Benoit Beuselinck

Benoit Beuselinck
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Oncology

About

220
Publications
18,980
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3,619
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2009 - present
Paris Descartes, CPSC
Position
  • Invited researcher

Publications

Publications (220)
Article
Full-text available
Dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination for cancer treatment has seen considerable development over recent decades. However, this field is currently in a state of flux toward niche-applications, owing to recent paradigm-shifts in immuno-oncology mobilized by T cell-targeting immunotherapies. DC vaccines are typically generated using autologous (patie...
Article
Background There are limited data evaluating the activity of cabozantinib (CABO) as second line (2L) therapy post standard of care ipilimumab-nivolumab (IPI-NIVO) or immuno-oncology(IO)/vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor (VEGFi) combinations (IOVE). Materials and Methods Using the IMDC database, we sought to identify the objective respon...
Article
Purpose: In rare cases, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) cause immune-mediated myocarditis. However, true incidence of other major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after ICI treatment remains unknown, mainly because late occurring side effects are rarely reported in prospective clinical trials. The aims of this study were (1) to identify i...
Article
Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have demonstrated impressive activity in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and have become standard treatment options for patients with advanced disease. Data supporting the effectiveness of ICI-based therapy in advanced non-clear cell RCC (nccRCC) is more limited. Methods: We perfo...
Article
Full-text available
Highly effective systemic treatments have globally improved outcomes in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC). However, despite many efforts, reliable biomarkers predicting individual responses are currently lacking. Moreover, mixed responses are commonly observed. We hypothesized that molecular heterogeneity between primary tumors a...
Article
The BIONIKK trial is the first prospective biomarker-driven randomized trial in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. This trial demonstrates the feasibility of using a transcriptomic biomarker that reflects intrinsic disease biology to optimize treatment efficacy and shows that all patients might not require combination treatment.
Article
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Background The phase II NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 study reported safety and efficacy of nivolumab in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) in a ‘real-world setting’. We conducted a translational-research program to determine whether specific circulating immune-cell populations and/or soluble factors at baseline were predicti...
Article
317 Background: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) with pancreatic metastases (PM) is characterised by heightened angiogenesis, which is associated with improved outcomes with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors. We aimed to compare the efficacy of first-line (1L) ipilimumab/nivolumab (IOIO) vs. anti-PD(L)1/anti-VEGF (IOVE) vs....
Article
318 Background: There are limited data to understand the activity of cabozantinib (CABO) as second line (2L) therapy post standard of care ipilimumab-nivolumab (IPI-NIVO) or immuno-oncology(IO)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor combinations (IOVE). The activity of subsequent 3L approved therapies post CABO has not been established...
Article
Full-text available
The incidental detection of renal masses has been steadily rising. As a significant proportion of renal masses that are surgically treated are benign or indolent in nature, there is a clear need for better presurgical characterization of renal masses to minimize unnecessary harm. Ultrasound is a widely available and relatively inexpensive real-time...
Article
Background Only a few recent phase III trials with targeted therapies or immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) demonstrated an overall survival (OS) benefit compared to standard of care. We aimed to study the evolution of OS since the start of systemic therapy from 2000 to 2020. Patients and me...
Article
Importance: Patients with brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have been underrepresented in clinical trials, and effective systemic therapy is lacking. Cabozantinib shows robust clinical activity in metastatic RCC, but its effect on brain metastases remains unclear. Objective: To assess the clinical activity and toxic effects of cab...
Article
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For both primary and metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC), treatment with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has found its way into clinical practice. Being a non-invasive outpatient procedure, SBRT requires only a few visits to the radiation department and may be of interest for the elderly or, in the case of primary RCC, for patients who are...
Article
Background Glandular metastases (GM) have been associated with improved survival in metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC). We aimed to molecularly characterize m-ccRCC with GM. Material and methods We performed a retrospective cohort study on all m-ccRCC patients with available tissue at our institution, diagnosed with metastatic di...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPI) have become widely used for multiple solid malignancies. Reliable predictive biomarkers for selection of patients who would benefit most are lacking. Several tumor types with somatic or germline alterations in genes involved in the DNA damage response (DDR) pathway harbor a higher tumor mutationa...
Article
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Purpose: A minority of patients currently respond to single agent immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) and strategies to increase response rates are urgently needed. AXL is receptor tyrosine kinase commonly associated with drug-resistance and poor prognosis in many cancer types including in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Recent experimental...
Article
MicroAbstract : Trials with adjuvant anti-angiogenic therapy failed to demonstrate significant benefit in high-risk, resected clear-cell renal cell carcinoma. We show that molecular subtypes and angiogenesis-related gene expression are associated with disease-free and overall survival. Clinically high-risk tumors are infrequently angiogenic but can...
