Belul Gixhari

Belul Gixhari
Agricultural University of Tirana | UBT · Institute of Plant Genetic Resources (IPGR)

Prof. Dr.

About

201
Publications
76,792
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
306
Citations
Citations since 2016
70 Research Items
238 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
Exploring, collecting and documenting plant genetic resources. Assessing the genetic diversity (geographic and genetic diversity, representatives of diversity and gaps analysis). Prerequisites for effective utilization of PGR.
Additional affiliations
October 2014 - present
Agricultural University of Tirana
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Scientific Master in Agrarian Engineering
June 2008 - April 2020
Agricultural University of Tirana
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Institute of Plant Genetic Resources: 1. Conservation and Documentation of Plant Genetic Resources. 2. Characterization and Evaluation of Industrial Crops.
Education
September 1976 - June 1981
Agricultural University of Tirana
Field of study
  • Agronomy Sciences

Publications

Publications (201)
Article
Full-text available
Sweet cherry exhibits RNase based gametophytic self-incompatibility system which is controlled by a single multi-allelic locus S. The identification of the self-(in) compatibility genotypes facilitates orchard management and is important for future breeding programmes. However, to ensure an effective pollination and fruit set compatible cultiva...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present paper reviews the genotype and environment interaction as an alternative tool in plant breeding programs for utilization of plant genetic resources. Environment has empirically been considered as a key factor by farmers and conventional plant breeders since agriculture began, but the use of environmental components of the collecting sit...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY The aim of this research was to evaluate the genetic variability of 18 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes by quantitative agro-morphological traits, and to identify factors affecting the cultivars grain yield. A two years study (2017-2019) was conducted at the Experimental Field of the Agricultural University of Tirana (altitude of 40 m...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out for the characterisation and pre-evaluation of genetic diversity present in the Phaseolus germplasm stored in Albanian Gene Bank and 50 local common bean accessions of different origins were involved to identify and select the most important accessions with favourable characteristics for use in breeding programs. The study w...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The sorghum germplasm stored in gene bank contains more than 20 genotypes with known or unknown origin and the Sorghum species are a modest valuable group of species used especially for animal production. However, little is known about the extent and nature of the variability of these species. Eight genotypes local forms or cultivars, eva...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out for the characterisation and pre-evaluation of genetic diversity present in the Phaseolus germplasm stored in Albanian Gene Bank and 50 local common bean accessions of different origins were involved to identify and select the most important accessions with favourable characteristics for use in breeding programs. The study w...
Presentation
Full-text available
Biological diversity exists at three main levels: the diversity within species, between species & among of ecosystems. Agro-biodiversity loss (agro-ecosystems, species & populations within species = important for agriculture), is increasing every decade. The scientific community stressed the importance of biodiversity conservation. The Convention o...
Presentation
Full-text available
Assessing the genetic diversity of cultivated crops: Representativeness of diversity, Gaps analysis. Methods: analysing stored material; genebank inventory – composition; farmers’ / landraces diversity; wild species for use; acquisition date; biological status of accession; collecting/ acquisition source; designation of germplasm origin/passport. S...
Presentation
Full-text available
Organization of germplasm: target collections, responsibility of germplasm. Classification of crops diversity: cultivated species, wild species, breeding materials. Organizing documentation data: Passport data for genetic materials: application of Descriptor Lists, application of EURISCO descriptors. Characterization and evaluation data: applicatio...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out for the characterisation and pre-evaluation of genetic diversity present in the Phaseolus germplasm stored in Albanian Gene Bank and 50 local common bean accessions of different origins were involved to identify and select the most important accessions with favourable characteristics for use in breeding programs. The study w...
Article
Full-text available
The sorghum germplasm stored in Gene Bank has more than 20 genotypes of known or unknown origin and the Sorghum species are a modest valuable group of species used especially for animal production purposes. However, little is known about the extent and nature of the variability of these species. Eight genotypes local forms or cultivars, evaluating...
Presentation
Full-text available
PROCEDURES WITH PLANT GENETIC RESORCES: Collecting & Acquisition of germplasm. Conservation & Registration of germplasm. Characterization & Evaluation. Germplasm regeneration. Documentation & Information. Germplasm distribution. Procedures aim to: make the germplasm more useful to farmers & scientists. to generate appropriate data for documentation...
