Ben Godde

Ben Godde
Jacobs University · Psychology and Methods

PhD

About

272
Publications
28,196
Reads
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3,501
Citations
Citations since 2016
69 Research Items
1857 Citations
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Introduction
I am interested in the plasticity of basic cortical information processing as well as higher cognitive functions in humans. We investigate environments and interventions in order to maintain and improve perceptual, motor, and cognitive functioning in older adults as well as to promote lifelong learning. In human performance, our research group examines the role of physical activity and fitness in the psychological and neurological functioning over the lifespan.
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
Jacobs University
Position
  • Professor of Neuroscience
October 2011 - present
Jacobs University
Position
  • Co-Speaker
January 2009 - present
University of Bremen
Position
  • Member
Education
April 1993 - December 1996
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
Field of study
  • Neuroscience

Publications

Publications (272)
Article
The pure exposure to extensive tactile stimulation, without the requirement of attention or active training, has been revealed to enhance sensorimotor functioning presumably due to an induction of plasticity in the somatosensory cortex. The induced effects, including increased tactile acuity and manual dexterity have repeatedly been observed in bas...
Article
Repetitive tactile stimulation is a well-established tool for inducing somatosensory cortical plasticity and changes in tactile perception. Previous studies have suggested that baseline performance determines the amount of stimulation-induced learning differently in specific populations. Older adults with lower baseline performance than young adult...
Article
Tactile perception declines with age on both behavioral and neurophysiological levels. Less well understood is how neurophysiological changes relate to tactile discrimination performance in middle adulthood. A tactile discrimination task was conducted while ERPs were measured in three groups of healthy adults aged 20 to 66 years. Accuracy was lowes...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies revealed a positive influence of physical activity on cognitive functioning in older adults. Studies that investigate the behavioral and neurophysiological effects of type and long term duration of physical training, however, are missing. We performed a 12-month longitudinal study to investigate the effects of cardiovascular and coor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We investigated whether resting-state EEG predict learning slope during and after tool-use training in augmented reality and whether such changes are associated with performance in tactile localization test (TLT) as indicator of embodiment and body schema plasticity. 34 young and 40 older adults underwent a virtual tool-use training in AR with and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract Submission Topic: S_D. Sensory and Motor Systems / D.5 Tactile/somatosensory system / D.5.a Peripheral receptors Abstract Body Aims: We investigated whether training with a virtual tool in augmented reality (AR) has comparable effects on body schema (BS) and sense of ownership and agency in young and older adults, while leveraging AR to p...
Article
The application of machine learning techniques provides a data-driven approach for a deeper understanding of the development and expressions of expertise. In extension to the common procedure of comparing expertś and noviceś performances in expertise-domain-related tasks we applied conventional classification algorithms. We distinguished between ta...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Falling has various physical and psychological consequences in older adults. We aimed at replicating previous findings that reported autonomy is associated with a history of falls and that this association is moderated by self-efficacy. We further assumed that cognitive function would moderate this relationship. Method We analyzed data f...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Older adults show higher interindividual performance variability during the learning of new motor sequences than younger adults. It is largely unknown what factors contribute to this variability. This study aimed to, first, characterize age differences in motor sequence learning and, second, examine influencing factors for interindiv...
Article
Classification of physiological data provides a data driven approach to study central aspects of motor control, which changes with age. To implement such results in real-life applications for elderly it is important to identify age-specific characteristics of movement classification. We compared task-classification based on EEG derived activity pat...
Chapter
Es gibt verschiedene Theorien und Modelle, die Gesundheitsverhalten beschreiben und erklären. Diese Theorien und Modelle sind vor allem deswegen wichtig, weil sie die Grundlage für die Entwicklung und Evaluation von Maßnahmen zur Verbesserung gesundheitsbezogenen Handelns und generell für die Optimierung von Verhaltensänderung sein können. Die Evid...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As insomnia is recognized as a globally prevalent mental disorder with a high comorbidity rate, attempts to cure insomnia have been increasing. Primary insomnia is not attributed to other medical conditions or substance usage but may be due to impaired brain network and dysregulated brain activities. Normally, a bottom-up thalamocortical pathway is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological and developmental disorder that starts early in infancy and lasts throughout a person's life affecting information flow in the brain leading to secondary problems for the patient. Early detection of ASD is vital in enhancing the efficiency of the treatment. Current diagnostic approaches for autism are time...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological and developmental disorder that starts early in infancy and lasts throughout a person’s life affecting information flow in the brain leading to secondary problems for the patient. Early detection of ASD is vital in enhancing the efficiency of the treatment. Current diagnostic approaches for autism are time...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From resting-state Electroencephalography (EEG) signals, two Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) detectors were created. One of the detectors contained extreme gradient boosting (XGB), which used polynomial combinations of delta and theta relative power band (ID-2), and the other detector was created using a visual representation of the...