Article
Take Home Message Cytoreductive nephrectomy makes way for more effective systemic treatments in the current mRCC treatment paradigm, as disease volume and the number of IMDC risk factors increase. Careful patient selection for upfront or deferred cytoreductive nephrectomy based on these criteria remains key.
Article
Full-text available
Metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) is characterized by increased hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-2α and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-dependent angiogenesis through loss of function of the von Hippel–Lindau protein. VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (VEGFR-TKIs) are a cornerstone of m-ccRCC treatment, and new tre...
Article
4557 Background: Metastatic RCC (mRCC) involving the pancreas is distinct from RCC involving other metastatic sites and is characterized by an indolent clinical course, heightened angiogenesis, and an inflamed stroma (PMID: 32271170). We previously reported on outcomes of RCC patients (pts) with pancreatic oligometastasis (ASCO GU 2020). We now rep...
Article
4554 Background: IPI NIVO is approved for 1L treatment of IMDC intermediate/poor risk mRCC based on the CHECKMATE 214 trial. Herein, we report the clinical effectiveness of 1L IPI NIVO and second line (2L) therapy in the real-world setting. Methods: Using the IMDC dataset, patients (pts) treated with 1L IPI NIVO were identified. The outcomes of int...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeIn metastatic breast cancer (MBC) population treated with capecitabine monotherapy, we investigated clinical-pathological features as possible biomarkers for the oncological outcome.Methods Retrospective study of consecutive MBC patients treated at University Hospitals Leuven starting capecitabine between 1999 and 2017. The primary endpoint...
Article
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Bone metastasis in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) leads to substantial morbidity through skeletal related adverse events and implicates worse clinical outcomes. MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small non-protein coding RNA molecules with important regulatory functions in cancer development and metastasis. In this retrospective analysis we present dys...
Chapter
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Even in patients suffering from severe physical diseases such as cancer, the request for euthanasia is often motivated by mental reasons: they consider that their life no longer has meaning, are afraid of future suffering or to be a burden for their family and are discouraged because they have to abandon some activities. Therefore, the request for...
Article
Objective: Older adults with metastatic renal cell carcinoma(mRCC) are underrepresented in immune-checkpoint inhibitor(ICI) registration trials. Here we compare the efficacy of ICI treatments in older vs. younger adults with mRCC. Methods: Using the International mRCC Database Consortium(IMDC), patients treated with a PD(L)-1 based ICI were iden...
Article
Full-text available
Background Limited data exists on the clinical effectiveness of second-line (2L) vascular endothelial growth factor (receptor) targeted inhibitor (VEGF(R)i) sunitinib after first-line (1L) immuno-oncology (IO) therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients in real-world settings. Methods A retrospective cohort study among adult mRCC p...
Conference Paper
316 Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have demonstrated impressive activity in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and have become standard treatment options in this setting. Data supporting the effectiveness of ICI based therapy in non-clear cell RCC (nccRCC) is more limited. Methods: We performed a retrospective analys...
Conference Paper
276 Background: Ipilimumab and nivolumab (IPI-NIVO) and IO/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor combinations (IOVE) are now standard of care 1L treatment options for mRCC. However, there is limited head-to-head comparative evidence between these strategies. Methods: Using the IMDC dataset, patients treated with a 1L IOVE combination...
Article
339 Background: The IMDC criteria have been used as a prognostic tool for patients with mRCC receiving single agent VEGF-targeted drugs, and more recently combination immuno-oncology (IO) +/- VEGF-targeted agents, which improve outcomes over VEGF TKI monotherapy. We sought to identify a subset of patients with very favorable outcomes, for which les...
Article
310 Background: Cabo shows robust clinical activity in mRCC. Patients (pts) with BM have been underrepresented in clinical trials and effective systemic therapy is lacking. We retrospectively characterized the clinical activity and toxicity of cabo in pts with BM from RCC. Methods: Consecutive medical records from mRCC pts with BM treated with cabo...
Article
Full-text available
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) expression is inversely correlated with survival advantages in many cancers. However, molecular mechanisms that underlie Plk1 expression are poorly understood. Here, we uncover a hypoxia-regulated mechanism of Plk1-mediated cancer metastasis and drug resistance. We demonstrated that a HIF-2-dependent regulatory pathway dri...
Article
Objective To evaluate the impact of markers of systemic inflammation such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) on outcomes of metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) patients treated with nivolumab. Patients and methods We retrospectively evaluated m-ccRCC patients treated with nivolumab and collected know...
Article
Importance There exists considerable biological and clinical variability between histologic variants of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Data reporting on patterns of metastasis in histologic variants of mRCC are sparse. Objective To characterize sites of metastasis and their association with survival across the 3 most common histologic var...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cabozantinib is approved for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) based on the METEOR and CABOSUN trials. However, real‐world effectiveness and dosing patterns of cabozantinib are not well characterized. Methods Patients with mRCC treated with cabozantinib between 2011 and 2019 were identified and stratified using the International mR...
Article
We present two patient cases (one with bladder carcinoma and one with renal cell carcinoma) who consulted our department of General Medical Oncology, after having been treated in other hospitals in two clinical trials with immune checkpoint inhibitors and having been dismissed from the trials after 5 months of therapy for progressive disease. They...
