Benjamin Huybrechts

Benjamin Huybrechts
IESEG School of Management · Management and Society

PhD in Management

About

65
Publications
68,291
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Introduction
My research focuses on social and sustainable entrepreneurship, including (1) the collective dynamics underlying the emergence of social and sustainable enterprises as "hybrid" organizational forms (through teams, incubators, coworking spaces, etc.), and (2) their diffusion through inter-organizational arrangements (e.g. cross-sector partnerships, multi-stakeholder initiatives and meta-organizations).
Additional affiliations
October 2010 - present
University of Liège
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2004 - present
University of Liège
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Hybrid organizational forms combine values and practices from different institutional domains, rendering them difficult to fit neatly into the structures of extant organizational forms. Since the work required to institutionalize a new hybrid organizational form may be beyond the resources and capabilities of individual organizations acting alone,...
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How can new players seeking to serve nonstandard worker categories (such as project-based workers) establish themselves into labour markets that are highly institutionalized? This paper explores the case of SMart, a Belgian community-based labour market intermediary that successfully developed solutions to better represent the interests of project-...
Book
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For several decades, social enterprises have been pioneers in the conception and implementation of a pathbreaking social innovation: Fair Trade (FT). Fair Trade Social Enterprises have created a movement which has challenged mainstream trading practices and offered development opportunities for disadvantaged producer groups in the South. Starting f...
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An increasing amount of research has examined the management of competing logics, and possible tensions arising between them, within “hybrid organizations.” However, the ways in which the relationships of hybrids with other organizations shape the conciliation of these logics and tensions have received limited attention so far. In this theoretical...
Article
This paper examines how organizational ideology can be collectively mobilized to sustain an alternative organizational form—a self-managed cooperative—in resistance to institutional prescriptions perceived as hostile. Based on an ethnographic study of the Venezuelan cooperative Cecosesola, we identify three roles through which ideology enables the...
Chapter
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Social enterprise hybrids adopt financially sustainable business strategies to achieve social sector success – they thus combine aspects of two or more categories of organizations. In doing so they face a legitimacy struggle in that by seeking to comply with expectations associated with both the private sector and the social sector, often conflicti...
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Comment la certification éthique affecte-t-elle les collaborations entre des partenaires aux logiques institutionnelles partiellement distinctes, par exemple des entreprises de commerce équitable et des entreprises de la grande distribution ? En comparant des collaborations avec et sans recours à la certification du commerce équitable en Belgique,...
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This article contributes to understanding the role and position of worker cooperatives in society, providing a socio-political explanation to their existence as well as conceptual tools that can be used to imagine and implement economic democracy practices. It uses and complexifies Habermas' social theory and its separation between system and lifew...
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This article seeks to shed light on the diversity of scaling strategies of social enterprises, which can be considered as emblematic hybrid organizations. By comparing three Flemish renewable energy cooperatives with contrasted scaling strategies, the article shows how these strategies can be understood in relation to the organizational mission as...
Article
Definitions are important! They are composed of words that express what people think. Despite numerous efforts to bring about a clear and unbiased definition of social entrepreneurship, there is still confusion as how social entrepreneurship should be defined. The objective of this paper is not to state a novel definition, this means not to “push o...
Chapter
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The past few years, renewable energy source cooperatives (REScoops) have gained important attention from different audiences such as citizens, public authorities, civil society actors, utility companies, journalists and the academic world. This growing attention can be situated within a broader societal trend regarding the active involvement of cit...
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Inclusive recycling is the inspiring slogan of a project relying on a cross-sector (public–private–civil society) partnership implemented in Latin America with the objective to improve the socioeconomic conditions of recyclers. Through a qualitative study in Santiago de Chile, this paper seeks to understand how inclusive inclusive recycling is, by...
