Bernard Mazoyer

Bernard Mazoyer
Université of Bordeaux Hospital and Medical school · Institut des Maladies Neurodégénéreatives, UMR52193 CEA CNRS

PhD MD

About

419
Publications
77,101
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
41,467
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
17047 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
201720182019202020212022202305001,0001,5002,0002,500
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
University of Bordeaux
Position
  • Professor of Radiology and Medical Imaging / Laboratory Head
January 2012 - present
Institut Universitaire de France
January 2012 - present
Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (419)
Preprint
Full-text available
Mechanisms underpinning neurotypical age-related variations in cortical thickness in the human brain remain insufficiently specified. Here we used cell-specific marker genes, followed by gene ontology and enrichment analyses, to quantify the association between gene-expression levels and inter-regional age-related variations in neurotypical cortica...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebral small vessel disease is a leading cause of stroke and a major contributor to cognitive decline and dementia, but our understanding of specific genes underlying the cause of sporadic cerebral small vessel disease is limited. We report a genome-wide association study and a whole-exome association study on a composite extreme phenotype of cer...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mechanisms underpinning age-related variations in cortical thickness in the human brain remain poorly understood. We investigated whether inter-regional age-related variations in cortical thinning (in a multicohort neuroimaging dataset from the ENIGMA Lifespan Working Group totalling 14,248 individuals, aged 4-89 years) depended on cell-specific ma...
Article
Subcortical brain structures play a key role in pathological processes of many age‐related neurodegenerative disorders. Mounting evidence suggests that factors already present at an early age play a crucial role in the development of common late‐life neurological diseases, including genetic factors that can influence both brain maturation and neuro...
Article
Background and Objective Fish intake may prevent cerebrovascular disease (CVD), yet the mechanisms are unclear, especially regarding its impact on subclinical damage. Assuming that fish may have pleiotropic effect on cerebrovascular health, we investigated the association of fish intake with global CVD burden based on brain MRI markers. Methods Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Perivascular space burden (PVS) is an emerging and possibly the earliest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-marker of cerebral small vessel disease (cSVD), a leading cause of stroke and dementia. Its molecular underpinnings are unknown. Genome-wide and whole-exome association studies in 40,095 participants (21 population-based cohorts, 66.3±8.6 years...
Article
Full-text available
Functional connectivity analyses of fMRI data have shown that the activity of the brain at rest is spatially organized into resting-state networks (RSNs). RSNs appear as groups of anatomically distant but functionally tightly connected brain regions. Inter-RSN intrinsic connectivity analyses may provide an optimal spatial level of integration to an...
Article
Background Subcortical brain structures play a key role in pathological processes of age-related neurodegenerative disorders. Mounting evidence also suggests that early-life factors may have an impact on the development of common late-life neurological diseases, including genetic factors that can influence both brain maturation and neurodegeneratio...
Article
Full-text available
Left–right hemispheric asymmetry is an important aspect of healthy brain organization for many functions including language, and it can be altered in cognitive and psychiatric disorders. No mechanism has yet been identified for establishing the human brain’s left–right axis. We performed multivariate genome-wide association scanning of cortical reg...
Article
Full-text available
We report on MRi-Share, a multi-modal brain MRI database acquired in a unique sample of 1870 young healthy adults, aged 18–35 years, while undergoing university-level education. MRi-Share contains structural (T1 and FLAIR), diffusion (multispectral), susceptibility-weighted (SWI), and resting-state functional imaging modalities. Here, we described...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between hippocampal subfield volumetry and verbal list-learning test outcomes have mostly been studied in clinical and elderly populations, and remain controversial. For the first time, we characterized a relationship between verbal list-learning test outcomes and hippocampal subfield volumetry on two large separate datasets of 447...
Article
Full-text available
Human brain white matter undergoes a protracted maturation that continues well into adulthood. Recent advances in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) methods allow detailed characterizations of the microstructural architecture of white matter, and they are increasingly utilized to study white matter changes during development and aging. However, relat...
