Benoit Weil

Benoit Weil
MINESParisTech · CGS Center for Management Sciences

Professor

About

211
Publications
68,619
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4,160
Citations

Publications

Publications (211)
Article
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In this study, we examine innovative design practices on the Saint-Nazaire Airbus factory shop floor. The engineering and manufacturing engineering departments are in charge of the design of products and their industrialization, even though the factory is usually seen as a place for manufacturing, rather than design. However, there is also design a...
Article
Over the last few years, an increasing number of agricultural R&D actors have sought to discover and get to know farmers’ practices that they consider as innovative, unconventional, or promising. We refer to these approaches, all of which aim to support the design of farming systems, as ‘farmer innovation tracking’. There is still a lack of knowled...
Article
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Generative design (GD) algorithms is a fast growing field. From the point of view of Design Science, this fast growth leads to wonder what exactly is 'generated' by GD algorithms and how? In the last decades, advances in design theory enabled to establish conditions and operators that characterize design generativity. Thus, it is now possible to st...
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Transforming data into added-value information is a recurrent issue in the context of “big data” phenomenon, as new sources of data become increasingly available. This paper proposes to offer a fresh look on how data and added-value information are linked through the design of specific models. This investigation is based on design theory, used as a...
Article
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In industry, there is at once a strong need for innovation and a need to preserve the existing system of production. Thus, although the literature insists on the necessity of the current change toward Industry 4.0, how to implement it remains problematic because the preservation of the factory is at stake. Moreover, the question of the evolution of...
Article
Dans les activités de recherche et développement, les organismes publics de recherche sont classiquement en charge des activités scientifiques tandis que les industriels assurent le développement. Mais en période de pandémie, les acteurs peuvent-ils dépasser ce clivage pour favoriser une sortie de crise plus efficiente ? Les auteurs analysent ici l...
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In industry, the failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) methodology is one of the main tools used for reliability management in product design and development. However, the academic literature highlights several shortcomings of the FMEA methodology. Therefore, the main purposes of this paper are the analysis of the weaknesses of FMEA, the improvem...
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The paper suggests a new taxonomy of knowledge search modes to describe the creative process of new invention design, in particular how firms combine knowledge components from their own knowledge base—taking into account both the components and the structures of knowledge bases—with those from newly acquired or newly internally developed. Using net...
Conference Paper
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The paper studies the institutionalization of a new domain of expertise dedicated to the exploration of the unknown in two established French technological firms with strong organizations of experts. The research is built in a comparative qualitative longitudinal research partnership with Renault (global car manufacturer) and SNCF (national railway...
Article
Une recherche intervention conduite lors de la première vague de l’épidémie de Covid-19 a permis de montrer que la mise en œuvre de la théorie de la conception dans des situations de gestion de crise permet de faire émerger des formes opérationnelles inédites. L’article montre comment un acteur collectif doté d’une rationalité inventive constitue u...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to examine how social evaluation influences creative idea generation, and whether this effect develops with age. To do so, early adolescents, middle adolescents, and late adolescents performed a creative task either alone or under the supervision of an adult examiner. Three major findings emerged: 1) the social eval...
Article
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Are the digital platforms that we know here to stay? Both empirical insights and theoretical works suggest digital platform stability. Digital platforms such as Airbnb, Netflix and Taobao have experienced tremendous success, and the theoretical works on modularity and multisided markets depict competitive platform landscapes as controlled by a hege...
Article
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À partir d’une étude cas longitudinale chez STMicroelectronics, cette recherche s’intéresse aux processus de création de nouvelles connaissances pour l’innovation de rupture. L’article propose d’introduire le concept de société proto-épistémique d’experts pour mettre en évidence les modalités organisationnelles permettant le renouvellement des conn...
Chapter
Integrated Product Development (IPD) is one of the best-known integration approaches to support product development [GeBa-2002], which is not limited to specific industries. It arose from the necessity to integrate all areas involved in the generation of a product (starting with marketing, followed by production to sales) into product development b...
Article
More and more questions are currently being raised as to what the farm equipment of the future ought to be and how it should be designed to best meet contemporary challenges in farming. In Western countries, innovation in agricultural equipment is focused on a dominant model in which the agro-industry designs and patents standardised equipment for...
Article
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For the past 5 years, more and more established technological firms have structured domain of expertise dedicated to breakthrough innovation management, in order to foster their innovative capabilities. Our paper studies how such expertise may be organised to identify and exploit more effectively new design paths. Our case study is based on the Ren...
Article
“Marketing” and “design” teams often experience conflicts when cooperating on innovation projects. In luxury industries, these difficulties are exacerbated by a tension between innovation and tradition, which, in turn, causes a loss of originality and operational efficiency. Based on three case studies of a luxury champagne house, we provide eviden...