Article
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Background: Complete metastasectomy is routinely performed in selected patients with metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Objectives: To assess (1) outcomes after first and repeat metastasectomy, (2) outcomes on targeted therapy in patients who underwent previous metastasectomy and (3) compare outcomes with and without metastasectomy...
Article
Background: Despite being the most frequent renal fusion anomaly, tumors arising from horseshoe kidneys (HSKs) are extremely rare and management guidance is lacking. Objective: To evaluate the perioperative, oncological, and functional outcomes of surgically treated HSK tumors. Design, setting, and participants: A retrospective, multicenter co...
Article
Purpose: The prospective CARMENA trial surprisingly suggested that patients with upfront metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) would not benefit from cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN). We aimed to identify the m-ccRCC patient subpopulation who would benefit from the continued use of CN. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort st...
Article
Full-text available
Clear-cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) can be divided into four transcriptomic subtypes, two of which have a favorable and two an unfavorable prognosis. To assess mechanisms driving these subtypes, we investigated their miRNA expression patterns. miRNAs are master regulators of mRNAs, that are widely deregulated in cancer. Unsupervised clustering...
Article
Objective: To assess the role of metastasis directed therapy and in particular surgical metastasectomy (MxT) in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) in the era of targeted therapy. Method: The files of all patients who underwent MxT for treatment of mRCC in University Hospitals Leuven between 1989 and 2015 were reviewed. Results: One hundred...
Article
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PurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate the impact of acid suppressive therapy on clinical efficacy and safety of pazopanib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).MethodsA single-center retrospective study was carried out. Charts of mRCC patients who received pazopanib as first-line treatment were reviewed and concomitant u...
Article
Background Papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) is the most common non-clear cell RCC (nccRCC). Pivotal studies evaluating immune checkpoint inhibitors mostly excluded nccRCC. The aim of this retrospective and multicentre study was to evaluate the activity of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/ programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors specifically in m...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Previously, we have shown a correlation between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs307826 in vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 (VEGFR3) and outcome in metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (m-ccRCC) patients treated with sunitinib. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to validate this finding in an independent patient series. METHOD...
Conference Paper
5071 Background: There exists considerable biological and clinical variability between histologic variants of metastatic renal-cell carcinoma (mRCC). Data reporting on sites of metastatic involvement in less common histologies of mRCC are sparse. We sought to characterize the frequency of metastatic site involvement across the three most common his...
Conference Paper
5063 Background: In patients with mRCC, the International mRCC Database Consortium (IMDC) criteria have been validated as a prognostic tool in patients treated with targeted therapy in the 1-4L settings and with 2L Nivolumab (Nivo). However, it is unknown whether the IMDC criteria can be used to risk stratify in recently approved 1L IO combination...
Conference Paper
5068 Background: Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are now a standard of care in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Older adults were underrepresented in registration trials and given that immunological senescence may affect the anti-tumor activity of ICIs, there is uncertainty about the efficacy of ICIs in this population. He...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) plays an important role in the treatment of a subgroup of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients. Objective We aimed to evaluate morbidity associated with this procedure and identify potential predictors thereof to aid patient selection for this procedure and potentially improve patient outcomes....
Article
Objective Papillary renal cell carcinoma (papRCC) is a rare (10%–15%) subtype of renal cancer. Few prognostic biomarkers have been described in metastatic papRCC (m-papRCC) patients treated with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (VEGFR-TKIs). We aimed to study the prognostic impact of bone metastases (BM) on res...
Article
Background: Metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients with bone metastases (BM) are at high risk for skeletal related events and have a poorer outcome when treated with vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (VEGFR-TKIs). Computed tomography (CT) lacks sensitivity to detect BM in mRCC. We aimed to determine the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare variant of soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Materials and Methods. We reviewed SFT patients (pts) treated at our institution between 12/1990 and 09/2017. Results: We identified 94 pts with a median follow-up (mFU) of 4.7 years (range: 0.1-21.53). Primary sites were the chest (33%), abdomen (21.3%), br...
Article
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Background There is limited experience regarding the safety and efficacy of checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) in patients with autoimmune disorders (AD) and advanced urological cancers as they are generally excluded from clinical trials due to risk of exacerbations. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort analysis of patients with advanced renal c...
Article
618 Background: The NIVOREN GETUG-AFU 26 study reported safety and efficacy of N in mccRCC pts in a “real world setting”. A translationnal research program was launched to characterize immune cell populations in the tumor by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and correlate them with outcome on N. Methods: All pts treated with N in the GETUG AFU 26 NIVOREN...