Article
Full-text available
We implemented a deep learning (DL) algorithm for the 3-dimensional segmentation of perivascular spaces (PVSs) in deep white matter (DWM) and basal ganglia (BG). This algorithm is based on an autoencoder and a U-shaped network (U-net), and was trained and tested using T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from a large database of 1,832...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives: Young adults represent an increasingly large proportion of healthy volunteers in brain imaging research, but descriptions of incidental findings (IFs) in this age group are scarce. We aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of IFs on brain MRIs of healthy young research participants aged 18–35 years, and to describe t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Human brain white matter undergoes a protracted maturation that continues well into adulthood. Recent advances in diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) methods allow detailed characterizations of the microstructural architecture of white matter, and they are increasingly utilised to study white matter changes during development and ageing. However, rela...
Article
Full-text available
The human cerebral hemispheres show a left-right asymmetrical torque pattern, which has been claimed to be absent in chimpanzees. The functional significance and developmental mechanisms are unknown. Here, we carried out the largest-ever analysis of global brain shape asymmetry in magnetic resonance imaging data. Three population datasets were used...
Conference Paper
Introduction et but de l’étude Une consommation élevée de poisson, source d’acides gras omega-3 à longue chaîne, a été associée à un moindre risque d’accident vasculaire cérébral, de démence et de déclin cognitif. Toutefois, les résultats épidémiologiques ne permettent pas d’inférer de façon univoque un nombre de portions par semaine à recommander...
Article
Background and Purpose Many neurological or psychiatric diseases affect the hippocampus during aging. The study of hippocampal regional vulnerability may provide important insights into the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying these processes; however, little is known about the specific impact of vascular brain damage on hippocampal subfields a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The cortical ribbon changes throughout a person's lifespan, with the most significant changes occurring during crucial development and aging periods. Changes during adulthood are rarely investigated due to the scarcity of neuroimaging data during this period. After one factor of this thinning process is intense ongoing intracortical myelination (MY...
Article
Full-text available
We have identified the brain areas involved in Manual Preference (MP) in 143 left-handers (LH) and 144 right-handers (RH). First, we selected the pairs of homotopic regions of interest (hROIs) of the AICHA atlas with significant contralateral activation and asymmetry during the right hand and the left hand Finger-Tapping (FT) both in RH and LH. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Cortical thickness, surface area and volumes vary with age and cognitive function, and in neurological and psychiatric diseases. Here we report heritability, genetic correlations and genome-wide associations of these cortical measures across the whole cortex, and in 34 anatomically predefined regions. Our discovery sample comprises 22,824 individua...
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract We have identified the brain areas involved in Manual Preference (MP) in 143 left-handers (LH) and 144 right-handers (RH)). First, we selected the pairs of homotopic regions of interest (hROIs) of the AICHA atlas with significant contralateral activation and asymmetry during the right-hand and the left-hand Finger-Tapping (FT) both in RH...
Preprint
Full-text available
We applied a multitask multimodal hierarchical classification (MMHC) to 287 volunteers (150 left-handers) to establish different brain language hemispheric dominance patterns (LangDom). MMHC was based on inter- and intrahemispheric measures of the sentence core network (SENT_CORE): 1) task-induced asymmetries (ACTIV) while listening to, reading, an...
Article
Full-text available
The earliest human graphic productions, consisting of abstract patterns engraved on a variety of media, date to the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic. They are associated with anatomically modern and archaic hominins. The nature and significance of these engravings are still under question. To address this issue, we used functional magnetic resonance i...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic investigations of people with impaired development of spoken language provide windows into key aspects of human biology. Over 15 years after FOXP2 was identified, most speech and language impairments remain unexplained at the molecular level. We sequenced whole genomes of nineteen unrelated individuals diagnosed with childhood apraxia of sp...
Article
Full-text available
With the advances in diffusion MRI and tractography, numerous atlases of the human pyramidal tract (PyT) have been proposed, but the inherent limitation of tractography to resolve crossing bundles within the centrum semiovale has so far prevented the complete description of the most lateral PyT projections. Here, we combined a precise manual positi...
