Ben Rattray

Ben Rattray
University of Canberra · Discipline of Sport and Exercise Sciences

PhD, U Sydney

About

101
Publications
4,483,222
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,256
Citations
Introduction
Ben Rattray currently works at the Discipline of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Canberra. Current projects relate to interactions between exercise and the brain

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Background Physical exercise is seen as a promising intervention to prevent or delay cognitive decline in individuals aged 50 years and older, yet the evidence from reviews is not conclusive. Objectives To determine if physical exercise is effective in improving cognitive function in this population. Design Systematic review with multilevel meta-...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Given the important role of the brain in regulating endurance performance, this comparative study sought to determine whether professional road cyclists have superior inhibitory control and resistance to mental fatigue compared to recreational road cyclists. Methods: After preliminary testing and familiarization, eleven professional and...
Article
Full-text available
Mental fatigue reflects a change in psychobiological state, caused by prolonged periods of demanding cognitive activity. It has been well documented that mental fatigue impairs cognitive performance; however, more recently, it has been demonstrated that endurance performance is also impaired by mental fatigue. The mechanism behind the detrimental e...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThis study sought to describe middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (MCAv) during a 4 km cycling time trial, and relate it to different pacing strategies adopted by participants. Methods After familiarisation and a standardised exercise protocol, 15 male trained cyclists rode a 4 km time trial on a cycling ergometer. MCAv was assessed v...
Article
Full-text available
It is widely accepted that warming-up prior to exercise is vital for the attainment of optimum performance. Both passive and active warm-up can evoke temperature, metabolic, neural and psychology-related effects, including increased anaerobic metabolism, elevated oxygen uptake kinetics and post-activation potentiation. Passive warm-up can increase...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Mental fatigue (MF) is a psychobiological state that impairs cognitive as well as physical performance in different settings. Recently, numerous studies have sought ways to counteract these negative effects of MF. An overview of the explored countermeasures for MF is, however, lacking. Objectives The objective of this review is to pro...
Article
Objective To quantify the impact of performing challenging cognitive, physical and psychological tasks on subsequent cognitive performance, and whether differences in performance are predicted by psychological variables. Background Successful performance in many occupations depends on resilient cognition: the degree to which cognitive functions ca...
Article
Full-text available
Personnel in many professions must remain “ready” to perform diverse activities. Managing individual and collective capability is a common concern for leadership and decision makers. Typical existing approaches for monitoring readiness involve keeping detailed records of training, health and equipment maintenance, or – less commonly – data from wea...
Article
Full-text available
To complement and enhance readiness-monitoring capability, the Acute Readiness Monitoring Scale (ARMS) was developed: a widely applicable, simple psychometric measure of perceived readiness. While this tool may have widespread utility in sport and military settings, it remains unknown if the ARMS demonstrates predictive and concurrent validity. Her...
Article
Full-text available
Background Factors contributing to the accurate measurement of self-reported physical activity are not well understood in middle-aged adults. We investigated the associations between two self-reported surveys and objectively measured physical activity in middle-aged adults, and the influence of individual and sociodemographic factors on these assoc...
Article
Full-text available
High-intensity exercise has enhanced motor learning in healthy young adults. Anodal-transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) may optimize these effects. This study aimed to determine the effects of a short-term high-intensity interval exercise intervention either with or without a-tDCS on the learning and retention of a novel motor task in...
Article
The ingestion of quinine, a bitter tastant, improves short-term (30 s) cycling performance, but it is unclear whether this effect can be integrated into the last effort of a longer race. The purpose of this study was to determine whether midtrial quinine ingestion improves 3,000-m cycling time-trial (TT) performance. Following three familiarization...
Article
Full-text available
Background Epidemiological studies suggest physical activity (PA) slow or prevent both cognitive decline and age-related atrophy in frontal and hippocampal gray matter volumes. However, much of this evidence is based on self-reported measures of PA. Methods PA was measured objectively with a SenseWear™ Armband to examine the cross-sectional associ...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether 4 weeks of endurance training could improve tolerance to mental exertion in untrained participants. Design: Longitudinal training study. Method: Twenty untrained young adults (14 F, 6 M; 27.6 ± 6.2 years) completed a 4-week training protocol in a randomised and counterbalanced order. Base...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity has received substantial research attention due to its beneficial impact on cognition in ageing, particularly via the action of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). It is well established that physical activity can elevate circulating levels of BDNF, and that BDNF has neurotrophic, neuroprotective and cognitively beneficial p...
Article
The use of rolling averages to analyse training data has been debated recently. We evaluated two training load quantification methods (five-zone, seven-zone) fitted to performances over two race distances (50 m and 100 m) using four separate longitudinal models (Banister, Busso. rolling averages and exponentially weighted rolling averages) for thre...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate whether individuals who engage in more frequent self-regulation are less susceptible to mental fatigue. Occupational cognitive demand and participation in sports or exercise were quantified as activities requiring self-regulation. Cardiorespiratory fitness was also assessed. On separate occasions, participan...