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This paper uses institutional theory to highlight different patterns of cross-sector collaboration from the perspective of social enterprises. Specifically, it explores how and why social enterprises interact with mainstream businesses and to what extent their collaboration patterns reflect a vision of how their social mission should be implemented...
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Hybrid organizational forms combine values and practices from different institutional domains, rendering them difficult to fit neatly into the structures of extant organizational forms. Since the work required to institutionalize a new hybrid organizational form may be beyond the resources and capabilities of individual organizations acting alone,...
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Full-text available
To introduce this special issue we explore the conceptual and practical synergies between the social economy and sustainable development. New empirical evidence is presented on the emergence of these two research fields and the increasing combination of these fields in the literature. Several avenues through which social enterprises can contribute...
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This conceptual article aims to respond to the poorly addressed question of the emergence of hybrid organizations; that is, organizations that embrace several institutional logics. It does so by developing a model and a set of propositions focusing on the heterogeneity of the entrepreneurial team as a possible driver for hybridity throughout the en...
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p align="JUSTIFY"> Este artículo está estructurado como sigue: la primera sección introductoria revisa las principales raíces históricas que han conducido a la emergencia de una diversidad de modelos relacionados con la empresa social y a la economía social en Bélgica. Enseguida, la segunda sección esboza los principales aspectos de esos modelos e...
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How are identities of alternative forms of organization constructed and how does this process differ relative to normative forms socially expected? In this research, we consider identity formation in co-operatives, a population of organizations allied globally through values and practices such as democratic participation, voluntary and open members...
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This working paper is structured as follows. The first introductory section reviews the main historical roots that have led to the emergence of a diversity of models related to social enterprise and the social economy in Belgium. Next, the second section sketches the main features of these models in terms of legal forms, types of social missions ad...
Chapter
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This chapter suggests that the notion of ‘social enterprise’ is useful to capture the DNA of organizations focused on fair trade and to locate them within a broader organizational taxonomy. Without seeking to impose a new term that may not resonate for certain actors or regions, this chapter aims to bring two contributions to fair trade research an...
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This paper explores an empirical puzzle, namely, how inter-organizational relationships can be sustained between organizations that draw upon distinctive - and potentially conflicting - institutional logics under conditions of power asymmetry. This research analyses cases of these relationships and suggests some key conditions underlying them. Exam...
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This report provides an overview of the roots, concept, legal evolution, numbers and eco- system of social enterprise in Belgium and the challenges it faces. In the first section, a number of roots and drivers are described that have paved the way for the current understanding and landscape of social enterprise in Belgium. These roots include the a...
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We draw on theories relating to new market creation, social movements and rhetoric to investigate how the meaning of the new market category of fair trade was created and communicated to audiences. Originating from the alternative trade social movement of the 1970’s, fair trade has risen to prominence over the last decade: sales of fair trade goods...
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The emergence of social entrepreneurship has been explained at the macro-level (socioeconomic drivers), at the meso-level (concepts such as opportunity), and at the micro-level (motivations and intentions of social entrepreneurs). In this conceptual article, it is argued that the sociology of social networks may contribute to explain how and why so...
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While ‘traditional’ cooperatives operating for a long time in fields such as banking, agriculture, or retail, have received important attention in the cooperative literature, much work still needs to be done to understand why and how cooperatives emerge either in fields in which they have not traditionally been widespread (such as health and care,...
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The transition towards a more sustainable economic system is increasingly seen as an urgency to respond to the social, environmental and economic challenges of our times. Mirroring this increased attention, the scholarly literature on transition and transition management, “degrowth” and sustainable development (e.g., Loorbach, 2007, Boulanger, 2008...
