Bela Gipp

Bela Gipp
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen | GAUG · Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science

Prof. Dr. Ing.

About

227
Publications
152,962
Reads
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4,224
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - March 2022
Bergische Universität Wuppertal
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • http://www.gipp.com
February 2015 - July 2018
Universität Konstanz
Position
  • Juniorprofessor
Description
  • www.isg.uni-konstanz.de
April 2014 - January 2015
National Institute of Informatics
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (227)
Book
Full-text available
Publication in the field of technical sciences Plagiarism is a problem with far-reaching consequences for the sciences. However, even today’s best software-based systems can only reliably identify copy&paste plagiarism. Disguised plagiarism forms, including paraphrased text, cross-language plagiarism, as well as structural and idea plagiarism often...
Article
Wikipedia combines the power of AI solutions and human reviewers to safeguard article quality. Quality control objectives include detecting malicious edits, fixing typos, and spotting inconsistent formatting. However, no automated quality control mechanisms currently exist for mathematical formulae. Spell checkers are widely used to highlight textu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Media bias is a multi-faceted construct influencing individual behavior and collective decision-making. Slanted news reporting is the result of one-sided and polarized writing which can occur in various forms. In this work, we focus on an important form of media bias, i.e. bias by word choice. Detecting biased word choices is a challenging task due...
Preprint
Full-text available
Media bias is a multi-faceted construct influencing individual behavior and collective decision-making. Slanted news reporting is the result of one-sided and polarized writing which can occur in various forms. In this work, we focus on an important form of media bias, i.e. bias by word choice. Detecting biased word choices is a challenging task due...
Preprint
Full-text available
DBLP is the largest open-access repository of scientific articles on computer science and provides metadata associated with publications, authors, and venues. We retrieved more than 6 million publications from DBLP and extracted pertinent metadata (e.g., abstracts, author affiliations, citations) from the publication texts to create the DBLP Discov...
Article
Full-text available
Small to medium-scale data science experiments often rely on research software developed ad-hoc by individual scientists or small teams. Often there is no time to make the research software fast, reusable, and open access. The consequence is twofold. First, subsequent researchers must spend significant work hours building upon the proposed hypothes...
Preprint
Full-text available
Document embeddings and similarity measures underpin content-based recommender systems, whereby a document is commonly represented as a single generic embedding. However, similarity computed on single vector representations provides only one perspective on document similarity that ignores which aspects make two documents alike. To address this limi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Learning scientific document representations can be substantially improved through contrastive learning objectives, where the challenge lies in creating positive and negative training samples that encode the desired similarity semantics. Prior work relies on discrete citation relations to generate contrast samples. However, discrete citations enfor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Digital mathematical libraries assemble the knowledge of years of mathematical research. Numerous disciplines (e.g., physics, engineering, pure and applied mathematics) rely heavily on compendia gathered findings. Likewise, modern research applications rely more and more on computational solutions, which are often calculated and verified by compute...
Chapter
Full-text available
A drastic rise in potentially life-threatening misinformation has been a by-product of the COVID-19 pandemic. Computational support to identify false information within the massive body of data on the topic is crucial to prevent harm. Researchers proposed many methods for flagging online misinformation related to COVID-19. However, these methods pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Employing paraphrasing tools to conceal plagiarized text is a severe threat to academic integrity. To enable the detection of machine-paraphrased text, we evaluate the effectiveness of five pre-trained word embedding models combined with machine learning classifiers and state-of-the-art neural language models. We analyze preprints of research pap...
Chapter
Digital mathematical libraries assemble the knowledge of years of mathematical research. Numerous disciplines (e.g., physics, engineering, pure and applied mathematics) rely heavily on compendia gathered findings. Likewise, modern research applications rely more and more on computational solutions, which are often calculated and verified by compute...
Preprint
Full-text available
Large amounts of annotated data have become more important than ever, especially since the rise of deep learning techniques. However, manual annotations are costly. We propose a tool that enables researchers to create large, high-quality, annotated datasets with only a few manual annotations, thus strongly reducing annotation cost and effort. For t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reference texts such as encyclopedias and news articles can manifest biased language when objective reporting is substituted by subjective writing. Existing methods to detect bias mostly rely on annotated data to train machine learning models. However, low annotator agreement and comparability is a substantial drawback in available media bias corpo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Media coverage possesses a substantial effect on the public perception of events. The way media frames events can significantly alter the beliefs and perceptions of our society. Nevertheless, nearly all media outlets are known to report news in a biased way. While such bias can be introduced by altering the word choice or omitting information, the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Slanted news coverage, also called media bias, can heavily influence how news consumers interpret and react to the news. To automatically identify biased language, we present an exploratory approach that compares the context of related words. We train two word embedding models, one on texts of left-wing, the other on right-wing news outlets. Our hy...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a free and open-source tool for creating web-based surveys that include text annotation tasks. Existing tools offer either text annotation or survey functionality but not both. Combining the two input types is particularly relevant for investigating a reader's perception of a text which also depends on the reader's background, such as ag...