Article
Objectives: This study assessed the accuracy of two questionnaires for measuring the duration of physical activity (PA) by intensity compared to an objective measure in older adults. Design: Cross-sectional observation METHODS: A total of 169 (female=43.8%) participants aged 73-78 years (mean: 75.1 y; SD: 1.3) wore a SenseWear™ Armband (SWA) for...
Article
Objective: Modafinil is a psychostimulant that has been shown to enhance cognitive and physical performance. Given its long half-life, it may provide operational advantages if it can improve tolerance to the deleterious effects of prolonged mental exertion. Methods: Physically active males (n = 13, 23 ± 4 years, peak oxygen consumption 45.3 ± 3....
Article
Objective: To identify and detail physiological factors that influence cognition in military personnel. Background: Maintenance of cognitive and task performance is important under several scenarios, none more so than in a military context. Personnel are prepared for and trained to tolerate many of the stressors they encounter; however, considera...
Article
Objective: In this review we detail the impact of environmental stress on cognitive and military task performance and highlight any individual characteristics or interventions which may mitigate any negative effect. Background: Military personnel are often deployed in regions markedly different from their own, experiencing hot days, cold nights an...
Article
PURPOSE: Critical speed (CS) and supra-CS distance capacity (D') are useful metrics for monitoring changes in swimmers' physiological and performance capacities. However, the utility of these metrics across a season has not been systematically evaluated in high level swimmers. METHODS: Twenty-seven swimmers (18 female; age 19.1 ± 2.9 y, 9 male; 19...
Article
Objectives: The current study investigated the effects of two exercise interventions on cognitive function amongst breast cancer survivors. Design: Pilot randomised-controlled trial. Methods: Seventeen female cancer survivors (mean: 62.9 ± 7.8 years) were randomised into three groups: high-intensity interval training (HIIT, n = 6); moderate-intensi...
Conference Paper
Thirty-four elite swimmers (22 female, 12 male, world record ratio (WRR) = 107.0 3.1%) completed a modified 3 minute test (12x25m) as a part of their routine sport science support. This test involved a series of unpaced maximal 12x25m intervals interspersed with 5 s rest periods. The model speed = a.eb.time + c was fitted to the data and integrated...
Article
Given the importance of body composition in maintaining optimal physical and functional capacities, the use of appropriate, field-based assessment tools should be a priority to assist in maintaining the occupational safety of firefighters and the community. For ease, body mass index (BMI) has often been used to assess these changes. However, it is...
Article
Objectives In elite age-group swimming it is unclear to what degree common assessments of anthropometric, jump performance and front-crawl critical speed (CS) correlate with competition performance. Design Cross-sectional field study. Methods Forty eight elite national-level junior swimmers (22 males, age 16.5 ± 1.2 y, 26 females, age 15.5 ± 1...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to identify the physiological demands and distance covered during national competitive 2016. Method used 9 female players including 2 backs, 3 halves, 4 forwards. Data was collected by measuring heart rate, blood lactate, distance covered and time spent walking/running. Data was analysed using mean, standard deviation,...
Article
Critical speed (CS) testing is useful in monitoring training in swimmers, however, completing a series of time trials (TTs) regularly is time-consuming. The 3-minute test may be a solution with positive initial findings. This investigation examined whether a modified 3-minute test (12 × 25 m) could assess CS and supra-CS distance capacity (D’) in s...
Article
This study aimed to describe the effect of compression garments on middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (MCAv) in relation to cognitive and exercise performance whilst cycling. In a randomised-controlled-cross-over design, 15 well-trained male cyclists were recruited to participate in three identical trials wearing loose fitting shorts (contr...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Mental fatigue has consistently been shown to impair endurance performance including both time to exhaustion tasks and self-paced time trials (Van Cutsem et al., 2017). A recent study however, reported that when compared to recreational endurance athletes, professional endurance athletes performed better on a mentally fatiguing task o...
Article
Objective: We hypothesized that different body composition and fitness of firefighters would affect immune and inflammatory activity after working in the heat. Methods: Forty-two firefighters worked in the heat (100 ± 5 °C). Changes in leukocytes, platelets, Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF-) and C-Reactive Protein (CRP) were analyzed based on body compo...
Article
Full-text available
McGowan, CJ, Pyne, DB, Raglin, JS, Thompson, KG, and Rattray, B. Current warm-up practices and contemporary issues faced by elite swimming coaches. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3471–3480, 2016—A better understanding of current swimming warm-up strategies is needed to improve their effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to describe current prec...
Article
Accurately assessing the physiological status of firefighters during work in the heat is critical to ensuring their safety. Evaluating core temperatures (Tc) in the field is problematic due to cost and limitations in technology and accuracy. As such, fire services rely on individual perceptions of wellbeing. The present study aimed to establish whe...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To examine the influence of morning exercise on afternoon sprint swimming performance. Methods: Thirteen competitive swimmers (seven male, 19 ± 3 y; six female, 17 ± 3 y; mean ± SD) completed a morning session of 1200 m of varied intensity swimming (SwimOnly), a combination of varied intensity swimming and a resistance exercise routine...
Article
This study investigated the effect of completing additional warm-up strategies in the transition phase between the pool warm up and the start of a race on elite sprint-swimming performance. Twenty-five elite swimmers (12 men, 20 ± 3 yr; 13 women, 20 ± 2 yr, performance standard ~807 FINA2014 points) completed a standardised pool warm-up followed by...