Presentation
Full-text available
Potential bioprospecting plant species Reasons of interest on potential bioprospecting plant species in a geographical area: potential bioprospecting species could be threatened by genetic erosion; governments, plant breeders, farmers etc., may show large interest in the safeguard and collection of some species; in some areas, rich in genetic diver...
Article
Full-text available
A study was carried out for the characterisation and pre-evaluation of genetic diversity present in the Phaseolus germplasm stored in Albanian Gene Bank and 50 local common bean accessions of different origins were involved to identify and select the most important accessions with favourable characteristics for use in breeding programs. The study w...
Article
Full-text available
Study for the evaluation of variability of 30 chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) samples, representing 10 chamomile populations collected in nine different natural growing areas of Albania (Berat, Fier, Skrapar, Tirana, Lezha, Lushnja, Korca, Kucova and Kruja), using morphological traits was carried out in the Experimental field of Agricultural U...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ASSESMENT OF GENETIC DIVERSITY OF PHASEOLUS GERMPLASM BY MORPHOLOGICAL QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS *VALBONA HOBDARI1, BELUL GIXHARI1, FETAH ELEZI1, DORIANA BODE1 1Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, Agricultural University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania Corresponding author e-mail: vhobdari@ubt.edu.al Abstract Study for characterisation and pre-evalu...
Article
Full-text available
Through macro explants of 25 varieties of ssp, oleaster and sylvestris are performed a series of treatments to identify the factors that can influence for the percentage of rooting. IBA treatments at different doses have been positive for some varieties while some varieties have a modest or zero rhyzogen capacity. Different doses of hydro alcoholic...
Article
Full-text available
A comparative field trial of four oriental tobacco varieties (Katerini, Izmir, Prilep 669 and Prilep 1237) was carried out during 2019 to assess bio-morphological and economic quantitative characteristics. The comparison trial was conducted in Koplik of Malsi e Madhe Municipality, situated in the Northern areas of Albania. Experimental design used...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In vitro micro propagation is an alternative to conventional (vegetative) propagation of potatoes whereas aseptically meristem cultures were used which gave pathogen free plants. Different sterilization protocols were used for disinfecting the isolates potato sprouts from two potato genotypes named Excuisita and Bergerac. After 35-40 days...
Presentation
Full-text available
• Tirana administers about 80 thousand old olive trees. Seven trees are 3000 to 3800 years old. The oldest trees are explored at 200 - 500 m above sea level. The thickness of the cell wall layer is estimated (sclerenkimatic ring, Ks + Fl) with a microscope with oil. Growth regression and age determination were analyzed through linear regression. Th...
Presentation
Full-text available
Albania belongs to the subtropical Mediterranean climate zone, and like other Mediterranean countries, is characterized by warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters, with a very high sunshine period. Being among the most important and extensively cultivated fruit tree crops olive grown in Albania (12% of the arable land), covers the entire coast line...
Poster
Full-text available
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an important winter cereal crop in Albania. A total of 20 accessions of barley part of the base collection of Albanian Gene Bank, were the object of the study for agro/morphological characteristics in the Experimental field of Agriculture University in Tirana. Data on 16 traits (five quantitative and 11 qualitative) w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is an important winter cereal crop in Albania. A total of 20 accessions of barley part of base collection of Albanian Gene Bank, were object of the study for agro/morphological characteristics in Experimental field of Agriculture University in Tirana. Data on 16 traits (five quantitative and 11 qualitative) were recorded...
Presentation
Full-text available
Study for characterization of genetic diversity present in the 100-bread wheat (T. aestivum) genotypes of local origin, stored in Albanian genebank, using 12 quantitative traits (6 morphological traits and 6 biochemical markers) was carried out. The study was realized in the Experimental Field of Agriculture Institute of Peja (Kosovo) during the 20...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Study for characterization of genetic diversity presented in the 100-bread wheat (T. aestivum) genotypes of local origin, stored in Albanian genebank, using 12 quantitative traits (6 morphological traits and 6 biochemical markers) was carried out. The study was realized in the Experimental Field of Agriculture Institute of Peja (Kosovo) during the...