Preprint
Full-text available
Named entity recognition (NER) is an important task that aims to resolve universal categories of named entities, e.g., persons, locations, organizations, and times. Despite its common and viable use in many use cases, NER is barely applicable in domains where general categories are suboptimal, such as engineering or medicine. To facilitate NER of d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Identifying cross-language plagiarism is challenging, especially for distant language pairs and sense-for-sense translations. We introduce the new multilingual retrieval model Cross-Language Ontology-Based Similarity Analysis (CL-OSA) for this task. CL-OSA represents documents as entity vectors obtained from the open knowledge graph Wikidata. Oppos...
Preprint
Full-text available
A drastic rise in potentially life-threatening misinformation has been a by-product of the COVID-19 pandemic. Computational support to identify false information within the massive body of data on the topic is crucial to prevent harm. Researchers proposed many methods for flagging online misinformation related to COVID-19. However, these methods pr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Media coverage has a substantial effect on the public perception of events. Nevertheless, media outlets are often biased. One way to bias news articles is by altering the word choice. The automatic identification of bias by word choice is challenging, primarily due to the lack of a gold standard data set and high context dependencies. This paper pr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Literature recommendation systems (LRS) assist readers in the discovery of relevant content from the overwhelming amount of literature available. Despite the widespread adoption of LRS, there is a lack of research on the user-perceived recommendation characteristics for fundamentally different approaches to content-based literature recommendation....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Documents from Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) disciplines usually contain a significant amount of mathematical formulae alongside text. Some Mathematical Information Retrieval (MathIR) systems, e.g., Mathematical Question Answering (MathQA), exploit knowledge from Wikidata. Therefore, the mathematical information needs to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Media bias and its extreme form, fake news, can decisively affect public opinion. Especially when reporting on policy issues, slanted news coverage may strongly influence societal decisions, e.g., in democratic elections. Our paper makes three contributions to address this issue. First, we present a system for bias identification, which combines st...
Preprint
Full-text available
Slanted news coverage strongly affects public opinion. This is especially true for coverage on politics and related issues, where studies have shown that bias in the news may influence elections and other collective decisions. Due to its viable importance, news coverage has long been studied in the social sciences, resulting in comprehensive models...
Chapter
Full-text available
In scientific publications, citations allow readers to assess the authenticity of the presented information and verify it in the original context. News articles, however, for various reasons do not contain citations and only rarely refer readers to further sources. As a result, readers often cannot assess the authenticity of the presented informati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Media coverage has a substantial effect on the public perception of events. Nevertheless, media outlets are often biased. One way to bias news articles is by altering the word choice. The automatic identification of bias by word choice is challenging, primarily due to the lack of a gold standard data set and high context dependencies. This paper pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mathematical formulae carry complex and essential semantic information in a variety of formats. Accessing this information with different systems requires a standardized machine-readable format that is capable of encoding presentational and semantic information. Even though MathML is an official recommendation by W3C and an ISO standard for represe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Literature recommendation systems (LRS) assist readers in the discovery of relevant content from the overwhelming amount of literature available. Despite the widespread adoption of LRS, there is a lack of research on the user-perceived recommendation characteristics for fundamentally different approaches to content-based literature recommendation....
Preprint
Full-text available
Datasets and methods for cross-document coreference resolution (CDCR) focus on events or entities with strict coreference relations. They lack, however, annotating and resolving coreference mentions with more abstract or loose relations that may occur when news articles report about controversial and polarized events. Bridging and loose coreference...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cross-document coreference resolution (CDCR) datasets, such as ECB+, contain manually annotated event-centric mentions of events and entities that form coreference chains with identity relations. ECB+ is a state-of-the-art CDCR dataset that focuses on the resolution of events and their descriptive attributes, i.e., actors, location, and date-time....
Preprint
Full-text available
Document subject classification is essential for structuring (digital) libraries and allowing readers to search within a specific field. Currently, the classification is typically made by human domain experts. Semi-supervised Machine Learning algorithms can support them by exploiting the labeled data to predict subject classes for unclassified new...
Conference Paper
Media bias and its extreme form, fake news, can decisively affect public opinion. Especially when reporting on policy issues, slanted news coverage may strongly influence societal decisions, e.g., in democratic elections. Our paper makes three contributions to address this issue. First, we present a system for bias identification, which combines st...
