Benjamin Miller

Benjamin Miller
University of Haifa | haifa · School of Political Sciences

Ph.D.

About

36
Publications
19,665
Reads
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628
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2002 - present
University of Haifa
Position
  • Full Prof.
October 1989 - October 2002
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Position
  • Tenured Senior Lecturer

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
The recent collapse of the US-brokered peace negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians and the eruption of violence between Israel and the Hamas show the enormous difficulties for reaching a two-state solution. Given the background of quite a few earlier failures, which sometimes led to bloody confrontations, the current impasse might lead to...
Article
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The division of IR theory into the 'holy trinity' of the three 'isms' (realism, liberalism and constructivism) is the most common classification of theories in the field. While this division has numerous theoretical benefits, it also has some major shortcomings with regard to the conceptualization of substantive changes in world politics, especiall...
Conference Paper
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Since the end of 2010 a wave of mass protests -commonly called the "Arab Spring" -has swept the Arab world. These uprisings have toppled four authoritarian regimes to date -in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen -and undermined at least two others -in Bahrain and especially in Syria. These revolutions, which are arguably the most dramatic and important...
Data
Does democratization pacify states—and thus their respective regions—or does it make them more war-prone? This is both a theoretical issue within the literature on democracy and peace, and an empirical issue, as in some regions democratization led to peace and in others it resulted in violence. To answer the posed question, this study probes the ''...
Article
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This article addresses the following two questions: First, how does the United States (US) manage regional war and peace, especially in the Middle East (ME)? It will show that the strategies the US has adopted in conflict management in the ME over the last several decades have shown considerable variations, both in the goals of its involvement – be...
Article
With the end of the Cold War, analysts advanced competing expectations about the likely character of the post-Cold War Order. Many expected a far-reaching transformation in the fundamental character of world politics (notably, a decline in the centrality of the state in world politics). Some of these predictions were quite optimistic (esp. Liberals...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to develop a novel distinction among four IR approaches and especially to highlight the approach which will be called here ‘offensive liberalism’. This four fold division is based not only on a distinction between realism and liberalism, but also on an internal division inside each camp between offensive and defensi...
Article
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This paper proposes a model for explaining shifts and variations in US grand strategy. The model is based on a distinction between four ideal-type grand strategies or approaches to security according to the objectives and means of security policy: defensive and offensive realism, and defensive and offensive liberalism. While the four approaches are...
Data
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Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.informaworld.com/terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. T...
Article
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This article explains variations in state war-propensity. I introduce a new typology of state war-proneness based on four major types of states: revisionist, failed, frontier, and status quo. The major novel contribution of this essay is the argument that the combined effect of variations in the extent of success in state-building (strong or weak s...
Article
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I would like first to thank the three commentators for their thoughtful and constructive reviews of my article in this symposium. This article is based on some of the key theoretical components of my book, States, Nations and the Great Powers: The Sources of Regional War and Peace (Miller, 2007). All of the three commentators highlight important an...
Article
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Why do some militarily defeated states become war-like, while others peaceful? We argue that one of the keys to answer this question is what we define as the state-to-nation balance, which refers to the degree of congruence between the division of the region into territorial states and the national aspirations and political identifications of the r...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle East is one of the most war-prone regions in the international system. What is the most powerful explanation of the war-propensity of this region? I argue that neither realism nor liberalism are able to account for variations in regional war-proneness. Instead, I advance an alternative explanation based on the concept of the state-to-nat...
Article
The objective of this essay is to address the following two puzzles. First, what best accounts for the transition from war to peace in different regions at different times? Second, what is the best explanation for variations in the level of regional peace that exists in different regions in a particular time period? Consider the differences that ex...
Article
This essay discusses four types of international influence on the Arab-Israeli conflict and peace process. It addresses the current international situation of US hegemony vis-à-vis the Middle East and its beneficial effects on the regional peace process. Yet this hegemony may not endure over the long run, and may be replaced by three scenarios: US...
Article
Do regional wars occur as a result of external, systemic influences, in the absence of genuine issues of regional discord? Do the internal properties of regions adequately explain patterns of regional conflict? Can internal and systemic influences be combined to form an empirically compelling, yet theoretically coherent explanation of regional conf...
Article
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This essay addresses the debate on the expansion of the concept of security, which emerged especially after the end of the Cold War. My argument is based on a distinction between the phenomenon to be explained and the explanations, which include all the relevant competing causal factors affecting the explained phenomenon. The subject matter, that t...
Article
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This article examines the global sources of regional transitions from war to peace in two types of region: unstable (war-prone) and stable (not war-prone). I argue that the sources of regional hot wars are regional and domestic rather than global. Similarly, the possibility of reaching a high-level `warm peace' (i.e. conflict resolution) depends on...
Article
The objective of this study is to examine the utility of three major mechanisms for regional conflict resolution. Two of the mechanisms are regional: enhancing regional legitimacy and liberalization. The third strategy is international: a concert of great powers or a stabilizing hegemon. The three strategies are deduced from the international-regio...
Article
The objective of this article is to provide an analytical framework for addressing the sources of great power regional involvement and its effects on regional conflicts. The thesis of the article is that variations in the degree of intensity of conflicts and the likelihood of successful conflict resolution in different regions are affected by the c...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to provide a theoretical analysis of the conditions affecting the emergence of a great power concert, in order to gain a better understanding of this phenomenon. In contrast to some recent important theoretical works which underline the role of various systemic factors in the formation of a concert, I will argue that...
Article
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The author would like to acknowledge the financial assistance of the Israel Foundations Trustees, the United States Institute of Peace, the Davis Institute for International Relations at the Hebrew University, and the Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at the Hebrew University. The author would also like to acknowledge the advice and com...
Data
This essay presents a theoretical model for explaining great power cooperation in conflict management. The model refines recent cooperation theory by distinguishing between types and degrees of international cooperation. It also challenges the dominance of decisionmaking analysis in the crisis literature and supplements it with structural factors....
Article
Full-text available
This paper will consider the suitability of three theoretical perspectives on the international order (balance of power, hegemonic stability, and international society) to the “new world order” emerging in the aftermath of the Cold War and the Gulf War. This will be done by deriving five conflict‐management mechanisms from the logic of the three pe...
Article
The seminar will discuss the origins of regional conflicts and the sources of regional wars. We will also address the conditions for reaching regional peace. The class will examine the sources of great-power regional involvement and its effects on regional security. The seminar will also address the implications of regional conflicts for internatio...

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Project (1)
Project
Is war in decline or is it just changing its character or is there a basic continuity in international politics under anarchy? I argue that there are major variations among different regions and that these differences are accounted for by variations in the state-to-nation balance in the various regions.