Article
Full-text available
Study for characterization of genetic diversity presented in the 100-bread wheat (T. aestivum) genotypes of local origin, stored in Albanian genebank, using 12 quantitative traits (6 morphological traits and 6 biochemical markers) was carried out. The study was realized in the Experimental Field of Agriculture Institute of Peja (Kosovo) during the...
Book
Full-text available
The book is a contribution to Documentation of Plant Genetic Resources in a genebank. It is composed of 12 chapters considering an Introduction to Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources, genebanks and documentation system, generation of information during different genebank procedures, documentation of genebank procedures, descriptors standard li...
Book
Full-text available
Tobacco monograph includes 22 chapters. In the first chapter of the book is presented a large and details information about tobacco origin, cultivation, production, and consumption in the world. Other chapters treated tobacco biodiversity, botanic, tobacco breeding concepts, identification of tobacco varieties, production of seedlings, the influenc...
Article
Full-text available
Diversity of Albanian National Inventory in EURISCO catalogue is carried out using import statistics by passport descriptors from Plant Genetic Resources database. Descriptors used were: number of accession, genus, species, common crop name, collecting number, geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude, elevation), collecting and acquisition date,...
Book
Full-text available
In this book you can get acquainted with the main indigenous or traditional varieties of species that are cultivated in Albania.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The olive domestication in the mediterranean basin is 40-45 thousand years before, also in the same era on both sides of the Ionian and Adriatic coast. In Albania, Olive resources constitute a valuable source of food and historically are considered sacred, a blessed tree, a symbol of joy and victories, ritual of folk culture and tradition. This stu...
Article
Full-text available
Olive germplasm distribution, culture situation, and history of old olive trees in Albania were analyzed, using olive database in genebank, and external data from historical and archaeological archival documents. Albania belongs to the favourable climatic zones of Olive trees, and is very rich in biological and landscape olive tree diversity. Being...
Presentation
Full-text available
Albanian National Inventory Status. Albanian National Inventory in EURISCO = 4252 acc. Source of germplasm: 2600 acc. from ex-Research Agricultural Stations (1990-1998). (collected material and Breeder’s line). 186 acc repatriated from other countries (most part from Germany). 32 acc. were accepted from private breeders. 1434 acc. Were accepted fro...
Presentation
Full-text available
The aim of the GRIN-Global Workshop: Introduce the participants to the GRIN-Global gene-bank management software application. To gain knowledge on existing regional (EURISCO) & global GENESYS) platforms. Learn about documentation, data quantity & quality improvement, tools and processes. To provide training on the GRIN-Global - Curator and Admin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Geographic distribution assessment of the main leaf and head diseases infection of wheat as leaf rust (Puccinia recondita), powdery mildew (Blumeria graminis), wheat leaf blotch (Septoria tritici) and Fusarium ssp., using a total of 720 geo-referenced disease points, observed on 24 wheat farmers economy selected randomly in six different ecological...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of genetic diversity of grass pea (Lathyrus sativum) genotypes stored in Albanian genebank, was carried out in the Experimental field of Agricultural University of Tirana, during two growing seasons. Twelve local forms of grass pea’s collection, evaluating 15 qualitative traits with high inheritance degree, were used for the assessment o...
Article
Full-text available
Study for characterization of genetic diversity present in the durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) germplasm stored in genebank was carried out in the Experimental Field of Agriculture University of Tirana during the growing 2015-2016 season. The study analyzed 99 durum wheat accessions genotypes of local origin for 15 quantitative morphological cha...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract: Study for characterization of genetic diversity presented in the bread wheat (T. aestivum) germplasm stored in Albanian gene bank was carried out in the Experimental Field of Agriculture Institute of Peja (Kosovo) during the 2015-2016 seasons. The study analyzed 100 bread wheat genotypes of local origin for 12 quantitative traits (6 morph...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract In vitro micropropagation is an alternative to conventional (vegetative) propagation of potatoes whereas aseptically meristem cultures were used which gave pathogen free plants. Different sterilization protocols were used for disinfecting the isolates potato sprouts from two potato genotypes named Excuisita and Bergerac. After 35-40 days o...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the agronomic characteristics of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm, maintained in ex situ collection at Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI), Agricultural University of Tirana. Total of 100 wheat accessions were planted under field condition and their agro morphological characters (14 qu...
