Benjamin Calvet

Benjamin Calvet
University of Limoges | UNILIM · Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherche du Limousin (CMRR)

MD, PhD

About

71
Publications
11,257
Reads
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141
Citations
Citations since 2017
29 Research Items
124 Citations
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Additional affiliations
December 2015 - June 2016
University of Limoges
Position
  • Medical Doctor, PH Doctor, Head of research and neurostimulation Department of Esquirol Hospital Center
November 2010 - June 2016
University of Limoges
Position
  • Medical Doctor

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with psychosis frequently use a variety of psychotropic medicines, many of which have anticholinergic effects that can impair cognition. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether there is an association between medications used for neuropsychological disorders/symptoms and cognition in patients with schizophrenia, focusing...
Article
Introduction: Few studies have examined sensory processing in mood disorders, including depression. The interactions between sensory inputs and adaptive behavior have yet to be clarified in this pathology. We assessed sensory profiles among people with major depressive disorder (MDD) with the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP) scale and deter...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although psychomotor symptoms are associated with the clinical symptomatology of depression, they are rarely assessed and standardized clinical evaluation tools are lacking. Psychomotor retardation is sometimes assessed through direct patient observations by clinicians or through a clinical observation grid, in the absence of a standar...
Article
Résumé Dans le cadre de la mise en place du réseau « Transgenre 87 », de prise en charge de personnes présentant une dysphorie de genre en partenariat entre les équipes du CH Esquirol et du CHU de Limoges, nous avons mis en place une étude descriptive afin d’améliorer la qualité de nos soins. Il s’agit d’une étude observationnelle rétrospective à p...
Article
Background The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a brief cognitive impairment screening tool suitable for a rapid diagnosis of cognitive functioning. The primary objective was to examine the ability of the MoCA to detect cognitive impairment and functioning (autonomy and social cognition) among Lebanese patients with schizophrenia. The second...
Article
Background Fibromyalgia is a chronic painful condition without real, effective treatment. The administration of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to have a therapeutic effect on pain, but there are still questions about the maintenance of its effect over time. Continuation of the treatment upon clinical response thr...
Article
Full-text available
Repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a therapeutic brain-stimulation technique that is particularly used for drug-resistant depressive disorders. European recommendations mention the effectiveness of 30 to 64%. The failure rate of treatment is high and clinical improvement is visible only after a certain period of time. It would thu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Patients with schizophrenia have a particularly low level of insight into their illness compared to people with other mental health disorders. The objectives of the study were to evaluate: 1) subjective cognitive complaints in individuals with schizophrenia in comparison with health controls, 2) the relation between subjective cognitiv...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The primary objective was to evaluate social cognitive complaints in a sample of chronic in-patients with schizophrenia and compare it to healthy controls. The secondary objective was to explore factors related to social cognitive complaints in these patients, such as neurocognition, clinical symptoms, depression, and insight. Methods:...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric disorder management is based on the prescription of psychotropic drugs. Response to them remains often insufficient and varies from one patient to another. Pharmacogenetics explain part of this variability. Pharmacogenetic testing is likely to optimize the choice of treatment and thus improve patients’ care, even if concerns and limitat...
Article
Full-text available
Many cognitive functions are affected in schizophrenia patients, particularly memory, attention, motor skills, executive function, and social cognition. Cognitive assessment is one of the best indicators of the functional and social prognosis of schizophrenic patients. In Lebanon, no study has yet examined the assessment of cognitive functions in p...
Article
Full-text available
Background Assessment of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia is becoming a part of clinical and research practice by using batteries that differ widely in their content. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) was developed to cover the main cognitive deficits of schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess concurrent...
Poster
Full-text available