Preprint
Full-text available
In our experiment, we created a cluster of containers in Docker to evaluate a private IPFS cluster for an academic data store focusing on availability, GET/PUT performance, and storage needs. As sample data, we used PDF files to analyze the data transport in our peer-to-peer network with Wireshark. We found that a bandwidth of at least 100 kbit/s i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a free and open-source tool for creating web-based surveys that include text annotation tasks. Existing tools offer either text annotation or survey functionality but not both. Combining the two input types is particularly relevant for investigating a reader's perception of a text which also depends on the reader's background, such as ag...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Media coverage possesses a substantial effect on the public perception of events. The way media frames events can significantly alter the beliefs and perceptions of our society. Nevertheless, nearly all media outlets are known to report news in a biased way. While such bias can be introduced by altering the word choice or omitting information, the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Reference texts such as encyclopedias and news articles can manifest biased language when objective reporting is substituted by subjective writing. Existing methods to detect bias mostly rely on annotated data to train machine learning models. However, low annotator agreement and comparability is a substantial drawback in available media bias corpo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unsupervised concept identification through clustering, i.e., identification of semantically related words and phrases, is a common approach to identify contextual primitives employed in various use cases, e.g., text dimension reduction, i.e., replace words with the concepts to reduce the vocabulary size, summarization, and named entity resolution....
Preprint
Full-text available
We present two supervised (pre-)training methods to incorporate gloss definitions from lexical resources into neural language models (LMs). The training improves our models' performance for Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) but also benefits general language understanding tasks while adding almost no parameters. We evaluate our techniques with seven...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present zbMATH Open, the most comprehensive collection of reviews and bibliographic metadata of scholarly literature in mathematics. Besides our website https://zbMATH.org which is openly accessible since the beginning of this year, we provide API endpoints to offer our data. The API improves interoperability with others, i.e., digital libraries...
Preprint
Full-text available
Traditional media outlets are known to report political news in a biased way, potentially affecting the political beliefs of the audience and even altering their voting behaviors. Many researchers focus on automatically detecting and identifying media bias in the news, but only very few studies exist that systematically analyze how theses biases ca...
Preprint
Full-text available
News is a central source of information for individuals to inform themselves on current topics. Knowing a news article's slant and authenticity is of crucial importance in times of "fake news," news bots, and centralization of media ownership. We introduce Newsalyze, a bias-aware news reader focusing on a subtle, yet powerful form of media bias, na...
Preprint
Full-text available
Extensive research on target-dependent sentiment classification (TSC) has led to strong classification performances in domains where authors tend to explicitly express sentiment about specific entities or topics, such as in reviews or on social media. We investigate TSC in news articles, a much less researched domain, despite the importance of news...
Article
Full-text available
Media has a substantial impact on public perception of events, and, accordingly, the way media presents events can potentially alter the beliefs and views of the public. One of the ways in which bias in news articles can be introduced is by altering word choice. Such a form of bias is very challenging to identify automatically due to the high conte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recommender systems assist legal professionals in finding relevant literature for supporting their case. Despite its importance for the profession, legal applications do not reflect the latest advances in recommender systems and representation learning research. Simultaneously, legal recommender systems are typically evaluated in small-scale user s...
Poster
Full-text available
We present procd [pʁoːst], a python implementation for privacy preserving contact discovery. procd is a trustless solution that requires neither plaintext numbers nor hashes of single phone numbers to retrieve contacts. Instead, we transfer hashed combinations of multiple phone numbers, which increases the effort for dictionary attacks.
Preprint
Full-text available
Mathematical information retrieval (MathIR) applications such as semantic formula search and question answering systems rely on knowledge-bases that link mathematical expressions to their natural language names. For database population, mathematical formulae need to be annotated and linked to semantic concepts, which is very time-consuming. In this...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rise of language models such as BERT allows for high-quality text paraphrasing. This is a problem to academic integrity, as it is difficult to differentiate between original and machine-generated content. We propose a benchmark consisting of paraphrased articles using recent language models relying on the Transformer architecture. Our contribut...
Preprint
Full-text available
Employing paraphrasing tools to conceal plagiarized text is a severe threat to academic integrity. To enable the detection of machine-paraphrased text, we evaluate the effectiveness of five pre-trained word embedding models combined with machine learning classifiers and state-of-the-art neural language models. We analyze preprints of research paper...
Chapter
Full-text available
Unsupervised concept identification through clustering, i.e., identification of semantically related words and phrases, is a common approach to identify contextual primitives employed in various use cases, e.g., text dimension reduction, i.e., replace words with the concepts to reduce the vocabulary size, summarization, and named entity resolution....
Chapter
Full-text available
Extensive research on target-dependent sentiment classification (TSC) has led to strong classification performances in domains where authors tend to explicitly express sentiment about specific entities or topics, such as in reviews or on social media. We investigate TSC in news articles, a much less researched domain, despite the importance of news...