Article
Full-text available
We herein propose an atlas of 32 sentence-related areas based on a 3-step method combining the analysis of activation and asymmetry during multiple language tasks with hierarchical clustering of resting-state connectivity and graph analyses. 144 healthy right-handers performed fMRI runs based on language production, reading and listening, both with...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To explore genetic and lifestyle risk factors of MRI-defined brain infarcts (BI) in large population-based cohorts. Methods: We performed meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and examined associations of vascular risk factors and their genetic risk scores (GRS) with MRI-defined BI and a subset of BI, namely, small s...
Preprint
Full-text available
The earliest human graphic productions dating to the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic are associated with anatomically modern and archaic hominins. These productions, which consist of abstract patterns engraved on a variety of media, may have been used as symbols, and their emergence is thought to be associated with the evolution of the properties of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cortical thickness, surface area and volumes (MRI cortical measures) vary with age and cognitive function, and in neurological and psychiatric diseases. We examined heritability, genetic correlations and genome-wide associations of cortical measures across the whole cortex, and in 34 anatomically predefined regions. Our discovery sample comprised 2...
Preprint
Radial unit hypothesis provides a framework for global (proliferation) and regional (distribution) expansion of the primate cerebral cortex. Using principal component analysis (PCA), we have identified cortical regions with shared variance in their surface area and cortical thickness, respectively, segmented from magnetic resonance images obtained...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: White matter hyperintensities (WMH) on brain magnetic resonance imaging are typical signs of cerebral small vessel disease and may indicate various preclinical, age-related neurological disorders, such as stroke. Though WMH are highly heritable, known common variants explain a small proportion of the WMH variance. The contr...
Article
We investigated, in 445 healthy adults whose Heschl's gyrus (HG) gyrification patterns had been previously identified, how an in vivo MRI marker of intracortical myelination of HG and the planum temporale (PT) varied as a function of HG gyrification pattern and, in cases of duplication, of anatomical characteristics of the second HG (H2). By measur...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the association between the left planum temporale (PT) surface area or asymmetry and the hemispheric or regional functional asymmetries during language production and perception tasks in 287 healthy adults (BIL&GIN) who were matched for sex and handedness. The measurements of the PT surface area were performed after manually delinea...
Preprint
Full-text available
We herein propose an atlas of 32 sentence-related areas based on a 3-step method combining the analysis of activation and asymmetry during multiple language tasks with hierarchical clustering of resting-state connectivity and graph analyses. 144 healthy right-handers performed fMRI runs based on language production, reading and listening, both with...
Article
We performed an exome sequence association study on extreme MRI-markers of cerebral small vessel disease (extensive-CSVD versus minimal-CSVD) in participants from the 3C-Dijon French population-based cohort study, focusing on genes harbouring causal mutations for Mendelian forms of CSVD ( NOTCH3 , HTRA1 , COL4A1 , COL4A2 , TREX1 and CTSA ). The stu...
Article
Background and purpose: The genetic contribution to dilated perivascular space (dPVS) burden-an emerging MRI marker of cerebral small vessel disease-is unknown. We measured the heritability of dPVS burden and its shared heritability with other MRI markers of cerebral small vessel disease. Methods: The study sample comprised 1597 participants fro...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives The objective was to develop and validate a risk model for the likelihood of extensive white matter lesions (extWML) to inform clinicians on whether to proceed with or forgo diagnostic MRI. Design Population-based cohort study and multivariable prediction model. Setting Two representative samples from France. Participants Persons aged...
Article
Full-text available
The two hemispheres of the human brain differ functionally and structurally. Despite over a century of research, the extent to which brain asymmetry is influenced by sex, handedness, age, and genetic factors is still controversial. Here we present the largest ever analysis of subcortical brain asymmetries, in a harmonized multi-site study using met...
Article
We used a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier to assess hemispheric pattern of language dominance of 47 individuals categorized as non-typical for language from their hemispheric functional laterality index (HFLI) measured on a sentence minus word-list production fMRI-BOLD contrast map. The SVM classifier was trained at discriminating between D...
