Benno Pokorny

Benno Pokorny
University of Freiburg | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg · Faculty of Environment and Natural Resoruces

Prof. Dr. rer. nat.

About

153
Publications
38,016
Reads
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1,832
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
1058 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Benno Pokorny holds a doctoral degree from the Faculty of Forest Sciences at the University of Freiburg in Germany. He worked as a postgraduate lecturer for socio-economy at the Federal University of Rural Amazon (UFRA) in Brazil and was Senior Associated Researcher of the Centre of International Forestry Research (CIFOR). Since 2003, Benno is professor for Forestry and Rural Development at the Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources at the University of Freiburg. Since more than 20 years, he has been studying the role of smallholders and forests in the context of rural development in the tropics and subtropics in Latin-America, Asia and Africa. He has coordinated several international research and development projects on local development applying inter- and transdisciplinary.
Additional affiliations
July 2003 - present
University of Freiburg
Position
  • Professor (Full)
July 2001 - August 2003
Center for International Forestry Research
Position
  • Senior Associated Researcher
July 2000 - June 2003
Center for International Forestry Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
Agribusiness is an important development option for low-income countries that expect foreign investments to have a positive effect on the modernization and strengthening of their domestic agricultural sectors. However, evidence of these expectations being met is ambivalent, notably regarding whether domestic entrepreneurs can benefit from the thriv...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change mitigation actions, including those aimed at developing and scaling carbon dioxide removal (CDR) activities spanning the industrial, energy, and agroforestry sector, emerge in a context of internationally shared norms that include governance objectives, legal provisions and informal expectations, and societal expectations. Establishe...
Article
To understand the financial feasibility of externally-driven community forestry management (CFM), this study assesses twelve CFM systems in the Brazilian Amazon classified as particularly successful by supporting organizations. The study showed that significant investments were necessary to set up the initiatives, including pre-financing the annual...
Article
Full-text available
Biological diversity has been recognized as a global asset that is key to the well-being and survival of present and future generations. In response to massive destruction of the world’s ecosystems, the international community has agreed on several initiatives, most importantly, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992, which is the bas...
Article
Full-text available
Exploitation of natural forests forms expanding frontiers. Simultaneously, protected area frontiers aim at maintaining functional habitat networks. To assess net effects of these frontiers, we examined 16 case study areas on five continents. We (1) mapped protected area instruments, (2) assessed their effectiveness, (3) mapped policy implementation...
Article
Full-text available
With the Brazilian military governments of the 1960s, systematic economic development of the Amazon began. Social and environmental concerns have entered Amazonian discourses and policies only since the 1990s. Since then, reports of threats to forests and indigenous people have alternated with reports of socioeconomic progress and environmental ach...
Article
Full-text available
Inclusive agribusiness considers social and environmental goals in global value chains in agribusiness. However, not all small-scale farmers may be able to benefit from such arrangements. To find out about possible reasons for exclusion, this study investigates an agribusiness initiative in coastal Kenya employing organic contract farming by applyi...
Article
Amazonian communities can greatly benefit from the forest resources they hold by setting up community-governed management systems that reflect their interests and capacities. But, to tap this potential, communities face three major challenges: to develop the systems, to enforce them, and to have their systems acknowledged by the wider society. To b...
Article
Full-text available
Agroforestry Concessions, foreseen by the new Peruvian Forest Law, anticipate integrating thousands of small-scale farmers encroached on public forest land into the formal economy, to strengthen local livelihoods, stimulate land restoration, and halt deforestation. But, there are contrasting opinions regarding the potential of agroforestry and land...
Conference Paper
A comparative success analysis of cacao and cattle farmers along Transamazon highway in Pará, Brazil.
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the design of the international forest governance and policy, and analyses its impacts in addressing deforestation and forest degradation as global sustainability issues. Informed by literatures on international relations, regulatory governance of global commodity production, and international pathways of domestic influence, key...
Poster
Full-text available
O Manejo Florestal Comunitário é assumido como um potencial para gerar renda e trabalho para os produtores familiares da Amazônia e contribuir para a manutenção das florestas. Sua promoção tem buscado a capacitação dos produtores em práticas de Exploração de Impacto Reduzido, organização em torno de cooperativas e associações e estratégias para a b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The question of how can we satisfy the demands for rural development without exceeding ecosystem limitations remains largely unsolved. Conventional rural development strategies relying on the expansion of agro-industrial production schemes and the exploitation of valuable resources for global markets have proved that they can achieve economic and-u...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study reviews the main elements of International Forest Governance (IFG), including the role of Germany, to promote the sustainable management and protection of natural forests, and analyses their impacts on tackling deforestation, forest degradation, biodiversity loss, climate change, and illegal activities. Based on this analysis, this study...
Article
While existing resource extraction debates have contributed to a better understanding of national economic and political dilemmas and institutional responses, there are flaws in understanding the specific relevance of the various types of mining schemes for rural households to deal with the various problems they are confronted with. Our paper exami...
Presentation
Full-text available
A comparative success analysis of cacao and cattle farmers along the Transamazon highway in Pará, Brazil.