Article
Models and analysis of invention regimes in US patent law (1790-2007) How does patent law define technical invention? Since the establishment of patent systems at the end of the 18th century, patent law has sought to establish a boundary between inventive and non-inventive solutions. This was particularly the case with the criterion of the “inventi...
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The industrialization of farming has significantly threatened cultivated biodiversity. Participatory breeding endeavours to overcome this issue by enabling farmers to select a wide range of crop varieties in different conditions, and to foster genetic mixing through seed exchanges, crosses or mixtures. This necessitates the design of new forms of c...
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The expertise of the unknown: toward a form of non-destructive creation At the era of the Internet, open innovation or data science algorithms, one might have believed that expertise, which has become largely available and even, according to some, superfluous, was now “dead”. But the global challenges and the threats that we now share have come to...
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Cet article étudie la relation complexe entre expertise et innovation dans les organisations industrielles. Premièrement, nous examinons l’évolution historique des modèles de gouvernance de la création d’expertise pour l’innovation. À travers le concept de régimes de création d’expertise, nous proposons de dépasser l’aporie qui fait de l’expertise...
Article
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Strategic Research Agendas (SRA) bring to the research community a prospective and collective vision of a sector and are intended to provide directions for future research efforts. However, some promising innovative areas are not always foreseen in those documents, which raises the question of the relevance and adequacy of their coverage. While eng...
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This paper explores the question of the design activity at the shop floor level. The design activity has been confined for a large part in the design and the methods office. However, a certain form of design adapted to the factory remains. It is necessary to solve the problems which appear during the manufacturing process and to improve the product...
Article
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Scientific discoveries and inventions have long been established as two distinct and sequential activities. It has nonetheless been showed that projects aiming at producing both scientific discoveries and inventions could record impressive results. Our investigations are focusing on the creativity of collaborations outputs: a first agent is entaile...
Article
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For more than two decades, mobile phone industry has shown that innovation is not only functional optimization and combination but can also be a "functional expansion”. Sometimes called radical or disruptive innovation, this phenomenon leads to the development of new method for engineers and designers. However, the intensity remains undemonstrated:...
Article
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In “Grande cuisine” creation and tradition co-evolve in a rich number of ways. Great chefs still use recipes from the 19th century and may also reinvent gastronomy itself. The creation heritage of culinary Art is the paradoxical capacity to both “respect” tradition and “break” its rules. Building on C-K theory, we show that such creative heritage n...
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The aerospace industry experiences a considerable growth in product development costs. Many research works aim at identifying evolution laws characterizing this large-scale phenomenon and at developing design strategies which could help mitigate it. This paper aims to clarify the evolution dynamics governing this phenomenon by studying how the prod...
Conference Paper
Many scholars and policy makers have advocated, at least since the 1980s, to foster the consideration of use and needs of the innovation ecosystem’s partners in science and research projects. Hence, based on literature analysis, we review the role of being involved in user-driven research projects to explain academic performance variance. We highli...
Conference Paper
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Innovation commercialization phase appears more and more as an issue for both marketing and innovation management literatures. This paper studies a particular aspect of innovation commercialization, namely the market-model design activities occurring during this phase. The paper builds on an underlying paradox of the literature. On a one hand consi...
Conference Paper
University-Industry (U-I) collaborative Ph.D. is one particular channel amongst a wide range of methods for firms to access academic knowledge. While often presented as a mean for firms to hire Ph.D. candidates or to address problem-solving issues, U-I collaborative Ph.D. could constitute an interesting proxy to deeper explore U-I collaborations go...
Article
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Visual stimuli such as pictures, sketches or prototypes play a major role in idea generation. Companies today often promote the use of these non‐verbal tools during creativity sessions, at the early stages of design. However, recent studies tend to show that these tools do not systematically enhance idea generation. Our research project therefore a...
Article
This study examines how design theory enables to extend decision‐making logic to the ‘unknown,’ which often appears as the strange territory beyond the rationality of the decision‐maker. We contribute to the foundations of management by making the unknown an actionable notion for the decision‐maker. To this end, we build on the pioneering works in...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Uncovering limits and potential of design thinking with design theory Design thinking (DT) unfolds quickly as a method for managing innovation, beyond traditional decision-making and product development paradigm (Liedtka 2015). DT success appears as a symptom of the emergence of a design paradigm in innovation management (Boland Jr et al....
Conference Paper
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Can a platform leader be challenged and loose its architectural control over its innovation ecosystem? The question seems absurd since theoretical works on modularity and multi-sided markets depict platform competitive landscapes as controlled by a hegemonic platform leader. However, platform history chronicles several cases of leadership shifts fo...
Article