Article
Full-text available
Brain plasticity in the somatosensory cortex and tactile performance can be facilitated by brain stimulation. Here, we investigated the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on tactile perception in musicians and non-musicians to elucidate how tDCS-effects might depend on tactile expertise. On three separate days, 17 semi-profes...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory processing sensitivity (SPS) is a trait correlated with increased sensitivity to internal and external stimuli. FMRI studies indicate that increased activation in areas associated with attention, empathy, and higher-order visual processing correlate with high SPS. We used electroencephalography frequency power spectra in four frequency band...
Article
Full-text available
Divergent thinking (DT) as one component of creativity is the ability to search for multiple solutions to a single problem and is reliably tested with the Alternative Uses Task (AUT). DT depends on activity in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), a prefrontal region that has also been associated with inhibitory control (IC). Experimentally manipulatin...
Data
Creative thinking forms the basis for many innovations in business, science, culture or everyday life. Despite its importance, the neurobiology of creativity has been researched very little. Scientists at Jacobs University have now measured our ability to develop new and original solutions – and discovered, among other things, that creativity can b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Miller et al. (2014) described altered arm representation and body schema after training to use a mechanical gripper for grasping distant objects. We examined whether similar training with a virtual tool in augmented reality (AR) would have comparable effects. Thirty young adults learned controlling a virtual gripper to grasp virtual objects at var...
Article
Full-text available
Divergent thinking (DT) as one component of creativity is the ability to search for multiple solutions to a single problem and is reliably tested with the Alternative Uses Task (AUT). DT depends on activity in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), a prefrontal region that has also been associated with inhibitory control (IC). Experimentally manipulatin...
Data
Electronic supplementary material linked to" Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation of left and right inferior frontal gyrus on creative divergent thinking are moderated by changes in inhibition control"
Preprint
Full-text available
Brain plasticity in somatosensory cortex can be facilitated by brain stimulation. To elucidate the relationship between the magnitude of plasticity and tactile performance with tactile expertise, we investigated the effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on tactile perception in musicians and non-musicians. At three separate days...
Poster
Full-text available
Neuroimaging have shown that the anterior prefrontal cortex (aPFC; BA9/10) is involved in Theory of Mind (ToM) tasks such as the recognition of facial emotional expressions (for a review see Kripple & Karim, 2011; Khalil et al., 2018). However, since neuroimaging methods only allow correlative statements the causal contribution of the aPFC in ToM t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Major and minor modes are closely linked to the emotional properties of music. Previous research on the late positive components (LPC) of auditory event-related potentials (ERP) suggests that the minor mode is perceived as a lower-pitched deviant from the major mode. In this study, we compared the behavioral and ERP results of 30 musicians and 29 n...
Article
Full-text available
Moderate intensity cardiovascular exercise appears to provide a low-cost “intervention” on neurocognitive processes such as attentional control, yet the effects vary depending, for example, on cognitive task, time of testing, or exercise intensity. However, while a number of studies show that brief bouts of acute exercise can modulate behavioral in...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence suggests that reduced bottom-up processing due to aging-related brain deterioration needs to be considered when trying to understand how cognitive resources and processing arousing emotional information are associated in old age. Moreover, cognitive resources have been shown to decrease in older adults while high interindividual variabilit...
Article
Full-text available
Having a creative mind is one of the gateways for achieving fabulous success and remarkable progress in professional, personal and social life. Therefore, a better understanding of the neural correlates and the underlying neural mechanisms related to creative ideation is crucial and valuable. However, the current literature on neural systems and ci...
Article
It remains controversial whether aging influences motor learning and whether physiological factors, such as local strength or fitness, are associated with fine motor performance and learning in older adults (OA). OA (n = 51) and young adults (YA, n = 31) performed a short-term motor learning session using a precision grip force modulation task. The...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to selectively attend to task-relevant information increases throughout childhood and decreases in older age. Here, we intended to investigate these opposing developmental trajectories, to assess whether gains and losses early and late in life are associated with similar or different electrophysiological changes, and to get a better und...
Article
Full-text available
Acute bouts of exercise have been shown to improve fine motor control performance and to facilitate motor memory consolidation processes in young adults. Exercise effects might be reflected in EEG task-related power (TRPow) decreases in the beta band (13–30 Hz) as an indicator of active motor processing. This study aimed to investigate those effect...
Article
Full-text available
It is well-established that expertise developed through continuous and deliberate practice has the potential to delay age-related decline in fine motor skills. However, less is known about the underlying mechanisms, that is, whether expertise leads to a higher performance level changing the initial status from which age-related decline starts or if...
Article
Full-text available