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the contributions of community and smallholder forestry (CSF) to achieving the sustainable development goals (SDGs). A CSF-SDG positive feedback model is proposed; a model that holds that successful CSF positively contributes to 13 SDGs and 31 SDG targets. Recent CSF meta-studies have scrutinized factors leading to CSF success a...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes and analyzes components of natural resource management systems practiced by riverine communities. This paper is based on findings from research project that has been conducted in the floodplains of the Amazon’s estuary. Data analysis confirms that the dynamics of river systems stimulates ecological sustainability and provides...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Rural development plans have evolved in an ineffective way in Brazil. Rural areas have been traditionally considered as providers of raw materials, without receiving significant economic benefits. The problem reaches different spheres of development, translated into facts such as high levels of poverty, few employment opportunities, environmental d...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Globally Germany ranks among the five major ODA donor countries, but hasn’t yet managed to reach its political target of providing 0.7% of its GNI to ODA. While Germany supports multilateral international processes, the major share of German ODA is bilateral and affects millions of hectares of forest and people. Based on an analysis of Germany’s fo...
Article
Summary There is a renewed global interest in support of family farming becoming a more competitive sector, contributing to poverty alleviation, food security, and economic growth. This paper explores the development conditions faced by family farmers across Brazil. We not only reveal a potential for development, represented by the great number of...
Article
Full-text available
European farmers have been adopting different practices in response to the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). One of the new features of the CAP is the effort to encourage multifunctional farming systems which, besides food, also deliver environmental goods and services. The key policy instruments promoting environmentally-oriented farming are cross...
Article
In the context of post-colonial countries, formal institutions of forest management often do not perform to expectations when they are introduced into local communities. Against this background, many studies have recommended the use of informal institutions in the pursuit of officially-recognized local forest management. But informal institutions a...
Article
Full-text available
The paper introduces the Special Issue of International Forestry Review, Smallholders and forest landscape transitions: Locally devised development strategies of the tropical Americas. It reviews the existing knowledge on the role of smallholders in rural development, and then contrasts this with the major insights gained from the studies presented...
Article
Full-text available
The Special Issue of International Forestry Review, Smallholders and forest landscape transitions: Locally devised development strategies of the tropical Americas brings together a number of papers on the role of smallholders in rural development. Collectively the papers demonstrate that while there is opportunity to more actively engage smallhold...
Article
Many studies have recommended more conscious consideration of informal local norms in the pursuit of officially-recognized local forest management. The justification is that management systems grounded in local norms are well suited to local realities and correspond better with the interests and capacities of local forest users than expert-knowledg...
Article
Full-text available
The preservation of Amazonian natural forests is of utmost national and international interest. The exploration of market opportunities for the commercialization of forest goods and services has become the prevailing conservation approach. It is likely that the generation of income from forests will motivate forest owners and users to appreciate an...
Article
Full-text available
The large body of research on land use and land cover changes in the Brazilian Amazon generally shows the significant effect of smallholder production systems. However, it is still unclear how far the specific social and economic characteristics of smallholders influence on land use and land cover changes. To shed more light on this aspect, the eff...
Book
Full-text available
“Nesta obra, você encontrará uma inédita avaliação financeira de iniciativas de manejo comunitário existentes na Amazônia brasileira. O estudo avaliou os modelos técnicos adotados, os investimentos necessários para programar estes modelos, as produtividades alcançadas e, finalmente, as rentabilidades obtidas. A avaliação demonstrou algumas possibil...
Article
Full-text available
The large body of research on land use and land cover changes in the Brazilian Amazon generally shows the significant effect of smallholder production systems. However, it is still unclear how far the specific social and economic characteristics of smallholders influence on land use and land cover changes. To shed more light on this aspect, the eff...
Article
Full-text available
L'important corpus de recherches sur les changements d'utilisation des terres et de la couverture du sol en Amazonie brésilienne met généralement en évidence un effet significatif des systèmes de production paysanne. Cependant, l'influence des caractéristiques socio-économiques spécifiques des petits exploitants sur l'utilisation des terres et le c...
Article
Full-text available
Discourses regarding the development of the Amazon region highlight the importance of the local cultures, local knowledge and participation of smallholders, such as indigenous people, traditional communities and small-scale colonists. Current policies, however, still pursue a development model that is oriented towards global commodity markets and t...
Article
There is increasing consensus over the inclusion of smallholder farmers in REDD + (Reduced Emissions through reduced Deforestation and Degradation) initiatives, expected to be one essential component within the new set of "Flexible Mechanisms" in the post-Kyoto Climate Change Agreement. However, with few long-term REDD + pilot projects implemented...
Book
The ongoing debate concerning the Amazon's crucial role in global climate and biodiversity is entirely dependent upon sustainable development in the region. Recognizing that forests are an integral part of the social fabric in the region, initiatives such as community forestry, small-scale tree plantations and agroforestry, as well as payments for...
Chapter
Full-text available
Não há dúvida de que o uso eficiente dos recursos é crucial para garantir o modo de vida das famílias rurais, melhorando suas condições de vida, muitas vezes insatisfatórias. Assim, a questão de como usar os recursos e quais sistemas de produção agrícola e florestal são adequados é de fundamental importância. Tradicionalmente, autoridades, organiza...
Article
Full-text available
Once again, the international community focuses on the preservation of Amazonian forests, in particular through a bundle of initiatives grouped under the term of REDD+. Initially focusing on reducing carbon emissions, the REDD+ process became increasingly linked with developmental goals that represent the primary interest of all Amazon countries. I...
Article
Governments and development organisations consider the involvement of poor forest managers in global value chains and markets as a most promising approach for resolving the social and environmental challenges of the Amazon. This paper intends to provide a clearer picture about opportunities and potentials of this market-approach, by analysing integ...