The Poster is about the Validation of the Lebanese Arabic version of the BACS scale (the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia) among stable schizophrenic inpatients. The BACS is a reliable and efficient test battery that assesses the main cognitive domains affected in schizophrenia. The Arabic version of the BACS showed satisfactory psych...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 epidemic is an unexpected global event that has shaken up the organisation of care in France. The spread of the epidemic was limited thanks to the confinement of people from Tuesday 17 March 2020 to Monday 11 May 2020. However, this confinement led to a change in the care of vulnerable people, including people suffering from neurocogni...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The assessment of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia is becoming a part of clinical and research practice by using batteries that differ widely in their content. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) was developed to cover the main cognitive deficits of schizophrenia. Objectives The objective of this study was to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction Assessment of cognitive disorders in schizophrenia is becoming a part of clinical and research practice by using batteries that differ widely in their content. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) was developed to cover the main cognitive deficits of schizophrenia. The objective of this study was to assess concurre...
Article
Introduction Le stigma, lorsqu’il est rattaché à une maladie, peut provoquer un retard diagnostique et de prise en charge, et constitue un fardeau supplémentaire pour la personne malade et ses proches. Objectifs Ce travail étudie le stigma perçu du grand public vis-à-vis de la maladie de Parkinson MP, par rapport à la maladie d’Alzheimer MA, dont...
Article
Therapeutic patient education (TPE) is the process by which health professionals impart information to help patients self-manage their chronic disease: it is an essential part of treatment of long-term diseases and conditions. Memory loss and other cognitive disorders are usually considered as obstacles to TPE for patients with Alzheimer's disease...
Article
Les symptômes psychologiques et comportementaux associés à un trouble neurocognitif majeur (TNCM) représentent un groupe hétérogène de manifestations cliniques incluant des perturbations affectives (anxiété, dépression, exaltation de l’humeur), émotionnelles (hyperémotivité, apathie, conduites régressives), psychotiques (délires, hallucinations) ou...
Article
Les données épidémiologiques actuelles montrent un usage plus important de médicaments psychotropes, notamment d’antipsychotiques, chez les personnes âgées ayant reçu un diagnostic de troubles neurocognitifs majeurs (ex-démences) par rapport à la population générale. La plupart du temps, ces médicaments sont utilisés dans le traitement des Symptôme...
Article
Brain stimulation in psychiatry is developing around the world. Although these techniques could be applied very effectively in the elderly, they may sometimes not be used by reluctance in favour of pharmacological therapies. However, the use of some of these techniques in this population remains underestimated and will be a therapeutic challenge at...
Article
Résumé La stimulation magnétique transcrânienne répétée (rTMS) est un outil thérapeutique d’utilisation encore récente en psychiatrie. Cet article a pour objectif d’actualiser l’état des connaissances sur la rTMS dans le traitement des troubles de l’humeur. La rTMS possède une efficacité certaine (niveau de preuve de grade 1) dans le traitement ini...
Article
La dépression est le trouble psychiatrique le plus courant chez les personnes âgées. Beaucoup d’individus âgés ne répondent pas aux critères diagnostiques usuels. En population générale, on estime que 11 % des plus de 65 ans vont avoir des symptômes dépressifs, mais dans la plupart des cas il s’agira d’une dépression infra-clinique. Ainsi, les form...
Article
Le trouble dépressif est une pathologie fréquente chez la personne âgée, mais toujours insuffisamment repéré et traité à l’heure actuelle. À ces difficultés de repérage, s’ajoutent des difficultés de prises en charge thérapeutiques semblant favoriser une résistance. Classiquement, il est décrit que chez la personne âgée le trouble dépressif récidiv...
Article
Résumé Les réactions cutanées associées à une prise médicamenteuse sont fréquentes. Elles représentent 20 % des notifications spontanées et peuvent compliquer 2 à 3 % des hospitalisations. Les effets indésirables liés à la prise de médicaments psychotropes sont nombreux mais la fréquence des toxidermies est rare dans la littérature, probablement so...
Article
Introduction Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a neurostimulation technique used in many indications, especially in psychiatry in the treatment of mood disorders. Although its efficacy in this treatment has been demonstrated, the study of predictive response factors currently remains a major challenge. Method We conducted a re...
Article
Résumé La prise en soin des résidents déments crieurs en institution médicosociale est complexe. Les interventions sur les aidants professionnels représentent un des axes de soin car elles permettent de maintenir la relation en diminuant les ressentis négatifs des professionnels et en prévenant un syndrome d’épuisement professionnel des soignants (...
