Behxhet Mustafa

Behxhet Mustafa
University of Prishtina · Department of Biology

About

86
Publications
39,343
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1,432
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1982 - present
University of Prishtina
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
The study evaluates the chemical composition of the volatile constituents of ten plant species traditionally used as herbal tea in the Sharri Mountain regions (Kosovo and North Macedonia). Volatile constituents responsible for the flavour and fragrance of selected species (Crataegus monogyna, Cydonia oblonga, Malus sylvestris, Matricaria chamomilla...
Presentation
The genus Achillea (Asteraceae) has several native species in Kosovo, growing in different habitats. Their populations represent an important source of secondary metabolites, including antioxidants. Due to that, the interest in Achillea sp. is increasing rapidly, making them important species in terms of economic values. The A. millefolium, is an e...
Chapter
The Balkans represents a hotspot of biodiversity and traditional ecological knowledge in Europe. Medicinal plants are integral to household health, including many uses in the treatment of infectious and inflammatory diseases. In this review, we provide a summary of ethnobotanical applications of local plants in the treatment of infectious and infla...
Article
In this study, one hundred and twenty-eight toys and children's care items available in the Kosovo market were analyzed to determine the presence of phthalates and evaluate if the analyzed samples meet the national and EU standards. Toys and children's care items were imported from twelve countries, most of them from China. Phthalates were extracte...
Conference Paper
Edhe pse Kosova është vend i vogël, ajo përfaqëson një zonë unike të diversitetit biologjik, kulturor, gjuhësor dhe fetar, të cilat e bëjnë atë një zonë unike për realizimin e studimeve etnobiologjike. Në Kosovë, bimët kanë luajtur dhe ende luajnë një rol thelbësor në jetën e përditshme, veçanërisht në zonat rurale, pasi popullatës ndonjëherë i mun...
Article
Full-text available
The principal aim of this study was to determine the chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from needles and twigs of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) and Bulgarian fir (Abies borisii-regis Mattf.) growing in Sharr Mountain, Kosovo. GC-MS and GC-FID were used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of volatile secondary metabolites in t...
Conference Paper
Achillea nobilis L. (Asteraceae) is a native species to Kosovo, growing in dry places, mainly along the roads, grasslands, waste palaces, yards, or hedges. According to Flora Europaea, two subspecies are recognised, subsp. nobilis and subsp. neilreichii, respectively. This species is morphologically similar to the A. millefolium, and it is not easy...
Article
Full-text available
In Kosovo, the genus Tulipa is represented by eight taxa, most of which form a species complex surrounding Tulipa scardica. To investigate the phylogenetic relationship of these Tulipa species a Bayesian analysis was undertaken using the ITS nuclear marker and trnL‐trnF, rbcL and psbA‐trnH plastid markers. The resulting phylogenetic trees show that...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnobotanical studies in South-Eastern Europe have gained several scholars’ and stakeholders’ interest since they are considered crucial for evaluating and valorizing the local bio-cultural heritage. While the Kosovar flora is estimated to comprise more than 2500 species, Kosovo also represents a reservoir of cultural, linguistic, and religious di...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess variation of the chemical composition of essential oils obtained from inflorescences and leaves of Tilia platyphyllos Scop. collected from five different localities in Kosovo. GC-MS/GC-FID analysis revealed the presence of 96 compounds in essential oils obtained from inflorescences of large-leaved lime with the m...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, eight plant species belonging to Lamiaceae family were identified as ingredients for herbal teas in the region of Sharri Mountains: Thymus serpyllum , Rosmarinus officinalis , Melissa officinalis, Origanum vulgare , Mentha longifolia , Ocimum basilicum , Teucrium chamaedrys , and Sideritis scardica, respectively. Chemical comp...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnobotanical research in the Balkans is important for providing concrete insights aimed at developing small-scale markets of local medicinal plants and food products to support rural development. An ethnobotanical field study was carried out in the spring of 2017 among Muslim Albanians and Christian Orthodox Serbs living in 20 villages located in...