Poster
Full-text available
Abstract: Assessment of genetic diversity of grass pea (Lathyrus sativum) genotypes stored in Albanian genebank, was carried out in the Experimental field of Agricultural University of Tirana, during two growing seasons. Twelve local forms of grass pea’s collection, evaluating 15 qualitative traits with high inheritance degree, were used for the as...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the agronomic characteristics of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm, maintained in ex situ collection at Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI), Agricultural University of Tirana. Total of 100 wheat accessions were planted under field condition and their agro morphological characters (14 quantitative...
Poster
Full-text available
book Page 71 chemical indices were derived from the measured quality parameters. The results of this monitoring will be used to 038 assess the quality of the surface waters of the coastal Adriatic and Ionian Sea in Albania areas. There was a high 039 positive correlation between percent water saturation of oxygen and pH and TSD and a negative corre...
Book
Full-text available
This book includes information on Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources. The book is composed of 11 chapters, discussing the importance of biodiversity in general and of plant genetic resources for agriculture and food. In the boo is given information on base and field collection, kinds of methods used for their management and standard of conser...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the agronomic characteristics of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) germplasm, maintained in ex situ collection at Plant Genetic Resources Institute (PGRI), Agricultural University of Tirana. Total of 100 wheat accessions were planted under field condition and their agro morphological characters (14 quantitative...
Presentation
Full-text available
Plant Biodiversity of Fushe Arrez-experiences and challenges gives information about plant diversity explored and collected in Fushe Arrez areas. Region was found rich of plant species, local crop varieties and cultural heritages that support agriculture development and tourism.
Book
Full-text available
Kjo monografi është realizuar në kuadër të projektit “Rritja e kapacitetit të komunitetit të Fushë-Arrëzit për ruajtjen e farave autoktone bujqësore, arrore dhe frutore”. Projekti zbatohet nga Qendra Kombëtare Për Shërbime Komunitare, dhe mbështetet nga projekti Eco-Nord, në kuadër të Fondit të Iniciativave Lokale, të kontraktuara nga ALCDF, nga fo...
Article
Full-text available
Study for geographic distribution of 172 geo-observations representing new accessions collected from four districts of Albania (Dibra, Korca, Gjirokastra, Shkodra) during FAO Project (2013-2014), including 9 species, was carried out, using grids of 5 x 5 km to assess the number of individuals per species and per district, the area of occupancy and...
Article
Full-text available
Diversity of 630 geo-observations representing local landraces (27 genera and 36 species) collected in Albanian territory during SEEDN et Project on Plant Genetic Resources (2009-2010), and their representativeness in genebank was carried out. The number of observations per species and per district, the area of occupancy, the diversity indices and...
Poster
Full-text available
With the permission of His Excellency, Prof. Bamir Topi, President of Albania, the Genetic Scientists Bank of Albania have explored and identified in the Olive Garden, 123 olive trees that belong to 12 varieties. Among these 63 trees are indigenous and are very old. They are indigenous varieties of Tirana: Bahuta, Black olive, Linza olive, Boc, Per...
Article
Full-text available
Tomato powdery mildew, caused by the fungus Leveillula taurica, is more common in greenhouses in Albania especially in second growing season where the infected plants can suffer to the point of severe economical damage if left unchecked. Growers often depend on pesticides for its control. In this study, some alternative reduced-risk products were e...
Poster
Full-text available
Distribution and genetic diversity of 198 geo-observations, including 34 plant species, from the four areas of Tirana region was carried out, using grids of 5 x 5 km, to assess the species richness, the area of occupancy and diversity indices. Geospatial analysis and combination of diversity indices as species richness, Simpson (1–D), Shannon, Even...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Distribution and genetic diversity of 198 geo-observations, including 34 plant species, from the four areas of Tirana region was carried out, using grids of 5 x 5 km, to assess the species richness, the area of occupancy and diversity indices. Geo-spatial analysis and combination of diversity indices as species richness, Simpson (1–D), Shannon, Eve...