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Belén Carballo-Leyenda

Belén Carballo-Leyenda
Universidad de León. Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences

Biosystems Engineering PhD
I am currently working on the SixthSense Project to develop a portable health monitoring system with tactile biofeedback

About

23
Publications
6,226
Reads
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149
Citations
Introduction
Ana Belen Carballo currently works in VALFIS Research Group at the Institute of Biomedicine - IBIOMED, Universidad de León. Their current project is SIXTHSENSE Project https://sixthsenseproject.eu/
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
Universidad de León
Position
  • Researcher
April 2013 - April 2020
Universidad de León
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Heat stress in wildland firefighting
September 2012 - October 2017
Universidad de León
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
October 2010 - July 2011
Universidad de León
Field of study
  • Health and Safety

Publications

Publications (23)
Article
This study aimed to assess current perceptions of heat stress, heat strain, acclimatisation and re-covery practices in wildland fire suppression. 1,459 wildfire and structural firefighters, both in-volved in wildland fire suppression, completed an 18-question survey. Most participants (81.3%) reported heat strain as one of the main risks to face up...
Article
Full-text available
The work performed by wildland firefighters (WFFs) is very demanding owing to the conditions in which they have to operate. It has been reported that these professionals walk long distances over unstable and steep terrain carrying heavy loads, handle tools manually and repeatedly and are subject to a high level of thermal stress. Under such conditi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The arduous conditions (i.e., harsh environmental conditions, high physical and mental demands) in which wildland firefighters (WFFs) have to perform their work during wildfire suppression can lead to states of both physical and mental fatigue. Although several studies have delved into the first type of fatigue, there is a paucity of research on th...
Article
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of post-exercise rating times (from 0-min to 4-wks) on sRPE. Twenty five athletes (12 females and 13 males) from different sports (sprinting, endurance running, cycling and volleyball) were involved in this study. At least 3 training sessions per subject were quantified based on sRPE using a visua...
Article
Full-text available
The Pack Test (PT) is a widely used test to establish readiness for work in wildland firefighting. It is common to perform this test dressed in regular exercise clothing. However, wildland fire-fighters (WFF) have to wear personal protective equipment (PPE) during their deployments, which increases the physiological strain and reducing their work c...
Article
Full-text available
The main purpose of this study was to characterise the thermal environment and the risk of heat burns of wildland firefighters according to the suppression tasks performed in real wildland fires. Measurements of air temperature and heat flux were performed by affixing heat flux and ambient temperature sensors on the outer and inner surface of the w...
Article
Purpose: This study investigated the effect of cooldown modality (active vs passive) and duration (5, 10, and 15 min) on session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE). Secondarily, the possible influence of training sessions' demand on this effect was studied. Methods: A total of 16 youth male soccer players (15.7 [0.4] y) completed 2 standardized...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La extinción de incendios forestales implica la exposición al flujo de calor procedente de las llamas y a altas temperaturas ambientales. Estos factores incrementan el riego de sufrir quemaduras, por lo que el Equipo de Protección Individual (EPI) resulta de uso obligatorio para proteger al personal especialista en extinción de incendios forestales...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Influencia del equipo de protección individual en el estrés fisiológico por calor en el personal especialista en extinción de incendios forestales (PEEIF) RESUMEN / ABSTRACT La extinción de incendios forestales es una ocupación físicamente exigente que se caracteriza por unas condiciones específicas que conllevan la exposición a altas temperaturas...
Poster
Full-text available
INTRODUCCIÓN: Durante la extinción de incendios forestales (IIFF) la naturaleza impredecible de los mismos crea un ambiente peligroso y físicamente desafiante al Personal Especialista en Extinción de Incendios Forestales (PEEIF). Es por ello que es de especial interés el conocimiento de valores relativos a la capacidad aeróbica (VO2max), parámetro...
Article
Full-text available