Article
The authors examined age and sex trends on the seven dimensions and 25 facets assessed by the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) collected between 2006 and 2014. This cross-sectional study sought to better understand personality differences according to age and sex cohorts in a French nonclinical community sample (1,181 participants). Our re...
Article
Introduction La personnalité, ensemble des comportements qui constituent l’individualité d’une personne, peut être modulée par les stress et le trauma. La personnalité est en effet le résultat de l’intégration de la cognition, des pulsions, des émotions, de l’environnement et du fonctionnement interpersonnel d’un individu. L’inventaire du tempérame...
Article
Introduction: In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association published the DSM-5. In this new version, new diagnoses were proposed including the Hoarding disorder. In the French semeiology, the Diogenes syndrome is described, among other symptoms, by a pathological tendency to accumulate objects called syllogomania which is very close to hoarding....
Article
Full-text available
There is a large body of research on discourse production in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Some studies have focused on pause production, revealing that patients make extensive use of pauses during speech. This has been attributed to lexical retrieval difficulties, but pausing may also reflect other forms of cognitive impairment as it increases with co...
Article
Relationships between the seven dimensions of the Cloninger's psychobiological model (1993) and the five factors of the Costa and McCrae's model (1990) were examined in this study of 200 subjects from French general population. The dimensions of temperament (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence) and character (self-directedness, coope...
Article
Les cris répétés de la personne atteinte de démence sont des manifestations particulièrement fréquentes en institution et souvent jugées comme extrêmement perturbatrices. Ils restent pourtant le moins bien compris des troubles du comportement.
Article
Shouting in dementia is a frequent manifestation in institution and is often considered to be extremely disruptive. It remains the most misunderstood behavioral disorder. Shouting or screaming is not a necessarily pejorative qualifier as defined by public authorities and institutions. It can take a multitude of meanings and be characterized alterna...
Article
The relationships between the seven dimensions of the Cloninger psychobiological model and the five factors of the Costa and McCrae model were examined in 54 elderly subjects from the French general population. The dimensions of temperament (novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence) and character (determination, cooperation, transcendence...
Article
Full-text available
Personality disorder can be defined as an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that markedly deviates from the expectations of the individual's culture. With aging, personality disorders may improve or worsen. Their prevalence in the elderly is slightly lower than the prevalence in young adult. Furthermore, their comorbidity and co-occ...
Article
Full-text available
The fifth version of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM -5) was released in May 2013 after 14 years of development. Originally announced as an integrative version of the latest data in neuroscience, this manual should be more based on pathophysiology than the previous versions. Mixed dimensional and categorical mental di...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study sought to analyze the psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of the French version of the Rating Scale for Aggressive Behaviour in the Elderly (F-RAGE). Methods: The F-RAGE was administered to 79 patients hospitalized in a geriatric psychiatry department. A psychiatrist, who was blind to the subjects' RAGE scores, pe...
Article
Personality and its disorders have been the subject of many studies in philosophy, psychology or medicine. Current nosology gives preference to categorical classifications, but a dimensional approach may also be considered. Supported by Cloninger's psychobiological model, it refers to concepts of temperament (novelty seeking, reward dependence, har...
Article
La personnalité et ses troubles font l’objet de nombreuses études tant en philosophie, en psychologie qu’en médecine. En vertu du principe selon lequel « connaître, c’est classer », la nosographie actuelle accorde la préférence aux classifications catégorielles. Une seconde approche, dimensionnelle, peut également être envisagée. Supportée par le m...
Article
L'état de stress post-traumatique (ESPT) est une entité nosologique récente, intégré au spectre des troubles anxieux. II correspond à une réaction différée consécutive à un traumatisme psychique «hors du commun», soudain et confrontant les sujets qui le subissent au réel de la mort. La prévalence de l'ESPT varie selon les pays, le groupe de populat...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Assess the needs of medical students in Limoge Medical College (France). Provide local solutions for each type of problem the students face. Improve the diagnosis and follow-up of severe psychological problems.