Participants practiced a fixed 3- and a fixed 6-key press sequence for 144 times each. In the speed group, they were instructed to execute their sequences fast without bothering much about errors while the accurate group was instructed to be careful and prevent errors. In the test phase, participants executed series of 3 and 6 responses (a) when al...
Article
Tactile perception results from the interplay of peripheral and central mechanisms for detection and sensation of objects and the discrimination and evaluation of their size, shapes, and surface characteristics. For different tasks, we investigated this interaction between more bottom-up stimulus-driven and rather top-down attention-related and cog...
Article
Age-related deterioration of force control is evident on behavioral and neural levels. Extensive and deliberate practice can decrease these changes. This study focused on detecting electrophysiological correlates of age and expertise-related differences in force control. We examined young (20-27years) and late middle-aged (57-67 years) novices as w...
Article
Diverse adaptive visual processing mechanisms allow us to complete visual search tasks in a wide visual photopic range (>0.6 cd/m²). Whether search strategies or mechanisms known from this range extend below, in the mesopic and scotopic luminance spectra (<0.6 cd/m²), has yet to be addressed. Based on a study that addressed simple target discrimina...
Article
Older adults (OA) compared to young adults (YA) reveal deteriorated fine motor control. However, it remains unknown whether this age difference is reflected on the central level, i.e., in electrophysiological correlates such as EEG task-related power (TRPow) in alpha (8-13 Hz) or beta band (13-30 Hz). Furthermore, we were interested in the associat...
Article
Full-text available
When two tasks are performed simultaneously, performance often declines in one or both tasks. These so-called dual-task costs are more pronounced in old than in young adults. One proposed neurological mechanism of the dual-task costs is that old compared with young adults tend to execute single-tasks with higher brain activation. In the brain regio...
Data
MoCa. Montreal cognitive asessment (max. score of 30). (DOCX)
Data
Validation. Center of pressure (CoP) velocity during normal standing and root-mean-square error (RMSE) angle between the avatar and the vertical during simulated standing. (DOCX)
Data
Deactivation. MNI coordinates and t-values of the local maxima with significant deactivation during balance, calculation and dual-tasking (p < 0.05; FWE corrected for multiple comparisons). Voxel size is 3x3x3 mm. (DOCX)
Data
Behavioral data. Root-mean-square error (RMSE) angle between the avatar and the vertical during balance and dual-tasking, percentage trials with a correct answer on the calculation task during calculation and dual-tasking, and performance decline from single- to dual-tasking. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Learning new motor skills is important for everyday life and independent living in older age. While studies on motor sequence learning and motor adaptation revealed age differences that are mostly related to frontal decline with increasing age, data for fine finger force modulation are missing. Twelve young (YA, 18–28 years) and twelve middle-aged...
Technical Report
Full-text available
EEG records the electrical activities from the scalp surface via electrodes. As a modern medical imaging technique, it has been proven to be useful in many different fields. Clinical diagnosis, psychotherapy, brain-computer interfaces and the pharmaceutical industry all have benefited from the insights that one can glean from EEG measurements. Howe...
Article
An acute bout of high intensity physical exercise, as compared to a resting condition, led to enhanced improvement in fine motor performance 24 h after physical exercise in young adults, indicating that acute exercise can boost motor learning [1]. In older adults, cardiovascular fitness level is positively associated with fine motor performance [2]...
Article
Full-text available
We examined if physical exercise interventions were effective to reduce cognitive brain resources recruited while performing motor control tasks in older adults. Forty-three older adults (63–79 years of age) participated in either a walking (n = 17) or a motor coordination (n = 15) intervention (1 year, 3 times per week) or were assigned to a contr...
Article
Full-text available
Complex interactions of various subsystems contributing to force control result in observable behavioral fluctuations that comprise both determinist and stochastic dynamical components. In the present study, we investigated both these components of the dynamics involved in visuomotor force control in different populations. To this aim, young and la...
Data
Question: Noninvasive cortical stimulation techniques such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are capable of increasing and decreasing cortical excitability and thereby might be clinically relevant for rehabilitation of neurological and neuropsy-chiatric disorders. However, the induced after-effects are usually too short-lasting...
Article
Question Noninvasive cortical stimulation techniques such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are capable of increasing and decreasing cortical excitability and thereby might be clinically relevant for rehabilitation of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the induced after-effects are usually too short-lasting t...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive and brain aging is strongly influenced by everyday settings such as work demands. Long-term exposure to low job complexity, for instance, has detrimental effects on cognitive functioning and regional gray matter volume. Brain and cognition, however, are also characterized by plasticity. We postulate that the experience of novelty (at work...
Chapter
In this chapter, we review in detail how physical activity, physical fitness, and fitness interventions are related to and influence cognitive performance and brain health in older adults. To facilitate the understanding of differential exercise effects on cognitive and brain function, we begin with an overview on age-related cognitive and brain ch...
Chapter
The individual lifestyle factor physical activity has been shown to improve cognitive and motor skills across the lifespan. Physical activity further impacts processes in the brain and modulates corresponding brain structures. Respective research distinguishes between effects of acute bouts of exercise and of engagement in long-term physical activi...