Wildland firefighters work under adverse environments (e.g. heat and fire exposure), which contribute to increasing the heat strain. Despite this there is a paucity of knowledge about the thermal environment in real wildfire suppression scenarios. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to characterize the environmental thermal exposure and t...
Article
Full-text available
Activities performed by wildland firefighters are carried out wearing a personal protective equipment (PPE). Although the PPE protects workers from a wide variety of hazards, it may increase their physiological response and limit their performance. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the protective clothing (PPC) and the rest of the...
Article
Full-text available
Wildfire firefighting is an extremely demanding occupation performed under hot environment. The use of personal protective clothing (PPC) is needed to protect subjects from the thermal exposure. However, the additional use of PPC may increase the wildland firefighters’ physiological strain, and consequently limit their performance. The aim of this...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyse the physiological strain of firefighters, using heart rate (HR) and core temperature, during real wildfire suppression according to the type of attack performed (direct, indirect or mixed). Three intensity zones were established according to the HR corresponding to the ventilatory threshold (VT) and respiratory...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyze the physiological demands and thermal strain of wildland firefighters during real wildfire suppression. The response of core temperature and heart rate (HR) were analyzed in 200 wildland firefighters during wildfire suppression activities of different duration: <1 h (n = 52), 1-3 h (n = 70), 3-5 h (n = 44), and...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to analyse the physiological strain of firefighters, using heart rate (HR) and core temperature, during real wildfire suppression according to the type of attack performed (direct, indirect or mixed). Three intensity zones were established according to the HR corresponding to the ventilatory threshold (VT) and respiratory...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Health and occupational performance in wildland firefighters are mainly impaired for the carbon monoxide inhalation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the personal exposure to carbon monoxide in wildland firefighters during wildfires suppression. Methods: Carbon monoxide exposure was monitorized in 44 subjects during 58 re...
Article
Full-text available
Health and occupational performance in wildland firefighters are mainly impaired for the carbon monoxide inhalation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the personal exposure to carbon monoxide in wildland firefighters during wildfires suppression. Carbon monoxide exposure was monitorized in 44 subjects during 58 real wildfires. Moreove...
Article
Full-text available
El Personal Especialista en Extinción de Incendios Forestales (PEEIF) desarrolla su trabajo en condiciones que exigen un gran esfuerzo físico. La actividad realizada está condicionada por diversos factores, entre ellos las altas temperaturas, la dureza orográfica, la inhalación de humos y la deshidratación. En el presente estudio se ha cuantificado...
Article
Full-text available
The wildland firefighters (PEEIF) develop their work in conditions that require great physical effort (eg., high temperature, hardness orographic, smoke exposure, dehydration). The aim of this study was to quantify the exercise effort exerted by the PEEIF (n = 200) in different wildfires extinction (n = 79). According to the maximum oxygen consumpt...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This is a journal/magazine on technical aspects on "Wildfires and other Natural Risks". This has also position papers, informative research texts in these topics and reviews of books and people in these fields. The language is Spanish. Esta es una revista sobre aspectos técnicos sobre "Incendios y otros Riesgos Naturales". También tiene documentos de posicionamiento, textos de divulgación en estos campos y reseñas de libros y personas en estos temas. El idioma es español. Revista IyRN http://revistarirn.org/revista
Project
SIXTHSENSE is an European Horizon 2020 project that leverages electrotactile stimulation to continually convey this information to the first responder wearing it, through the messages coded in tactile sensation induced by transcutaneous stimuli. SIXTHSENSE is a multidisciplinary innovation and research action with the overall aim of developing a wearable health monitoring system with closed-loop tactile biofeedback, that allows first responders in hazardous situations to sense their current health status. It will allow early detection of risk factors that could lead to rapid deterioration of health or operation capabilities of first responders, by leveraging predictive models based on multi modal biosensor data (e.g., lactate, Na, K, HR, temperature). As a team management tool, it will enable real-time monitoring of all deployed operatives, helping increase team effectiveness and operational safety.