Article
Full-text available
In a large sample of 428 healthy adults balanced for gender and manual preference (MP), we investigated planum temporale (PT) surface area variability in relation with Heschl’s gyrus (HG) duplication pattern, MP, and familial sinistrality (FS), considering different PT definitions. In a sub-sample of 362 participants, we also investigated whether v...
Article
Objective: Evidence is mixed as to whether periventricular or deep white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) increase the risk for depressive symptoms, partly because of heterogeneity in depression measurement, short follow-up, and confounding by prodromal dementia. The study objective was to evaluate WMH volume in relation to discrete depressive sympt...
Article
Full-text available
Despite its significant functional and clinical interest, the anatomy of the uncinate fasciculus (UF) has received little attention. It is known as a ‘hook-shaped’ fascicle connecting the frontal and anterior temporal lobes and is believed to consist of multiple subcomponents. However, the knowledge of its precise connectional anatomy in humans is...
Article
Introduction i-Share (internet–based Student Heath REsSaC) est la premiere enquete epidemiologique d’envergure (n = 30 000) sur la sante des etudiants. L’acquisition d’une IRM cerebrale multimodale est en cours dans une partie de la cohorte (n = 2000), afin d’etudier la maturation cerebrale post-adolescence (18–35 ans), en particulier l’impact des...
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain imaging is now ubiquitous in clinical practice and research. The case for bringing together large amounts of image data from well-characterised healthy subjects and those with a range of common brain diseases across the life course is now compelling. This report follows a meeting of international experts from multiple disciplines, all interes...
Article
Full-text available
Brain imaging is now ubiquitous in clinical practice and research. The case for bringing together large amounts of image data from well-characterised healthy subjects and those with a range of common brain diseases across the life course is now compelling. This report follows a meeting of international experts from multiple disciplines, all interes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dans ce chapitre nous allons aborder le phénomène de latéralisation fonctionnelle pour le langage, appelé également spécialisation hémisphérique, prédominance hémisphérique ou encore organisation inter-hémisphérique. Nous allons dans un premier temps voir comment ce phénomène a été mis en évidence par les études lésionnelles issues de l’aphasiologi...
Chapter
Dans ce chapitre nous allons aborder le phénomène de latéralisation fonctionnelle pour le langage, appelé également spécialisation hémisphérique, prédominance hémisphérique ou encore organisation inter-hémisphérique. Nous allons dans un premier temps voir comment ce phénomène a été mis en évidence par les études lésionnelles issues de l'aphasiologi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to characterize, using fMRI, the functional asymmetries of hand laterality task (HLT) in a sample of 295 participants balanced for handedness. During HLT, participants have to decide whether the displayed picture of a hand represent a right or a left hand. Pictures of hands’ back view were presented for 150 ms in the right...
Article
Full-text available
Dementia is a global problem and major target for health care providers. Although up to 45% of cases are primarily or partly due to cerebrovascular disease, little is known of these mechanisms or treatments because most dementia research still focuses on pure Alzheimer's disease. An improved understanding of the vascular contributions to neurodegen...
Article
Full-text available
Intracranial volume reflects the maximally attained brain size during development, and remains stable with loss of tissue in late life. It is highly heritable, but the underlying genes remain largely undetermined. In a genome-wide association study of 32,438 adults, we discovered five novel loci for intracranial volume and confirmed two known signa...
Article
The two hemispheres of the human brain differ functionally and structurally. Despite over a century of research, the extent to which brain asymmetry is influenced by sex, handedness, age, and genetic factors is still controversial. Here we present the largest ever analysis of subcortical brain asymmetries, in a harmonized multi-site study using met...
Article
Background and purpose: White matter hyperintensity (WMH) volume and covert brain infarcts are highly prevalent in older adults and are often asymptomatic. We compared the impact of WMH volume and brain infarcts on risk of clinical stroke and dementia in older adults in the population. Methods: Participants were 1677 individuals aged ≥65 years f...