Article
Full-text available
The New Ecological Paradigm (NEP) scale is a survey-based metric devised to measure the environmental concerns of groups of people through using a standard survey instrument. This is the first research to measure how in-service teachers perceive the NEP scale in Kosovo. The aim of the current study was to assess the concerns of teachers in Kosovo a...
Article
Chemical profile, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of total and fractionated essential oils (EOs) derived from Pinus heldreichii, P. peuce, P. mugo, Pinus nigra and P. sylvestris, along with the volatiles profile (VOCs) of needles of these species were investigated. The EOs and their fractions (direct solid phase extraction, SPE) were analyse...
Article
Full-text available
In addition to cultural heritage values, Kosovo is characterised by natural heritage values; these values identify different areas in Kosovo as potential sites for protection under UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) program and the Convention Concerning the Protection of Cultural and Natural Heritage. These natural values (i.e. geomorphological, hydr...
Conference Paper
Although Kosovo has a small territory, it is distinguished by high natural values. The first initiatives for nature conservation date in 1953, when the Gazimestan (12 hectares) was declared a protected area ‘Peony Nature Reserves - Paeonia decora’. Until 1999, the number of protected areas raised 51, which constituted 3.2% of the territory. After t...
Conference Paper
The genus Pinus (Pinaceae) in Kosovo is represented by 5 pine species (Pinus heldreichii, P. mugo, P. peuce, P. sylvestris dhe P. nigra), of which P. heldreichii and P. peuce are Balkans endemics. Pinus species contain different secondary metabolites, whose essential oils are the most important. With the aim to analyze the variability of the chemic...
Conference Paper
Phytoestrogens are a class of xenoestrogens which demonstrate a significant affinity to estrogen receptors. The principal classes of phytoestrogens, such as isoflavones, lignans, and coumestans are compounds present in many medicinal plants, dietary supplements and foods. These compounds are not only selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERM),...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential compositional differences among different populations of H. officinalis subsp. aristatus (Godr.) Nyman. The plant specimens were collected in different locations in Western Balkans (Kosovo and Albania) and subjected to phytochemical profiling (GC–MS for their essential oils and HPLC-UV-DAD for fin...
Article
Full-text available
Some facts of Sharr’s forest fauna In this article shortly are presented the achievment until now concerning Sharr’s fauna. Scientific datas shows that in Sharr region lives different sortes of fishes, amphibians, reptilies, mamalias, fowl etc. Fauna of this region is characterised for the presence of important number of sorts with wide disseminat...
Article
Full-text available
The principal aim of this study was to investigate the chemical composition of volatile and phenolic compounds obtained from ripe fruits of European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) originating from Kosovo, as well as their antioxidant activity. Gas chromatograph equipped with Flame Ionisation Detector (GC/FID) and Gas chromatograph coupled...
Article
Local natural resources play an important role in securing human health in the Balkans, particularly as a source of food and medicine. The aims of this study were to document the ethnomedical practices of Slavic speaking groups in South Kosovo and to compare these findings to other studies conducted in the Western Balkans. Field research was conduc...
Article
Full-text available
Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae), or St. John’s Wort, is a well-known medicinal herb often associated with the treatment of anxiety and depression. Additionally, an oil macerate (Oleum Hyperici) of its flowering aerial parts is widely used in traditional medicine across the Balkans as a topical wound and ulcer salve. Other studies have shown...
Poster
Chemical profile, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of total and fractionated essential oils ( F1 – hexane, F2 – hexane/diethyl ether, F3 – diethyl ether) derived from five Pinus species (Pinus heldreichii, P. peuce, P. mugo, Pinus nigra, P. sylvestris), were investigated. The hydrodistilled EOs and their chromatographic fractions (direct soli...