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This article tests and extends the evolutionary theory of household consumption behavior, which is an alternative to neoclassical theory. Evolutionary economists offer novel approaches to the analysis of consumption behavior that emphasize the major role of learning in the evolution of consumer preferences and wants. As a possible inspiration for f...
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Dealing with the major societal and research challenges related to antimicrobial use will require cross-disciplinary research and strong relationships between researchers and stakeholders. Design theories, such as the concept-knowledge (C-K) theory, can help spur the emergence of innovation. Here, our objective was to examine how the C-K theory cou...
Article
Fixation is one of the major obstacles that individuals face in creative idea generation contexts. Several studies have shown that individuals unintentionally tend to fixate to the examples they are shown in a creative ideation task, even when instructed to avoid them. Most of these studies used examples formulated with high level of specificity. H...
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Decades of problem solving and creativity research have converged to show that the ability to generate new and useful ideas can be blocked or impeded by intuitive biases leading to mental fixations. The present study aimed at investigating the neural bases of the processes involved in overcoming fixation effects during creative idea generation. Usi...
Article
La dégradation des écosystèmes est souvent interprétée comme une problématique de surexploitation de biens communs. Or, dans les écosystèmes cultivés, il n’existe pas de ressources communes dont chacun percevrait la nécessité pour autoriser une forme de gouvernance locale. A quelle condition une action collective serait-elle alors possible ? Nous p...
Conference Paper
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Every designer – experienced or not - aspires to live Aha! moments, but how to favor these moments, where original ideas emerge, is not always obvious. Design methods and idea generation techniques often recommend generating as many ideas as possible or introducing original knowledge. This article highlights another strategy, which consists in focu...
Chapter
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Creativity has been studied as a psychological phenomenon, and research has focused on factors that influence the human variability and acquisition of such capacity. Still, the creative process remained metaphorically described, and with no rigorous formalization. Moreover, the knowledge background of ideation has been ignored, as well as the inter...
Article
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In today’s innovation-dependent environment, organizations should constantly innovate to survive in the marketplace. However, fixation imposes major constraints on the creativity of employees in organizations. In recent years, experimental laboratory studies have proposed leadership-based methods to overcome fixation. In this study, we propose and...
Article
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Organisations trying to innovate, despite being naturally encouraged to use project management and associated rational theories of choice, will necessarily experiment in some way or another due to the high levels of uncertainty and the unknown to be discovered. Exploratory project management may face situations requiring a constant reconfiguration...
Article
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Intellectual property is considered to provide the infrastructure of innovation, and companies could proactively generate their intellectual assets and strengthen the business opportunities by focusing on discovery phases. This paper examines whether the invention process can be managed and finds that patents appear not only as a result of inventiv...
Article
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The ability to inhibit common and dominant paths of solutions to a problem seems to be a critical process for generating creative ideas. However, previous behavioral studies have not systematically supported a positive relation between creativity and inhibitory control. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine the potential role of i...
Conference Paper
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Industry-academic research partnerships are mostly considered interesting to increase industrial innovativeness, and its benefits have been discussed in the flourishing open innovation literature. They have therefore been thoroughly studied, but not only controversial results exist on the impact of these partnerships on academic research, but how t...
Conference Paper
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While platforms are multiplying across industries, the laws governing their dynamic are still poorly understood. The high diversity of disciplines covering the topic, spanning from strategy management to engineering design, made it difficult for any new model to integrate the numerous phenomena at stakes. In a new effort to bring them together, we...
Article
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As underlined in Arthur’s book “the nature of technology”, we are very knowledgeable on the design of objects, services or technical systems, but we don’t know much on the dynamics of technologies. Still contemporary innovation often consists in designing techniques with systemic impact. They are pervasive—both invasive and perturbing—and they reco...
Article
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The fixation effect is known as one of the most dominant of the cognitive biases against creativity and limits individuals' creative capacities in contexts of idea generation. Numerous techniques and tools have been established to help overcome these cognitive biases in various disciplines ranging from neuroscience to design sciences. Several works...
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Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we propose to analyse two cases of business model innovation process-Uber and a French health care company-with the models developed by design theory. In particular we demonstrate, relying on C-K theory, how the traditionally unchallenged figure of a lone firm performing business model innovation has implications on the outcomes of th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In a fast-changing world, constantly innovating remains one of the principal challenges most organizations are facing nowadays. Survival of organizations became principally linked to the creative generation capacity of their staffs. Nonetheless, fixation imposes a key constraint to the aptitude of individuals to constantly come up with innovative i...