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Purpose – This article explores the role of organizational legitimacy in understanding the emergence and development of ‘cross-sector collaboration’ between social enterprises and corporations. Design/methodology/approach – An in-depth case study of a long-standing but fragile partnership between a UK-based Fair Trade social enterprise and a larg...
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Purpose This paper pinpoints the role played by social enterprises in the growth and mainstreaming of fair trade. Design/methodology/approach The review encompasses seminal papers on the growth and mainstreaming of fair trade. Findings This paper shows the crucial role played by social enterprises in establishing fair trade in the mainstream. Howev...
Book
Do we still believe in foreign aid and development education? As governments tend to cut down aid budgets and the public appears to take a more and more sceptical stand, not just the old way of campaigning is under pressure, but also the idea of the North helping the South as such. To materialize the hind-laying value of global solidarity in the pr...
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L'entrepreneuriat social est un concept en vogue depuis une dizaine d’années. Souvent illustré par des « success stories » provenant des quatre coins du monde dans divers secteurs (santé, éducation, finance, culture, etc.), le concept s'impose progressivement dans le monde de l'entreprise, ainsi que dans les sphères académiques et politiques (Bosch...
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Learning goals Upon completing this chapter, you should be able to accomplish the following: Explain the three pillars of social entrepreneurship. Explain how social entrepreneurship can be differentiated from other related concepts such as the third sector (or the social economy), social business, social innovation and corporate social responsibil...
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Suivant les analyses théoriques proposées au sein du réseau EMES (Borzaga et Defourny 2001), la multiplicité des parties prenantes et la multiplicité des objectifs sont considérées comme des aspects importants des entreprises sociales. Cependant, bien que ces caractéristiques aient été soulignées par divers auteurs sur le plan théorique, leur valid...
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Fair trade (FT) organizations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply, both at a conceptual and at an empirical level, to what extent FT organizations can be considered as social enterprises. First, we introduce diffe...
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Purpose – This article addresses the governance of "Fair Trade Social Enterprises" (FTSEs), i.e., the organisations exclusively dedicated to the import, distribution and/or labelling of fairly traded products. The aims are (1) to describe and categorise the types of persons and stakeholder groups represented in FTSEs' governance structures and (2)...
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This article analyzes the dual process occurring in the field of Fair Trade organizations (FTOs) in Belgium. On the one hand, there has been a gradual diversification of the organizational landscape over time from pioneering volunteer-based non-profit organizations to a broader array including cooperatives, group structures, businesses and individu...
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Purpose – Fair trade organisations (FTOs) have been taken quite early as examples of Social Enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The purpose of this paper is to examine more deeply the link between FTOs and SE, both at a conceptual and at an empirical level. Design/methodology/approach – First, different theoretic...
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This article analyzes the Fair Trade sector as a “mixed-form market”, i.e. a market in which different types of players (in this case, nonprofit, co-operative and for-profit organizations) coexist and compete. The purposes of this article are (1) to understand the factors that have led Fair Trade to become a mixed-form market and (2) to propose som...
Article
Cet article a pour but d'étudier le paysage organisationnel d'un secteur en pleine expansion: celui du commerce équitable. Plus particulièrement, nous cherchons à comprendre les raisons qui expliquent la diversité des formes organisationnelles des acteurs qui s'investissent dans cette filière. A cette fin, nous commençons par décomposer le concept...
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Interactions Between the Social Economy Sector and Corporate Social Responsibility: Illustration by Means of the Fair Trade System Research in corporate social responsibility analyzes the voluntary measures undertaken by corporations in order to meet social and environmental imperatives, beyond the objective of economic profitability, and to improv...
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In Bourreau-Dubois, C. et B. Jeandidier, Economie sociale et Droit, Tome 2, XXVIè Journées de l'Association d'Economie Sociale (AES), 7 et 8 septembre 2006, Nancy, L'Harmattan, pp. 53-67 Les enjeux d'une régulation collective des échanges marchands : le cas du commerce équitable 2 Les enjeux d'une régulation collective des échanges marchands : le c...
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This is a draft paper linked to an on-going research. Please do not circulate or cite.

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Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
Understand how entrepreneurial teams emerge and function in a social entrepreneurship context, and how they may lead to the creation of social enterprises as hybrid organizations.