Article
Context: Inflammation and cell differentiation lead to a number of severe diseases. In the recent years, various studies focused on the anti-inflammatory and anticancer activity of essential oils (EOs) of numerous plants, including different Pinus species. Objective: The phytochemical composition, anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activity of EOs fro...
Article
Full-text available
Industry of quarry and its allied activities in Kosovo have significantly contributed infrastructural development (road construction, highway, bridges, etc.) and improving living standard during the last decade. On the other side, its negative impact in environment such as land degradation, air and water pollution, loss of biodiversity, health rela...
Conference Paper
The Prizren Castle, located in southern part of Kosovo is one of the most visited sites in Kosovo due to the combination of historic, cultural and natural values. In the area of Prizren Castle and surrounding zone, in the territory of about 15 ha, a detailed investigation of floristic composition is made during years 2013-2014, following by anthrop...
Article
A food ethnobotanical field study was conducted among the Gorani of South Kosovo, a small ethnic minority group that speaks a South-Slavic language and lives in the south of the country. Via forty-one semi-structured interviews, conducted in ten villages of the Kosovar Gora mountainous area, we found that seventy-nine wild botanical and mycological...
Article
Full-text available
The principal aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition and qualitative and quantitative variability of essential oils obtained from seven naturally grown populations of the Pinus peuce Grisebach, Pinaceae in Kosovo. Plant materials were collected from three populations in the Sharri National Park and from four other populations in...
Research
Full-text available
This study took place in the Gërmia massif (Republic of Kosovo) and presents an overview of the current status of this protected area. The Gërmia Regional Park is one of the 173 protected areas in Kosovo. It received this status in 1987 (GZK, no. 43/87) from the Prishtina municipal assembly and covers an area of 1064 hectares. Its natural values ha...
Article
Full-text available
This study took place in the Gërmia massif (Republic of Kosovo) and presents an overview of the current status of this protected area. The Gërmia Regional Park is one of the 173 protected areas in Kosovo. It received this status in 1987 (GZK, no. 43/87) from the Prishtina municipal assembly and covers an area of 1064 hectares. Its natural values ha...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Plant material from different organs of Pistacia terebinthus L., (Anacardiaceae) were collected in Kosovo with aim to analyze the chemical variability of the essential oils among native populations and to test themfor potential antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Methods: Essential oils obtained from leaves, pedicels,...
Article
Full-text available
Aerial parts of Satureja montana L. (Lamiaceae) were collected from seven growing wild populations (four populations in Kosovo, two in Albania and one in Montenegro) in 2013 with the aim of assessing the natural variation in the chemical composition of the essential oils, total flavonoids, total phenolics and the antioxidant activity of their metha...
Conference Paper
Industry of quarry and its allied activities in Kosovo have significantly contributed infrastructural development (road construction, highway, bridges, etc.) and improving living standards during the last decade. In other side, its negative impact in environment such land degradation, air and water pollution, loss of biodiversity, health related is...
Article
Full-text available
Pinus mugo Turra, is a native pine species in central and southern Europe, growing in high mountains area (altitudes 1.800–2.300 m.a.s.l.). In Kosovo, it is one of the native pines too, distributed in high altitudes in the Sharri Mountains and Albanian Alps Mountains. Its populations represent an important wealth of essential oil resources availabl...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an overview of progress in the area of nature conservation in the last decade in Kosovo. Two very important laws were promulgated in 2012 about two national parks: Bjeshket e Nemuna and Sharri National park. With this expansion, the protected area network that in 2003 was about 4.36 % of the territory was increased to 10.9%, rea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to evaluate the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from different organs of Pistacia terebinthus L., Anacardiaceae (commonly known as terebinth or turpentine tree) originating from two natural populations in
Article
Ripe cones of Juniperus communis L. (Cupressaceae) were collected from five wild populations in Kosovo, with the aim of investigating the chemical composition and natural variation of essential oils between and within wild populations. Ripe cones were collected, air dried, crushed, and the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation. The essential...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Quarry industry and its allied activities in Kosovo during the last decade have contributed significantly in the infrastructure development through road and building construction, highway, bridges, etc. and improving living conditions of the post-war society (1999). In other hand, increasing number of quarries is also accompanied with significant n...