Data
Performance, physiological and psychological data. (XLSX)
Data
Stroop performance data for professional and recreational road cyclists. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Background: First responders and military personnel experience rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) far in excess of the general population. Although exposure to acute traumatic events plays a role in the genesis of these disorders, in this review, we present an argument that the occupational and environmental conditions where these worke...
Presentation
Full-text available
Competitive swimmers typically experience a delay (transition phase) between the pool warm-up and race start. Additional warm-ups may be required to optimize performance. Exercise completed several hours prior to an event may also elicit a priming effect on performance later that same day. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of additional warm-ups and...
Article
Background: While mentalwork (MW) is known to increase blood pressure (BP) in healthy adults, there is a hypotensive effect post-exercise. However, changes in heart rate (HR) and BP induced byMWin close proximity to physical activity in children are notwell described. The purpose of this studywas to evaluate the effects ofMWon HR and BP in children...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate vascular occlusion (OCC) and sequential intermittent pneumatic compression (SIPC) as recovery strategies following fatiguing resistance exercise. Twelve strength-trained male participants (24.0 ± 6.3 years, 180.4 ± 9.7 cm and 84.8 ± 9.6 kg) participated in a randomised, cross-over study. Participants perfor...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Targeted passive heating and completion of dryland-based activation exercises within the warm-up can enhance sprint freestyle performance. We investigated if these interventions would also elicit improvements in sprint breaststroke swimming performance. Methods: Ten national and internationally competitive swimmers (~805 FINA2014 scorin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
When firefighters work in hot environments, immune responses can be elevated for up to 90 minutes [1-3], possibly increasing the likelihood of thrombotic events or illness [4]. Australian firefighters complete multi-day deployments following natural disasters. However, the extent of immune changes following extended intervals, particularly after an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction In competitive swimming after the pool warm-up, swimmers must change into their racing suit, confer with their coach and report to marshalling ~15-20 min prior to race start, thus transition phases of 30-45 min are not uncommon. There is a risk of a significant decline in body temperature with a long transition phase given that body t...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Mental fatigue (MF) increases perceived exertion (RPE) and impairs endurance performance in recreationally-trained athletes (Marcora 2009; Pageaux 2014). The effect of MF on elite athletes is unknown. The aim of the study was to assess the performance, physiological and psychological responses of elite cyclists following a bout of men...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: When firefighters work in hot conditions, altered immune and inflammatory responses may increase the risk of a cardiac event. The present study aimed to establish the time course of such responses. Methods: Forty-two urban firefighters completed a repeat work protocol in a heat chamber (100 ± 5°C). Changes to leukocytes, platelets, TNFα,...
Article
The lengthy competition transition phases commonly experienced by competitive swimmers may mitigate the benefits of the pool warm-up. To combat this, we examined the impact of additional passive and active warm-up strategies on sprint swimming performance. Counterbalanced, repeated-measures cross-over study. Sixteen junior competitive swimmers comp...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of variable intensities on a simple memory recognition task during exercise. Methods: Twenty active participants took part in initial testing, a familiarization trial and then four 60 min cycling interventions in a randomized order. Interventions consisted of no exercise (control), co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Firefighters regularly re-enter fire scenes during long duration emergency events with limited rest between work bouts. It is unclear whether this practice is impacting on the safety of firefighters. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of multiple work bouts on firefighter physiology, strength and cognitive performance when working in...
Article
Full-text available
Key Points Central fatigue is accepted as a contributor to overall athletic performance, yet little research directly investigates post-exercise recovery strategies targeting the brainCurrent post-exercise recovery strategies likely impact on the brain through a range of mechanisms, but improvements to these strategies is neededResearch is required...
Conference Paper
Dietary nitrate increases middle cerebral artery mean velocity (MCA Vmean) during aerobic exercise but it remains unclear if this is true with the simultaneous inclusion of a cognitively demanding task. Therefore, our aim was to investigate whether nitrate supplementation would influence exercise-induced changes in MCA Vmean, and cognitive performa...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Eccentric exercise has been proposed as an alternate modality for chronic disease patients who cannot tolerate strenuous or vigorous intensity exercise. However, there is limited information regarding the biological benefits of this type of training compared to ‘traditional’ exercise. In this exploratory randomised clinical trial, we evalua...
Article
Full-text available
Mental fatigue can negatively impact on submaximal endurance exercise and has been attributed to changes in perceived exertion rather than changes in physiological variables. The impact of mental fatigue on maximal anaerobic performance is, however, unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to induce a state of mental fatigue to examine...
Conference Paper
Introduction: While critical velocity (CV) and anaerobic distance capacity (ADC) have been measured in swimming for many years, the relationship between these two measures of performance capacity, as well as their relationship to competition performance, has not been thoroughly detailed. Methods: National level junior swimmers (22 males, 26 females...