and older admitted with COVID-19 disease from March to Decem...
Article
PURPOSECritically ill elderly patients who suffer from Sars-CoV-2 disease are at high risk for organ failure. The modified MELD-XI score has not been evaluated for outcome prediction in these most vulnerable patients.METHODS The Corona Virus disease (COVID19) in Very Elderly Intensive Care Patients study (COVIP, NCT04321265) prospectively recruited...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lactate is an established prognosticator in critical care. However, there still is insufficient evidence about its role in predicting outcome in COVID-19. This is of particular concern in older patients who have been mostly affected during the initial surge in 2020. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP st...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lactate is an established prognosticator in critical care. However, there still is insufficient evidence about its role in predicting outcome in COVID-19. This is of particular concern in older patients who have been mostly affected during the initial surge in 2020. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is challenging health care systems globally. The disease disproportionately affects the elderly population, both in terms of disease severity and mortality risk. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate machine learning–based prognostication models for critically ill elderly COVID-19 pat...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lactate is an established prognosticator in critical care. However, there still is insufficient evidence about its role in predicting outcome in COVID-19. This is of particular concern in older patients who have been mostly affected during the initial surge in 2020. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) is frequently used to measure frailty in critically ill adults. There is wide variation in the approach to analysing the relationship between the CFS score and mortality after admission to the ICU. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of modelling approach on the association between the CFS score...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives In Europe, there is a distinction between two different healthcare organisation systems, the tax-based healthcare system (THS) and the social health insurance system (SHI). Our aim was to investigate whether the characteristics, treatment and mortality of older, critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) differed between TH...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions r...
Article
Peri-operative myocardial injury, detected by dynamic and elevated cardiac troponin (cTn) concentrations, is a common complication of noncardiac surgery that is strongly associated with 30-day mortality. Although active screening for peri-operative myocardial injury has been suggested in recent guidelines, clinical implementation remains tentative...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has led highly developed healthcare systems to the brink of collapse due to the large numbers of patients being admitted into hospitals. One of the potential prognostic indicators in patients with COVID-19 is frailty. The degree of frailty could be used to assist both the triage into intensive care, and decisions re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lactate is an established prognosticator in critical care. However, there still is insufficient evidence about its role in predicting outcome in COVID-19. This is of particular concern in older patients who have been mostly affected during the initial surge in 2020. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Lactate is an established prognosticator in critical care. However, there still is insufficient evidence about its role in predicting outcome in COVID-19. This is of particular concern in older patients who have been mostly affected during the initial surge in 2020. Methods: This prospective international observation study (The COVIP study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The number of intensive care patients aged ≥ 80 years (Very old Intensive Care Patients; VIPs) is growing. VIPs have high mortality and morbidity and the benefits of ICU admission are frequently questioned. Sepsis incidence has risen in recent years and identification of outcomes is of considerable public importance. We aimed to determ...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The number of intensive care patients aged ≥ 80 years (Very old Intensive Care Patients; VIPs) is growing. VIPs have high mortality and morbidity and the benefits of ICU admission are frequently questioned. Sepsis incidence has risen in recent years and identification of outcomes is of considerable public importance. We aimed to determi...
Article
Background Ivabradine lowers heart rate (HR) without affecting contractility or vascular tone. It is licensed for HR control in chronic heart diseases. We performed a systematic review and meta-analyses to examine whether ivabradine could decrease major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and mortality in critically ill patients. Methods We searc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Septic shock (SS) and cardiogenic shock (CS) are two types of circulatory shock with a different etiology. Several studies have described the molecular alterations in SS patients, whereas the molecular factors involved in CS have been poorly investigated. We aimed to assess in the whole blood of CS and SS patients, using septic patient...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation of resources, healthcare practitioners need a reliable evaluation of frailty. In order to promote the adequate use of the Clinica...
Preprint
Background Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation of resources, healthcare practitioners need a reliable evaluation of frailty. In order to promote the adequate use of the Clinical...
Preprint
Background Very old critical ill patients are a rapid expanding group in the ICU. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for an ageing population and discuss a rational allocation of resources (admission, triage and level of care) for such patients, healthcare practitioners need a reliable evaluatio...
Preprint
Background The number of elderly patients admitted to the ICU is increasing. To better understand the magnitude of the challenges involved in intensive care practice for this ageing population and discuss a rational allocation of resources (admission, triage and level of care), healthcare practitioners need a reliable evaluation of frailty. In orde...
Article
: Peri-operative Medicine is the patient-centred and value-based multidisciplinary peri-operative care of surgical patients. Peri-operative stress, that is the collective response to stimuli occurring before, during and after surgery, is, together with pre-existing comorbidities, the pathophysiological basis of major adverse events. The ultimate go...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES To develop a scoring system model that predicts mortality within 30 days of admission of patients older than 80 years admitted to intensive care units (ICUs). DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING A total of 306 ICUs from 24 European countries. PARTICIPANTS Older adults admitted to European ICUs (N = 3730; median age = 84 years [in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Ethical approval (EA) must be obtained before medical research can start. We describe the differences in EA for an pseudonymous, non-interventional, observational European study. Methods: Sixteen European national coordinators (NCs) of the international study on very old intensive care patients answered an online questionnaire concer...
Article
Full-text available
Background Septic shock is the most severe complication of sepsis and this syndrome is associated with high mortality. Treatment of septic shock remains largely supportive of hemodynamics and tissue perfusion. Early changes in organ function assessed by the Sequential Organ Function Assessment (SOFA) score are highly predictive of the outcome. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
Circulatory shock is a life-threatening disease that accounts for around one-third of all admissions to intensive care units (ICU). It requires immediate treatment, which is why the development of tools for planning therapeutic interventions is required to deal with shock in the critical care environment. In this study, the ShockOmics European proj...
Data
Complementary material for the FS and causal discovery experiments. The resulting features from applying multiple FS techniques to the three available datasets, their stability scores, additional CBNs and a full list of ShockOmics attributes. (PDF)
Article
In the original publication Dr Patrick Meybohm of the Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, Frankfurt University Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany was inadvertently omitted from the list of investigators.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Uncontrolled proteolysis contributes to cell injury and organ dysfunction in animal models of circulatory shock. We investigated in humans the relationship between septic shock, proteolysis, and outcome. Methods: Intensive care patients with septic shock (n=29) or sepsis (n=6) and non-hospitalised subjects (n=9) were recruited as part o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Circulatory shock is a life-threatening disease that accounts for around one-third of all admissions to intensive care units (ICU). It requires immediate treatment, which is why the development of tools for planning therapeutic interventions is required to deal with shock in the critical care environment. In this study, the ShockOmics European proj...
Article
Postoperative cardiac ischemic complications are frequent and strongly associated with postoperative mortality. Elevated heart rate before, during and after surgery increases the risk of postoperative myocardial injury, myocardial infarction and mortality. Yet, in absence of strong causal evidence, heart rate is seldom used for risk stratification....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To document and analyse the decision to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment (LST) in a population of very old patients admitted to the ICU. Methods: This prospective study included intensive care patients aged ≥ 80 years in 309 ICUs from 21 European countries with 30-day mortality follow-up. Results: LST limitation was iden...
Article
Background: Potassium-(K)-channel inhibitors may increase systemic vascular resistance in vasodilatory shock states. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to compare the macro- and microvascular effects of the adenosine triphosphate-sensitive K-channel-(KATP)-inhibitor glipizide and the nonselective K-channel inhibitor tetraethylammoni...