Article
Full-text available
The Pashtrik Mountain is one of the biodiversity centres in Kosovo and in the Balkans too, but so far there has not been a proper study with the aim to designate this area as a protected area. The natural values of this area changed dramatically during the last decade, especially in terms of biodiversity. With the aim to evaluate the current situat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Pashtrik Mountain is one of the biodiversity centres in Kosovo and in the Balkans too, but so far there has not been a proper study with the aim to designate this area as a protected area. The natural values of this area changed dramatically during the last decade, especially in terms of biodiversity. With the aim to evaluate the current situat...
Article
Full-text available
Background Kosovo represents a unique hotspot of biological and cultural diversity in Europe, which allows for interesting cross-cultural ethnobotanical studies. The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to document the state of traditional knowledge related to local (esp. wild) plant uses for food, medicine, and handicrafts in southwest Kosovo; and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sarma - cooked leaves rolled around a filling made from rice and/or minced meat, possibly vegetables and seasoning plants - represents one of the most widespread feasting dishes of the Middle Eastern and South-Eastern European cuisines. Although cabbage and grape vine sarma is well-known worldwide, the use of alternative plant leaves re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sarma - cooked leaves rolled around a filling made from rice and/or minced meat, possibly vegetables and seasoning plants – represents one of the most widespread feasting dishes of the Middle Eastern and South-Eastern European cuisines. Although cabbage and grape vine sarma is well-known worldwide, the use of alternative plant leaves re...
Data
Full-text available
The cross-cultural comparison of local botanical knowledge in the Balkans can help us to understand cultural transmission among diverse ethnic and/or religious groups and also foster community-based, sustainable strategies of management of natural resources and culturally appropriate frameworks for the revitalization of local biocultural heritage....
Chapter
Full-text available
Like other countries of Southeastern Europe, Kosovo is a hot spot of biological and biocultural diversity. Although it is rich in this aspect, only a few ethnobotanical investigations have been done in Kosovo. Ethnobotanical investigations have thus far been limited to studies in the Gollak region, Albanian Alps, and a dictionary focused on a revie...
Chapter
Full-text available
The cross-cultural comparison of local botanical knowledge in the Balkans can help us to understand cultural transmission among diverse ethnic and/or religious groups and also foster community-based, sustainable strategies of management of natural resources and culturally appropriate frameworks for the revitalization of local biocultural heritage....
Article
Full-text available
Aerial parts of Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) were collected from five wild populations in Kosovo, with aim to investigate the chemical composition and natural variation of essential oils between wild populations. This species could be considered of economic potential as it is widespread in Kosovo, on the other hand H. perforatum is one of...
Article
Full-text available
Aerial parts of Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) were collected from five wild populations in Kosovo, with aim to investigate the chemical composition and natural variation of essential oils between wild populations. This species could be considered of economic potential as it is widespread in Kosovo, on the other hand H. perforatum is one of...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnobotany in South-Eastern Europe is gaining the interest of several scholars and stakeholders, since it is increasingly considered a key point for the re-evaluation of local bio-cultural heritage. The region of Gollobordo, located in Eastern Albania and bordering the Republic of Macedonia, is of particular interest for conducting ethnobiological...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnobotanical studies in the Balkans are crucial for fostering sustainable rural development in the region and also for investigating the dynamics of change of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK), which has broad-sweeping implications for future biodiversity conservation efforts. A survey of local botanical and medical knowledge and practices w...
Data
Full-text available
Lichen and mosses are the most appropriate indicators for monitoring air pollution. To evaluate air quality in the Prishtina region, we determined lichen value diversity (LDV) and heavy metal concentrations in mosses at 20 sites around power plants 'Kosova A and B'. Twenty-three lichen species were recorded in the survey area. The lichen value dive...